Women and Dementia
Dementia is one of the top ten causes of death in the US. This research has sought out to present the definition, overview, key statistics, challenges, and case studies of innovations. Slides 1-9 of this presentation have been populated and a sample of these insights have been presented in this write up. In addition, we have provided three case studies of innovations that are or would be of benefit to the dementia community. These case studies are A-Better-Visit app, AR Customized Technology Solutions, and OmniVR.
CASE STUDY ANALYSIS
Case Study 1: A-Better-Visit App
- This innovation is as a result of an Australian research project run by Dementia Australia, Lifeview Residential Care, and Swinburne University of Technology as partners.
- This project was conducted across three care centers by recruiting 18 residents who are already living with dementia and their most frequent visitors. These were often partners, children, or carers.
- The project sought to understand the needs of both the residents and their guests during a visit, a systematic record of their interaction, and iterative evaluations.
- This technology bundles together:
- It has eight mini-games such as picture guessing and dance hall tic-tac-toe.
- It also includes some skill-based games such as bowling, fishing, and gyroscopic marble maze.
- It also incorporates some creative activities where users can "trace lines of color, clean windows to reveal destinations, or color scenes to play animations."
- From the initial users, the feedback has been positive. Users say tat it is easy to use even if one is not "super techno capable." It creates an experience of laughter and reignites one's personality such as competitiveness. It s also a great conversation starter.
- This app is still currently under the final evaluation phase.
Case Study 2: AR Customized Technology Solutions
- This is a Dementia Australia project.
- This project aims to address issues such as communication with loved ones, memory, and meaningful engagement.
- Recruits were gathered from various Dementia Australia events. A total of 28 people participated in this innovative project.
- The participants would interact with the Cubelets which were mini modular robots.
- Assessments were carried out at four different times. Time 0, Time 1, Time 2, and Time 3 which was the baseline (prior to trying out the technology), two weeks in, four weeks in, and eight weeks after the four-week check in, respectively.
- From the results of this exercise, they were able to draw the following conclusions:
- A customized system can improve "depressive symptoms, well-being, self efficacy and quality of life." It can also improve the well-being of families and the relationships.
- Overall, the families and the participants were satisfied. We can safely conclude that when technology is individualized and customized to fit the needs of the people with dementia, it has a higher chance of bringing positive benefits to everyone involved.
Case Study 3: OmniVR Virtual Rehabilitation System
- Jeol Landau, the co-founder of Allure Group, speaks proudly of their technology, the OmniVR.
- Using an advanced 3D camera and software that is able to mimic their movements, this technology enhances the mobility of the patients and facilitates a virtual world interaction.
- This is a fun experience for patients to put in their physical work out as some activities can be set up as a game. Additionally, the software communicates the state of the patient with their caregivers.
- This technology has already been implemented by the Allure Group in Bedford Center for Nursing and Rehabilitation in Brooklyn, New York and is already providing real results.
- Medford Multicare offers their dementia patients the opportunity to interact with various gadgets to improve their experience such as OmniVR.
Key Insights into Dementia
- The types of dementia can be categorized differently: the part of the brain it affects, whether it is progressive, or whether it is as a result of another condition (primary or secondary).
- According to the US department of health and human services, the main types of dementia include Alzheimer's disease, Frontotemporal disorders, and Lewy body dementia. Other progressive types include Vascular contributions to cognitive impairment and dementia and Mixed dementia.