Detailed Analysis - Problems with Dirty Water Globally
Lack of sanitation, healthcare-related problems, problems on children's education, and the negative impact on the economic, safety and hygiene of women are some problems that people are facing with dirty water at the global level.
Problems that people are facing globally with dirty water
1) Lack of sanitation
- Clean water is critical to having clean toilets which help in proper waste disposal that prevent the spread of disease and enhances the health, privacy, and safety of the individual.
- One in three people don’t have access to a good toilet facility — so people spend hours a day searching for a toilet facility.
- Also, 2.3 billion people are currently living without access to improved sanitation and 12% of the global population is currently defecating in the open space.
- Besides, 90% of sewage in developing countries is discharged untreated directly into water bodies.
- About 2 million tonnes of sewage and other effluents are drain into the water bodies daily.
2) Health problems
- Water is often collected from sources of dubious quality, then carried over a distance, and stored in the home before being consumed. This makes it vulnerable to contamination between its source and its point of use which can then lead to hygiene-related disease like diarrhea.
- When there is no easy access to clean water, women and children have no alternative but to carry heavy vessels long distances in search of the clean water.
- More than 5 million people die each year from water-related diseases such as severe diarrhea, hepatitis A and dysentery.
- Around 80 percent of all deaths from illness in the developing world are as a result of lack of access to safe drinking water.
- About 160 million children suffer from stunting and chronic malnutrition linked to water and sanitation.
- An estimated 1 million people killed by water, sanitation and hygiene-related disease each year.
- An estimated 842,000 people die each year due to diarrhea disease with 361,000 of them being children under the age of five years old.
3) Economic problems
- When there is no easy access to clean water, people are forced to walk long distances to sources like rivers and ponds to find water.
- Dirty water has caused people to spend an exorbitant amount of money in securing clean/safe water.
- About 2.1 billion people are currently living without safe/clean drinking water in their homes.
- An estimated 844 million people lack access to safe/clean water globally.
- Approximately $260 billion is lost annually due to lack of basic clean water and sanitation globally.
4) Problems on children's education
- Children, especially in developing countries, are often responsible for collecting water for their families. This, therefore, forces them to take time away from school, significantly reducing their school attendance and negatively affects their education.
- About 570 million children lack basic clean drinking water at schools.
5) Negative impact on safety and hygiene of women
- When women don't have access to safe/clean water and sanitation at home and school, they face significant challenges that are compounded by the fact that their safety and health are at risk when they have no choice but to defecate out in the open.
- Menstruation poses another problem when there is no clean water available and can result in not only girls not attending school but living in discomfort and shame.
- An additional 266 million hours are lost each day because they have no toilet at home.
To locate the main problems that people are facing with dirty water globally, we began by combing through the World Health Organization, Water.org, World Vision, UNICEF, WashFunders, and UNESCO. We hope to locate study conducted in developing countries that do not have access to safe drinking water. This strategy was successful as we were able to locate some main problems that people are facing with dirty water globally. We went further to provide a detailed report regarding why these were a problem and how prevalent the problem was at the global level.