Wastewater Management/Treatment - US
There were more authoritative articles than reports regarding the status of waste management and treatment infrastructures in the past two years; therefore we have included a couple more relevant articles and the relevant reports that we identified.
WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT ARTICLES
- The use of chemicals will grow as the human population continues to grow and climate change and grow the need for clean water. This article cites an urgent need to prevent contamination at the source and the need for chemicals that will rapidly degrade in the environment due to the diversity and volume of chemicals increasingly being used.
- Limitations of advanced wastewater and potable treatments limited by increased demand for energy and additional chemicals, incomplete removal or for some pollutants no removal, and unwanted products from parent compounds that can be more toxic. Microplastics cannot be fully removed, and advanced treatments can lead to increased transfer of antibiotic resistant genes, enhancement of opportunistic bacteria, and bacterial population shifts.
- US Clean Water Act Amendments support an input prevention approach that aims to use fewer chemicals in manufacturing, using biodegradable products, and separating auxiliary chemicals in closed loops for eventual reuse and recycling.
- Recent developments in green and sustainable chemistry, including pharmaceutical chemistry, can help in input reduction.
Evolving wastewater infrastructure paradigm to enhance harmony with nature
- The authors show that sustainability principles can be embedded into the life phases of the wastewater systems to produce better outcomes than conventional designs. They call their approach the REPURE approach.
- Multidisciplinary approaches that can help maintain ecosystems and satisfy human demands. One approach is using micro algal systems integrated in the current system to enhance energy balances and substantially reduce onsite carbon emissions.
Study of Treated Wastewater Detects Chemicals from Drug Production Facilities
- USGS scientists studied 20 facilities in 9 states and Puerto Rico, and in 13 of them received water from pharmaceutical manufacturers and domestic households and six from domestic households only. They found concentrations of bupropion 452 times higher from the wastewater plants than those
- The US Geological Survey visited 13 wastewater facilities in nine states and Puerto Rico and found hefty concentrations of pharmaceutical chemicals coming in from the manufacturers.
The aging water infrastructure: Out of sight, out of mind?
- The US depends on an aging infrastructure that is filled with aging or aged pipes resulting in about 24,000 water main breaks per year, about $2.6 billion. Between 2013 and 2020, The Army Core of Civil Engineers estimate the cost to business will increase to $147 billion, up from $59 billion in 2010.
- Major investment is necessary but it is not clear where it will come from, and innovations in technology, public policy, and funding are urgent needs.
- Without including the cost of new or repairing infrastructure, restoring underground lead pipes will cost at least $1 trillion over the next 25 years.
2018 — The Year Of Smart Wastewater
- Smart Wastewater made major industry advancements in 2017 including making new ways to detect and prevent combined sewer overflows, invented a smart wastewater pumping system, and use of innovative business models such as data-as-a-service, and demonstrated a growing interest in advanced sensor applications.
- Using EmNet's real time control solution a company can leverage data analytic and control valves while adapting to changing storm conditions and was effectively used by the City of South Bend, IN and reduced their overflow events from 27 to 1.
- The other smart wastewater trends include: detecting and preventing CSOs, real-time network control, funding green initiative, maximizing pump efficiency, and implementing the DaaS business model. They cite how trend-setting cities like South Bend are providing a framework for integration of smart wastewater solutions in the future.
WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT REPORTS
- The report card rated the wastewater infrastructure at a D+. They state that the demand on wastewater treatment plants will increase by more than 23% by 2032. Through new methods and technologies that turn waste into energy and 1,269 biogas plants are helping to better manage waste through reuse.
- Over the next 20 years, it is estimated that there will be more than 56 million new users and the system will require $271 billion to meet current and future demand.
- In 2015, EPA finalized the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System electronic reporting rule requiring filing of combined sewer overflows that release untreated human and industrial waste, toxic substances, debris and other pollutants into the environment.
- Cities and towns report compliance with federal wastewater and storm water regulations are some of their costliest capital infrastructure costs.
- Since Hurricane Sandy, many plants across the US have developed resilience plans and strengthened their infrastructure against storms and floods.
- Treatment plants are starting to use nutrient recovery programs (biogas) with biosolids instead of shipping to landfills. This process allows them to be used as fertilizer or even for energy. New treatment methods like reverse osmosis, ozone, and UV light can treat more wastewater and with a cleaner, purer result.
- They give some recommendations to improve the grade to be: reinvigorate the State Revolving Loan Fund (SRF) under the Clean Water Act, fully fund the Water Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act, finance the national shortfall by establishing a federal Water Infrastructure Trust Fund, amongst others.
Wastewater Infrastructure: Overview, Funding, and Legislative Developments
- National funding needs remain high, and will need $271 billion over the next 20 years to meet standards. This includes $197 billion for treatment and collection systems, $48 billion for CSO corrections, $19 for storm water management, and $6 billion for recycling systems.
- This report talks about all the available funding for infrastructure such as the Clean Water Revolving Fund Program, WIFIA program, and other federal programs such as through the Department of Agriculture amongst others.
Future wastewater infrastructure needs and capital costs
- This report identified over 1,050 necessary wastewater infrastructure projects at a cost of over $4.99 billion. The age of their infrastructure continues to be an issue and a high percentage is near the limit of its life expectancy. CSOs are not a big issue now due to construction efforts in the 80s.
- The $4.99 billion project costs are distributed between wastewater treatment and sewer system projects.
- Minnesota has additional protections to account for their unique environment such as wild rice has cultural and ecological importance and therefore they have adopted standards to protect it from sulfate. They have also adopted nutrient standards to protect lakes and rivers from nutrient enrichment.
Wastewater Treatment Equipment Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Equipment
- The US is one of the largest markets for wastewater equipment due to its advanced technological capabilities.
- This report lists insights including: industry insights; process, equipment, application, regional and treatment equipment market share.
- The segments covered are equipment, occupational, process, application, and regional.
- The infrastructure in the US is old and degraded and is going to require massive amounts of funding to fix, replace and upgrade it. Storms can cause current plants to overflow, specifically in southern and other rainy states, and also sewer overflows cause millions of untreated water to be released into nearby waterways.
- There is a need for technological advancements and alternative means of treating waste water especially in light of the surge in expected demands that will be placed on it in the next 20 years. Ecological solutions should also be integrated into the life stages of the treatment cycle for better results.
- Smart wastewater solutions have been introduced as of 2017, and with proven results and they should be pursued by other vicinities nationwide due to their proven efficacies.
- We found a study that forecasts Wastewater Treatment Equipment Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Equipment from 2019 through 2025, it gives a little information for free but the rest is available behind a paywall.