Non-academic Spending - US Public High Schools
The direct high school statistics were not specifically stated, but the percentages were ascertainable through triangulation. Public high school spending in the United States on programming that is not targeted at academic development is between 35.08% and 39.3% of all expenditures. The total current expenditures for all elementary and secondary schools (high schools) in the United States in 2014-15 was over $575.81 billion. As of 2015 there were 98,200 total public schools, with 24,053 secondary schools and 6,205 combined elementary and secondary schools. There were between 14.9 million and 15.73 million secondary students out of a total of 50.3 million public school students spread across the 30,000 secondary schools. The percentage of secondary students and secondary schools is the same, at roughly 30%. The total current expenditures of public high schools, whether looking at total secondary students or total secondary schools, is $172.74 billion. Therefore, nonacademic spending is between $60.6 billion and $68.6 billion dollars.
CATEGORIES OF EXPENDITURES
Current expenditures is broken down between Instruction, Support Services, Food Services, and Enterprise Operations. Instruction is 60.7% of all current expenditures. The support services category (35.08% of current expenditures) is broken down between student support services, instructional staff support, general administration, stool administration, operations and maintenance, student transportation, other support services. At 5.62% of current expenditures, "student support services include attendance and social work, guidance, health, psychological services, speech pathology, audiology, and other student support services.”
A separate breakdown of current expenditures is based on salaries and wages in conjunction with employee benefits, which accounts for 79.8%, or $459.3 billion of current expenditures.
BREAKING DOWN THE NUMBERS
The budgetary numbers are provided for the 2014-15 academic year, but they are up-to-date because the National Center for Educational Statistics published its report January 2018. 2014-15 current expenditures across elementary and secondary schools was over $575.81 billion, which means $172.74 billion was expended by public high schools, because secondary schools make up around 30% of all public schools and secondary students make up around 30% of all public school students.
If instruction is 60.7% of a public high school's expenditures, then generally speaking nonacademic spending is upwards of 39.3%, which would be $68.6 billion expended by public high schools. Nonacademic/non-instructional categories are listed above. The student support services makes up 5.62% of current expenditures, which is $9.71 billion expended by high schools.
It is important to note that spending per student varies drastically per state. This variable spending affects the nonacademic support that students receive.
In the United States, public high schools are spending upwards of 39.3%, $68.6 billion, on nonacademic areas across 30,000 secondary schools.