TBI Rates

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TBI Rates

Introduction

In this research brief, we have provided the incidence rate of Traumatic Brain Injury-related statistics in the attached spreadsheet. Following our extensive search, we encountered data limitations for some assigned states. Additionally, current publications by the US Center for Disease Control on TBI-related estimates were limited to 2018 and 2019, as most of the assigned states (Brain Injury Association of Maryland and the Connecticut State Department of Public Health, for instance) rely on national statistics to make state-level assessments. For the cells we could not obtain information, we have designated "N/A" to represented not available in the spreadsheet. Any additional assumptions made have been clarified in the Research Strategy section.

Selected Findings

  • National statistics from the Center for Disease Control (CDC) indicate that from 2012 to 2019, the incidence rate for TBI-related injuries has increased from 16.3% to 16.9%, with 2017 witnessing the highest rate of 17.5%.
  • According to the CDC, between 2016 and 2018, there was a total incidence of 181,227 Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)-related deaths across the country, with an overall death rate of 17.3% per every 100,000 of the US population per year.
  • In the state of New York, statistics show that there has been an 11.8% increment from 2012 to 12.3% in 2019.
  • Additionally, about 176 Americans die from TBI-related injuries daily, with 611 injuries, contributing to about 30% of all injury deaths in the country.
  • Based on available data from the Department of Health, the incidence of TBI-related deaths across the state of New York and related data collection started only in 2008. Since then, the incidence of TBI-related deaths and emergency hospital visitation has remained steady between 10.6 and 11.8, and increased from 359.5 in 2005 to 720.9 in 2014 respectively, for every 100,000 New York State residents.
  • The 2018 and 2019 adjusted estimates of 12.8% and 12.3% for the Northeast Census region were used for New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Pennsylvania to determine the incidence rate of TBI-related deaths per 100,000 of the respective state's population.
  • Additionally, the 2018 and 2019 adjusted rates of 19.0% and 18.9% for the South Census region, Maryland, respectively for the state's TBI-related deaths.

Research Strategy

For this research brief on the incidence rate of Traumatic Brain Injury in the US, we leveraged information from the most credible sources of information available in the public domain, including the US Center for Disease Control. Following our extensive search, we encountered data limitations for some assigned states. Additionally, current publications by the US Center for Disease Control on TBI-related estimates were limited to 2018 and 2019, as most of the assigned states (Brain Injury Association of Maryland, for instance) rely on national statistics to make a case. For the cell we could not obtain information, we have designated "N/A" to represented not available in the spreadsheet.
Also, available state-level estimates for 2018 and 2019 were captured under the four census regions in the US. As a result, we assumed the same estimates for assigned cities depending on available TBI-related rates. For instance, the adjusted estimates for the Northeast Census region where New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Pennsylvania have been categorized were assumed to be valid for all the assigned states.

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