Staffing Market (A)

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US Professional Staffing Workforce Demographics- Permanent Workers

No specialized statistic data set that showcases the demographics of the professional staffing workforce in the US for permanent workers as a whole exists. This is most likely due to the extremely wide array of professionals that make up professional staffing workforces. For example, males tend to dominate the engineering fields while women tend to dominate the medical and healthcare industry. Using Data USA's data sets for the engineering, management, business, finance, and physicians and surgeons professions to compile a demographic profile of the professional staffing workforce, the following are some general statistics for the very wide range of professionals.

Gender mix

  • Male engineers account for 77.7% of the skilled engineering workforce in the US.
  • Management, business, and financial occupations are occupied by 53.7% of males.
  • Male physicians and surgeons account for 61.6% of the physicians and surgeons workforce in the US, while females dominate professional nursing roles and outnumber men in the overall healthcare sector.

Educational background

  • The majority of professional staffing are college educating with 65% of engineers have a bachelor's degree, 32% hold a master's degree, and only 3% have an education that accounts for less than a bachelor's degree.
  • Management, business, and financial occupations mostly have a degree in business, engineering, and social sciences. Over 90% of the professional staffing workforce working in management, business, and financial occupations have at least a bachelor's degree.
  • Over 80% of the physicians and surgeons segment of the workforce hold a specialized masters' degree.

Dominant qualifications

  • Once again, qualifications for professional staffing differs greatly by industry. There simply does not exist one set of qualifications for the wide-ranging cohort. However, some more common occupations include software developers, miscellaneous engineers, nuclear engineers, and other engineering managers. Industries that employs the majority of engineering majors are architectural and engineering industry.
  • Some common qualifications for engineers include degrees from the following institutions: Georgia Institute of Technology-Main Campus, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Texas A & M University- College Station, Purdue University, and University of Mich.
  • Physicians and surgeons hold the majority of degrees in biology, health, and physical sciences.

Typical salary

  • The average salary for engineers is $111,636.
  • The average salary for management, business, and financial occupations is $91,611.
  • Physicians and surgeons earn, on average, $233,287 a year.

The weight of each worker category

  • 4.48 million engineers participate in the US workforce.
  • 23.2 million people working in management, business, and financial occupations participate in the US workforce.
  • 906,000 people work as physicians and surgeons in the US.


  • The average age of a person in the engineering workforce who holds a degree in engineering is 43 years old.
  • The average age of a person in the Management, business, and financial occupations is 44.6 years old.
  • In the healthcare profession, when it comes to physicians and surgeons, the average age is 46.8 years old.

Research Strategy

Due to the extremely wide-ranging array of professional positions that make up professional staffing workforces, there does not exist 1 specific set of demographics that encompasses all. A sampling is provided above. In addition, many corporations in the vast array of industries require or provide training to new professionals. Since this varies so substantially, it is not possible to provide a generality for all professionals.

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US Industrial Workforce Demographics

Over one-third (34.18%) of women in blue-collar jobs are women. Blue-collar jobs account for 38.43% of all jobs in America. The typical blue-collar worker hasn't gone to college.

Gender Mix

  • Women: 34.18% (calculations in the attached spreadsheet).
  • Men: 65.82% (100%-34.18%)


  • Industrial/ blue-collar occupations comprise 38.43% of all occupations in the United States (calculations can be found in the attached spreadsheet).

Educational Background & Qualifications

  • Typically, blue-collar workers do not have a college degree; however, some new manufacturing jobs that require higher skills are driving demand for factory workers with a degree. American manufacturing firms will employ more college graduates than workers in the future.
  • As a result of education levels in America rising, there is a shortage of blue-collar workers, who are typically non-graduates.
  • Wages of blue-collar workers are growing faster than that of white-collar workers. "Management, Professional, and Related Occupations" have seen a wage growth of 7.5% in the 2016-2018 period, while blue-collar wage growth was over 10% in the same period.
  • "Food preparation and serving related occupations" comprise 21.5% of all blue-collar jobs; "transportation and material moving occupations" make 16.5%, and production occupations account for 14.6%. Skills acquired depend on the type of job performed.

Mean Wages by State

  • Alabama: $32,577
  • Alaska: $48,330
  • Arizona: $35,790
  • Arkansas: $31,651
  • California: $39,297
  • Colorado: $38,558
  • Connecticut: $40,352
  • Delaware: $35,547
  • District of Columbia: $44,925
  • Florida: $33,324
  • Georgia: $32,863
  • Guam: $27,747
  • Hawaii: $44,132
  • Idaho: $33,374
  • Illinois: $38,500
  • Indiana: $35,025
  • Iowa: $35,356
  • Kansas: $34,554
  • Kentucky: $34,432
  • Louisiana: $34,366
  • Maine: $34,853
  • Maryland: $38,304
  • Massachusetts: $41,586
  • Michigan: $35,914
  • Minnesota: $38,341
  • Mississippi: $31,181
  • Missouri: $34,418
  • Montana: $35,561
  • Nebraska: $35,566
  • Nevada: $35,812
  • New Hampshire: $36,740
  • New Jersey: $39,297
  • New Mexico: $32,929
  • New York: $41,249
  • North Carolina: $32,434
  • North Dakota: $41,598
  • Ohio: $34,738
  • Oklahoma: $33,903
  • Oregon: $37,803
  • Pennsylvania: $35,886
  • Puerto Rico: $22,486
  • Rhode Island: $37,482
  • South Carolina: $32,790
  • South Dakota: $32,507
  • Tennessee: $32,982
  • Texas: $35,081
  • Utah: $35,176
  • Vermont: $37,879
  • Virgin Islands: $33,216
  • Virginia: $35,797
  • Washington: $43,705
  • West Virginia: $34,190
  • Wisconsin: $35,820
  • Wyoming: $42,456
  • State-specific mean wages for industrial/ blue-collar workers (and related calculations) have been presented in the attached spreadsheet.

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US Administration Workforce Demographics

Most office and administrative support professionals are women (71.6%) and are most likely to have majored in business, social sciences, or education. Office and administrative support jobs account for 11.33% of all jobs in the United States and the median annual wage of an office and administrative support professional is $35,760.

Gender Mix

Dominant Qualifications

  • The entry-level education requirement for most office and administrative support occupations is high school diploma or equivalent, except bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks (college), and desktop publishers (associate degree).

Educational Background

  • Top office and administrative support staff bachelor's majors: business (31.1%), social sciences (7.81%), education (6.83%), communications (6.69%), psychology (5.72%), and visual & performing arts (5.2%).
  • Top office and administrative support staff master's majors: business (23.7%), social sciences (9.85%), education (10.9%), psychology (7.23%), and engineering (5.2%).
  • Top office and administrative support staff professional degree majors: business (21.2%), social sciences (12%), education (9.95%), biology (7.56%), psychology (6.46%), and health (5.23%).
  • Top office and administrative support staff doctorate majors: biology (12.2%), social sciences (10%), education (9.38%), business (8.66%), physical sciences (7.46%), engineering (6.52%), health (6.3%), and psychology (5.85%).
  • Based on the aforementioned data, top majors for office and administrative support staff are business, social sciences, and education.

Geographically Dispersion

Mean Wages by State

  • State-specific mean wages for office and administrative support occupations have been populated in the attached spreadsheet.


  • Office and administrative support occupations comprise 11.33% (17,655,000/ 155,761,000) of all occupations in the United States.


Age Range


  • Improving Microsoft Office skills can be valuable as they can significantly increase work efficiency.
  • Top professionals in administration are learning design tools such as Adobe Photoshop, Illustrator, and InDesign. Knowledge of HTML and WordPress enables administrative professionals to update websites, manage content, and customize email templates.
  • Acquiring project management skills improves productivity and transparency and enhances overall skill value.
  • Certifications are hiring criteria for 91% of managers. The aforementioned skills are best acquired through certificate programs.

Higher-level Roles

  • Higher level roles within administration include roles such as senior executive assistant (median salary of $63,750), customer service manager ($47,000), office manager ($46,250), and medical coding manager ($68,000).
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US Professional Staffing Workforce Demographics- Temporary Workers


The professional staffing based workforce in the US is larger than ever before, with 3.2 million temporary jobs supplied by temp agencies in 2019. In fact, in the last ten years temporary agency work has grown nearly four times as fast as traditional work when measured per hour. Temporary workers hired via staffing agencies were distributed across all genders, regions, races, and educational backgrounds in the US. Below is data on the specific demographic background of the professional staffing workforce in the US, as well as information on the background, skills, training, and unique challenges of these temporary workers.

Basic Demographics

  • Men and women in the US are now equally likely to be temporary workers. In past years, women had been slightly more likely to be a temporary employee.
  • Asians and Hispanics are slightly more likely than White and Black workers to be temporary or contingent.
  • Temporary workers were likely to be younger, with 28% of those under 25 working contingently, compared to 12% of those over 25.
  • Workers employed temporarily by staffing firms were most common in California, where 2.8 million were employed in the past year.
  • Temporary of contingent workers, defined as those who did not expect their current job to last, represent 3.8% of the total US workforce.

Educational Background, Skills & Qualifications


  • The average wage in the US for a temporary worker is $17 per hour.
  • Temporary workers make significantly lower salaries than traditional workers, with the average weekly earnings of $685 for temporary workers compared to $886 for traditional workers.
  • This works out to be approximately $35,620 per year (Calculation- 52x$686 )
  • The average temporary worker salary in California, where temporary workers were most common, is $39,700.
  • However, some highly skilled temporary workers can make over $100 per hour.

Training, Wage Progression, and Challenges

  • 81% of temporary and freelance workers surveyed would like additional training.
  • Two of the top areas where training was sought in were networking and new skills in their area of expertise.
  • Temporary workers were most likely to be working part-time, with two in five working under 35 hours per week.
  • However, many of these workers were not in part-time temporary work by choice, with 55% surveyed noting they would prefer a permanent job.
  • Only 1 out of 3 surveyed preferred their existing temporary work arrangement.
  • Benefits were another challenge for this group, with temporary workers half as likely to have employer-provide health insurance than permanent workers.
  • Only 23% of contingent workers were eligible for retirement benefits.
  • It is also noted by one source that the business model within the temporary staffing industry makes these employees more susceptible to abuse and illegal conduct.

Research Strategy

In order to provide in depth information on the professional staffing workforce in the US, we examined reports from the US Bureau of Labor, as well as market reports, various industry media sources, surveys of workers in the US, and data from the American Staffing Association. Specifically we focused on acquiring data on both the demographics of this group of workers, as well as data on training, skills and skill building, career progression and wage challenges, and other relevant challenges of temporary workers of the professional staffing workforce in the US.

From Part 03
  • "The median annual wage for office and administrative support occupations was $35,760 in May 2018, below the median for all occupations of $38,640."