Infinite Flow Persona Questions

Part
01
of five
Part
01

Infinite Flow - Corporate Profile

Infinite Flow is a nonprofit organization, specifically considered as a private operating foundation that became America's 1st professional wheelchair ballroom dance company. Its mission is to use dance as a catalyst to inspire an innovative culture of inclusion and belonging.

INFINITE FLOW: CORPORATE PROFILE

  • Location: 14622 Ventura Blvd, #102-373, Sherman Oaks, CA 91403
  • Infinite Flow is a nonprofit organization, specifically considered as a private operating foundation.
  • Company Values:
    • Artistic Excellence: Unquestionable quality of creativity and artistry
    • Social Innovation: Innovative and creative solution to social challenges
    • Empowerment: Removing barriers and thriving
    • Community: A safe place to express and connect
    • Mainstream: Empowering and appealing national and global audiences
    • Integration: Focusing on the inclusion of people with disabilities

  • Employee Value: Its artists use dance as a catalyst to inspire an innovative culture of inclusion and belonging.
  • How invested in their employees are they? : Infinite Flow provide a particular quality to its artists by making them feel that physical disabilities can remove barriers and bring people together.
  • Strategic partners and clients include Red Bull, Apple Inc, Facebook, Kaiser Permanente, Refinery 29, Porsche, and others which can prove, although it only started in 2015, that it is already an established enterprise.
  • Infinite Flow fosters a unified environment which allows its employees or artists to operate as individuals, but still focuses on succeeding as a team.
  • Donations to Infinite Flow can be one-off and can be an ongoing donation. One can donate one time, monthly, quarterly, and annually by simply choosing in the donation button.
  • Other ways to donate or give to Infinite Flow is through check donation, text donation, Shop Amazon Smile, Become a Corporate Partner, Employer Gift Match, Book Infinite Flow for speaking, performances, instruction, and more, Join Infinite Flow Board of Directors, or Collaborate with Infinite Flow.

CORPORATE DONORS IN THE UNITED STATES

1. Of all donors, how many donate to the arts?
  • Corporate donations for arts are estimated to have increased by 5.4% in 2018, totaling to $20.05 billion.
2. What is the size range of companies donating to the arts?
  • Small and medium businesses that are earning under $25 million in revenue donate to the arts.
3. Of those donating to the arts, what types of art are they donating to?
  • Corporations give in different ways including cash donations or grants, sponsorships, in-kind gifts, cause-related marketing, and pro bono services.
  • In Infinite Flow, corporate donors like to promote workplace giving through educating and starting conversations on accessibility and inclusion with leaders of corporations, businesses, events that encourage their workers to give their time and/or money to charity.
4. What percentage of these companies has inclusion practices?
  • Corporations are elevating the importance and relevance of giving and donating, promoting the development of an actionable strategy that helps companies and people be their best selves, and inspiring other leaders to follow suit.
5. Are they more focused on simple donations/endorsements, or in experiential performances for employee benefit?
  • "Corporations are likely to tally their foundations’ charity as a decided plus on the dashboard of corporate social responsibility."
6. What other organizations have they donated to (or otherwise invested in)?
  • Most companies tend to favor non profits that work in and improve within their communities.
  • Companies search causes that align with their business interests.
  • Organizations or causes that their employees support with their own time and money.
7. What is the Corporate Responsibility Profile?
  • Small companies (<50 employees): "South Mountain Company is committed to a Triple Bottom Line, which means that people, planet, and profit are all equally important to us — balancing profits with environmental restoration, social justice, and community engagement."
  • Medium companies (51-250): TOMS: "The company helps a person in need every time one of its products is purchased by a consumer. It matches every pair of shoes purchased with a new pair of shoes for a child in need, which is given through humanitarian organizations who incorporate shoes into their community development programs."
  • Large companies (251+employees): "Kaiser Permanente was founded on the radically simple idea that everyone deserves the chance to live a healthy life. That’s why you can find high-quality care and coverage in one place."
8. What is the Corporate Responsibility Profile of companies that are donating to the arts?
9. Are their donations typically one-off or an ongoing relationship?
  • Corporations who set up a separately-administered private foundation usually donate on an ongoing relationship but sometimes they don't take applications, because they only support pre-selected organizations.
10. What kind of environment do they foster for their employees?
  • Corporations mindfully built into their company’s culture the corporate giving environment and infused it into the employee experience so that everyone has equal opportunity to participate.
11. Are they a grassroots startup or established enterprise?
  • Corporate donors are usually established enterprise, they already established a relationship with foundations and run programs within the society.
12. How invested in their employees are they?
  • Corporations have learned that harnessing their peoples’ desire in donating for a purpose can enrich their relationship with them while also creating stronger business and social outcomes in order to boost employee engagement and retention by enabling their people to support the causes they care about.

Research Strategy:

In order to answer this request, we started the research by diving to an extensive research from Infinite Flow's website where we established its company profile. We have answered all the details needed in order to provide all the required information for Infinite Flow.

Next, we searched for pre-compiled information in NY times, GrantSpace, Reputation Management, and articles for corporate donations like the Americans for the Arts website among others to look for news or industry reports and articles that provides information of corporate donations in the United States.

We were able to answer the questions except for the number of corporate donors that donate to the arts. First, we searched from reports, blogs, news, articles and other sources; reports websites like PR Newswire, Forbes, ResearchGate, Wall Street Journal, CNBC, and Business Financial Posts among others and found no information with regard to the number who donate to arts due to limited availability of data in the public domain.

Secondly, we checked the information from government websites that compile corporate donations in the United States that we could use to provide the number of corporate donations to arts. However, most of the data found were their donations to organizations and programs.

Lastly, We tried to triangulate the number of donations for arts but information for the number of donors are not publicly available. What we found was the amount of donations for arts and culture in the United States. We were not able to give a direct answer to this for the reason that such data has not been made public, or any organization has not conducted any research, or they may not have made it public for internal reasons.
Part
02
of five
Part
02

Infinite Flow - Individual Donors

Giving by individual Americans in 2018 was valued at $292.09 billion, and 5% of which was donated to the arts.

Charity Overview

  • Giving by individual Americans in 2018 was $292.09 billion, down 1.1% from last year.
  • About 69% of Americans donate, and 64% of these donations are from women.

Americans who donate to individuals

  • Giving to individuals, which is approximately 2% of total charity giving, dropped approximately 2.6% to $9.06 billion in 2018. The majority of this type of donation is giving medications to needy patients through pharmaceutical companies’ patient assistance programs.
  • GoFundMe has stated that their website has raised $650 million every year for medical cost fundraisers.
  • According to a 2016 Pew Research study, of the 22% of Americans who donate through crowdfunding, 68% donated to help someone in need.
  • According to the same study, those who have donated through crowdfunding to help someone in need include 58% of men and 75% of women.

Of all donors, how many donate to the arts?

  • Of all charitable giving in 2017, 5% or $19.51 billion was for Arts, Culture and Humanities, an increase of 8.7%.
  • According to a 2016 Pew Research study, of the 22% of Americans who donate through crowdfunding, 30% donated to a musician or artist.
  • Of the 22% of Americans who donate through crowdfunding, 36% of men and 25% of women have donated for a crowdfunding project for the arts.

What other organizations do they donate to?

  • The average American supports 4.5 charities.
  • The majority of dollars for charity went to religion 32%, education 16%, human services 12%, grant-making foundations 11%, and health 9%.
  • According to a 2016 Pew Research study, of the 22% of Americans who donate through crowdfunding, 34% donated to fund a product or invention, 32% donated to fund a school, and 10% donated to fund a business.

What is their highest level of education?

  • The education levels of the 22% of Americans who donate to crowdfunding are: 11% are high school graduates or less, 24% have some college, and 35% are college graduates.

What is the average donation to a small organization like Infinite Flow?

  • Millennials donate an average of $481 per year to 3.3 organizations of all sizes.
  • The Greatest Generation donates an average of $1,367 per year to 6.2 organizations of all sizes.
  • The average crowdfunding campaign donation is $88.
  • The average donation for a nonprofit crowdfunding campaign is $66.
  • The average amount raised by an individual for a nonprofit in a peer-to-peer crowdfunding campaign is $568.

How often do they donate?

  • The year 2018 saw a 40% increase in monthly subscription donations.
  • Donors enrolled in monthly giving programs are 40% of Millennial givers, 49% of Gen Xer givers, and 49% of Baby Boomer givers.
  • According to a 2016 Pew Research study, of the 22% of Americans who donate through crowdfunding, 85% donate to 1-5 projects, 9% donate to 6-10 projects, and 3% donate to 11 or more projects.

When do they donate?

  • Among Americans, 30% make annual donations in December and 10% make annual donations from December 29 to 31.
  • Of the Americans who give on Giving Tuesday 2017, 15% of Millennials gave, 14% of Gen Xers gave, and 15% of Baby Boomers gave.
  • Around 41% of Americans donate in response to a natural disaster.

Are they more likely to donate according to organizations’ events, or seasonally?

  • Millennials prefer to donate to causes sponsored by their workplace. They like to watch a video online first, then donate on a mobile device.
  • Gen Xers prefer to fundraise for causes. They will volunteer and make a pledge.
  • Baby Boomers generally make monthly, quarterly or annual donations.
  • The Greatest Generation will most often donate physical goods and give to a direct mail campaign.
  • Within each generation, 55% of actively donating Millennials, 56% of donating Gen Xers, and 58% of donating Baby Boomers attend fundraising events as a part of their giving.
  • Within each generation, 46% of actively donating Millennials, 45% of donating Gen Xers, and 35% of donating Baby Boomers do so through crowdfunding.
  • Of givers who donate through Facebook, 16% are Millennials, 19% are Gen Xers, and 21% are Baby Boomers.

Paywalled Report

  • Giving USA's annual report "Giving USA 2019: The Annual Report on Philanthropy for the Year 2018" is a comprehensive report on charitable giving in the United States. It is available for purchase on the Giving USA website.

RESEARCH STRATEGY:

For this research, there is some information that is not available in the public domain, like the types of art givers are donating to, the college they have attended, and the type of art they are most interested in. Discussed below are the strategies the research team used to look for the information.

We began our research by reviewing charity industry portals such as Giving USA, Charity Navigator, and Nonprofit Source. Here, we were able to find studies with statistics on American giving, with reports from 2018 to 2019. We also found a paywalled study included in this report. However, these studies did not contain all the information needed, therefore, we switched to another strategy.

We then reviewed crowdfunding websites such as GoFundMe and Kickstarter, as well as charity news outlets such as Inside Philanthropy and National Philanthropic Trust; and business news outlets such as Forbes and Business Insider, looking for reports on American giving, including giving to individuals and giving to the arts. We were able to find articles about which charities are best to donate to, and how to spot a bad GoFundMe campaign, as well as upcoming trends in giving. We found one article about individuals giving for medical needs, which is included in this report. However, not all the information was available.

We then turned to scholarly sites such as Pew Research Center and Market Research looking for case studies on giving where we were able to find several studies on giving with demographics and statistics of giving. One study by Pew Research, although from 2016, contains relevant and credible data that gives enough information for this research and that has not been examined in newer studies, so it was included in this report.
We also reviewed the US Census for public information on charitable giving but found that the latest information which is based on IRS reports is from 2009, and this information was not enough to complete the research. We then reviewed art charity sites such as Americans for the Arts and the National Young Arts Foundation, and other charities such as Habitat for Humanity and Fidelity Charitable, looking for annual reports or company statements on donations hoping to find information that could be used for proxy or to triangulate figures for unanswered queries. Many nonprofit sites did not publish such information, but we did found some reports that gave information on how charitable contributions were used. Unfortunately, none of the information found was about the demographics of donors.

Donations given by individuals to individuals are not well reported in the public domain by giving industry. Online giving sites do not release the number of individuals versus foundations who give, or the number of receivers who are individuals or foundations. Nonprofits do not disclose personal information about who donates to them. Surveys and studies we found also do not break all this information down, and with online giving, demographics and interests of givers are not recorded. This is why some questions could not be answered and some have more general answers rather than specific information.

Part
03
of five
Part
03

Infinite Flow - Donor Foundations

The foundations and charities that are likely to donate to Infinite Flow are separated into two types. The first includes three large national organizations: 3M Foundation, Andrew W Mellon Foundation and Amerprise Foundation. These have all historically donated repeatedly to dance companies in the US. The second types are regional foundations, which tend to make regional donations. Those identified have historically funded dance programs and have also supported organizations out of the region.

INDIVIDUAL DONORS

Although we were unable to find reliable demographics of donors specifically to the arts, we found very comprehensive demographic analysis of charity giving by Americans. The latest statistics for 2017 show the following:
  • Environment and animals charities; arts, culture and humanities organizations; international affairs nonprofits; and health causes experienced the largest jumps in contributions.
  • 40% of Millennial donors are enrolled in a monthly giving program.
  • 84% of Millennials give to charity, donating an annual average of $481 across 3.3 organizations.
  • Millennials are active on their phones and respond best to text message and social media, but rarely check personal email or respond to voice calls.
  • 49% of Gen X donors are enrolled in a monthly giving program.
  • Gen Xers are most likely to fund raise on behalf of a cause, make a pledge, and volunteer their time to an organization.
  • 64% volunteer locally, 8% internationally.
  • 49% of Baby Boomer donors are enrolled in a monthly giving program.
  • 72% of Boomers give to charity, donating an annual average of $1,212 across 4.5 organizations.
  • Boomers answer voice calls, check email regularly, and also use text messaging and social media.
  • Boomers are most likely to make recurring donations on a monthly, quarterly or yearly basis
  • 88% of the Greatest gen gives to charity, donating an annual average of $1,367 across 6.2 organizations.
  • They represent 26% of total US giving.
  • Greatest prefer voice calls and direct mail.

ORGANIZATIONAL GIVING

National

1) 3M

  • 3M Foundation was founded in 1952 by the 3M Company, which is its primary funder.
  • Their values are defined as “People Focused, Learning Centered, Purpose Driven”
  • 3M foundation has assets of $17,485,697 and total grants in 2016 were $17,274,144
  • In 2016, the last year their records are publicly available through the IRS, 3M gave 77 different Arts programs an average of $19, 431.
  • They are funded by contributions, gifts and grants, but receive no government funding.
  • Their Arts funding is included under the community giving program, which runs on an annual cycle from August to November.

2) Andrew W. Mellon Foundation

  • The foundation was created June 30, 1969, through the consolidation of two existing foundations—the Avalon Foundation, originally founded by Mellon’s daughter Alisa and the Old Dominion Foundation, founded by Mellon’s son Paul.
  • The majority of the Andrew W Mellon Foundation’s Income comes from interest and capital gains. In 2016, they gave $296,917,168 USD in total grant money to various organizations.
  • They have a specific program in Arts and Cultural Heritage that "seeks to nurture exceptional creative accomplishment, scholarship, and conservation practices in the arts, while promoting a diverse and sustainable ecosystem for these disciplines."
  • In total the Arts and Cultural Heritage Program has awarded 3,544 grants totaling $1,488,502,738. [4]
  • In the last year, the Axis Dance company was granted $300,000 to support a training program for choreographers with disabilities and the Fractured Atlas company was granted $100,000 for their American Dance Abroad program. [4]
  • The foundation does not publish their granting schedule. Their guidelines for submitting a proposal are available here. The application portal through which applications must be submitted is here.

3) Ameriprise Foundation

  • Amerprise Foundation is fully funded and managed by Ameriprise Financial an investment and financial planning organization headquartered in Minneapolis.
  • In 2018 Ameriprise awarded 235 grants, including national grants to Feeding America and the American Red Cross, as well as local grants in 31 states and Washington, D.C. In 2018, they donated $17 million and recorded 78,000 volunteer hours at non-profits across the country.
  • Previous grants in the arts have been made to Los Angeles and Louisiana Philharmonics, Shakespeare Theater Company in D.C., Brooklyn Academy of Music, Steppenwolf Theater Company in Chicago and Dallas Opera.
  • Their criteria for granting in the category of Cultural Enrichment include Arts education, access for under served populations and diverse artists and performances that spark topical community conversations.
  • Nonprofits may submit applications anytime and will be reviewed twice each year following the deadlines. Annual deadlines are January 15 and May 15. Decisions will be communicated approximately four months from the deadline date.

Regional

The smaller regional organizations which have donated to the arts and could be of interest to Infinte Flow include :
  • Alphawood Foundation in Chicago With assets of $124,632,173 and grants of $15,349, 136 in 2016, its grants focus on the arts and arts education, promotion and protection of the rights of LGBT citizens and people living with HIV/AIDS, and other human and civil rights. Their funding is by invitation only.
  • American Association of University Women — Identified by the statement " Empowering Women since 1881" they have Assets of $132,249,840 and made grants of $4,150,728 in 2016. Their DC office supports activism and empowerment and provides fellowships related to dance and art.
  • Amon G. Carter Foundation is a Texas non-profit corporation established in 1945 by Amon G. Carter and Nenetta Burton Carter. It supports work in the fields of art and culture, civic and public affairs, education, health, and human services. With assets of $591,934,945 and grants of $30,836,551 in 2016, it provides grants to promote and strengthen the Fort Worth area, but also funds nationwide. From 2014 to 2018 the foundation provided $18,423,783 in grants to the Arts.
  • Anderson Center has served the artistic community and the citizens of Minnesota through artistic leadership, program development, and support since 1995. With total assets of $456,035 and grants in 2016 of $17,050 it primarily supports the arts in the upper Midwest.
  • Arts Midwest has assets of $6,900,682 and grants in 2017 of $2,408,887 which primarily provides grants to local organizations in the Midwest that bring in touring dancers. Values are stated as to promote creativity, nurture cultural leadership & engage people in meaningful arts experiences.

RESEARCH METHODOLGY

  • From the Foundation Center website we found the list of the top 50 organizations which have historically donated to the arts.
  • We have attached a spreadsheet with that listing, sorted by the amounts they have donated in the most recent year available.
  • From the Inside Philanthropy website, we found the list of nine organizations with a history of donation to dance.
  • We searched each of the nine organizations on the Foundation Center's 990 Finder tool, which provided both total assets and access to the latest financial filings with the IRS which provided total grant dollars for that year.
  • Where it was public, we provided other information about granting history and mission from the foundation's website.
  • We have provided extra detailed information including how to apply for a grant for the three national organizations on that list that are likely to donate to Infinite Flow. We also provided an overview of the other regional organizations from the information available.

Part
04
of five
Part
04

Infinite Flow - Audience 1

While we were able to locate information regarding general facts about the habits of Americans that donate to arts — there was no publicly available information regarding the percentage of middle to upper-income earners that donate to inclusion/disability and the highest level of education of this demography. About 5% of the total amount of charity given in 2018 was on arts — billionaires spent 57.6% on Art in 2018.

Infinite Flow — Audience 1

1) General Information:

  • In 2018, Americans gave $427.71 billion to charity, which represents a 0.7% increase from 2017.
  • In 2018, arts, culture, and humanities received 5%$19.49 billion donation.
  • In 2017, Americans donated $410.02 billion to charity.
  • In 2017, 52% of the individual donations made to charities were made by households earning $200,000 or more.
  • About 90% of higher-income household donate to charity in the US.

2) Percentage of middle to upper-income earners that donate Arts

  • About 57.6% of billionaires donate money to Arts, according to Business Insider.
  • The struggling middle class is donating less to charity.
  • According to Market Watch, the number of middle-class donors has been lowing 2% each year for more than 15 years.
  • In 2017, higher-income people donated $29,269 to charity, while the general population households donated $2,514 — representing $1,463 donated to arts by higher-income people and $125,7 donated to arts by the general population households.

3) Highest level of education

4) Income Level

  • Families with incomes over $80,000 are more likely to support arts and culture.
  • While people with lower incomes donate 5% to arts and culture, + $80,000 incomers donate 10%.

5) Income spend on:

A) Live entertainment/performances

  • Americans spend $1,713 on entertainment away from home.
  • Regarding fees and admissions, the amount spent in 2015 on admissions to the arts, movies, sporting events, and other entertainment and recreational activities was $652.
  • The average annual spend per participant on sports events is $710.

B) Charity

C) Arts

  • Regarding fees and admissions, American consumers spent $46 on average to attend art plays and other performing arts events.
  • Expenditure on art changes based on income.
  • Individuals earning $200,000 or more spend about eight times more on arts compared to those with incomes between $50,000 and $70,000.
  • People with higher education spent about six times more on art than high school graduate.

D) Learning

  • On average, Americans spend $58,464 on education from primary school until the end of the undergraduate program.
  • Americans spend $118 of their incomes on reading.

E) Experiences

  • According to a study by OnePoll in conjunction with Eventbrite -Americans will spend $368 on special/one-time experiences.
  • About 74% of Americans prefer experiences over products.

RESEARCH STRATEGY

To locate the percentage of middle to upper-income earners that donate to the arts, inclusion/disability, we began our research by combing through academics databases, government websites, and survey conducted by credible industries and expert. We were hoping to locate precompiled information regarding the demography of Americans donation towards arts. Unfortunately, we were unable to locate a precompiled information — we were only able to locate articles stimulating people to donate and the highest level of education of charity donors.

Next, we went further by scouring disability organization websites in the United States for information regarding the percentage of middle to upper-income earners that donate to the arts, inclusion/disability. We utilized American Council of the Blind (ACB), the Arc, The Council of State Administrators of Vocational Rehabilitation, and the Deaf Initiative in Information Technology (DIIT) for information regarding donations made by an individual in the United States. Again, this strategy was futile.

Lastly, we attempted to triangulate the request by using the information found on paywall sources. The purpose was to set a level of education among donors; if not directly found, we would search for individual names and research their educational background. Unfortunately, it wasn't possible to find statistics on art donations. Our research team, therefore, concluded that information regarding the percentage of middle to upper-income earners that donate to inclusion/disability and the highest level of education of this demography was not available in the public domain and this could not be triangulated.

CALCULATIONS

Donations to Art by higher income people X donation by population households:

$29,269 was donated to charity, overall, by higher incomes.
Calculating 5% of that (the percentage donated to Arts), we arrive at $1,463.
$2,514 was donated to charity, overall, by population households.
Calculating 5% of that (the percentage donated to Arts), we arrive at $125,7.

Expenditure in entertaining:

$2,913 was donated to entertaining, and this included both home and away from home entertaining.
To determinate with was spent on away from home entertaining, we deducted the expenditure on cable television ($1,200) from the total amount ($2,913)
2,913 – 1,200 = $1,713 represents the income spent on away from home entertaining.
Part
05
of five
Part
05

Infinite Flow - Audience 2

6.6% of Americans have some sort of ambulatory disability and 43.4% of adults attend at least one live performing arts event in 2018.


HABITS OF AMERICANS

  • 43.4% of US adults attended at least one live performing arts event.
  • 24.2% attended outdoor performing arts festivals.
  • 16.5% attended a musical play.
  • 15% attended “other” performing arts events
  • 9.4% attended non-musical plays
  • 8.6% attended live classical music performances
  • 8.6% attended live jazz performances
  • 6.3% attended dance performances other than ballet
  • 5.9% live Latin, Spanish, or salsa music performances
  • 3.1% attended live ballet performances
  • 2.2% a live opera performance
DONATIONS
1. Religious organizations
2. Education organizations
3. Human Services
4. Health organizations
5. Public-society benefit organization
6. Arts, culture, and the humanities
7. International affairs
8. Environment and animal organizations

HOBBIES

1. Americans’ Favorite Pastimes:

  • TV:54%
  • Social Media: 20%
  • Streams: 12%
  • Video games: 8%
  • Sports: 6%

2. Activities:

  • 95% of Americans watch TV every day
  • 76% read at least one book a year
  • 68% go to the movies at least once a year
  • 67% use social media
  • 62% attend a live event at least once a year
  • 58% eat out at least once a week
  • 58% play video games
  • 51% watch streamed videos
  • 49% engage in outdoor recreation
  • 16% participate in sports or exercise daily

3. Arts:

  • 47% of Americans are personally involved in art-making activities such as Painting (14%), photography (13%), playing instruments (13%), sewing (12%), poetry (12%), and dancing (10%), among others.
  • According to a 2018 Americans for the Arts report, "90% believe cultural facilities (theaters, museums, sculpture parks, neighborhood arts centers) improve quality of life", while "86% believe cultural facilities are important to local business and the economy."

WHAT AMERICANS ARE PRIMARILY INTERESTED IN

  • According to Google Trends, Americans are more interested in art and dance than inclusivity, learning and improving, disability, or Innovative dance.

AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES AND THE COMMUNITY

  • People with disabilities represent 12.6% of the US population, roughly 40 million people. Of the 12,6%, 6.6% have some sort of ambulatory disability.
  • 0.6% of people age 5-17, 5.1% of people age 18-64, and 22.5% of people aged 65 or older have an ambulatory disability.
  • 20 million people reported having serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs.
  • People with disabilities are less likely to participate in civic organizations or other groups. Employment and household income issue have a significant contribution to this lack of engagement.
  • According to a study conducted in the US, the reason why people with disabilities are not more active in the community is due to income issues, accessibility, and lack of support.
FAMILY
  • A study published in 2016 discovered that 25.6% of all households in America had at least one member with a disability or limitation.
  • Households with at least 1 member between 18-64 with difficulty walking without special equipment varies among type of households: One-person households account for 28.3%, households consisting of 2 or more unrelated person account for 2.3%, households with only one married couple account for 24%, households consisting of a cohabiting couple only account for 3.2%, all other related-adult households account for 18.4%, Married parents with children account for 8.3%, cohabiting parents with children account for 0.9%, households consisting of a single mother with children account for 2.3%, households consisting of a single father with children account for 0.5%, all other households of single adults with children account for 0.6%, and extended households account for 9.4%.

VALUES

  • The fastest-growing issues Americans supported and felt were more relevant to them in 2018 were mental health (28%), veteran affairs (25%), gun control (18%), gender equality (15%), and LGBTQ equality (12%).


RESEARCH STRATEGY:

Out of all the questions, the participation within the community of persons with disabilities question was the one we couldn’t find enough up-to-date information on to provide a more in-depth view. We scoured through several academic papers, association’s websites, and databases. Unfortunately, information on the matter was scarce. We could find enough information about the difficulties and overall view, but very little hard data.

A study from Connecticut was not included in the main research because it is from 2006, so some information may no longer be relevant. However, considering the lack of information on the matter and the fact that it presents statistics, some insights from the report are as follows:
  • 31% of people with disabilities attended events related to their hobbies at least once a month
  • 37% visited cultural events or organizations in their community at least once a month
  • 31% went to outdoor community spaces at least twice a month
  • 14% went to a local service organization at least once a month
  • 38% were very or somewhat involved in their community
  • 20% were very satisfied with their communities
  • 55% agreed that they were valuable and contributing members of their communities
  • 65% agreed that they are not invited to give opinions about important issues
  • 30% agree that they are isolated from others
  • 39% were not satisfied with their community involvement
Sources
Sources

From Part 01
Quotes
  • "Giving to arts, culture, and humanities is estimated to have stayed relatively flat, increasing 0.3% (declining 2.1% adjusted for inflation) to $19.49 billion."
Quotes
  • "In the most recent report, arts contributions represented more than 50% of philanthropic allocations in both small and medium businesses. Likely because they are locally based and connected to their communities, small businesses are consistent supporters of the arts during times of both economic uncertainties and growth. "
From Part 04
From Part 05