Hello! Thanks for asking Wonder for content changes or trends for the content in OPITO, NOGEPA, STCW, and GWO training. The short answer is that the change in those safety training standards is well documented by the organizations. However, these changes tend to be minor for most of them. The most apparent one is the introduction of new standards for dealing with helicopter emergencies. Amongst the main trends that we can observe is the digitization of training with online courses being demanded by the industry. Below, please find the results of my research.
First of all I have started by looking at the official websites of all 4 training standard organizations: OPITO (oil and gas), NOGEPA (Dutch Oil and Gas), GWO (Global wind organization), and STCW (The International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers). In their sites, I found training standard handbooks detailing the latest standards and showing amendments or changes to the standards that were made through time. After reading and analyzing the main changes in those official documents, I then looked for articles featuring those organizations and safety training trends.
OPITO safety training standards have been revised and amended many times, and these changes are all documented in the organization's website, and classified by categories. There are 2 types of categories that are relevant in this case:
1. Standards for Basic Emergency Response
2. Standards for Specialist Emergency Response Roles
The main standards changes and revisions in those 2 categories are the following:
-Introduction of new training standards on how to deal with noxious gases, in this case H2S (Revision 1, January 2013) -Introduction of new training standards on how to deal with emergency situations in a helicopter or on an offshore installation (Amendment 2, February 2016) -Introduction of a new training standards to learn about emergency escape through an escape chute offshore (Amendment 1, February 2017). -New training standards for radio operators during emergencies (Revision 2, August 2013)
In the case of OPITO, most training standards changes are related to transport by helicopter and emergencies rescue and operations. The standards are becoming tighter and covering more aspects such as noxious gas like H2S.
NOGEPA's latest training standards have been updated in a document released in October 2014 (version 9). This document replaced version 8 released in October 2012. The 2014 NOGEPA safety training standards cover the following: firefighting, gas leakage training, use of breathing equipment, helicopter landing, crane operation, gas measurement, handling of explosives, radio operations, first aid, overboard boat manning, drilling well control, rescue teams, offshore medical assistance and many other aspects of safety offshore. The main alterations compared to the previous version are as follows (page 7) : -Reduction of the maximum amount of time a visitor can spend on an offshore installation without training or certification (page 13) -Introduction of new training standard for visitors to offshore installations called "Limited Safety and Emergency Response Training" (page 17) -New training standards on helicopter emergencies called "Compressed Air Emergency Breathing System (CA-EBS)" (page 25) In the case of NOGEPA, there have been very few alterations compared to the previous editions (versions 8,7 and 6), the ones listed above are minor, except for the one that requires visitors to conduct training in case they spend more than 72 hours (page 13) on an offshore mining installation, twice a year maximum. The new course on helicopter emergency "Compressed Air Emergency Breathing System (CA-EBS)" is similar to the one by OPITO.
The latest version for the Basic Safety Training handbook published by GWO is version 10 released in May 2017, covering onshore and offshore wind turbines. All the changes and amendments since version 1 in 2012 up to version 10 in 2017 are listed from page 6 to page 15 of the document. These do not seem to have changed a lot. The actual document includes First Aid training (page 27), Fire training (page 64), Working in Heights training (page 78), and Falling at Sea Survival training (page 106). There have been minor changes in training standards in the latest edition of the Basic Safety Training handbook: A small change in the First Aid section which now requires at least one training scenario that must be based on electrical incident. Furthermore, the condition of diabetes has been withdrawn from this section. Additionally, the other minor change is a reduction in training time, which is now 31.5 hours.
Finally, the 4th organization researched is the STCW (Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers) convention which is the first that established training standards for sea transport personnel internationally from 1978 with major revisions in 1995 and 2010. The latest revision enforced from 2012 is geared towards training in new technologies such as "electronic charts and information systems (ECDIS)", and new ways of training including online learning.
The trend of digital training methods and of the introduction to new technologies is important here. Apart from that there have been few changes.
Looking at all 4 organizations, it is possible to observe an important new trend: the digitization of training. This is particularly true for OPITO. This change has been demanded by the Oil and Gas industry as a whole in order to improve efficiency in a low price environment and implement changes to workforce training. As a result, OPITO is working with a technology partner Atlas Knowledge Group to develop digital standards and create the first online safety courses of their kind that should be launched in Q3 2017 "Basic Offshore Safety Induction and Emergency training (BOSIET) and Tropical BOSIET".
To sum up, the four organizations researched have the mission of creating safety training standards in their respective industries, be it Oil and Gas, Wind Turbines or Vessels. Some of them are active in updating them such as OPITO (yearly), others are less frequent (STCW). Mainly the changes made in recent years are very few and minor. In the whole, only OPITO registers any meaningful changes with new training standards for helicopter emergencies, and with a major new trend which is the digitization of training.
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