Response to COVID-19

Part
01
of six
Part
01

COVID-19: Agricultural Industry


Cargill and Syngenta are some of the top agricultural companies in the world, with headquarters in the US and Europe respectively. Both companies have employed measures to ensure the safety of their employees. The companies are offering support in donations to communities in the fight against the new Coronavirus. Cargill and Syngenta are also making additional efforts to ensure the constant supply of food products during the COVID-19 pandemic.

CARGILL

  • According to the information provided on its website, Cargill is also working with NGO partners in addressing health, food security, and safety needs that have emanated as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Food security

  • Cargill has committed $35 million in product donations from employee givings and global/regional partnerships to relief and recovery efforts in the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • In the US, the Cargill foundation has donated $1 million to "Minnesota Central Kitchen" in support of its emergency food relief initiative. The company has also turned its corporate cafeteria into a community kitchen and is preparing 15,000 meals every week.
  • In addition, Cargill has mobilized support from its partners to ensure that food is supplemented to vulnerable populations including food-insecure children in different parts of the world where they operate.

Health

  • In support of China in its efforts to contain the virus, Cargill partnered with local community organizations in February to "source and distribute medical supplies" for several hospitals in Hubei province.
  • In Europe, Cargill has provided 1,000 meals for night shift hospital workers in Wroclaw, Poland.

Support for farmers and the food industry

  • In addition to providing meals to over 100,000 agricultural households in Maharashtra, India, Cargill is also supporting the "American Farmland Trust Farmer Relief Fund" that will provide $1,000 in grants to food producers in the US as they navigate through the current crisis.
  • Cargill is supporting the US food industry by partnering with "the National Restaurant Association Foundation Employee Relief Fund" in giving $500 in grants to US restaurant workers to assist with their medical, food and transport bills.

Public response

  • Facebook posts on Cargill's response to the pandemic have been received with mixed reactions.
  • The response to an April 6th Facebook post asserts Cargill's effort in ensuring food availability during the pandemic has been positive. Victoria Smith Bagley, commented by saying, "A huge thank you to all Cargill production employees." Mallory Stocker responded, "Thank you Cargill and all the workers." Jason Weidman, Josh Delos Reyes, Susan Rak, and Sandi Frisby said, "thank you."
  • On the other hand, other posts have received criticism. A Facebook user going by Autumn Morehouse responded to an April 3rd post that recognized the extraordinary efforts by farmers, manufacturers, retail and food services by saying, "Thanks for buying our beef for $1/lb and selling it for $9/lb to the consumer during this epidemic. Breaking it off in the ranchers that do all the work..."
  • Cargill also received heavy criticism on another post published on March 31st that asserts togetherness in the COVID-19 pandemic. Mitch Larsen comments, "What about the cattle market? You’re making $500+ per head on cattle while bleeding out all the ranchers and farmers! Yes, we are all indeed in this together...." Another user, Greg Sun, accused the company of child labor in the Ivory Coast. In another comment, ScottGail Fairman says, "Awful what this company has done to American agriculture."
  • In the comment section of one of Cargill's videos that commends those giving help to the medical industry, Cargill has been accused of animal cruelty and exploiting the Amazon Rainforest, among other issues. Ellen Andrea Dent says, "Please stop exploiting animals for profit...." Elisa Di Eusanio says, "The Climate Save Movement demands you stop exploiting Amazon Rainforest, needlessly killing animals, and mistreating workers!" Other users are urging Cargill to transition to a plant-based enterprise.


SYNGENTA AG

  • Syngenta has stated that it is committed to keeping its employees safe and providing support to farmers as they produce enough and affordable food during the COVID-19 crisis.
  • Syngenta is among the farm suppliers that are accelerating the shipment of seeds, fertilizer, and crops to various farming regions during the COVID-19 crisis. According to a Reuters article dated March 26th, the company is "increasing its production capacity and positioning inventory to supply to US farmers from alternative locations."
  • On March 30th, Syngenta launched a series of "Live Technology Lectures." The platform facilitates the sharing of agricultural knowledge and technical services by experts in the industry. The expertise provided will be helpful to Chinese farmers in the spring plowing season.
  • Different initiatives were reported by the company on April 8th. Syngenta employees in different parts of the world have been taking different responses in the fight against the pandemic. Syngenta reported that its team at the Kaha Research Station in Egypt was sanitizing nearby sites in the community. Syngenta employees in Huddersfield donated 500 hand-bottle sanitizers for volunteers in the local community. 5 ventilators were also donated by Syngenta to the Health Ministry in Argentina for distribution to local hospitals. Syngenta also provided the much-needed protective care equipment to healthcare workers in Spain and Romania on the same day.
  • Syngenta employees are also providing food parcels to low-income neighborhoods during the lockdown in Pakistan.
  • On April 9th, in collaboration with Dutch rapper Ali B and the floriculture sector, Syngenta provided flowers to about 150,000 elderly people in Dutch nursing homes as they combat loneliness in this season of isolation.
  • In February, Syngenta teams outside China procured about 450,000 masks and other vital protective supplies for distribution to the company's employees in China. On April 1st, the company reported that the Chinese Syngenta teams are now giving back as the epidemic slows in China. 430,000 face masks have been sent, another 400,000 has been pledged.

Public response

  • Syngenta's response to the pandemic has been positively received by consumers. The "Heroes among us" video (1 week old) that commends doctors, food producers, and distributors, is one of the most-watched video (1.3k views, 25 likes, and 0 dislikes so far) compared to other Syngenta videos on the company's YouTube page.
  • On April 8th, Carl Sykes, the Community and Business Relations Manager, Syngenta Huddersfield tweeted that the company had donated 500 hand bottle sanitizers. The majority of users responding to the post thanked the company for the donation. Twitter user, Mandy Taylor responded by saying, "Incredible work." A user going by @Musarrat wrote, "Thank you Syngenta. Much appreciated by volunteers." Huddersfield Live tweeted, "Amazing, thank you, as always you guys are there to help #staysafe."



Part
02
of six
Part
02

COVID-19: Energy Industry

Xcel Energy is an American "electric and natural gas delivery company" that provides services across eight states. EDF Energy said it's the United Kingdom's largest low-carbon electricity producer, and provides power to 4.9 million residential customers. Both Xcel Energy and EDF Energy have responded to the COVID-19 pandemic by providing various assistance, such as delaying payments, donating protective gear, and setting aside money for those who can't pay their bills.

Xcel Energy

  • To reduce spreading the coronavirus, many of Xcel Energy's "employees are working from home." The workers on site are practicing social distancing of at least six feet.
  • Xcel Energy has stopped non-essential work where crews will need to enter businesses or homes. However, in emergency cases where workers have to enter buildings, employees are taking precautions, such as wearing protective gear, using hand sanitizer, and not shaking hands,
  • Xcel Energy will not disconnect residential customers' electric or natural gas service until further notice due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The company will also arrange payment plans with customers who cannot pay their bill.
  • Xcel Energy announced on April 9 that it will donate "$20 million in new funding to support short- and long-term corporate giving," including COVID-19 relief across the eight states that it serves. These states are Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Michigan, Colorado, Texas, and New Mexico.
  • Xcel Energy's "$300,000 COVID-19 Disaster Response Matching Gifts Campaign will triple employees’ contributions to eligible nonprofits," and the company is also providing employees with paid time off to volunteer, whether that's sewing masks or tutoring online.
  • Xcel Energy donated over 300,000 masks and other protective gear to "hospitals and relief organizations."
  • Xcel Energy has been posting its developments and updates on Facebook.
  • On April 3, Xcel Energy thanked its workers for ensuring reliable service amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Sandy Olinger Swanson responded to the post with, “Thank You for your hard, dedicated work so that I still have power!!!!” while Alma Hardy wrote, “Thank you to all the linemen and women — please be safe — with your crews keep distance from each other! Hope your getting wipes and hand sanitizer! Keep safe and healthy.”
  • On March 15, Xcel Energy posted on Facebook saying the company will not disconnect services and will help with arranging payment plans for customers unable to pay their bills. Katie Doherty Fisher responded to the post by saying, “This is amazing....we need to worry about so many things right now...Bill's have had me stressed for the last couple of days....this makes one less that I can always get caught up on when this all passes. Thank you.” Todd Stene wrote, “Xcel Energy, way to go!!! Finally a company that not only meets needs but goes above and beyond. And thank you for doing so without being mandated!!”

EDF Energy

  • EDF Energy is continuing to employ its engineers 24 hours a day to keep power stations on amid the COVID-19 crisis. While helping with energy issues, the company's smart meter engineers are also delivering food and medicine to people in need.
  • EDF Energy has "set aside funds" for prepayment meter customers who can't recharge their meters.
  • EDF Energy said it is offering additional assistance, such as repayment plans and delaying payments, as well as developing "a package of measures" to help customers who are struggling financially.
  • EDF Renewables Burnfoot Hill Wind Farm's funding of £12,000 is supporting people during the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • On April 8, EDF Energy announced that it is collecting essential supplies from Boots pharmacies and delivering them to those in need.
  • EDF Energy made a YouTube video about staying safe during the COVID-19, but comments for the video has been turned off. The company has been posting its developments and updates on Facebook and Twitter.
  • On April 9, EDF Energy posted on Facebook saying the company deployed its "smart metering and technical field engineers" to deliver supplies to people who need them. Karen Wilkins responded to the post by saying, "Well done — and for keeping the lights (and most importantly the power!) on too!!"
  • On April 6, EDF Energy posted on Facebook saying many of their employees are working from home, but is still helping the elderly and those who are vulnerable during the COVID-19 pandemic. Paul Hammond commented on the post by saying, "Just want to tell about my experience which was fantastic... Within 5 minutes my call was answered and the lady who dealt with me understood my situation and was immensely helpful. She was able to get things going to hopefully have my gas supply very quickly. I gave her my thanks over the phone but whatever EDF have done in these challenging times it's working. She is a credit to your team and you've definitely got a customer with me with the fantastic service I received in such difficult times."
Part
03
of six
Part
03

COVID-19: Higher Education Industry

Northwestern University and Michigan State University (MSU) have both taken measures to address the COVID-19 pandemic. Their measures include conducting classes strictly online and closing campus buildings in order to stop the spread of the coronavirus. Northwestern University has received a lot of positive reactions to the way the institution has responded to the virus. However, some students weren't too happy with MSU's decision to host virtual classes, since some believe it would be harder for them to learn online.

Northwestern University

  • Northwestern's spring break was a week longer, and spring classes, which resumed in April, are being taught remotely. All staff, except those who are essential for on-campus operations, are working remotely.
  • Northwestern is still unsure whether graduation ceremonies will take place in mid-June.
  • Northwestern is issuing refunds to students for spring quarter housing and dining costs if they leave campus housing at the end of spring break.
  • The university is instituting a "pass/no pass grading for undergraduates this spring quarter."
  • Gatherings of more than 10 people are banned, and all staff have been asked to hold virtual meetings or events.
  • Northwestern's campus buildings and recreation facilities are closed, and "organized team activities are postponed until April 30." Additionally, athletic competitions are canceled for the entire academic year.
  • The U7+ Summit, which brings together more than 45 universities from 18 countries to discuss global issues, was supposed to be held at Northwestern in June, but the event is now postponed until autumn.
  • Student travel that was sponsored by Northwestern is canceled, and most students who were studying abroad have returned to the United States.
  • Northwestern is collaborating with the City of Evanston in Illinois to create "an emergency food pantry" for people who are struggling during the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Northwestern University engineers have developed a new model to help "states allocate and share ventilators and other life-saving resources" amid the COVID-19 crisis.

Responses from Northwestern University's Students

  • Northwestern posts its responses and work regarding COVID-19 on its website, Twitter page, and Facebook account. Mostly all comments on Northwestern's Facebook page have been positive. The university also posted a video on YouTube to welcome students to the spring quarter amid the COVID-19 crisis, but comments were turned off for the video.
  • On April 10, Northwestern posted on Facebook mentioning how the university has transitioned to virtual learning due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Donna L. Cope responded to the post by saying, "So glad you can do this this way. My daughter is on her last quarter to have her MBA in June. Glad she can get this done during all the tumult. Thank you."
  • On April 6, Northwestern announced on its Facebook that students and teachers will still work remotely during the spring quarter. Tina McDermott responded to the post by writing, "If anyone can pull off a valuable online learning environment, it is Northwestern and its students."
  • On March 30, Northwestern posted on Facebook thanking health care workers amid the COVID-19 crisis. Greg Stegeman responded to the post by commenting, "I’d like to challenge my alma mater to take this a step further. Open up the endowment. Set up a faculty, staff, students, and alumni grant competition for ways fix supply shortages and get EVERY healthcare worker the personal protective equipment they need, for EVERY day they are at work."

Michigan State University (MSU)

  • Almost all campus events are either rescheduled or canceled, and "summer sports camps" are also canceled.
  • MSU is holding new student orientations online.
  • Since TOEFL and IELTS tests have been canceled, MSU is "temporarily accepting the Duolingo English Test from" international students who are applying to enroll for summer and fall semesters.
  • MSU students who move out of resident halls by April 12 will receive a credit of $1,120. Students can select the credit to be put "toward next fall’s on-campus housing and dining costs, a credit toward next fall’s off-campus dining plan," or direct deposited into students' bank accounts.
  • Late fees will not be assessed on overdue materials from MSU's library due to the coronavirus crisis.
  • MSU's staff is donating medical supplies and equipment to health care workers and first responders.
  • MSU is creating "3D-printed medical face shields" for local health professionals.

Responses from Michigan State University's Students

  • MSU posts its responses and work regarding COVID-19 on its website, Twitter page, and Facebook account.
  • When MSU announced that classes will be taught online, Nick Catanzaro, a sophomore at MSU, said, "It doesn't work as well for me as in-class instruction, and I think it's going to be much harder to take exams now."
  • Kaitlyn Piggott, a sophomore at MSU, also responded by saying, "At first, it was kind of awesome, like 'whoa, we don't have class.' But then, the more I think about it, I'm a little stressed."
  • Bryce Stevens, a student at MSU, also said, "I have classes that are performance based. So, we do singing and dancing and acting. So it's going to be really hard to learn online."
  • However, Joyce Zoefarly, a graduate student at MSU, liked the university's decision to have classes exclusively online. She said, "Having a university president who has a MD and who understands the severity of this situation, I'm totally appreciative of it."
Part
04
of six
Part
04

COVID-19: Manufacturing Industry

Two case studies of how companies in the manufacturing industry have responded to COVID-19 include the Starkey Manufacturing company donating masks used by its workers to healthcare professionals fighting COVID-19, and Mercedes reverse-engineering a breathing device and mass-producing it to help fight the crisis. Detailed information is below.

Starkey Manufacturing Donates Masks to Healthcare Workers

  • One response from companies in the manufacturing industry to COVID-19 has been to donate masks, once used by their workers, to medical centers and local hospitals. For Example, in the last week of March 2020, Starkey Manufacturing, a company that manufactures hearing aids, donated 80,000 masks to healthcare staff in Minnesota.
  • The president of Starkey, Brandon Sawalich, said the company felt that it had a responsibility to help keep healthcare workers safe during this difficult period of battling the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • According to CBS Minnesota, Starkey has also partnered with Lakeview Industries to produce around 150,000 face shields for medical personnel day.
  • A post on Twitter by the company announcing that it was in the process of producing face shields for the medical community received several responses. The post received 11 retweets and 31 likes. Renne Swanson, who is responsible for the ordering and inventory count for her clinic, responded to a retweet of the post by thanking Starkey as there was a shortage and her clinic was running out of the equipment. She added that she thought Starkey was amazing.
  • A post on Twitter by the company announcing that it had donated 80,000 masks to healthcare staff received four retweets and 23 likes.

Mercedes has Reverse-Engineered a Breathing Device

  • Some companies in the manufacturing industry are responding to COVID-19 by re-purposing their facilities to make essential medical equipment needed to treat COVID-19 symptoms such as breathing machines that are in short supply.
  • According to NS Medical Devices, it is estimated that the UK needs around 30,000 ventilators to cope with the COVID-19 crisis. However, the country only has "5,000 adult and 900 children’s ventilators." The UK government has requested companies in the manufacturing industry to help plug the gap. Mercedes has answered the government's call and started reverse-engineering a breathing machine.
  • The breathing device can help some patients breathe without being given the invasive mechanical ventilation. The process involves the "adaptation of an existing breathing aid for mass production." Mercedes is working with mechanical engineers from University College London to make the breathing device.
  • The company is using its facility that makes Formula 1 engines to produce 10,000 "continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machines that are used to provide oxygen to patients before the need for a ventilator arises."
  • Mercedes stated that it took the team less than 100 hours after the first meeting to make the prototype device that received approval from the 'Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency.' The company was motivated to produce the breathing device after reports from Italy confirmed that "half the patients given CPAP in the country avoided the need for invasive mechanical ventilation" and yet hospitals in the UK are running out of the breathing device.
  • According to the BBC, London hospitals have already received 43 of the new breathing devices, and if everything proceeds as planned, around 1,000 could be made daily by Mercedes.
  • The response to Mercedes re-engineering a breathing machine to help treat COVID-19 patients has been mixed. A professor of Intensive Care Medicine at the University of Oxford, Duncan Young, responded by noting that people had to exercise caution as the use of CPAP breathing devices in patients who have contagious respiratory infections was contentious. This is due to the fear that "any small leaks around the mask could spray droplets of secretions on to attending clinical staff." However, Prof Mervyn Singer believes it is a good gesture and thinks that if a helmet is worn or a mask is worn tightly, clinical staff will be adequately protected and this will reduce the risk of infection.
Part
05
of six
Part
05

COVID-19: Expert Advice, Pt 1

The following resources provide information for concerns and addressing the impact of COVID-19 in the agricultural and energy industries.

Agricultural Industry

  • USDA Temporarily Extends Expiration Dates for Some Good Agricultural Practices, Domestic Origin Verification, Plant Systems Audit Program Certifications. The USDA page indicates that it is extending audit certifications for 60 days to assist with the transportation of fresh specialty crops. This applies to certificates due to expire before May 31, 2020. This will allow the department to focus on certifying new applicants to assist with food movement during the COVID-19 crisis. This is an effort to assist with critical food movement.
  • Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture: COVID-19 GUIDANCE: Farms and On-Farm Deliveries. This resource outlines steps necessary to limit person to person contact when taking deliveries on farms, as well as general guidelines. Farms should designate drop off locations, with drop-boxes if possible, that are away from high traffic farm areas. Delivery vehicles should be sanitized before and after every delivery. Specific delivery instructions and signage should be in place for delivery drivers. All deliveries and visitors should be logged, and employees should be properly advised of appropriate handwashing and precautionary measures.
  • Tennessee Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics: Information to Protect Farmworkers and their Employers in the Midst of COVID-19. This resource provides information to protect farmworkers from COVID-19 exposure. Farms should implement a preventative plan to minimize spread of COVID-19, and an emergency plan should a worker become sick; documents and policies should be in writing in case of future audits. Workers should be trained on safe practices including handwashing, sanitizing, and social distancing. Farms should have a plan for how to isolate and care for sick workers, as well as identifying the nearest health care facility.
  • Successful Farming: HOW COVID-19 WILL IMPACT 2020 PLANTING DECISIONS. This industry specific article outlines challenges facing farmers as planting season approaches. The article outlines the importance of implementing health guidelines to assist in ensuring a healthy workforce will be available to perform necessary planting tasks when the weather is appropriate. Preventative actions must be in place during transport of necessary seed and fertilizer to mitigate the spread of COVID-19. Farmers should anticipate lower corn prices due to reduction of ethanol needs because of decreased travel and fuel consumption. Farmers should be ready to talk with suppliers and landowners about possible economic and financial implications of COVID-19.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: What are the implications of the COVID-19 situation — now and in the future — for food production, agricultural and fishery/aquaculture supply chains and markets? The UN website answers a number of questions related to global food issues. Specifically, agriculture is addressed in this question. Currently food supplies are relatively stable, yet as the COVID-19 situation progresses, all aspects of the supply chain will be stressed. This includes producers, consumers, farmers, processors and storage facilities, and transportation and marketing. It is likely that high value commodities such as fruits and vegetables will have less production. The UN expects to see disruptions in the supply chain beginning in April and May. Transportation limitations will impact fresh food supply chains, and labor shortages will impact production. Of particular concern are developing countries. As such, the UN recommends: "The need to upgrade international standards for hygiene, working conditions and living facilities on agricultural activities and on-board fishing vessels, as well as throughout the fish value chain, need to be reconsidered in the light of the pandemic."

Energy Industry

  • Department of Energy: COVID-19 Energy Sector Response Efforts and Frequently Asked Questions. The US Department of Energy is actively monitoring and communicating with states to assess and prepare for emergency energy needs. The Office of Cybersecurity, Energy Security, and Emergency Response (CESER) is advising that companies remain alert to cyber threats throughout the COVID-19 crisis. The CESER is also recommending energy companies to be aware of how COVID-19 may impact their ability to provide services and to have emergency measures in place.
  • American Public Power Association: Public Power COVID-19 Information Hub. The American Public Power Association is holding weekly webinars with industry leaders "to gather and share up-to-date information, best practices and guidance to help our members stay safe and maintain operational integrity." The association, in collaboration with the Electricity Subsector Coordinating Council (ESCC) has "formed seven “tiger teams” to focus on control center continuity, access to restricted areas, supply chain, mutual assistance, generation continuity, IT/telecommunications, and external messaging." Resources are available through the ESCC about these best practices.
  • American Petroleum Institute: Pandemic Planning Guide. This guide provides the industry with guidelines for managing the pandemic. The plan includes guidelines for planning and preventing infection, strategies for working with contractors and partners in a crisis situation, and knowledge of local resources. The guide also includes plans to control infection, strategies to use in the event of an outbreak, and how to return to operations.
  • IADC: COVID-19 Update. The International Association of Drilling Contractors, a leader in global training and accreditation programs, is extending certificates that are due to expire until May 31, 2020. The association is recommending that employees and trainees' certificates be extended. The association is also recommending that remote training be acceptable on a case-by-case basis for continuity throughout the crisis.
  • Power Technology Report: What is the impact of Covid-19 on the power sector? The report indicates that nuclear power plants will be integral to maintaining global power supply. Renewable energy sources may see delays in projects and financing. Companies should look to local suppliers as the global supply chain is impacted.
Part
06
of six
Part
06

COVID-19: Expert Advice, Pt 2

Expert advice from professionals in the higher education industry on how companies should respond to the COVID-19 pandemic is centered on transitioning to online learning. In the manufacturing industry, expert advice ranges from adopting shifts, proper caution with travel and visitors, ensuring the safety of employees, sustaining relationships with suppliers, and others.

Expert Advice on how Companies in the Higher Education Industry Can/Should Respond to COVID-19

ARTICLE 1: "COVID-19 has Thrust Universities Into Online Learning⁠—How Should They Adapt?"
  • Paul LeBlanc is the author of this article. He is the president of Southern New Hampshire University.
  • In this article, Paul provided four guiding rules on how all parties in institutions of higher education (IHEs), including faculty members and students⁠, can get through the COVID-19 pandemic. The rules are summarized thus:
    • Doing anything possible to get through the pandemic phase.
    • Prioritizing the students.
    • Planning right for the long haul.
    • Exploring resources from within.

ARTICLE 2: "African Universities Urged to put Classes Online Urgently"
  • In this article, educational professionals, through the Association of African Universities (AAU), called on African universities to "move urgently to implement alternative methods of delivering teaching and learning to use technology and other distance learning techniques in the wake of the closures of higher education institutions to limit the spread of COVID-19."
  • Professor Etienne Ehouan Ehile, the general secretary of AAU, opined that the COVID-19 pandemic which led to regulations by governments to close down schools has presented an opportunity for universities in Africa to adopt technology-based platforms in learning and research.
  • Educational leaders were urged to "plan effectively to support the transition, collaborate with experts in the field of online education, and build access to electronic books and journal articles."

ARTICLE 3: "Expert Tips: Transitioning to Online Learning"

ARTICLE 4: "Moving to Digital Learning Fast: Where to Start"

ARTICLE 5: "Moving to Digital Learning Fast: More Questions Answered"

Expert Advice on how Companies in the Manufacturing Industry Can/Should Respond to COVID-19

ARTICLE 1: "Managing Your Manufacturing Workforce During COVID-19"
  • This article was published by the FuzeHub team which comprises "experienced manufacturing and business professionals."
  • The article hinted on how companies in the industry can manage their manufacturing workforce. They recommend adopting shifts to reduce the number of workers at a particular time and also ensure proper social distancing.
  • They also urged manufacturers to prepare for the "Families First Coronavirus Response Act (FFCRA), which establishes a federal emergency paid-leave benefits program."

ARTICLE 2: "Manufacturers Offer 4 Tips for Dealing With COVID-19"
  • In this article, the Manufacturing Leadership Council (MLC) published expert advice by leaders from Premio Foods and Trane Technologies.
  • The report highlighted four points that manufacturers have to implement to safeguard workers and strengthen operations. These points are:
    • Prioritize sanitation and prevention.
    • Increase transparency.
    • Proper caution with travel and visitors.
    • Communication with stakeholders.

ARTICLE 3: "Tips for Manufacturers on Continuing Production During the Coronavirus Pandemic"
  • This article was published by Ogletree Deakins Manufacturing Industry Group. It is a compilation of tips and advice for manufacturers from several industry sectors on how companies in the manufacturing industry can continue working during the COVID-19 pandemic. Some tips shared by these leaders are:
    • Identifying high-risk employees.
    • Reacting to symptoms.
    • Ensuring the safety of employees.

ARTICLE 4: "How Manufacturers Can Cope With COVID-19"
  • This article contains advice by "Danny Thompson, senior vice president of market and product strategy at APEX Analytix."
  • The article hints that the pandemic is likely to disrupt the supply chain in the industry. Therefore, Danny provided hints on how manufacturers can maintain their relationship with key suppliers during the pandemic.

ARTICLE 5: "COVID-19 Impact: For Manufacturers, Work From Home Doesn't Work "
  • This article contains opinions by HR experts in leading manufacturing companies such as Tata Motors, Siemens, Coca-Cola, and others.
  • It dwells on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in the industry with opinions of experts in the industry that shows that working from home is not feasible in the industry. However, companies such as Mahindra & Mahindra are implementing safety precautions to ensure the safety of its workers by banning international travels and limiting local travels to only when it is inevitable.

Sources
Sources

From Part 04
Quotes
  • "... this week, Starkey donated more than 80,000 masks to Hennepin County in Minnesota. The donation is in response to the shortage of personal protective equipment in hospitals across the country. "
Quotes
  • "... supplies such as masks and gloves – once used by factory workers – are being donated to local hospitals and medical centers."
Quotes
  • "Health workers are at the front line of the COVID-19 outbreak response and as such are exposed to hazards that put them at risk of infection."
Quotes
  • "In the UK, it’s estimated the NHS has 5,000 adult and 900 children’s ventilators – but needs at least 30,000 machines to cope with the upsurge in Covid-19 patients. "
Quotes
  • "Forty of the new devices have been delivered to ULCH and to three other London hospitals. If trials go well, up to 1,000 of the CPAP machines can be produced per day by Mercedes-AMG-HPP, beginning in a week's time."
From Part 05
Quotes
  • "The need to upgrade international standards for hygiene, working conditions and living facilities on agricultural activities and on-board fishing vessels, as well as throughout the fish value chain, need to be reconsidered in the light of the pandemic."
Quotes
  • "to gather and share up-to-date information, best practices and guidance to help our members stay safe and maintain operational integrity"
  • "formed seven “tiger teams” to focus on control center continuity, access to restricted areas, supply chain, mutual assistance, generation continuity, IT/telecommunications, and external messaging"