Population Demographics - India, China, and the United States
In this report, we found the total population, total labor force, and number of persons in generation Z in 2016 for the following three countries: United States, China, and India. We utilized numbers from 2016, the latest year data was available for all three numbers from all three countries, without estimates or predictions.
The exact numbers are found below for each specific country, as well as calculations for each country for generation Z as a percentage of total population and labor force as a percentage of total population. Additionally, we have drawn some basic insights for each country.
There are conflicting definitions of generation Z. In the most broad sense, it is persons born after the mid-1990s to today. Specific start dates range from the early-1990s to the mid-2000s. In terms of end date, some sources say generation Z ended in 2010, while others do not define an end date.
For the purpose of this report, we categorized generation Z as those born between 1997 and today. That means that in 2016, the oldest person in generation Z was 19 years old. This definition was chosen because of the vagueness of available definitions, the fact that millennials are commonly defined as those 19-35 in 2016, and the fact that age reports for the three countries you specified only categorized people in the following age ranges: 0-4, 5-9, 10-14, 15-19 and 20-24. No data could be found for each country that listed the total population of that country by each year individually. Inclusion of the 20-24 age group would be including many people of the millennial generation, so that age group was excluded.
In order to find percentage of total population for labor force and, separately, for generation Z for each country, I did the following calculations for each country:
Generation Z for the specified country in 2016 / total population in 2016 for that country x 100 = Generation Z as a percentage of total population in 2016 for that country
Labor Force for the specified country in 2016 / total population in 2016 for that country x 100 = Labor Force as a percentage of total population in 2016 for that country
Total Population: 322,179,605
Labor Force: 159,200,000 (49.41% of total population)
Generation Z (0-19): 82,110,000 (25.49% of total population)
The United States has the lowest total population, the lowest number of persons in the labor force, and the lowest number of people in generation Z (those age 0-19). Despite this, they ranked in the middle when comparing labor force as a percentage of total population, with almost 50% of the total US population in the labor force. Additionally, the United States has a higher percentage (25.49%) of generation Z in its total population than China (22.44%), even though China has a much larger total population.
Total Population: 1,403,500,365
Labor Force: 807,100,000 (57.51% of total population)
Generation Z (0-19): 314,987,920 (22.44% of total population)
China has the highest total population and greatest number of persons in the labor force of all three countries we compared. While they have more people in generation Z than the United States, they have fewer people in generation Z than India, even though India has a lower total population. As a percentage of total population, however, China has the lowest percentage (22.44%) of its total population belonging to generation Z. Additionally, China has the highest percentage (57.51%) of total population in the labor force when compared to India (38.52%) and the United States (49.41%).
Total Population: 1,324,171,354
Labor Force: 510,100,000 (38.52% of total population)
Generation Z (0-19): 500,454,262 (37.79% of total population)
India has the second highest total population behind China, as well as the second highest number of people in its labor force. However, India has the highest number of people in the generation Z age group with 500,454,262 people. However, India has the lowest percentage of its total population in the labor force with only 38.52% and the highest percentage of its total population belonging to generation Z with 37.79%.
By the numbers, China has the highest total population (1,403,500,365) and largest number of people in its labor force (807,100,000). India has the most people (500,454,262) belonging to generation Z, which we defined as those age 0-19 in 2016. However, when you look at both generation Z and labor force as a percentage of total population, China has the highest percentage of its total population in the labor force and India has the highest percentage of its total population belonging to generation Z.