Unfilled U.S. Technology Jobs

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Unfilled Technology Jobs - Market Size

The total number of unfilled tech jobs in the U.S. was researched. As of June 15, 2019, there were approximately 700,000 unfilled tech jobs in the United States.

NET TECH EMPLOYMENT

  • According to Cyberstates 2019, a guide to the U.S. tech industry and tech workforce, there were approximately 7.3 million technology industry jobs and 7.9 million technology occupation jobs in the U.S. in 2018.
  • With an intersection of 46 %, the total number of technology jobs in the US in 2018 was 11.8 million.

UNFILLED TECH JOBS

  • According to the CNBC Technology Executive Council, on June 15, 2019, there were approximately 700,000 open tech jobs in the US.
  • Unfilled tech jobs account for approximately 5.83% of all tech jobs in the U.S. This stat was calculated based on the above stats using a percentage calculator.
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Unfilled Technology Jobs - Top Categories

The top five categories of technology jobs that are in the highest demand in the US include software and web developers, network architects (admins, & support), systems & cybersecurity analysts, computer support specialists, and database administrators.

Top Five Categories of Tech Jobs in the US

  • According to a 2019 industry report by CompTIA, the leading tech occupation jobs in the US include software and web developers with 1,504,895 job openings, network architects (admins, & support) with 748,935 job openings, systems & cybersecurity analysts with 739,632 job openings, computer support specialists with 647,993 job openings, and database administrators with 152,887 job openings.
  • A 2016 report by Information Technology Association of America (ITAA) observed that the top five categories of tech occupation jobs in the US in terms of demand (job openings) included tech support with 616,055 job openings, database development/administration with 271,487 job openings, programming/software engineering with 213,890 job openings, network designer/administrator with 165,585 job openings, and web developers/ administrators with 161,301 job openings.

Growth of Unfilled Tech Occupation Jobs in the US

  • According to survey report by ITAA, in 1998, the total number of unfilled tech positions was 346,000.
  • In 2016, total number of unfilled tech positions was expected to increase to 843,328.
  • Therefore, in the past 18 years (between 1998 and 2016), the number of unfilled tech occupation positions experienced a positive CAGR of 5.07 %.
  • Assuming this growth rate remained constant during the next three years, between 2016 and 2019, then the number of unfilled tech jobs is expected to be 978,211 in 2019.
  • According to CompTIA the total number of tech jobs available in the US in 2019 is 11.8 million.
  • Therefore, the overall percentage rate for unfilled tech jobs to the total number of tech jobs available in the US is 8.29% {(978,211 /11.8 million)*100% = 8.29%}.

Unfilled Rate for Developer Jobs

  • The total number of job openings for developer jobs (including both software and web) available in the US is 1,504,895.
  • According to a 2018 report by Forbes, the total number of unfilled developer jobs in the US is 250,000.
  • Therefore, the percentage of unfilled developer job in the US is 16.61% {(250,000 /1,504,895)*100% = 16.61%}.

Your Research Team Applied the Following Strategy:

While we were able to determine the percentage of unfilled top tech occupation jobs in the US, we were not able to establish the percentage rates for each unfilled job category except for developer jobs (including software and web).

We commenced our research to determine the percentage rates for each unfilled top tech jobs in the US by scanning through industry surveys detailing employment statistics on reputable databases that include the Bureau of Labour Statistics, ITAA, Cyberstates, etc. Unfortunately, we were not able to obtain any relevant data from these sources. The only relevant information that was available from these sources related to the top jobs in terms of the number of jobs currently available while the unfilled rate was not available either category wise or overall.

Next, we extended our research through authoritative market research consultancy databases such as Deloitte, BCG, McKinsey, PWC, etc. These sources too provided the overall data for the tech industry and some other parameters for individual categories which did not include the unfilled rate percentage for the top tech jobs in the US.

We the decided to search for relevant information through media outlets and business-related databases such as Techcrunch, Tech Radar, ZD Net, Smallbiztrends, Forbes, Fortune, etc. Unfortunately, our search was not fruitful. This strategy only enabled us to obtain one article published by Forbes that detailed the unfilled percentage rate for all developer jobs in the US. However, no other data was available for the other categories.

We decided to broaden the parameters of our research by focusing attention on major job search portals such as Glassdoor, Indeed, LinkedIn, etc. We had hoped that this strategy would help us find out the number of vacancies for each job available in these major job search portals and then we would add them up to obtain the number of unfilled jobs at an approximate level. Unfortunately, being such popular job roles, there were thousands of vacancies listed in these databases making it impossible to determine how many jobs were replicated in all the databases. As the duplicates could not be identified in our research, we concluded that adding number of vacancies available in each position would not present a true indication of unfilled job positions.

We decided to change gears and search for relevant data through publications released by major tech companies such as IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, Cognizant, etc. Unfortunately, while some of these companies provided the number of job recruitment that they had made in a certain fiscal year, the data was not organized with the relevant level of designation categories or job profiles. Therefore, it was not possible to get an idea of what percentage of unfilled positions either of the companies filled every year in terms of specific roles.

As a last resort, we decided to search for articles, interviews and blogs published by C-level executives of major tech companies as well as opinions from industry experts and tech advisors. We used databases such as LinkedIn and Bloomerg to find these professionals and then searched for any reports that had been published by them detailing any relevant data regarding unfilled rates of top tech jobs in the US. Unfortunately, the search did not yield any fruits. Most of the insights that we were able to gather from these professionals were limited to the overall industry, rather than individual roles.

Calculations for the CAGR for Unfilled Tech Occupation Jobs

  • In 1998, the total number of unfilled tech positions was 346,000.
  • In 2016, the total number of unfilled tech positions increased to 843,328.
  • Therefore, beginning value : 346,000 and ending value : 843,328.
  • Number of intervals or year : 2016–1998 : 18 years.
  • CAGR : 5.07 %.

Calculations for the Unfilled Rate for Developer Jobs

Assuming that the above mentioned growth rate of 5.07% continued for 3 years at the same rate between 2016 and 2019, we expect that the number of unfilled jobs in 2019 to be 978,211.

That is,
  • Opening Value 843,328.
  • CAGR : 5.07 %.
  • Number of intervals : 3 years (2016–2019).
  • Therefore, 2019 value : 978,211.
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Unfilled Technology Jobs - California

There are 1,782,499 technology jobs in California. The top three technology occupation categories in California are Software and Web Developers; Computer System and Cybersecurity Analysts; and Network Architects, Admins., and Support Specialists.

TECHNOLOGY JOBS IN CALIFORNIA

  • According to the CyberStates 2019 report, California had 1,782,499 technology jobs in 2018.
  • The state had a net technology job gain of 51,567 jobs in 2018 as compared to 2017.
  • There were 610,627 job postings for technology occupations in California in 2018 indicating the number of unfilled technology jobs.
  • According to Code.org, there are 72,187 unfilled computing jobs in California.
  • The top three technology occupation categories in California are Software and Web Developers with 271,744 jobs; Computer System and Cybersecurity Analysts with 89,117 jobs; and Network Architects, Admins., and Support Specialists with a total of 78,812 jobs in 2018.
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Unfilled Technology Jobs - Texas

As of 2018, there were 982,988 technology jobs and 321,474 unfilled technology jobs in the state of Texas. The top three technology occupation categories, based on the number of jobs, in Texas, are Software and Web Developers with over 112,667 jobs; Computer System and Cybersecurity Analysts with over 68,830 jobs; and Network Architects, Administrators, and Support Specialists with over 64,783 jobs.

TECHNOLOGY JOBS — TEXAS

  • According to CompTIA Cyberstates report, there were 982,988 technology jobs reported in Texas, in 2018. The report also revealed that during the period 2017-2018, the state of Texas saw 17,855 job gains with a 1.8% year-over-year change in employment.
  • Texas reported an overall 626,145 technology industry jobs and 640,489 technology occupation jobs. During the period 2017-2018, there were 10,694 additional jobs created in the tech industry.
  • Texas stands second in the country's net technology employment list and places third in the net technology employment jobs added list.
  • While there was a decrease of 2,300 tech jobs in Greater Houston during 2017-2018, there was a rise in emerging tech job openings of over 5,000 in the same period. Overall, Houston reported 134,500 tech jobs in 2018.
  • The increase in emerging tech position openings indicated a 140% rise in tech jobs in emerging sectors that include virtual reality, artificial intelligence, Internet of Things (IoT), systems through the internet, and network of physical objects with sensors and embedded microchips.
  • The technology sector in Texas accounts for approximately 7.5% of the state's entire workforce.

UNFILLED TECHNOLOGY JOBS — TEXAS

  • There were approximately 321,474 unfilled technology jobs in the year 2018.
  • From 2017 to 2018, there has been a 112% change in the emerging technology job postings in the state.


TOP TECHNOLOGY OCCUPATION CATEGORIES IN TEXAS

  • According to the CompTIA Cyberstates 2019 report, the top three technology occupation categories in Texas are software and web developers; computer system and cybersecurity analysts; and network architects, administrators, and support specialists.
  • Software and Web Developers category has over 112,667 jobs in Texas, indicating a 4.7% increase in year-over-year change during 2017-2018.
  • Computer System and Cybersecurity Analysts category has over 68,830 jobs in total, indicating a 3.6% increase in the year-over-year change during 2017-2018.
  • Network Architects, Admins, and Support Specialists category has over 64,783 jobs in total, indicating a 2.1% increase in the year-over-year change during 2017-2018.
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Unfilled Technology Jobs - Florida

There are 567,862 technology jobs in Florida. The top three technology occupation categories include software and web developers; support specialists, admins, and network architects; and computer support specialists.

TECHNOLOGY JOBS — FLORIDA

TOP 3 TECHNOLOGY OCCUPATION CATEGORIES

  • Software and web developers rank as the top occupation category in Florida with 64,867 people employed.
  • Support specialists, admins, and network architects rank second with 43,764 people employed.
  • Computer support specialists rank third with 39,557 people employed.

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Unfilled Technology Jobs - Utah

The market size of unfilled technology jobs in Utah is 6,000.

UNFILLED TECHNOLOGY JOBS — UTAH

  • The total number of technology jobs in Utah is 143,000.
  • According to the data from the State Department of Workforce Services, the number of technology jobs that remain unfilled in Utah is 6,000.
  • The top three technology occupation categories in Utah are software and web development, computer support, network architecture, and network administration.

Other Findings:

  • The number of jobs in software and web development category was 18,652.
  • The number of jobs in computer support was 9,276.
  • The number of jobs in network architecture and network administration was 6,912.
  • The average yearly compensation in tech jobs is about $102,000.

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Unfilled Technology Jobs - Kansas

The total number of tech jobs in Kansas was 95,759 in 2018.
  • In 2018, there were 21,767 tech jobs posted.
  • There are 3,000 tech jobs unfilled in the state.
  • In Kansas, the total number of technology jobs in 2018 was estimated at 95,759.

The Top Technology Sectors in Kansas

  • IT services and custom software services: 21,790 employees.
  • R&D, testing, and engineering services: 14,294 employees.
  • Telecommunications and internet services: 9,396 employees.

The Top Ten Tech Employers in Kansas



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Unfilled Technology Jobs - New York

Around 39,032 technology jobs remain unfilled in New York.

Total Number of Technology Jobs

The Top Three Technology Occupation Categories

  • The top three leading technology occupation categories in New York include -software and web developers (89,126), computer system and cybersecurity analysts (51,634), and network architects, admins, and support specialists (49,118).

The Number of Technology Jobs that Remain Unfilled.

  • The Robert Half CIO poll stated that a majority of IT recruiters (61%) find it challenging locating skilled IT talent in New York’s job market to fill open positions and that the position highly in demand include database management (51%) and virtualization (51 %).
  • There was a shortage of 34,032 people to fill the job openings for data scientists in New York in 2018.
  • According to the chief economist for LinkedIn, Guy Berger, there was a shortage of IT people with cybersecurity skills, where in New York, 5,000 people with cybersecurity skills were needed in 2018.
  • Hence, corroborating the data mentioned above, it is estimated that around 39,032 (34,032 + 5,000) tech jobs remained unfilled in New York in 2018.

Additional Information

  • The article by Partnership of New York Organization states that there are total 261,000 unfilled job openings in New York in 2019.
  • The LinkedIn Economic Graph Research states that "tech is among the fastest growing sectors in New York City, and according to data from LinkedIn research, 21% of NYC businesses employ tech talent."

Research Strategy

In order to obtain the insights on the market size of unfilled technology jobs in New York along with the total number of technology jobs and top three technology occupation categories, we started by exploring credible labor statistics from bls.gov for the New York City. Through the research, it was found that most of the information was scattered around multiple technology occupation codes and no relevant information could be evaluated to directly respond to the request as the statistics were not related to the entire technology industry.

Further, we searched through multiple credible employment market reports such as Kantar, Cyberstates, LinkedIn Workforce, along with related news articles. The research produced relevant information from Comp Cyberstates which is regularly published by the Computing Technology Industry Association which provided relevant insights on the total number of technology jobs in New York and the top three technology occupation categories.

Next, to identify the information on the number of technology jobs that remain unfilled, as no direct information/statistics could be found, we decided to triangulate the information. Through the Robert Half CIO Poll report, it was found that a majority of IT recruiters (61%) find it challenging locating skilled IT talent in New York’s job market to fill open positions and the position highly in demand include database management (51%) and virtualization (51 %). Assuming that the shortage of skill in tech market will lead to the unfilled position in those areas, a further deep dive through the Linkedin Workforce report and Linkedin Economist article highlighted that there are 34,032 people short for data scientist positions in New York and 5,000 people short for cybersecurity positions in New York. Hence, adding data from the above sources, it was estimated that approximately 39,032 technology jobs remain unfilled in New York.
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Unfilled Technology Jobs - Illinois

FINDINGS

In Illinois, there are 145,577 unfilled technology jobs and there are 439,541 technology jobs. The top three technology occupation categories are Software and Web Developers, Computer System and Cybersecurity Analysts & Network Architects, Administrators and Support Specialists.

OVERVIEW OF FINDINGS

METHODOLOGY

We started the research by searching for tech industry reports that discussed the present employment status of the industry. The databases we checked include WEForum and Cyberstates. WEForum discussed the trends to be seen in the future workforce while Cyberstates had a report from a survey conducted by CompTIA which contains information on the number of unfilled technology jobs and the top three technology occupation categories.

We further looked at government websites since some statistics related to this might have been provided through previous surveys. We checked the Illinois Department of Employment Security website, and we discovered that it was only the job projection rate that was available. We also checked the Illinois Department of Human Services website, and we noticed that it was only job postings that were made available. We then expanded our search by looking at the US Bureau of Labor Statistics website where we also noticed that only information related to the general job employment were available.

Our third strategy was to look at news articles and editorials which included US News, Forbes, CNBC, and CNN. This is because the news media could have published articles related to the technology jobs and tech industry segments in Illinois that are in dire need of employees. We only found information related to the best paying jobs in the tech industry.

Based on the data we got from Cyberstates, we then decided to triangulate the total number of technology jobs and we had to be creative. We assumed that the number of job postings is the number of unfilled jobs while the total number of technology jobs available would be equal to the sum of the presently occupied jobs and those that remain unfilled. The detail of the calculation is presented below:
    Total number of technology jobs available = Number of presently occupied jobs + Number of unfilled jobs
    Number of presently occupied jobs = 439,541
    Therefore, the total number of jobs available = 439,541 + 145,577 = 585,118.

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Unfilled Technology Jobs - IT Services/Custom Software Services

The top three hirers in the US in the IT Services industry in the United States are Amazon, Microsoft, and Lockheed Martin.

TOP HIRERS

According to the Tech Republic, the top twenty companies that hired the most employees in the United States in 2018 and their respective percentage share of job postings the firms had in the tech category are as follows.
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Unfilled Technology Jobs - R&D/Testing/Engineering Services

The top hirers within the R&D industry in the United States are Amazon, Alphabet Inc., and Intel.

TOP HIRERS IN THE R&D/TESTING/ENGINEERING SERVICES INDUSTRY IN THE UNITED STATES

AMAZON

  • Amazon spent $22.6 billion on research & development in 2017.
  • The company saw a 78% increase in approved H-1B petitions for initial employment between 2016 and 2017.
  • Amazon has plans to open a new office in Austin, Texas, to house its new hires, which will be focused on software and hardware engineering, research science, and cloud computing divisions.

ALPHABET INC.

  • Alphabet Inc. spent $16.6 billion on research & development in 2017 (Source 1)
  • The company has consistently had an average of about 38.3% of their workforce in the R&D department, which makes it their largest department.
  • Alphabet Inc. plans to continue to invest more in research and development and hire top talents in the industry.

INTEL

  • Intel spent $13.1 billion on research & development in 2017.
  • The company saw a 19% increase in approved H-1B petitions for initial employment between 2016 and 2017.
  • Intel, whose manufacturing and R&D departments are mostly in the US, employs more than 50,000 people domestically and is planning to create more R&D and manufacturing jobs with the opening of a new factory in Chandler.


RESEARCH STRATEGY

Your research team searched for the top hirers within the R&D/testing/engineering services industry in the US from news articles and press releases regarding the R&D departments of companies in the US. The team found that US companies with the most R&D spending, correlate with those with high numbers of work visa petitions and that R&D expenditure is significantly linked to the number of R&D staff that the company employs. Because of these, the team assumed that the companies with the most R&D spending are those that hire the most employees in the industry.

Your research team searched credible sites such as Forbes and BizJournals that feature plans of these companies to expand their R&D department and create more jobs in the R&D industry.


CALCULATION

THE AVERAGE PERCENTAGE OF THE ALPHABET INC. WORKFORCE IN THE R&D DEPARTMENT
To provide the average percentage of the R&D workforce at Alphabet Inc., your research team calculated for the percentage workforce value of the R&D department each year from 2013 to 2016, as available and found the median value by summing up the percentages and dividing by the number of years.
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Unfilled Technology Jobs - Telecommunications and Internet Services

The top three companies within the telecommunications and internet service industry in the United States with the most number of employees are AT&T with over 260,000 employees, Comcast with 184,000 employees, and Verizon Communications with over 144,500 employees.

AT&T

  • According to a report published by FierceWireless, AT&T is considered to be the largest wireless carrier in the United States. While AT&T, along with its top competitors Verizon and Sprint, has slightly reduced its employee headcount during the period 2014-2017, AT&T is still the largest telecommunications company with a large workforce of more than 260,000 employees.
  • The company is ranked among the top 20 employers in the United States. According to the report, AT&T's employee headcount reflects the company's extensive wireless business, its operations, and its recent DirecTV satellite business. The company expects its employee figure to increase by 25,000 if its strategic plan of purchasing Time Warner is successful.
  • AT&T serves over 400 million people in the United States and Mexico, with an estimated 28 million connected cars on the AT&T network.

Comcast

  • Comcast has over 184,000 employees, according to a report published by Forbes.
  • The communications company was ranked among the top 100 employers in the United States this year (2019). On the various Forbes lists, Comcast was ranked #33 on the Global 2000 list in 2019. It was also ranked #82 on the list of the Best Employers for Diversity in 2019 and came in at #57 in the Top 100 Digital Companies list in 2018.
  • Comcast operates through a number of segments that include cable networks, cable communications, broadcast television, theme parks and filmed entertainment.

Verizon Communications

  • Verizon Communications has over 144,500 employees, according to a report published by Forbes.
  • Verizon Communications is a holding company that provides communication and broadband services. The company operates in two primary segments — Wireline and Wireless.
  • The company was ranked among the best employers in the United States in 2019, most valuable brands in the world, and best employers for diversity, among other recognition and awards.

Research Strategy:

In order to determine the top hirers within the telecommunications and internet services industry in the United States, we began our search by looking into the top lists created by market profiler and media companies such as Forbes and CNBC. During our search, we came across numerous articles, reports, and studies that list some top telecommunication companies and provide a general overview of the telecommunication industry in the United States. The reports found primarily talk about the nature of the industry, the working conditions, and the available opportunities. They also provide employment figures for different occupations in the industry, without listing the names of the companies. A thorough search through these channels provided us with several market reports on the statistics of the telecom sector along with the number of employees hired in the sector. However, none of the reports found mention the companies and detail the number of employees they hire year after year.
We then expanded our search to look for the top telecom companies in the United States in terms of the number of employees they already have. We were able to find several lists that rank companies in terms of their revenue and not their workforce count. Therefore, from the lists of the top telecom companies in the United States, we researched each company individually to find their employee headcount. For each company, we looked through its official websites, annual reports, press releases, and media mentions. We then shortlisted three telecommunications companies with the highest number of employees. Our search led us to AT&T with 260,000 employees, Comcast with 184,000 employees, and Verizon Communications with 144,500 employees.

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Unfilled Technology Jobs - Tech Manufacturing

Apple, Microsoft, and IBM are the highest hirers in the tech manufacturing industry. Apple has a market value of $963.33 billion, and the International Business Machines Corporation(IBM) has over 380,000 employees.

APPLE

MICROSOFT

IBM

ASSUMPTIONS

In order to find the industry top hirers of labor, we made certain assumptions which we would like to briefly outline.
  • We assumed that top companies with the highest number of employees are also the top hirers in the industry.
  • We assumed that the best performing companies in the industry could also be the top hirers.
  • Having researched and found out that top tech manufacturing companies with the highest number of employees are also the best performing companies in the industry based on revenue, sales and market value we assumed that this companies can therefore be said to be the top hirers in the U.S. tech manufacturing industry.
  • We also assumed that companies with larger revenue and market value but low number of employees cannot be classified as top hirers within the industry.
  • We also assumed that companies with the highest employees must have the HIGHEST NUMBER OF HIRERS...

Research Strategy:

We began our research by studying the tech manufacturing industry to identify the top hirers in the industry. From our preliminary findings on market research, we could not identify any research on the tech manufacturing industry alone regarding any company being the top hirers in the industry. Most of the industry research was found as a sub-topic in the manufacturing industry research. We realize that to adequately conduct a robust research, we had to first of all, find top companies that fall under the "tech manufacturing industry" from there we can look for and compare each company number of hirers. Fortunately, we were able to find a report that provided us with a list of the top global tech manufacturing companies. From that list, we selected the companies that are headquartered in the U.S. and have a large market there. Moving on, we then tried to search for each companies annually number of hires hoping that if we found such figures, we will compare it across board and rank the companies accordingly.

We started to look for this information by searching the company's website. We focused on the company's news section to see if this information have ever been published by them. Unfortunately, our search could not find any information on the companies number of hires. Here, we could only find information on the companies number of employees.

Next, we proceeded to look for information on the companies annual report and SEC fillings. Our reasoning at this stage is that the companies may have released information on their shareholders in their annual reports. However, we still could not find any actionable data on our search focus. Typically, information on the companies' financial outlook, growth and expansion, and number of employees were provided.

Furthermore, we moved to search through news and media publications for the information on the companies annual number of hires. We hoped to find independent research that found or assumed the number of employees the companies hire annually. However, most of the information provided in the news media focused exclusively on the total number of employees of the companies. The information of the companies total annual number of hires still remained elusive. We assumed this information is not available because the companies keep the information private and have not made them available for public use.

Moving forward, having failed to find the total number of hires of the companies that make up the tech manufacturing industry, we changed our search focus entirely. We tried then tried to identify companies that have the highest number of employees, market value and revenue. Using this approach, we supposed that since these companies support a large staff and have high market value and revenue, they can be considered to be the top hirers in the Tech Manufacturing industry in the United States.

We therefore began the research by looking for a list of companies with the highest number of employees in the U.S. We found a source that listed the largest employees in the U.S. with the company's number of employees. We then filtered each company on the list to know which of them is a "tech manufacturer". From our findings we were able to establish that International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is a U.S, tech manufacturer and its total number of employees is 380,000. To back-up and validate this figure we found another list that included IBM as the seventh biggest employer of labor in the U.S.

Next, to find more companies and validate our initial findings we searched for the list of top companies in the manufacturing industry in the U.S. based on revenue and market value or size. Our assumptions on these search was that if we could find a list that contained the top manufacturers in the U.S. based on revenue or market value, we could filter each company to find the tech manufacturers. We would then assumed that because this companies have the largest revenue in the U.S. manufacturing industry, they can also be classified as the biggest tech manufacturing companies. From these findings, we came to an assumption that the companies with the highest revenue are the best performing companies in the tech manufacturing industry and hence the top hirers of labor in the industry. Also, we were able to identify a report that listed the top manufacturing companies in the U.S.based on revenue. We then search each company website to find the ones that can be classified as Tech manufacturers. We were able to identify Apple Inc. and IBM as the top tech manufacturers in the U.S. based on revenue.

Furthermore, unable to locate a pre-compiled list that specifically listed the top tech manufacturers, we moved to find the top technology companies in the U.S.from based on market value and size. Here, we hoped to find a ranking of tech companies based on market value and size. If we could establish this ranking, we would then filter for the companies with the highest market size or value. Our assumption in this search was that the tech companies with the highest market value could also be the highest hirers of labor because they have the highest capacity to grow and expand also have more resource available to hire more employees. Fortunately, we were able to find reports by credible sites such as Forbes and other sources that provided us with actionable data using this search strategy. We then searched each tech company database to validate its "tech manufacturer" status and its number of employees. The company with the highest number of employees were then selected.

In conclusion, though we were unable to directly find the top hirers in the tech manufacturing industry, we were able to use the top performing companies by revenue, market value and total number of employees to draw an assumption of the industry top hirers. We assumed that the companies with the above mentioned features are among the top hirers in the tech manufacturing industry. This is because with the companies large revenue and market value they have the capacity to support additionally staff. Also, since these companies have and support numerous employees, we assumed that they hire in large numbers.
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Unfilled Technology Jobs - Packaged Software

The top hirers within the packaged software industry in the United States with the highest number of employees are IBM with 381,100 employees, Microsoft with over 131,000 employees, and SAP SE with over 96,498 employees.

TOP HIRERS — PACKAGED SOFTWARE INDUSTRY

IBM

  • According to Forbes, IBM Global Services has over 381,100 employees.
  • The IT, Software, and Services company was ranked #317 on the 2019 Forbes list of America's Best Large Employers. IBM was also ranked #20 on the World's Most Valuable Brands 2019 list and ranked #30 on the Best Employers for New Grads list in 2018, among various others.
  • Due to its declining revenue, IBM has been working on restructuring its business model which in turn has resulted in a reduction in its employee headcount since 2012.

MICROSOFT

  • As of May 2019, Microsoft has over 131,000 employees, according to a report published by Forbes.
  • In 2018, Microsoft was ranked the seventh most valuable brand in the world with an estimated brand value of around $81.2 billion. Microsoft is considered to be one of the world's leaders in providing cloud services and experienced a 6% increase in its valuation from 2017 to 2018.
  • The company was ranked among the world's best employers' and best employers for diversity.

SAP

  • SAP SE has over 96,498 employees, according to a report published by Forbes.
  • With over 437,000 customers around the world, SAP SE is a leader in software-related services and enterprise application software.
  • The company was ranked #25 by Forbes as one of Americas Best Employers and was ranked #9 in the list of Forbes' Best Employers for Diversity in 2019.


RESEARCH STRATEGY

To determine the top hirers within the packaged software industry in the United States, we began our research by looking into the lists created by market profilers and media companies such as Forbes, Crunchbase, Hoovers, and Ranker. We came across numerous articles and reports that list some top packaged software companies and provided a general overview of the packaged software industry in the United States. The reports found primarily outlined the nature of the industry, the working conditions, and the available opportunities. A thorough search through these channels also provided us with several market reports on the statistics of the packaged software industry. However, none of the reports found mentioned the number of employees hired within the packaged software industry.

Next, to identify the specific number of employees hired within the packaged software industry, we searched through government and statistics databases such as the Bureau of Labour Statistics (bls.gov). An exhaustive search through this medium provided no relevant information specific to the packaged software sector. In an attempt to triangulate the figures, we searched through multiple industry employment reports such as Cyberstates and Linkedin Workforce report, along with leading job search websites like Indeed, Monster, and Glassdoor. We tried to find a breakdown by percentage of the workforce of each company with the aim of using that as a proxy to calculate the number of employees in the packaged software industry. However, we found no available information on the exact number of employees hired within the packaged software industry.
We then expanded our search to look for the top packaged software companies in the United States in terms of the number of employees they already have. We were able to find several lists that rank companies in terms of their revenue and not their workforce count. Therefore, from the lists of the top employers in the United States, we researched each company individually to find their employee headcount. For each company, we looked through its official website, annual reports, press releases, and media mentions. We then shortlisted three packaged software companies with the largest number of employees. Our search led us to IBM with over 381,100 employees, SAP with over 96,498 employees and Microsoft with 131,000 employees.
Part
15
of fifteen
Part
15

Unfilled Technology Jobs - Top Hirers

In 2018, the top three companies hiring tech workers in 2018 were Amazon, Microsoft, and Lockheed Martin, closely followed by JP Morgan Chase and Best Buy.

AMAZON

  • Amazon is ranked first as the company currently hiring the highest number of tech jobs with 2,406 job listings.
  • Amazon is constantly growing their workforce. More than 2,000 tech employees will be located in Boston, and 200 in Minneapolis.
  • These jobs are related to technology with specialties such as cloud computing, transportation technology, and services related to delivery.

MICROSOFT

  • Microsoft has been recruiting in various tech and non tech positions.
  • Microsoft has 2,105 tech job listings.
  • In the tech field, Microsoft is one of the top recruiters in AI profiles, with 2,000 jobs on offer in this field.
  • Amongst all the job offerings, 36% of Microsoft's recruitment is related to AI.
  • To total number of jobs on offer at Microsoft is 5,440, of which 2,000 are AI jobs.

LOCKHEED MARTIN

  • Lockheed Martin has 1,418 jobs listing for tech jobs.
  • Lockheed Martin has recruited 1,800 workers in 2017-2018, and plans to create another 400 located in Texas.
  • The 400 jobs will include a variety of tech positions in the fields of avionics, assembly, mechanics and electricity.
  • Lockheed Martin is planning to recruit 1,000 engineers and high tech jobs in 2019 for its F-35 production factory and a missile production unit.
  • This recruitment is also necessary to replace retiring employees.

OTHER HELPFUL FINDINGS

  • A Forbes article features companies that hire for US tech jobs. The Forbes ranking of top recruiters is usually released every year from 2012.
  • The 2012 article is written by Jacquelyn Smith who focuses on jobs and careers in the US. She also mentioned that Forbes reported previously that the happiest job in America was technology jobs.
  • In the 2013 article about the rankings, the locations with the heaviest hiring are all in the US, with Washington, California, D.C., and New York for Microsoft, and Seattle, San Francisco, New York, and Silicon Valley for Amazon.
  • The annual ranking published by Forbes is compiled with the assistance of Indeed, which only shows jobs in the US.

Sources
Sources

From Part 02
Quotes
  • "The finding that 843,328 jobs will be unfilled is expected to be a key component in the current Congressional proposals to increase the number of H1-B visas granted to skilled foreign workers. The first ITAA study, in 1998, which found there were 346,000 unfilled positions, was influential in an earlier push to increase the H1-B quota."
  • "Tech support is the leading area for job openings, with demand expected to hit 616,055 this year. Database development/administration is a distant second, at 271,487. Programming/software engineering is next at 213,890, followed by network designer/administrator, with 165,585 openings. The survey predicts a need for 161,301 Web developers/administrators."
Quotes
  • " Largely because there is a massive shortage of developer talent — research shows there are approximately 250,000 unfilled developer jobs in the US alone."
From Part 03
Quotes
  • "California net tech employment was an estimated 1,782,499 workers in 2018, a gain of 51,567 net new jobs year-over-year. "
Quotes
  • "This IT skills gap is only expected to grow over the next five years. The 2017 Global Information Security Workforce Study (GISWS) predicts as many as 1.8 million IT jobs could be unfilled by 2022. That’s a 20 percent bump from what the same study revealed two years earlier."
Quotes
  • "Currently, California has over 85 thousand unfilled computing jobs with an average salary of $105,622, which is roughly twice the state average salary."
From Part 06
Quotes
  • "Data from the state's Department of Workforce Services last month showed almost 6,000 unfilled tech positions in the state. Hale noted a number of proposals making their way through the Legislature were crafted to help address building the tech talent pool."
From Part 10
Quotes
  • "By analyzing data from 200 million unique visitors and calculating the highest share of job postings for positions in the technology category, job search site Indeed put together a list of the top 20 companies that hired the most tech roles this year,"
From Part 11
Quotes
  • "R&D spending is important not only as it contributes to a company’s own innovation and dominance, but also for its contribution to national productivity, accounting for about 3 percent of the GDP."
  • "Productivity — which in addition to R&D includes other measures like wages and hours worked — has remained mysteriously slow the last few years despite low unemployment and higher profits from major U.S. companies."
Quotes
  • "US tech companies are approving more H-1B visas to fill talent gaps than in the past, according to a report from the National Foundation for American Policy. "
  • "Amazon saw a 78% increase (1,099 workers) in approved H-1B petitions for initial employment between FY 2016 and FY 2017, the report found. Microsoft increased by 29% (334 workers), and Intel increased by 19% (200 workers). "
  • "The top H-1B employers among large tech companies are also those that spend the most on research and development (R&D). In 2017, Amazon spent about $23 billion on R&D, followed by Alphabet ($16.6 billion), Intel ($13.1 billion), and Microsoft ($12.3 billion). "
Quotes
  • "We continue to make significant R&D investments in areas of strategic focus such as advertising, cloud, machine learning, and search, as well as in new products and services. Our capital expenditures have grown over time. We expect this trend to continue in the long term as we invest heavily in data centers, real estate and facilities, and information technology infrastructure."
  • "Our employees are among our best assets and are critical for our continued success. We expect to continue hiring talented employees around the globe and to provide competitive compensation programs to our employees."
Quotes
  • "The expansion will strengthen an Austin hub that is already among Amazon’s largest locations in the United States and Canada. The company said new hires here will be focused in the software and hardware engineering, research science and cloud computing divisions. The company did not provide specific salary estimates for the new Austin jobs, instead saying that “Amazon offers competitive pay and comprehensive benefits to its employees, including health care, 401(k) with 50 percent match and flexible parental leave.”"
Quotes
  • "The majority of Intel’s manufacturing and R&D is in the U.S. and the company employs more than 50,000 people in the country."
  • "The completion of the high-volume factory, known as Fab 42, will take three to four years and create 3,000 high-tech, high-wage Intel jobs for process engineers, equipment technicians and facilities support engineers and technicians."
From Part 15
Quotes
  • "The Tech Companies Hiring The Most Right Now Forbes and the job search engine Indeed.com teamed up to find the 25 technology companies that are hiring the most right now for jobs that pay $60,000 a year, or more. The picture we offer does not reflect a precise number of available jobs, since an opening can be listed in more than one place and can remain online for a time after it’s filled. Nevertheless, the numbers do offer a strong, broad gauge of which tech companies are expanding and taking on the most new workers."
Quotes
  • " Job Listings: 2,406"
Quotes
  • "Job Listings: 2,332"
Quotes
  • "MicrosoftJob Listings: 2,105"
Quotes
  • "Dell Job Listings: 1,867"
Quotes
  • "SAICJob Listings: 1,524"
Quotes
  • "Lockheed MartinJob Listings: 1,418"
Quotes
  • "AppleJob Listings: 1,383"
Quotes
  • "HPJob Listings: 1,319"
Quotes
  • "Northrop GrummanJob Listings: 1,037"
Quotes
  • "Amazon will hire 2,000 technology workers and lease a large office space in Boston's Seaport District, the company said Tuesday. Those hires are in addition to 200 tech workers in Minneapolis, the hometown of Target and Best Buy, according to a report by the Minneapolis Star Tribune. The Minneapolis office focuses on transportation technology and delivery-related services, but will also be hiring cloud computing engineers for its Amazon Web Services division, the Star Tribune said."
  • "Additionally, the online giant announced plans Monday for a new 416,000 square foot office in Vancouver, Canada, adding 3,000 employees in areas such as e-commerce, cloud computing and machine learning, according to an Amazon Canada release."
  • "This continues the stunning hiring growth from last year when Amazon increased its employee ranks by 77% from June to September, rising to 541,900 people from 306,800 one year earlier, according to Business Insider. "
Quotes
  • "Amazon: 1.77% Microsoft: 0.79% Lockheed Martin: 0.74% JPMorgan Chase: 0.70% Best Buy: 0.63% Leidos: 0.57% Booz Allen Hamilton: 0.46% UnitedHealth Group: 0.44% Apple: 0.43% CACI International Inc: 0.39% IBM: 0.37% Capgemini: 0.36% General Dynamics Information Technology: 0.35% Northrop Grumman: 0.34% Oracle: 0.33% CSRA: 0.29% KPMG: 0.27% Raytheon: 0.26% Wipro: 0.26% Bank of America: 0.25%"
Quotes
  • "Microsoft is the hungriest tech company for AI talent, with almost 2,000 job openings listed"
  • "Dogfooding the philosophy of its CEO, Microsoft has been on a hiring blitz for developers, engineers, marketers, and managers to fill a wide variety of AI positions within the company."
  • "According to an RS Components research study that focused on the biggest names in tech recruitment of AI talent, Microsoft is top dog, looking to fill upwards of 2,000 AI dedicated positions within the company. By comparison, the total number of jobs listed as open at Microsoft is 5,440. Almost 36% of Microsoft’s total recruitment efforts are focused on artificial intelligence."
Quotes
  • "Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT) announced today that it has hired more than 1,800 new employees in support of the F-35 program, meeting a commitment made in January 2017 by Chairman, President and CEO Marillyn Hewson. The company also announced that it plans to create an additional 400 jobs at its Fort Worth, Texas, facility to support increased production on the program. "
  • "Lockheed Martin will host its hiring event in Fort Worth, Texas on July 30, with a goal of recruiting 400 new employees with expertise in the following areas: avionics technicians, milling machinist, low observable coaters, structural assemblers, aircraft mechanics, field and service mechanics, and electrical assemblers. "
Quotes
  • "Lockheed Martin aims to hire an additional 1,000 people for engineering and other high-tech jobs during the next year at both its F-35 stealth fighter production plant in Fort Worth as well as its missile and fire control facility in Grand Prairie, company officials said."
  • "The need for additional high-tech workers could be exacerbated by the retirement of long-time employees, some of whom have been told in recent years that the company is no longer contributing to their pensions."
Quotes
  • "Last month Forbes reported that software quality assurance engineer is the happiest job in America, according to the jobs site CareerBliss.com. If you’re looking to make the move to that profession, or any job in the tech industry, you'll want to know who is hiring."
  • "Forbes and the job aggregator site Indeed.com teamed up to find the 25 technology companies that are hiring the most right now for jobs that pay $60,000 a year, or more. "
  • "So, if you think you’re a good fit for the laid-back environment that tech firms offer, you may want to check out job postings at the top tech companies hiring the most."
Quotes
  • "“Indeed currently has 264,300 information technology job postings, the third highest industry in terms of job openings behind healthcare and retail,” says Michael Werch, a communications manager at Indeed.com. “New specialties typically emerge in information technology faster than in other sectors and we’re seeing rapid growth in employer demand for people with expertise in areas, such as mobile operating systems, cloud solutions, and big data.”"
  • "Amazon is looking for software engineers, systems engineers, project managers and java developers all over the country. However, the company is doing its heaviest hiring in Seattle, San Francisco, New York, and Silicon Valley."
  • "Oracle, the Redwood City, Calif.-based tech giant headed by billionaire Larry Ellison, is looking to hire software developers, sales representatives, application developers and consultants. Most of these openings are in California (Redwood Shores, Santa Clara, Pleasanton and Redwood City)."
  • "Microsoft is hiring software development engineers, program managers, enterprise architects, and attorneys. It’s doing its heaviest hiring in Washington, California, D.C., and New York."
Quotes
  • "The companies that appear on this list had the most listings for U.S. tech jobs paying $60,000 per year or more on Indeed.com, as of April 4, 2014."