San Francisco Suicide Data and Statistics
Throughout the United States, approximately seven percent of suicide survivors will eventually die by suicide. An additional 23 percent will make further attempts, but will survive, while 70 percent will never reattempt.
- Throughout the United States, there are approximately 1.4 million suicide attempts each year, of which just over 40,000 result in death.
- In San Francisco, approximately 100 people die by suicide each year, compared to an estimated 3,497 who attempt suicide.
- Studies have found that, in the United States, "approximately 7 percent (range: 5-11 percent) of attempters eventually died by suicide, approximately 23 percent reattempted non-fatally, and 70 percent had no further attempts".
- Based on the above data, it is estimated that about 238 San Franciscan suicide survivors will eventually die as a result of suicide.
YOUR RESEARCH TEAM APPLIED THE FOLLOWING SEARCH STRATEGY
In attempting to locate San Francisco-specific statistics for this report, we started by reviewing medical and scientific research studies on the topics of mental health and suicide, from publications such as the Harvard School of Public Health and Plos One. While we were unable to identify many studies published in the past two years, we were able to find nationwide suicide and mental health statistics by expanding our search to the past five years.
Following our unsuccessful to identify recent data pertaining specifically to San Francisco, we turned instead to non-profit and similar organizations focused on helping to prevent suicide and help survivors to recover. Some examples of the websites reviewed include SAVE and AFSP. While this strategy provided a number of reports concerning nationwide data, as well as some reports focused on California's more general suicide rates and statistics, we were unable to find any data showing the number of suicide reattempts in San Francisco specifically.
Next, we turned our research to government reports from sites such as the CDC in the hope that specific information or data on suicide reattempts in San Francisco may be available there. Again, however, while we were able to find a great deal of information and resources concerning nation- and statewide suicide statistics, no data existed concerning the number of suicide reattempts in San Francisco, or even in California specifically.
Finally, as a result of our lack of success in finding data on this topic specific to San Francisco, we calculated an estimate utilizing the available information. Specifically, we began by estimating the number of unsuccessful suicide attempts in San Francisco utilizing nationwide data. We found that, in the United States, there are approximately 1,400,000 suicide attempts each year, of which just over 40,000 people complete suicide. This means that only 2.86 percent of suicide attempts in the United States are successful (calculated utilizing a percentage calculator). We then learned that there are approximately 100 deaths-by-suicide in San Francisco each year. Knowing that only 2.86 percent of suicide attempts result in death, we determined what 100 is 2.86 percent of in order to ascertain the number of suicide attempts per year in San Francisco. Specifically, we divided 100 by .0286, which showed us that, assuming the same percentages apply, there are approximately 3,496.5 suicide attempts each year in San Francisco.
We then applied nationwide statistics which show that approximately seven percent of suicide survivors eventually die by suicide to these findings, in order to determine an estimate of how many suicide survivors in San Francisco go on to successfully complete suicide. Specifically, we began by subtracting the number of completed suicides (100) from the number of attempted suicides (3,496.5) to find that annually, 3,396.5 people in San Francisco survive a suicide attempt. We calculated seven percent of 3,396.5 using the aforementioned percentage calculator, and found that approximately 237.8 suicide survivors will go on to complete suicide in the following months or years in San Francisco.