Market Size of Diesel Fueling Across Truck Classes

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01
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Part
01

Diesel Fuel Market: Medium-duty Trucks

Calculations based on publicly available data indicate that approximately 2,462,250 medium-duty trucks in the U.S. in 2018 were using diesel fuel. During that year, Diesel Technology Forum asserts that 75% of all commercial vehicles used diesel fuel.

Medium-duty Trucks in the U.S.

  • According to Freight Liner, medium-duty trucks belong to Classes 6-7 and weigh from 19,501 - 33,000 lbs. In 2015, Trucking Info reported that there were 1.4 million Class 6 trucks and 1.5 million Class 7 trucks in the U.S.
  • In the U.S., a total of 62,000, 63,000, and 72,000 Class 6 trucks were sold in 2016, 2017, and 2018, respectively. Likewise, around 60,000, 62,000, and 64,000 Class 7 trucks were sold in 2016, 2017, and 2018, respectively.
  • Therefore, when summed up, there are approximately 1,597,000 Class 6 and 1,686,000 Class 7 trucks in the U.S., as of 2018, which is equivalent to about 3,283,000 medium-duty trucks in the U.S.

Medium-duty Trucks That Use Diesel Fuel

  • According to the Diesel Technology Forum, in 2018, almost about 75% of all commercial vehicles were powered by diesel engines. It is assumed that diesel engines powered 75% of all medium-duty trucks in 2018.
  • Therefore, 75% X 3,283,000 medium-duty trucks — the total number of medium-duty trucks in the U.S. that rely on diesel fuel.
  • So, (75 ÷ 100) X 3,283,000 = 2,462,250 medium-duty trucks in the U.S. powered by diesel engines.

Medium-Duty Trucks That Use Diesel Fuel in California

  • According to CBS San Francisco News, California has about 1.5 million medium-duty and heavy-duty trucks on the road.
  • The Coalition for Clean Air estimates that approximately "one million heavy-duty diesel trucks" operate in California each year.
  • Therefore, there are about 500,000 medium-duty trucks that operate in California each year and likely to use diesel fuel.

Research Methodology

The lack of hard statistics indicating the total number of medium-duty trucks in the U.S. prompted the need for triangulation. Using the number of medium-duty trucks in the U.S. in 2015 as the base year, and adding the total number of medium-duty trucks sold for the years 2016 through 2018, we were able to estimate the total number of medium-duty trucks in the U.S.
Next, we used data indicating that approximately 75% of all commercial trucks in the U.S. are powered by diesel engines to establish an estimated total number of medium-duty trucks in the U.S. that rely on diesel. For California, the numbers are publicly available and mentioned across news articles and reports by local and statewide media outlets, energy companies, and industry and market research reports.
Part
02
of three
Part
02

Diesel Fuel Market: Heavy-duty Trucks

Calculations based on data from the American Trucking Associations and the Diesel Technology Forum suggest that there are about 3,569,600 diesel-powered heavy-duty trucks in the United States (U.S.). For California, the Coalition for Clean Air notes that about "one million heavy-duty diesel trucks" operate in California annually.

Heavy-duty Trucks That Use Diesel Fuel in the U.S. and California

  • According to the American Trucking Associations, there are about 3.68 million Class 8 (heavy-duty) trucks in operation throughout the nation.
  • The Diesel Technology Forum notes that 97% of the total heavy-duty trucks in the U.S. use diesel.
  • Thus, 97% of 3.68 million heavy-duty trucks = the total number of heavy-duty trucks that use diesel in the U.S.
  • Therefore, (97 ÷ 100) X 3.68 million = 3,569,600 diesel-powered heavy-duty trucks.
  • In California, the Coalition for Clean Air estimates that approximately "one million heavy-duty diesel trucks" operate in California each year.

Research Methodology

To determine the total number of heavy-duty diesel trucks in the U.S., we used industry data published by the American Trucking Associations and the Diesel Technology Forum to calculate an estimate. Using the total number of heavy-duty trucks in the U.S. and multiplying that figure by the percentage that uses diesel, we managed to approximate the total number of diesel-powered heavy-duty trucks in the U.S.
For California, we came across a report that explicitly stated the number of heavy-duty trucks that operate in the state annually. Importantly, various local and statewide news vendors support the figure provided by the Coalition for Clean Air report.
Part
03
of three
Part
03

Diesel Fuel Market: Drayage Trucks

Research findings published by Material Handling & Logistics, Toyota, and PR Newswire indicate that there are over 43,000 drayage trucks in the U.S. that currently use diesel. Moreover, the research findings suggest that the number is likely to climb, especially in California's Los Angeles and Long Beach port complexes.

Number of Drayage Trucks that Use Diesel Fuel

  • Findings regarding a future of zero-emissions reported by Toyota, PR Newswire, Material Handling & Logistics, among other news sources, indicate that over 43,000 drayage trucks that use diesel operate in ports across the U.S.
  • Based on the most recent studies regarding zero emissions, more than 16,000 drayage trucks serve America's most significant trade gateway for containerized cargo, i.e., California's Los Angeles and Long Beach port complexes.
  • The research further noted that the number in California is likely to go up to 32,000 by 2030.

Research Methodology

Findings from trucking authorities and organizations like the American Trucking Associations provide the total number of trucks in operation across the U.S. without specifying their categories. In this regard, your research team opted to approach the matter from the perspective of zero-emissions trucking in U.S. ports, to accurately uncover the total number of drayage trucks that use diesel in the U.S. ports. On that note, the details of the latest reports focused on zero-emissions trucking, provided the total number of diesel-powered drayage trucks in ports across the U.S. Therefore, the findings of "towards a zero-emission future" show the total number of drayage trucks in operation in ports across the U.S.
Sources
Sources