Latino Demographics and Health Insurance

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Latino Demographics and Health Insurance

As of 2018, Latinos made up 11.2% of the state’s population. According to Census.gov, Latinos make up 14.4% of Utah’s population. This represents 462,051 out of the 3,205,958 people in the state.

Utah

1. Latino Population in Utah
  • According to Census.gov, Latinos make up 14.4% of Utah’s population. This represents 462,051 out of the 3,205,958 people in the state.
  • Utah’s Hispanic population grew by 25.6% between 2010 and 2018.
  • As of 2018, Latinos made up 11.2% of the state’s population.
  • A list of the ten cities in Utah with the largest Hispanic population in 2020 is provided herein.
2. Healthcare Spending
  • In 2018, the total health spending in Utah was $14 billion, 12.5 percent of gross state product (GSP).
  • This represents $5,031 per person, the lowest among Utah's neighboring states.
3. Uninsured Latinos
  • A Hispanic person in Utah is almost three times as likely not to have insurance to deal with a chronic illness.
  • As of 2012, 16% of Utah’s nonelderly population was uninsured.
  • Uninsured persons under-age 65 range from a low of 6.5% in Morgan County to a high of 17% in San Juan County.
  • Utah’s Hispanic population also has the highest uninsured rate among racial/ethnic groups, with over 22% of the uninsured population.
  • Summit County (30.5%) and Wasatch County (27.8%) have the state’s highest uninsured persons.
  • Salt Lake County and Utah County have the largest number of uninsured individuals with income below 138 percent FPL.
  • 10.8% of the state’s population under the age of 65 are uninsured.
4. Pain Points
  • According to Raquel Zapata, a Hispanic from Utah, "The Hispanic community is a population that is under-served, and also it is under-insured."
  • A new report by UnidosUS and the Georgetown University Center for Children and Families shows that Utah has one of the highest rates of uninsured Latino children in the U.S, jumping 6.3% from 2016 to 2018.
  • Latino children in 2018 were three times more likely to be uninsured than non-Latino children.
  • Latino children in Utah have an uninsurance rate of nearly 35%.
  • The state does not have any outreach that specifically targets Latino or other cultural backgrounds, thereby affecting the insurance rates.

Idaho

1. Latino Population in Idaho
2. Healthcare Spending
3. Uninsured Latinos
  • A Hispanic person in Idaho is less likely to have health insurance than other adults in the state.
  • One-third (33%) of new mothers did not have health insurance before pregnancy.
  • As of 2015, Idaho’s Hispanics are 24% more likely than non-Hispanics (9%) without health insurance coverage.
  • In general, Latinos make up 27% of Idaho’s uninsured individuals.
  • About 37% of Idaho’s Latinos said they did not have health insurance, and 54% said they did not have dental insurance.
  • The number of Idahoans without health coverage rose to 192,600 in 2018, an increase of 20,600 people compared to 2017.
4. Pain Points

Washington

1. Latino Population in Washington
  • As of 2016, 13% of people in Washington identified as Hispanic.
  • The Hispanic/Latino population is increasing steadily in Washington, almost doubling during the 1990s.
  • In 2020, 13.5% of the population of Washington were Hispanics.
2. Healthcare Spending
3. Uninsured Latinos
  • Washington state's hispanics uninsured rate in 2017 stood at 4%. 0.1% higher than the previous year.
  • As of 2018, the state's hispanics uninsured rate was 4.5%.
4. Pain Points
  • The state has a high uninsurance rate among the nonelderly.
  • In Washington state, Latinxs represent 37% of the uninsured (nonelderly), compared to 45% White, 6% Black, 7% Asian/Native Hawaiian & Pacific Islander, 2% American Indian/Alaska Native, and 3% multiple races.
  • The uninsurance rate for nonelderly Latinxs in Washington state is 19%.

Membership/Reports From Large Insurers

1. Blue Cross/Blue Shield
  • Regence Blue Cross and Blue Shield companies, serving Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and Utah, are "examining the caregiver experience in palliative care cases, which are acutely difficult and often require high commitments of time and emotional stress."
  • The palliative care program was launched in 2014 and serves members across Washington, Idaho, Utah and Oregon.
  • The innovative program is designed with members and their loved ones in mind and provides reimbursement for advance care planning, home health care, psycho-social support, and personalized case management from nurses who specialize in palliative care.
2. Kaiser Permanente
  • Kaiser Permanente has no special membership report for Latinos/Hispanics for the respective states.
  • The company reported that it has about 918,000 Hispanic members in Northern California.
  • In 2019, Kaiser Permanente clinicians tried to replicate La Clínica (The Clinic) in their Northern California facilities.
3. UnitedHealth Group
  • UnitedHealth Group offers the PlanBien® program that includes popular health care plans packaged for Latino/Hispanic members with Spanish language forms, brochures, and educational materials, as well as bilingual customer support.
  • It also provides bilingual health information and services to help meet the health and wellness needs of Latino/Hispanic families, their employers, and the brokers and consultants who work with them.
  • The company brings bilingual educational resources that focus on the Latino/Hispanic community's common health issues, including diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and cancer.
  • According to the company's VP of Latino Health Solutions, UHG is expanding the kiosk initiative in other areas such as Hispanic-focused supermarkets.
  • Since 2007, UHG offers a Diverse Scholars Program that now awards $2 million per year, of which about $600,000 is targeted towards encouraging more Hispanic students to choose and complete health care careers.
4. Anthem
  • Anthem Health Insurance does not offer any exclusive memebership for Latinos.
  • As of 2013, the company partners with Univision and HolaDoctor to provide valuable information to Hispanics who will be eligible for coverage in the newly formed health insurance exchanges later this fall.
5. Cigna
  • Cigna provides a comprehensive report on the cultural competency in health care and the effect of health disparities due to an increasingly diverse population.
  • It also provides some recommendations for health care providers to take to mitigate these problems.
  • On its part, Cigna plans to enable optimized relationships that connect the care between our customers and their health care providers to improve health, affordability, and experience.
  • Cigna Foundation collaborated and provided support for the Viva Mi Salud! of the Hispanic Services Council's (HSO) based in Tampa, FL, in 2019. The initiative addresses ethnic and racial inequalities and is aligned with SDG 3.
6. Humana
  • In 2016, the Humana Foundation announced a grant of $100,000 for Hispanic Unity of Florida.

Full Spanish-Translated Websites and Mobile Apps/Market Share

1. Blue Cross/Blue Shield
  • Blue Cross/Blue Shield does not have full Spanish-translated website and mobile app.
  • However, some U.S states with dedicated Blue Cross/Blue Shield sites such as Texas, California, Illinois, North Carolina, and Oklahoma have dedicated Spanish websites. We have provided the links below;
  • The states of Texas, California, Florida, North Carolina, and Alabama have the Spanish version of the Blue Cross/Blue Shield mobile app.
  • None of the states in view (Oregon, Utah, Idaho, and Washington) have a dedicated Spanish website or mobile app.
  • According to Health Payer Intelligence, BCBS companies hold almost 50% of market share on Affordable Care Act (ACA) marketplaces.
  • It holds only 1.9% of the U.S health insurance market by direct premiums written.
2. Kaiser Permanente
3. UnitedHealth Group
  • UnitedHealth Group launched a Spanish website in 2015 to provide Hispanics with culturally relevant health and wellness information.
  • The organization does not have a Spanish mobile app.
  • UnitedHealth holds 14.2% of the U.S. health insurance market, with direct premiums written amounting to approximately 107 billion U.S. dollars.
4. Anthem
5. Cigna
6. Humana

Research Strategy

After an exhaustive search through the medical reports from the different states, news articles, and reports from medical experts, we were unable to find the total health care spending for Latinos among the states. We have provided information on health care spending for the four states.
Sources
Sources