IoT Based Biometrics: Case Studies
Case studies of technological advancements that leverage the biometrics principles of identification and authentication to provide driver monitoring solutions have been provided in this research. Examples of these advanced driver assistance systems include the CV25, CV2, and CV22 which are products of a DriverSense and CVflow technology integration. Also, Caterpillar's Driver Safety System leverages facial mapping and real-time monitoring in tracking equipment operators and truck drivers for company fleets.
DRIVERSENSE AND CVFLOW INTEGRATION
- Ambarella and Eyesight partnered recently to integrate their technologies (CVflow and DriverSense) and develop an attentiveness monitoring and driver recognition product. The joint products would leverage Eyesight's DriverSense technology for biometric facial-recognition and Ambarella's CVflow.
- Headquartered in Santa Clara, California, Ambarella’s image processing, video compression, software, and processors enable cameras to intelligently extract important data from video streams.
- Eyesight’s technology, DriverSense, uses efficient algorithms in monitoring several biometric measures such as a driver’s pupil dilation and eye movements in order to detect distraction or fatigue.
- The technology detects and assists in preventing driver distraction, which is responsible for over 3,000 deaths in the United States yearly.
- This new integration is currently available on Ambarella’s products such as CV25, CV2, and CV22 system-on-chips (SoCs). The CV25, which was launched this year, now provides "advanced video processing, high-resolution video encoding, and CVflow computer vision with extremely low power".
DRIVER SAFETY SYSTEM
- Caterpillar is a manufacturer of construction equipment, power systems, and parts, offering several products and services in North America. This company developed the Driver Safety System, which is an "in-cab fatigue detection technology that instantly alerts operators the moment fatigue or distraction is identified".
- This technology's biometric system monitors the duration of eye-closure and head pose. Once the Driver Safety System notices a distraction or fatigue event, it immediately alerts the operator or driver either through a seat vibration or an audio alarm. In some cases, it alerts the driver through both means.
- Through this system, Caterpillar enables companies to provide intervention for tired drivers and equipment operators. The technology can also be seamlessly integrated into a company's truck fleets, ensuring that its drivers are adequately monitored.
- In addition, Caterpillar's Driver Safety System provides live data analysis from its Fleet Monitoring Centre. Since the software for this system was introduced, several upgrades have been made to improve on its efficiency. Last year, another upgrade (version 4.5) was released.
- After this technology was launched, Caterpillar has successfully enabled companies to create safer and more efficient working environments. Last year, Caterpillar published information about a mining company in Canada that was able to achieve an 86% reduction in incidents through the Driver Safety System.