Graphene was first produced in 2004. The material is utilized in medical, transport, manufacturing industries. XG Sciences, Cardea, and ACS Material are some of the graphene companies in the U.S.
- Graphene was first produced in 2004 by Russian-born scientists Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov.
- The material is considered to be the world's thinnest, strongest, and the best conductor of heat and electricity.
- Graphene-enhanced material is used in aerospace, building materials, and mobile devices, among others.
- Graphene can also be used to enhance the mechanical strength of plastics and metal.
- As a good conductor of heat, graphene is used to make "heat-spreading solutions, such as heat sinks."
- The material can also be used to manufacture microelectronics such as "LED lighting or thermal foils in mobile devices."
- Graphene surface area to volume ratio makes it an ideal material in batteries and supercapacitors.
- The application of graphene in batteries and supercapacitors is because of its ability to make devices that can store more energy and charge faster.
- The material can also be utilized in "manufacturing of fuel-cells."
- Graphene is also applied in the manufacturing of "anti-corrosion coatings and paints, sensors, solar panels, faster DNA sequencing, drug delivery, among others.
Where it is found
- Graphene is an allotrope of carbon.
- The material is found in the "form of a plane of sp2-bonded atoms with a molecular bond length of 0.142 nanometres."
- When stacked together in layers, graphene forms another material called graphite.
- These layers are held together by Van der Waals forces.
- Graphene is considered globally to be the thinnest and lightest known material. "1 square meter(Sq.m) of the material weighs at 0.77 milligrams."
- The material has a "tensile strength of 130 GPa and Young's modulus of between 1 TPa to 150,000,000 psi." These properties establish it as the world's strongest compound.
- Graphene is also the best conductor of heat. The material is known to have "electron mobility values of more than 200,000 cm2·V−1·s−1."
- Other known properties of graphene are its uniform absorption of light and its "potential suitability for use in spin transport."
- Graphene is projected to be an important material in biomedical engineering. The material could be useful in the "development of fast and efficient bioelectric sensory devices" that will help in the monitoring of glucose levels, hemoglobin levels, among others.
- The material could also be used as an antibiotic and as an anticancer treatment.
- Graphene is projected to replace indium tin oxide (ITO) in the manufacturing of optoelectronics such as touchscreens, and liquid crystal displays (LCD), among others.
- With its unique properties, graphene could replace steel in aircraft manufacturing. The material could improve fuel efficiency, range, and reduce the weight of aircraft.
- With its ability to absorb low levels of lights, graphene could be utilized in photovoltaic cells manufacturing as an alternative to silicon.
Products that currently utilize Graphene
- In 2013, a "Graphene tennis rackets" was produced by Head. The use of graphene in the tennis rackets production made its shaft stronger and lighter.
- Head continued its use of graphene with the launch of a "graphene-enhanced skis for women" which was judged to be lighter and more durable than other known products.
- A UK-based company called Dassi Bikes manufactured "the world’s first bike made with graphene." The bike's frame was composed of 1% graphene
- In 2014, a graphene-enhanced cycling helmet called Miximo 2014 was produced by Catlike. It is known for being lighter, stronger, and offering major improvements in safety.
- Catlike also produced a "graphene-enhanced cycling shoes" that were lighter and more durable.
- Graphene was also utilized in Nanomedical Diagnostics to produce diagnostics equipment.
- Graphene-enhanced materials have also been used in the production of wireless earphones and memory chips.
Graphene market and Investment options
- In the U.S, reports indicated that the market would continue to develop as the country maintains its status as the leading global graphene market.
- Graphenea, Versarien, 2D Carbon Tech, 2D Fab AB are some of the top producers of Graphene.
- In the U.S, XG Sciences, Cardea, and ACS Material are the top graphene companies operating in the country.
- Big companies such as Samsung, Intel, Nokia, among others are spearheading the research of graphene.
- Other companies such as Aixtron AG has invested in the production of graphene equipment.
- In addition, other lucrative alternatives for investors in the Graphene market is to invest in graphene mining.
We commenced the research by searching for information that provides an overview of the graphene material. Here, we focused on the material properties, use, application, among others. From our search findings, we were able to identify numerous reports that provided credible and recent information on graphene.
Next, we proceeded to leverage information on research databases. Databases such as PRNewswire, market research, among others were searched for insights on graphene material and its potential benefits to investors. We focused on the market size and key players as this will provide an overview of the market growth and potential value to investors. From this search, we were able to establish options that potential investors could invest in. We also found reports and key players globally and in the U.S. However, we could only get a report on the global market size. Efforts to get reports on the U.S market size was not successfully. However, we have identified reports that provided insights on the U.S graphene market size but are locked behind a paywall. We have therefore provided data on the global market size only. We have also identified a report that provides a graphene investment guide to potential investors.