Most home care workers are aged between 45 and 54 years, while the average age of family caregivers in the US is 47 years. Women predominantly work in home care, while the split is about equal for family caregivers. Moreover, family caregivers have a median income of $54,700, while home care workers have a median wage of about $24,000 and more than half of them need to rely on government assistance.
HOME HEALTH AGENCY STAFF DEMOGRAPHICS
- The elderly care system in the US employs about 1,460,400 nursing and social care workers. Of those, 9.7% (145,000) are employed by home health agencies.
- Out of all full-time employees in home health agencies, 53% are registered nurses, 25.1% are aides, 19.5% are licensed practical or vocational nurses, and 2.5% are social workers.
- However, only 46.7% of home health agencies employ at least one social worker, and 70.7% employ at least one licensed practical or vocational nurse.
- According to Statista, "the largest portion of home care workers are aged between 45 and 54 years and most work part-time or only part of the year."
- Some estimates suggest that 40% of home care workers are white, 27% are African American and 22% are Hispanic.
- Only 19% of home care workers have an associate's degree or higher, while more than half of them have a high school degree or less.
- The median wage of home health aides was $24,060 in 2018. Employment in the sector is "projected to grow 41% from 2016 to 2026", which is much faster than the national average.
- One in four (24%) home care workers lives below the Federal Poverty Level and over half of them (51%) rely on some form of public assistance.
- Almost 9 in 10 (89%) of home care workers in the US are women, according to 2015 data from the US Census Bureau.
- Non-Hispanic white persons make up 42% of home care workers, compared to 28% of African American individuals and 21% of Hispanic persons.
- Some 13% of home care workers in the US do not have US citizenship.
FAMILY CAREGIVERS DEMOGRAPHICS
- The average age of family caregivers in the US is 47 years, and caregivers are getting younger when compared to 52 years in 2010.
- The gender gap is narrowing and now about 50% of family caregivers are male, up from 40% in 2015.
- Most caregivers are either married or living with a partner.
- For male caregivers specifically, 56% of them are married, 26% are single and have never married, while 11% identify themselves as belonging to the LGBT community.
- A caregiver in the US has a median household income of $54,700.
- More than one-third (36%) of US caregivers have a high school degree or less, while 34% have a college degree.
- Six in 10 (61%) caregivers report being employed at some point in the past year while caregiving. Among them, 56% worked full time, and on average, they worked 34.7 hours a week.
Since some national surveys are performed biannually, and reports are usually published a year later, we have sometimes had to rely on sources as old as 2015 to compile a comprehensive demographic profile of caregivers in the US.