Import Process - Motorcycles: Ecuador
The documents required for importing motorcycles to Ecuador include original purchase invoice, original bill of lading, import permit, certificate of title/registration, ANEXO III (Ecuadorian immigrant), vehicle registration document, and passport photographs. All importers are required to be registered with Ecuador's ECUAPASS system or SENAE and receive an authorized import tax number from the International Revenue Service of Ecuador (SRI).
Legal Process to Import — Ecuador
- According to an article published in BizLatinHub, legal individuals, both foreigners and Ecuadorians residing in Ecuador must be registers as an importer in the country's ECUAPASS system and must be approved by the Ecuador's National Customs Service (SENAE). All importers are required to attain a tax number (RUC) provided by the Ecuadorian International Revenue Service (SRI).
- The most important documentation required for importing motorcycles to Ecuador includes customs declaration (Declaración Aduanera ‘DAI’), purchase invoice, vehicle registration document (V5C), shipping documents (Ocean Bill of Landing), and import license/permit. The import license must be obtained before the goods are shipped.
- Other documents required in accordance with the country's custom regulations include value packing list notarized at the Ecuadorian Consulate at origin, purchase receipts stamped by the Ecuadorian Consulate at origin, letter of employment, migratory certificate, verification certificate that's issued by the inspection company, ANEXO III in relation to vehicle imports, valued inventory, and Letter of Guarantee or diplomatic franchise obtained from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
- In addition to the above-listed documents, shipments should also include details such as individual gross weight of each motorcycle and the net weight information. Ecuador regulations require importers to follow special labeling of products in Spanish.
- Once the shipment reaches Ecuador, the National Customs Service of Ecuador (SENAE) will sanction the necessary payment of duties along with the release of the items (motorcycles) via a virtual import platform, Ventanilla Unica. It is through this platform that the documentation is often submitted.
Specific Information for importing motorcycles to Ecuador
- Individuals/businesses/companies must ensure that the import permit is approved prior to import in Ecuador. The motorcycles should be mentioned in the bill of landing and the packing list along with their detailed specifications.
- For returning citizens who have resided abroad for three years and more, Ecuador allows one motorcycle to be imported duty-free.
- In order to be eligible for tax exemption, the motorcycle must be at least four years old, must have an engine capacity of over 650 cc, must be valued up to $8,000 during purchase, and must be inspected prior to import at origin (China).
- Regulations specify that the motorcycle is subject to duty fees of about 65% of insurance, cost, and freight value (CIF).
- Owners classified as diplomatic and non-diplomatic will have to acquire the ownership code of the motorcycles at Servicio de Rentas Internas (SRI) to avail exoneration of duties and taxes.
- With the authorization obtained from the country's Ministry of Foreign Affairs, diplomats are allowed to import duty-free used or new motorcycles.
- The owner/importer must be present in Ecuador before the motorcycle shipment arrives. The goods vessel is allowed to arrive within two months prior to the arrival of the owner/importer to Ecuador.
Individual vs Company
- According to Ecuador's regulations, the import duties and taxes will need to be processed by both, commercial entities and private individuals, while importing motorcycles to Ecuador. About 0.5% is applied to the base of the import tax along with a certain percentage classified as Special Consumption Tax (ICE). The ICE can range anywhere from 0% to 300% based on the valuation method utilized by the custom's department.
In order to obtain the process for importing motorcycles to Ecuador and the varied differences in terms of assembled versus unassembled and importing as an individual versus a larger company versus a small-business, your research team searched through government websites such as Customs Website of Ecuador and Ecuador.org. While these databases enumerated the Import Regime, and the Tariff and Foreign Trade Facilities of Ecuador, no explicit information pertaining to the import process of motorcycles was found in the aforementioned sources.
The next step was to scour through global trade websites to find information pertaining to the process of importing motorcycles/vehicles to Ecuador. Industry-specific websites such as Export.gov and CustomsDutyFree, and global import and export database such as AtlasMedia were searched through. While the sources identify trade relations of Ecuador with other countries, facts, and trade statistics over the years with different countries including China, the process for importing motorcycle/vehicle from China was not enumerated. Additionally, limited data points pertaining to importing whole motorcycle units were found while no information is available on the import of unassembled motorcycles.
Lastly, your research team exhaustively searched through media websites, blogs, and other resources of international shipping companies that ship products to Ecuador. Companies such as iContainers, OTC-Global, Shippio, and A1 Auto Transport were referenced to identify insights concerning the import process of motorcycles or other vehicles. A thorough search through these channels provided information on the various regulations and documentation required for importing motorcycles to Ecuador. It was stated that the import process would be taken care of by the respective companies and was not disclosed. After an extensive search through various channels, it can be concluded the individual/company importing motorcycle to Ecuador is obligated to take care of the required documentation and the rest of the process is taken care of by the shipping companies and therefore, is not disclosed on the public platform.