High Cholesterol Patient Profile: Colombia
While we couldn't find data on the profile of patients in Colombia who have uncontrolled high cholesterol, one heart attack and risk of another, available data suggests that such patients are more likely to be male, older than 50 years, live in rural areas, have low income, and have other chronic conditions such as hypertension and diabetes mellitus.
- Dyslipidemia is defined as the "elevation of plasma cholesterol, triglycerides (TGs), or both, or a low HDL cholesterol level that contributes to the development of atherosclerosis."
- A study of 6628 individuals residing in Colombia found that patients with dyslipidemia are usually older than 50 years.
- A significant majority of those with dyslipidemia in Colombia are male and live in rural areas.
- The study also found that dyslipidemia was more common among those with a lower level of education (66.8%).
- Another predictor of dyslipidemia in Colombia is low income as those with a lower income (66.4%) have more dyslipidemia.
- The most common dyslipidemia in Colombia is high non-HDL cholesterol (75.3%), which means a higher risk of heart disease.
- A study of healthcare professionals in Colombia revealed that males have a significantly higher cardiovascular incidence risk (5.2%) compared to 1.4% in women because men have worse metabolic indices such as high cholesterol levels.
- Another study on cardiovascular risk factors of patients with dyslipidemia found that key cardiovascular risk factors include "hypertension (93.2%), male older than 55 years (35.8%), women older than 65 years (28.1%), diabetes mellitus (28.5%), family history of coronary heart disease (17.2%), personal history of heart disease or stroke (16.7%) and smoking (6.4%)."
- Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in Colombia, accounting for 152 deaths per 100,000 of the population, and about 80% of cardiovascular deaths are considered avoidable.
To provide a high-level profile of patients in Colombia who have uncontrolled high cholesterol, one heart attack and risk of another, we extensively searched media, industry, academic, and government databases such as PubMed, Elsevier, Minister of Health and Social Protection Colombia, Taylor and Francis Online, Springer, among others. Although we found data and studies noting that Colombia had "significantly higher prevalence of high total cholesterol (PRs: 1.67 and 1.86)" when compared with other Latin America countries and the US and that high cholesterol is a cardiovascular incidence risk factor in the country, specific data on the profile of patients in Colombia who have uncontrolled high cholesterol, one heart attack and risk of another was unavailable.
Next, we tried to search for data on the profile of patients who have either high cholesterol or that have had one prior heart attack in the country. The aim was to compare the profile of patients in both cases and highlights profiles that were similar. We didn't find data on the profile of patients with diagnosed uncontrolled high cholesterol or hyperlipidemia but were able to find data on the profile of patients with dyslipidemia which we have reported above. Our search for data on patients with one prior heart attack only yielded results showing that individuals with hypertension and high cholesterol in low-income areas in Colombia are prone to heart attack/failure.
We also attempted to find regional-level data by searching for information on the profile of patients in Latin America who have uncontrolled high cholesterol, one heart attack, and risk of another, specifically regional studies that included samples of people in Colombia. We also searched for data on just hyperlipidemia profiles and profiles of patients with a prior heart attack. However, we were unable to find the data and only found data on cardiovascular risk factors and models in Latin America.