Floating Island

Part
01
of six
Part
01

Floating Treatment Wetlands: Market Size

No data is available on the market for floating treatment wetlands (FTW) products in the US. However, information about the few companies that do FTW work can help to develop a view of the current market. In addition, recent history of the implementation of FTWs provides context for the market situation.

Floating Treatment Wetlands US Market

Research Strategy

We first looked for data on the market for FTWs in industry reports on water and wastewater treatment markets, but learned that FTWs are not included as a methodology in these reports. We next looked for data on the FTW market in environmental remediation. We found one 2019 report (Environmental Remediation Technology Market Share 2019 Global Analysis, Trends, Growth Insight, Competitive And Regional Outlook with Industry Forecast to 2024
By Marketwatch) that included bioremediation in its list of topics, but the report was behind a paywall, so we don't know whether it included FTWs as a technology.
Next, we searched for companies installing FTWs and located the six companies mentioned in our report above. We read some case studies presented on their websites, looking for financial data, but found none. Only one of these companies released any financial data (KCI Technologies), and that company did not segment its revenue to reveal the earnings for installation of FTWs.



Part
02
of six
Part
02

Floating Treatment Wetlands: Market Forecast

After an extensive search through industry-related websites, industry research reports, key industry players' blogs, and industry statistic portals, details about the expected growth rate for the floating treatment wetlands (FTW) industry in the US over the next 3-5 years do not appear to be available in the public domain. However, the research team was able to garner valuable insights about the future use cases of FTW, growing trends in the FTW market, and the projects currently undertaken by the key industry players to provide context for the future FTW market potential and growth.

Helpful Findings

Research Strategy

The research team began with looking for the FTW industry reports from MarketWatch, Deloitte, Mckinsey, ResearchGate, and Business Insider among others. However, there were NO specific reports that could be located for the industry. The research team came across reports on the water and wastewater treatment markets but these reports did not elucidate upon the FTW market and its growth. The research team also tried to hunt for the information through various industry associations and blogs such as IISD but all the information found through these was centered around the benefits of FTW and the upcoming FTW technologies.
Lastly, the research team tried to triangulate the information by using the forecasted revenue growth numbers of some top industry players. In the absence of any industry level information, the research team planned to use the average growth number for the top industry players as a proxy for the future FTW industry growth. While the team was able to identify some key players (listed above in findings) operating in the FTW market in the United States, all of these were private in nature and did not have any forecasted revenue data available for them. In addition, no past revenue growth numbers were also available which could have been used as a ballpark estimate. Hence, no pertinent information could be triangulated.
Part
03
of six
Part
03

Floating Island SWOT

Expert partnership and a wide network of licensees and partners are among Floating Island International's major strengths. A detailed presentation of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats is presented below.

Strengths

  • Floating Island International enjoys a working partnership with various experts such as plant scientists and biofilm engineers. The experts help the company to develop a best-in-class approach to water resource recovery and nutrition management. Thus, the company is able to develop products and solutions that offer the best possible results in every product category.
  • Floating Island international manufactures and sells its products through an exclusive network of licensees and partners. The network covers the United States and other countries such as China, New Zealand, Canada, and the United Kingdom. The wide network of licensees and partners enables the company to take its products closer to its customers in various parts of the globe.

Weaknesses

  • Despite positioning itself as a global company, Floating Island International has a limited global market. The company’s global market is limited to a few countries such as China, UK, New Zealand, and Canada. Considering that its products have a global appeal in the wake of the ranging climate change debate, Floating Island International has not fully exploited its global footprint.
  • Floating Island International is a relatively young and small company having been founded in 2005. The company is at its growth stage, still striving to popularize BioHaven products across the globe. Thus, it is limited to serving small communities through its licensees and direct and distributor sales network.
  • The small size also implies that the company not very well-endowed financially as shown by its reliance on funding agencies. Hence, its ability to maximize on its global status is also limited.

Opportunities

  • As countries strive to contain climate change, provision of green solutions to the global menace is a perfect opportunity for Floating Island International to grow its brand. With US trapped in a do-nothing climate change response, the company has an opportunity to provide solutions that generate revenue and offer a realistic return on investment. Commercializing biomimicry will be an essential step towards leveraging this opportunity.

Threats

  • Floating Island International faces a constant threat of new entrants into the industry, lured by the rising popularity of the floating island concept and its ready market acceptance. The move will heighten competition and drive prices down amid the urgent need for effective green infrastructure that can deliver water quality.
  • Without continued research and development to keep abreast with the advancing technology, Floating Island International will struggle to counter this threat.

Part
04
of six
Part
04

Floating Island Competitors

Two companies that are direct competitors of Floating Islands International are Martin Ecosystems and Floating Wetland Solutions. Two companies that are indirect competitor of Floating Islands International are Wetland Solutions, Inc., and Beemats.

Floating Island International

  • Floating Island International, based in Montana, markets itself this way: it offers "[d]ifferent product models ... to fit specific purposes: private pond aesthetics, lagoon-scale municipal wastewater treatment, high-energy breakwaters and coastal restoration."
  • Floating Island International's proprietary BioHaven products have a matrix structure that constitutes a plant-growing platform. The perennial plants on the platform grow for many years. The BioHaven system is "a quasi-hydroponic system that uses a growing medium to supply plants with nutrition that does not leach into the water."
  • Floating Island International's website lists seven products: BioHaven Floating Island, BioHaven StreamBed, BioHaven Forced-Flow StreamBed, Wastewater BioHaven, High-Energy BioHaven, Mini BioHaven, and Vegetated EcoShield.™

Direct Competitors to Floating Island International

Martin Ecosystems
  • Martin Ecosystems, Baton Rouge LA, is a direct competitor to Floating Island International.
  • Martin Ecosystems markets BioHaven products for several applications including erosion control, stormwater management, wastewater treatment, beautification, and recreation.
  • Martin Ecosystems calls its products floating treatment wetlands, floating breakwater, vegetated ecoshield, ecobale, floating islands, floating docks, and floating duck blinds.
  • Martin Ecosystems' featured clientele with projects explained on the website are Chicago Riverwalk restoration, Tranquility Habitat restoration, Lincoln Park Zoo Project (Chicago, IL), and LaFreniere Park Habitat restoration.
Floating Wetland Solutions
  • Floating Wetland Solutions, Belville NC, is a direct competitor to Floating Islands International.
  • Floating Wetland Solutions markets its products on a scale that differs from Martin Ecosystems. Floating Wetland Solutions "markets, sells, manufactures, installs and services Floating Wetland product-based solutions that improve water quality throughout the watershed." Its website does not mention specific applications.
  • Floating Wetland Solutions' products are called floating treatment wetlands, floating islands, and submerged floating wetlands. The products use nine standard modular designs in different combinations according to the needs of the customer's situation.
  • Floating Wetland Solutions does not list any customer projects on its website, although it has several helpful photographs of installations of products. Having been in business for 12 years, the company undoubtedly has many customers.

Indirect Competitors of Floating Islands International

Wetlands Solutions, Inc. (WSI)
  • Wetlands Solutions, Inc., Gainesville FL, is an indirect competitor of Floating Islands International. The company works primarily in the South.
  • Wetland Solutions, Inc., markets technical services rather than specific products: "(WSI) is a worldwide leader in developing and applying treatment wetland technologies to solve a variety of water quality challenges, including treatment of urban stormwater and municipal wastewater, lake and reservoir eutrophication, and runoff from confined animal feeding operations, agricultural lands, and industrial sites."
  • WSI provides three types of services: treatment wetlands, aquatic ecology, and wetland mitigation and restoration.
  • WSI works with three kinds of treatment wetlands: "Three types of treatment wetlands are typically used for water quality improvement: natural treatment wetlands, constructed surface flow treatment wetlands, and subsurface flow treatment wetlands."
  • WSI's second type of service is "assessment and protection of ... aquatic ecosystems and their important functions."
  • WSI's third type of service is "designing, developing, and monitoring of wetland restoration projects. The WSI team has a thorough understanding of wetland processes that can improve the outcome of wetland restoration projects."
  • Projects shared by WSI on its website include the Great Swamp Effluent Management System, the Kanapaha Infiltrating Wetland Demonstration Project, the Lake Hancock Outfall Treatment Project, and the Sweetwater Branch/Paynes Prairie Sheetflow Restoration Project. Two of these projects were done for Gainesville Regional Utilities, a third for the Southwest Florida Water Management District, and fourth for the Beaufort Jasper Water & Sewer Authority.
Beemats Floating Wetlands
  • Beemats Floating Wetlands, Satellite Beach, FL., is an indirect competitor of Floating Islands International. The company works primarily in the South.
  • Beemats markets a patented floating wetland system of mats joined by nylon connectors. Plant containers are attached to the mats.
  • Completed and ongoing projects using Beemats' products include Indian Hills Rec Area, Ft Pierce; Hanover County, Virginia; Merritt Ridge Stormwater Treatment Area, Brevard, FL; Wickham Park Treatment Pond, Brevard, FL; Patrick Air Force Base; City of Jacksonville FL; and several others described and pictured on the website.

Research Strategy

We searched for pricing data for the floating wetlands, floating islands, and any of the other products marketed by the direct and indirect competitors of Floating Island International. We checked their websites including the project case studies, but none listed any financial data. All four companies are private, without published annual reports. We searched for information on how the four companies do their marketing, but none of their websites indicate any advertising expense or marketing campaigns. Industry publications do not contain information on the companies' revenues. We searched for information about how or whether the companies compete for particular clients, and located some 2017 and 2019 bid requests for floating wetlands on Bidnet and the Virginia Bid Network, but the information was behind registration walls. One advertisement for bids is for a current project in Virginia Beach, Virginia, but no financial information is available in the advertisement.
Part
05
of six
Part
05

Floating Treatment Wetlands: Trends

Growing trends in the floating treatment wetland industry include using sensors and software to accurately map all aspects of the body of water for optimal design and placement, using floating treatment wetlands to effectively remediate oil spills, and the inoculation of certain bacteria into the roots of the wetlands to greatly increase bioremediation capabilities.

Mapping for Optimal Design

  • In order to improve nutrient management in bodies of water, a lake mapping method was developed utilizing different physical and chemical sensors alongside visualization software to chart and characterize the varying aspects of a nutrient enriched lake in Lancaster County, NE. This new method provides a predictive monitoring technique to most effectively position and utilize floating treatment wetlands based on the existing lake conditions toward management goals. This monitoring system provides feedback on levels of dissolved oxygen, water temperature, total dissolved solids, and oxidation reduction potential, among others.
  • The use of this new lake monitoring assessment software is anticipated to become a part of the industries best management practices, as it provides recommendations for ideal placement and design of the floating treatment wetland based on water qualities and also physical conditions within the bodies of water. Currently the available site assessment tools to identify optimal design, placement, and management are very limited and are largely based on generalized lake standards and for ease of maintenance, having a lack of understanding of the overall chemical and physical composition of each specific body of water that gives the ability to place treatment systems in order to maximize treatment goals or to dissipate storm water energy most efficiently.

Floating Treatment Wetlands for Oil Spills

  • Floating treatments wetlands offer an environmentally friendly and efficient technology to deal with the contamination of water with hydrocarbons from oil spills. They are a sustainable method to effectively remediate contaminated water and help restore ecological balance.
  • There are a growing number of studies and research projects implementing floating treatment wastelands for the cleaning up oil spills, including this project from the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), and this one from researchers in Northern Ontario. Floating treatment wetlands are already used throughout the world and are a proven solution for municipal water effluent, surface and storm water run-off, mine tailing ponds, and landfill leachate, and so are bound to be considered more and more by companies in dealing with oil spill remediation.
  • The root zone of the plants underneath the floating wetlands supports a vast number of different types of bacteria that are naturally-occurring in lakes and wetlands, yet they have the ability to digest hydrocarbons like oil.

Inoculation of Bacteria

  • Recent studies revealed combining the use of plants with certain types of inoculated bacteria in floating treatment wetlands can enhance overall plant growth and significantly aid the degradation of pollutants. Having been found to have major roles in the breaking down of organic compounds themselves, the ability of these bacteria to degrade hydrocarbons efficiently only increases when they coexist with plants. The ability to inoculate the wetlands with certain more resilient or efficient bacterium in order to enhance water treatment practices is increasingly playing a more important role in this industry.
  • This study found that inoculation of plants in floating treatment wetlands with hydrocarbon degrading bacteria (such as Klebsiella sp. strain LCRI87, Bacillus subtilis strain LORI66, Acinetobacter sp. strain LCRH81 Acinetobacter Junii strain TYRH47) enhanced the plant's efficiency to reduce oil content in the water up to 97%.
Part
06
of six
Part
06

Floating Treatment Wetlands: Perceptions

Floating treatment wetland products in the U.S. are seen to be critical in enhancing environmental stewardship. Besides providing a natural mechanism for reversing water pollution in wetlands, floating wetland islands play an important role in supporting aquatic ecosystems. These products are also designed to suit diverse water remediation needs.

Environmental Stewardship

Resources for Educational About Urban Ecosystems

  • Most organizations involved in water remediation, see floating treatment wetlands as useful resources for scientists and students to learn critical aspects of urban ecosystems.
  • Learning centers such as the National Aquarium Waterfront Campus continue to inspire upcoming

Why these are Most Common Perceptions

  • According to an academic study on the public opinion of Baltimore’s floating wetlands, studies by various organizations such as the University of Maryland, National Aquarium, the Waterfront Partnership of Baltimore, and Biohabitats show that floating treatment wetlands offer the same benefits as natural wetlands. These include removing excess nutrients from the water and providing a habitat for aquatic organisms.
  • The same study revealed that when asked how they felt about Baltimore’s floating wetlands, 96.9% of visitors said that they improved the beauty of the harbor.
  • Also, 93.8% of the respondents said that they believed that the floating wetlands were good for educational benefits.
Sources
Sources

From Part 01
Quotes
  • "KCI offers turnkey expertise in a wide range of disciplines. With a committed, employee-owned team, we design, plan, manage, inspect, install, assess, construct, and otherwise address a vast array of client needs related to the built and natural environments. "
  • "KCI provides environmental engineering services to support public and private clients through development and upgrade of water, wastewater and solid waste infrastructure and treatment facilities; subsurface investigations and associated geotechnical design; and identification and remediation of hazardous materials."
Quotes
  • "KCI worked with the Maryland Port Administration (MPA) and BlueWing Environmental Solutions & Technologies LLC to launch one such system, a floating treatment wetland (FTW), in the Baltimore harbor."
Quotes
  • "The Maryland Port Administration (MPA) is committed to the stewardship of the Chesapeake Bay, including the wildlife that depends on aquatic and shoreline habitat, and is working to reduce the impact of stormwater runoff from its facilities. "
  • " MPA has piloted installation of FTWs in two locations: a wet pond at the Masonville terminal and an open water location in Colgate Creek between the Dundalk and Seagirt terminals. Although small FTW systems are often used to enhance water quality treatment in stormwater ponds, open water installations are less common. Permitting is more complex, and setting them so they remain in place can present a challenge."
Quotes
  • "BioHaven® Floating Treatment Wetlands (FTWs) are designed around the same principles as a wetland–utilizing the natural processes of plants and microbes to improve water quality. A FTW consists of wetland vegetation growing on a matrix floating on the surface of a body of water. Beneath the floating matrix, a hanging network of roots, rhizomes and attached bio¬film is formed."
  • "Site Supply Inc. is a regional and national supplier of the latest, most innovative construction materials for today’s rapidly changing market. We have provided construction materials for site stabilization, drainage and erosion control since 1992. "
  • "https://www.sitefabric.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/Biohaven-Flyer-Version-3.pdf"
  • "BioHaven® FTW is backed by over 15 years of research and more than a decade of successful installations to offer an approach to water treatment with no added chemicals. Independentresearch has proven the ecacy of BioHaven in reducing nitrates, phosphorus, ammonia, total suspended solids (TSS), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), heavy metals, and coliform."
Quotes
  • "Sheridan, Wyoming Using standard BioHavens in concert with a BioHaven Floating Streambed, the City of Sheridan was able to significantly reduce algae in this housing pond and improve the quality of water and the quality of life for residents."
  • "Big Sky, Montana This stunning array of BioHavens, installed and planted by Watershed Consulting, out-performed the customer’s expectation with exceptional Nitrogen removal."
  • "This major study of the impact of 20 BioHaven floating islands demonstrated our highest removal rates so far on Nitrogen and Phosphorus, as well as documenting ancillary benefits of wildlife habit and mosquito abatement. The original research report is available on request from info@floatingislandinternational.com."
  • "PHONE: +1 406.373.5200 or +1.406.373.9522 POSTAL: PO Box 252 Shepherd, MT 59079 PHYSICAL: 10052 Floating Island Way Shepherd, MT 59079"
  • "n 2005, when BioHaven Floating Islands came to the attention of eminent wetland scientist Dr. Chris Tanner, he heralded them as the “new generation” of floating treatment wetlands. Tanner immediately began a research program to measure their ability to remove nutrients and heavy metals from stormwater. His success sparked over a decade of BioHaven research at leading universities and institutes around the world."
Quotes
  • "Floating treatment wetlands (FTWs) arerafts of wetland vegetation that are deployed in stormwater ponds with a permanent pool of water. The panel classified them as a variant of the BMP enhancement retrofit category, as defined by the retrofit expert panel.FTW retrofits can be installed on existing wet ponds with a contributing drainage area of 400 acres or less. The panel also defined general performance criteria for FTW retrofits that need to be met to earn credit."
  • "an expertpanel was formed in 2013 to evaluate all of the available science on the nutrient and sediment removal performance associated with FTW design applications. The panel wasencouraged to evaluate performance research on proprietary FTW designs, but wasnot asked to endorse or recommend any specific proprietary design"
  • "Floating Treatment Wetlands: A proprietary or non-proprietary floating island design that incorporates the following general elements: A buoyant artificial raft that floats on the surface Constructed from non-toxic materials such as, but not limited to, HDPE plastic, marine grade polystyrene foam and PVC pipe Containing growing media planted with aquatic macrophytes whose roots extend well below the water surface"
  • "More than 100 papers and reports were discovered on floating treatment wetlands, although the panel only found about 25 that directly pertained to pond retrofit applications. "
Quotes
  • "Manufacturing cost-effective, environmental solutions for erosion control, wastewater & stormwater treatment and the beautification of waterscapes. Located in Baton Rouge, LA"
  • "Our low cost, customizable Floating Treatment Wetland (FTW) system meets this need. With a strong background based on science and independent research, the FTW system improves stormwater naturally, while also improving habitats and aesthetic value."
  • "In June of 2016, the Chesapeake Stormwater Network and Chesapeake Research Consortium officially recognized Floating Treatment Wetlands as a Best Management Practice for stormwater wet ponds and wastewater lagoon retrofits for the states of Delaware, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia and West Virginia. The FTW can be installed into existing ponds to earn Total Suspended Solids (TSS), Total Nitrogen (TN), and Total Phosphorus (TP) credits."
  • "Martin Ecosystems is an environmental technology company that manufacture BioHaven® Floating Technology, Vegetated EcoShield® and EcoBale. Our products provide cost-effective solutions for a variety of environmental challenges including Stormwater and Wastewater Management, Erosion and Habitat Loss."
Quotes
  • "Floating Wetland Solutions offers design, manufacturing and repair services for Floating Treatment Wetlands (FTW). With over 12 years of experience, we have accumulated a foundation of “best practices” and a unique modular platform that can be configurated to best match your project site’s conditions and structural demands with the most productive floating treatment wetland elements that correspond to the project’s goals."
  • "Floating Wetland Solutions markets, sells, manufactures, installs and services Floating Wetland product-based solutions that improve water quality throughout the watershed. Our product solutions leverage natural wetland biological processes and are themselves eco friendly and sustainable."
  • "Located in Belville, NC"
Quotes
  • "St Paul, MN Research on floating islands uses many different terms. They are also called: BioHaven® Floating Treatment Technology, Floating Treatment Wetlands (FTW’s), Floating Wetland Filters (FWF), Floating Wetlands, Floating Treatment Islands, Floating Vegetation Mat, Floating Mats and Floating Ecosystems."
Quotes
  • "BioHaven®Floating Island technology, also called floating treatment wetlands (FTW), was recently recognized at "USTech H2.O," a half-day event held on Friday, March 21 in Washington, DC in cele-bration of World Water Day. The stars of the show were 28 game-changing water technologies, de-veloped by Americans, selected by an independent panel of experts, and presented at the Depart-ment of State. These technologies included pioneering approaches to water treatment, purification, pumping, monitoring, testing, energy and nutrient recovery, and water plant design. Our Floating Island technology was included among the Top Six technology providers."
Quotes
  • "Floating islands, also known as floating treatment wetlands (FTWs), are a relatively new technology for improving water quality and creating habitat. More than 5,400 floating islands have been installed around the world in the past decade. Island sizes range from small, decorative units to some that are larger than football fields and can be made in any shape or buoyancy. Islands have withstood numerous freeze/thaw cycles, as well as typhoons, tornadoes, hurricanes and major snowfalls."
  • "A FTW installed in the Billings, Mont., Metra Park stormwater pond has effectively removed nutrients, metals and other contaminants, with average removal percentages ranging from 41 percent to 80 percent. In November 2008, the city personnel constructed a pond to treat a portion of stormwater discharges originating from a 174-acre drainage dominated by light industrial and commercial properties. A large island was installed in the Metra pond shortly after its construction, along with a smaller system in the channel preceding the pond. TheFTWs were planted with native grasses and other vegetation in May 2009"
  • "Using public information, Floating Island International (FII) has developed a cost chart comparing FTWs toother technologies for phosphorus removal (Figure 3). FTWs, either with or without aeration, have substantiallylower costs than alternative technologies such as alum treatment."
  • "BY MARK REINSEL , PH.D. , P.E. , APEX ENGINEERING PLLC"
Quotes
  • "satellite beach, FL Patrick Air Force Base has several storm water ponds that serve the runways, golf course and common grounds, and have been plagued in the past by algae and hydrilla blooms. In 2012, Dr. Harvey Harper monitored the effects of floating wetlands on nutrient concentrations in one of the ponds for sixteen months. At first the islands were heavily predated by birds, requiring netting for the balance of the study. The phosphorus uptake rates by the plants, as measured through biomass analyses, suggested that direct upland run off may have added to the measured input loading. There are now several Beemat floating treatment wetlands ​in several storm water ponds on the base. "
  • "http://www.beemats.com/projects.html steve beeman President ​Steve Beeman, M.S. has worked with native Florida plant communities for 39 years. As a biologist with early State of Florida environmental agencies, he studied and regulated impacts to coastal wetland habitats in east central Florida. In 1978 he founded Ecoshores, Inc, a company that built and planted over 2,500 acres of native wetlands and upland forests. Steve was a founding member of the Florida Association of Environmental Professionals and the Association of Florida Native Nurseries. He is a member of the Florida Nurserymen, Growers and Landscape Association (FNGLA). He has authored and co-authored several papers and publications related to coastal ecosystems, native Florida plants, creating wetlands and vegetating shorelines. ​ "
Quotes
  • "Water and Wastewater Treatment Market" Report also covers producers, regions, types, applications, development factors, opportunities, challenges confronted by Water and Wastewater Treatment industry. Water and Wastewater Treatment Market report provides a detailed analysis of the industry, with market size forecasts covering the following four decades. Water and Wastewater Treatment Market analyze factors which influence Demand for Water and Wastewater Treatments, driving factors, trends, and challenges faced by business vendors, regional evaluation, Segment by type, applications of entire Water and Wastewater Treatment industry."
Quotes
  • "Freshwater lakes around the world, especially shallow lakes, are in trouble. Urbanization, waste treatment, landscape changes, agriculture, and natural resource extraction cause runoff of nutrients, contaminants, petroleum products, and organic materials to freshwater lakes around the world. Biological treatment is possible, however, by harnessing the natural ability of plants and microbes to absorb nutrients (such as phosphorus and nitrogen) and break down contaminants through biological processes known as bioremediation. "
  • "There are many freshwater bodies in which floating wetlands can be deployed in order to improve the quality of water. Here are just a few... Stormwater Ponds FTWs can improve the quality of water of ponds in urban and rural neighbourhoods, that otherwise have a tendency to stagnate and accumulate toxins. Wastewater Lagoons These second and tertiary treatment lagoons, rich in pollutants, can benefit greatly from the biological treatment afforded by FTWs. Landfill Leachate and Tailings Ponds All manner of toxins, contaminants and metals found in these bodies of water can be treated with FTWs. Sites of Oil Spills At IISD Experimental Lakes Area, we are currently exploring how FTWs could break down oil constituents after a spill."
Quotes
  • "Among the main results, 175 barriers to sustainability for SMEs were identified. The barriers that appeared most frequently were lack of resources, the high initial capital cost of implementing sustainability measures, and lack of expertise"
Quotes
  • "But transitioning to an eco-lifestyle is quite frankly not an easy one. Like any other form of ideology or lifestyle concept, adopting a sustainable lifestyle is wrought with a number of challenges and barriers"
  • "‘Eco-shaming’ people who haven’t gone green isn’t the way to go. Advocates who have long jumped on the bandwagon must remember where they started their journey and acknowledge the barriers other beginners face, exercise empathy and put forward suggestions on how best to overcome them"
  • "One of the most difficult challenges in transitioning into an eco or ethical lifestyle (or any lifestyle for that matter) is breaking our old habits. Why? Because habits are the details that make up who we are."
  • "Cost is one of the biggest challenges to living a sustainable life. From paying higher for thermos flasks to electric vehicles, going green can often bite down hard on our budgets. "
  • "Still, despite the frustrating attitudes of our co-workers and employers, we can still make a difference. "
From Part 04
Quotes
  • "Three types of treatment wetlands are typically used for water quality improvement: natural treatment wetlands, constructed surface flow treatment wetlands, and subsurface flow treatment wetlands. Each of these alternatives is briefly described below."
  • "Natural treatment wetlands have been used for the disposal and treatment of secondary and tertiary wastewater effluents for many years. Hundreds of wastewater treatment facilities discharge to natural wetlands nationwide. "
  • "Constructed surface flow treatment wetlands are typically shallow, man-made impoundments planted with emergent, rooted vegetation. Water flows overland through the wetland and primarily above the sediment surface. These wetlands may be planted manually or naturally colonized by volunteer plant communities. Some constructed surface flow treatment wetlands contain monocultures of cattails (Typha spp.) or bulrushes (Scirpus spp.), while others are planted with diverse plant communities that are more adaptable under changing seasonal, water level, and water quality conditions."
  • "a constructed treatment wetland can be designed to regulate water depth and residence time, two important factors in treatment wetland design. Also, the design of constructed treatment wetlands can feature parallel cells or cells in series. Such a system can be operated to rotate discharge points or to use slightly different treatment capabilities of the various available plant communities. Constructed surface flow treatment wetlands have relatively low construction costs and typically very low operation and maintenance costs when compared with conventional advanced treatment technologies."
  • "A subset of surface flow treatment wetlands that WSI has implemented and monitored are groundwater recharge wetlands. These systems are designed to treat water using the same mechanisms as surface flow wetlands except that discharge occurs primarily or completely to groundwater. "
  • "Subsurface flow treatment wetlands are similar to constructed surface flow wetlands in many respects and often use some of the same emergent plant species. However, subsurface flow systems are designed to achieve effluent flow either horizontally or vertically through a porous substrate such as gravel or sand supporting the emergent vegetation. The large surface area resulting from the porous medium and the plant roots provide ample sites for microbial activity. When treating an equivalent volume of flow, subsurface flow treatment wetlands may use somewhat less acreage than constructed surface flow treatment wetlands. Subsurface flow treatment wetlands are less likely than lagoons to have odor and/or mosquito problems."
  • "Subsurface flow wetlands typically are more expensive than surface flow wetland systems to design, construct, and operate/maintain and are used in a limited set of circumstances. Appropriate applications include onsite systems for homes and schools, industrial pre-treatment systems, applications near airports where birds might pose a nuisance, use in cold climates, and for secondary wastewater treatment for relatively small communities."
Quotes
  • "WSI, founded in 2000, is an environmental consulting company, located in Gainesville, Florida, nationally recognized for the use of wetlands for water quality enhancement and aquatic ecology."
  • "Wetland Solutions, Inc. (WSI), located in Gainesville, Florida, is an environmental consulting company that is internationally recognized for the design, permitting, and implementation of natural and constructed treatment wetlands for water quality enhancement, wildlife habitat creation, and public use. WSI has extensive experience troubleshooting and optimizing the performance of existing treatment wetland systems. WSI also specializes in the use of innovative monitoring and modeling techniques in the study of aquatic ecosystem structure and function. WSI provides additional environmental consulting services including wetland delineation, wetland mitigation planning and design, and environmental permitting. WSI is also certified by the State of Florida (Certificate of Authorization No. 28785) and State of South Carolina (Certificate of Authorization No. 4556) to perform civil engineering services."
  • "(Projects are listed in Florida and Texas.)"
Quotes
  • "Martin Ecosystems is an environmental technology company that manufactures BioHaven® Floating Technology, Vegetated EcoShield® and EcoBale. Our products provide cost-effective solutions for a variety of environmental challenges including Stormwater and Wastewater Management, Erosion and Habitat Loss."
  • "Our low cost, customizable Floating Treatment Wetland (FTW) system meets this need. With a strong background based on science and independent research, the FTW system improves stormwater naturally, while also improving habitats and aesthetic value."
  • "n June of 2016, the Chesapeake Stormwater Network and Chesapeake Research Consortium officially recognized Floating Treatment Wetlands as a Best Management Practice for stormwater wet ponds and wastewater lagoon retrofits for the states of Delaware, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia and West Virginia. "
  • "http://martinecosystems.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Chicago-Riverwalk-Restoration-Project-100217.pdf http://martinecosystems.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Tranquility-Management-Habitat-Restoration-Project-100217.pdf http://martinecosystems.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Lincoln-Park-Zoo-Habitat-Restoration-Project-100217.pdf http://martinecosystems.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Lafreniere-Park-Habitat-Restoration-Project-100217.pdf"
Quotes
  • "Floating Wetland Solutions offers design, manufacturing and repair services for Floating Treatment Wetlands (FTW). With over 12 years of experience, we have accumulated a foundation of “best practices” and a unique modular platform that can be configurated to best match your project site’s conditions and structural demands with the most productive floating treatment wetland elements that correspond to the project’s goals. "
  • "The utility and application for our FTW designs goes far beyond the more common “floating island/floating wetland” products. The core elements for FTW application and biological activity are addressed by our modular platform and our system for connecting modules in a wide range of configurations. Our platform is similar to an erector set or tinker toys, enabling the designer to incorporate the FTW features to best match project site conditions and goals. Design features may include integrating open water areas, submerged surfaces and hydrau-lic flow paths, into task specific FTW configurations. Newly Planted System Floating Island modules Standard Module Floating Island & submerged Floating Wetland modules The frame and its variable dimensioned components is what allows design versatility to promote desired biological features and best practices. The frame provides a platform to interconnect modules and from which to deploy a range of submerged modules and devices that perform a range of functions and services. 4 Floating & 1 Submerged Module We provide the most durable and highest quality Floating Treatment Wetlands. The core elements for FTW durability are structural components, floatation, and media. "
  • "Floating Wetland Solutions markets, sells, manufactures, installs and services Floating Wetland product-based solutions that improve water quality throughout the watershed. Our product solutions leverage natural wetland biological processes and are themselves eco friendly and sustainable."
  • "We market and sell direct to customers and indirectly through other engineering or consulting firms. We can provide turn key projects that include, design, manufacture, delivery, site assembly, installation and follow up service and training if needed."
  • "rural waste water or stormwater wet ponds or fisheries, "
Quotes
  • "The Great Swamp Effluent Management System includes 400 acres of riverine hardwood swamp forest for final polishing of over 3 mgd of highly treated municipal effluent. This system works in concert with land application areas to provide year-round effluent management options in this water-quality limited coastal area. The natural wetland treatment system is the only available and affordable option in this rapidly developing area to deal with wet weather disposal. WSI has provided consulting services to the Beaufort-Jasper Water and Sewer Authority on this project since original conception. WSI has directed or participated in planning, design, construction, and continues to provide monitoring and permitting services."
  • "WSI is conducting a multi-phase project for GRU to demonstrate the feasibility of using constructed treatment wetlands as a means of further polishing reclaimed water while providing a reuse alternative that recharges groundwater levels. While this project uses reclaimed water as a source, rather than stormwater, this project has been designed to demonstrate the use of treatment wetlands in karst environments. T"
  • "Lake Hancock is a large, highly eutrophic lake in Polk County that discharges to Saddle Creek. Saddle Creek flows to the Peace River (a surface water drinking source) and ultimately to Charlotte Harbor. The Lake Hancock Outfall Treatment Wetland project includes the design, permitting, and construction of a large-scale (1,000-acre) wetland that will reduce the annual nitrogen load to Saddle Creek. WSI assisted in development of the conceptual plan and feasibility assessment to treat the highly eutrophic water from Lake Hancock. "
  • "WSI assisted Gainesville Regional Utilities, the City of Gainesville Public Works Department, and managers from Paynes Prairie Preserve State Park to improve water quality and meet a nitrogen TMDL in Sweetwater Branch, an urban stream that discharges stormwater and highly treated reclaimed wastewater to Paynes Prairie and Alachua Sink. To improve water quality and hydrologic conditions on Paynes Prairie, WSI prepared a conceptual plan and process design for a 125-acre enhancement wetland that will capture and treat flows from Sweetwater Branch and re-establish sheetflow of polished water to the northern edge of Paynes Prairie. "
Quotes
  • "BeeMats Our patented floating plant mat consists of puzzle cut mats held together by nylon connectors. "
  • " Islands are designed with interchangable-sized mats. The 4X8 mat will work with the 2X2 mats to make any shape you might desire. "
  • "As the plants on Beemats Floating Wetlands grow, the bio-available nutrients in the water are taken up by the roots and stored in the tissues. Periodic harvesting of the mature plants prevents the sequestered nutrients from re-entering the water when the plants die and decompose. Our patented floating wetland system allows for easy harvesting and replanting to optimize nutrient removal. Puzzle cut mats, joined by nylon connectors, may be assembled in any size and shape. Once the mats are connected, plants can be inserted into pre-cut holes. The plants may be indigenous emergent aquatics or any species that grows well hydroponically. The planted islands can be anchored to the bottom or tethered to adjacent shorelines. ​"
  • " As the plants on Beemats Floating Wetlands grow, the bio-available nutrients in the water are taken up by the roots and stored in the tissues. Periodic harvesting of the mature plants prevents the sequestered nutrients from re-entering the water when the plants die and decompose. Our patented floating wetland system allows for easy harvesting and replanting to optimize nutrient removal. Puzzle cut mats, joined by nylon connectors, may be assembled in any size and shape. Once the mats are connected, plants can be inserted into pre-cut holes. The plants may be indigenous emergent aquatics or any species that grows well hydroponically. The planted islands can be anchored to the bottom or tethered to adjacent shorelines. ​ Plant removal is the key ​ We have been conducting experiments for 20 years to develop a system that provides the benefits of vegetated littoral shelves without the problems associated with fluctuating water levels. Using interlocking mats and aquatic plants in perforated pots, we can create a shallow water environment on pond surfaces. Suspending the roots in the water, with attached biofilm, multiplies the nutrient absorption efficiency. "
  • "(Projects in Indian Hills Rec Area, Ft Pierce; Hanover County, Virginia; Merritt Ridge Stormwater Treatment Area, Brevard, FL; Wickham Park Treatment Pond, Brevard, FL; Patrick Air Force Base; City of Jacksonville FL; and several others are described and pictured.)"
Quotes
  • "Different product models are also available to fit specific purposes: private pond aesthetics, lagoon-scale municipal wastewater treatment, high-energy breakwaters and coastal restoration."
  • " BioHaven Floating Island BioHaven StreamBed BioHaven Forced-Flow StreamBed Wastewater BioHaven High-Energy BioHaven Mini BioHaven Vegetated EcoShield™ "