Fleet Trucks

Part
01
of eight
Part
01

Trucks Insights: California

The California Air Resources Board is currently working on a bill to phase out diesel trucks by 2030. This new regulation would significantly affect the 1.5 million medium and heavy-duty diesel vehicles operating on Californian roads.

Number of Trucks Operating in California

  • A total of 6,052,820 trucks were registered with the Californian Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) as of December 2019.
  • There were a total of 1,105,275 new light truck registrations in 2019, according to the Califonian New Car Dealership Association (CNCDA). Overall, about 10.5% of vehicles operating in California are pickup trucks.
  • There are about 1.5 million medium and heavy-duty trucks operating in California.
  • According to a study by the Californian Environmental Protection Agency, there were over 300,000 Class 8 vehicles operating in the state in 2014.
  • The EPA report further provided a breakdown of the population of trucks in the state of California by class. A total of 280,000 Class 2b trucks; 300,000 Class 3 trucks; 175,000 Class 4 trucks; 80,000 Class 5 trucks; 160,000 Class 6 trucks; and 140,000 Class 7 trucks operate in California.

Fuel Types

  • According to a recent report by Diesel Forum, 97% of Class 8 trucks and 75% of all commercial vehicles operating in the US are powered by diesel fuel.
  • Generally, vehicles on the higher end of the classification tend to rely on diesel to power their engines. About 60% of Class 2-3 vans and pickups in California use gasoline, 39% use diesel, and 1% of the vehicles in this class use other fuel types.
  • For Class 3–8 work trucks, 35% rely on gasoline, 64% rely on diesel fuel, while the rest 1% use other forms of fuel. For heavy-duty Class 8 vehicles operating in California, such as tractors and OTR trucks, over 98% of those vehicles rely on diesel fuel to power their engines, while the rest 2% rely on alternative fuels such as gasoline and natural gas.

Gradual Phase Out of Diesel trucks

  • The California Air Resources Board is currently considering a draft to reduce the number of diesel trucks on Californian roads by 2030. At the same time, the draft seeks to accelerate the transition of medium and heavy-duty tracks to zero-emission vehicles.
  • According to the proposed regulation, manufacturers of class 2b — Class 8 vehicles would be required to offer zero-emission trucks at an increasing percentage of their Californian annual sales from 2024 to 2030. At the end of the transition period, 50% of new Class 4–8 vehicles designed for use in the state must be certified emission-free.

Consumer Trends

  • In recent times, Californian consumers have maintained their preference for light trucks and SUVs over compact cars. At the end of 2019, 58.4% of new light-vehicle registrations were for light trucks, while 41.6% of new registrations were for cars.
  • The top three truck pickup brands in California by market share are Toyota (27.3%), Ford (23.7%), and Chevrolet (21.7%).

Research Strategy

To obtain qualitative and quantitative insights into the truck market in California, we first reviewed official reports shared by governmental agencies, industry reports and studies, and news articles published within the last two years. Utilizing this approach, we were able to obtain several insights into the current state of trucks in California. However, no credible resource provided any relevant information on the break down of Class 1–8 vehicles operating in the state or the type of fuel used by each class of vehicles.

Next, we decided to expand our search beyond the two-year standard search period. Here, we were able to identify a 2014 report published by the California Environmental Protection Agency and Air Resources Board which provides a complete breakdown of the classes of trucks used in California as well as the fuel type for each. The 2014 report is the latest available report on the topic and is still being referenced by several recent studies.
Part
02
of eight
Part
02

Truck Accidents: California

As of 2017, 27,982 truck accidents occurred in California, resulting in 9,694 injuries and 359 deaths, and Southern California has the highest number of truck accidents per year, followed by Central and Northern.

Truck-Related Accidents Statistics in California

Part
03
of eight
Part
03

Trucks Insights: Oregon

As the trucking industry remains a thriving contributor to the Oregon economy, the state’s industry faces the challenges of a new executive order that increases emission fees, along with other operating cost challenges.Oregon is the most expensive state in the country in which to operate a commercial vehicle, and is experiencing a prolonged shortage of experienced drivers along with the rest of the country. As for trucking’s future, some manufacturers of automated vehicles are taking a serious look at automating trucks.

Trucking Industry is a Prominent Fixture in Oregon economy

  • Trucking is the most common profession in Oregon, with 34,000 professional drivers on the road.
  • About one in 17 people in Oregon work within the trucking industry, for a total of 92,620 trucking jobs.
  • About 88 percent of consumer goods in the state are transported via truck, and 80 percent of communities can be serviced by trucks only.
  • In 2019, the State of Oregon issued a total 534,228 registrations collectively to trucks, farm trucks, heavy and light trailers and rented trailers. This category was surpassed only by the volume of passenger vehicle registrations, which totaled 3.7 million.

Carbon Debate Pits Oregon Trucking Industry against Big Companies

  • Oregon protesters raged in 2019 over pending legislation to increase emission fees, which would add a significant burden to operating costs for truckers.
  • The bill was expected to increase commercial trucking costs in the state by about 15 cents per gallon.
  • Large companies in Oregon and neighboring states, concerned about their sustainability initiatives, joined together to send a letter to Oregon legislators urging passage of bills that increased emissions fees for truckers.
  • The transportation sector is the largest contributor to greenhouse gas emissions in Oregon, responsible for about 40 percent of the emissions.
  • Ultimately, the state’s governor passed an executive order that raised emission fees, much to the disappointment of a group called Timber Unity.
  • Timber Unity identifies itself as a coalition of “everyday people” aimed at protecting natural resource and rural jobs against legislation that hampers the health of the industry.

Oregon Truckers Face the Highest Operating Costs in US

  • It is more expensive to operate a commercial heavy vehicle in Oregon than anywhere else in the country.
  • In 2020, statewide fees for commercial trucks and buses were increased further.

Prolonged shortage of qualified truck drivers

  • The trucking industry in Oregon, along with the rest of the country, is facing a prolonged shortage of qualified drivers. The issue is attributed in large part to the challenging lifestyle of truck drivers.
  • There are around 600,000 commercial truck drivers in the US, and industry experts say about 60,000 more qualified drivers are needed.
  • The federal government has recently introduced a website focused on attracting younger people to the profession.

The Auto Tech Industry is Researching Truck Automation

  • Daimler Trucks North America has assigned hundreds of engineers at their Oregon headquarters to study automated truck technology.
  • While the notion of an unmanned semi truck is disconcerting to most, Oregon trucking industry insiders said a more realistic vision is for driver-assisted technology.

Part
04
of eight
Part
04

Trucks Insights: Washington

Trucks are vital to Washington's trade-dependent economy. The close relationship between the two has recently come under fire because of acute driver shortage. While Coronavirus seems to solve the problem due to the decreased imports, Washington might face the same problem again once the pandemic is over. However, that could change with the emergence of autonomous trucks.

Insights into the Washington trucking industry

  • Over 16,670 companies employing 138,770 people make up the Washington trucking industry.
  • Altogether, trucks transport 80% of the total manufactured tonnage in Washington.
  • An estimated $42 million in value of freight is moved by trucks.
  • The trucks cover up to 7,000 miles per day.

The relationship between Washington's economy and trucks

  • 40% of all jobs in Washington are tied to trade, which makes it the most trade-dependent state in the US. Its economy is heavily reliant on the imports and exports of goods by businesses.
  • An overwhelming majority (80%) of Washingtonians are exclusively dependent on trucks for moving goods.
  • The Washington State trucking industry pays about $7.7 billion in annual wages to its industrial employees, according to a study by the American Transportation Research Institute.
  • The same study reported that trucks pay an average of $775 million per year in federal and state roadway fees and taxes.

Shortage of drivers prevalence in Washington

  • Like other states, Washington has a shortage of truck drivers. The problem affects a significant number of businesses, with owners reportedly turning down business deals because of the lack of truck drivers.
  • The American Trucking Association has reported a nation-wide shortage of 50,000 drivers.
  • Legislation is underway, seeking to lower the minimum age of out-of-state drivers in an effort to solve the issue.

The Coronavirus effect on trucking business

  • Washington trucking business is one of the worst-hit by the COVID-19 pandemic. The port of Seattle has already seen a decrease of about 50 sailings.
  • Sheri Call, executive vice president at Washington Trucking Association, says that "this is a kind of decline normally seen over an entire year."

Self-driving trucks are the future.

  • Autonomous trucks are viable options for lowering operating costs, improving efficiency, productivity and safety.
  • The biggest challenge at the moment is the technology itself, which is yet to be perfected. Problems with adverse weather and infrastructure inadequacies are also being experienced.
  • William Covington, a Professor of Technology Law at the University of Washington School of Law, says that there are varying levels of autonomous trucks, but total automation of vehicles is still out of reach.
  • The trucking industry hopes to keep the drivers involved in some way. Shari Call of Washington Trucking Association asserts that truck drivers could become much like airline pilots, driving the truck as it departs from the terminal and engaging the autopilot along the way.


Part
05
of eight
Part
05

Trucks Insights: New York

Trucking is a very important industry for New York since almost all New York communities depend exclusively on trucks to move goods. New York city, the Nation's largest City and Metropolitan Area by Population relies even more acutely on trucks to carry goods in and out of it. Shortage of truck drivers and rising wages are some contemporary issues faced by this sector in the state, currently.

FINDINGS

  • The Trucking Industry provides more than 275,000 jobs in the State of New York paying wages in excess of $13.6 billion annually.
  • About 89% of New York communities depend exclusively on trucks to move their Goods.
  • Up to 91% of goods coming into or out of NYC are carried by trucks, much higher than the national average of 70%
  • 2019 legislative priorities put forth by the Trucking Association of New York (TANY) include Congestion Pricing, Cannabis Regulation & Taxation Act, the Younger Driver Pilot program and the Highway Use Tax repeal among others.
  • Shortage of truck drivers is a key issue for this sector in New York, pushing up wages.

RESEARCH STRATEGY

Despite thorough research across credible news publications like Trucking Info, trucking related associations in New York like the Trucking Association of New York, and market research entities, we were unable to gather any statistics for classes one through eight trucks in New York and the fuel type of each.
Part
06
of eight
Part
06

Truck Accidents: Oregon

Oregon State, with a population of 3.5 million, has a high number of trucking accidents. Statistics on the number, causes, and fatalities, as well as injuries regarding truck-related accidents, give a comprehensive view about truck accidents in Oregon State over time.

Statistics on Number of Truck-Related Accidents in Oregon

Statistics on Causes of Truck-Related Accidents in Oregon

  • There were 646 instances where large trucks were at fault in accidents in 2018 and 703 in 2017.
  • In 2018, the fault of truck drivers was the cause of 646 out of 1409 truck accidents in 2018. Only 37 of these truck accidents were due to a mechanical issue with the truck.
  • By using police reports, ODOT shows that external factors like drivers or weather caused 2,849 truck accidents between 2015 and 2018.
  • Oregon State data indicate that 50% of truck accidents in the State happen because of the fault of truck drivers, while 2% of truck crashes were caused by a mechanical fault in the trucks.
  • The number of truck accidents in Oregon is decreasing despite an increase in mileage. Statistical data show that miles traveled by trucks in Oregon in 2018 were 181 million miles more than the past decade.
  • The fault of driers in truck-related accidents includes overspending, improper change of lanes, tailgating, and inattentiveness.

Statistics on Fatalities and Injuries in Truck-Related Accidents in Oregon

  • According to federal data, there were 23 fatalities and 289 injuries in the 858 truck-related accidents in the first half of 2019.
  • In 2017, there were 1,556 injuries and 50 deaths from truck-related accidents. In 2016, the injuries were 1406, and deaths were 51.
  • According to the ODOT Motor Carrier Division, truck accidents in Oregon caused 50 deaths in 2016, 52 deaths in 2017, and 58 deaths in 2018.
  • 68% of fatal truck-related accidents in Oregon occur in rural areas, 66% during the daytime, and 76% during the weekends.

Research Strategy

To find information about statistics on truck-related accidents in Oregon, we consulted credible reports, surveys, and reliable websites. We focused on statistics on the number of truck-related accidents, causes of truck-related accidents, and fatalities and injuries resulting from truck-related accidents. The research team explored these statistics across the years to allow for a comparison of truck-related accidents in Oregon over time.

Part
07
of eight
Part
07

Truck Accidents: Washington

While truck-related accidents are less common in the state of Washington, their impact on those involved is typically severe.

Overview

  • According to the Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT), truck-related accidents represented only a small subset of total state accidents in 2018, given that truck-related accidents accounted for 162 crashes, compared with 108,363 vehicle crashes in state that year.
  • Notably, a large majority of the state's truck accidents resulted in serious injuries (137), while almost a third caused fatalities (51).
  • Moreover, the number of truck crash fatalities in Washington is growing rapidly, according to an analysis of data from 2009 to 2017.
  • For example, in 2017, Washington experienced the "biggest percentage increase" in truck crash fatalities of any US state, with deaths due to truck-related accidents growing by 62%.
  • Meanwhile, the causes of Washington state's truck accidents vary significantly, and included driver distraction (over 40), alcohol (14) and drowsy driving (8) in 2018.
Part
08
of eight
Part
08

Truck Accidents: New York

Statistics published by the New York State Department of Motor Vehicles (NYSDMV) on truck-related accidents have been provided below. The most recent statistics provided by the NYSDMV are for the year 2014.

The top factors leading to truck crashes in 2014 were

  • "Driver Inattention or Distraction:"
    • " Number of reported crashes: 1,978
    • Number of people injured: 654
    • Number of people killed: 7
  • "Following Too Closely:"
    • Number of reported crashes: 1,616
    • Number of people injured: 732
    • Number of people killed: 2
  • "Failure to Yield the Right of Way:"
    • Number of reported crashes: 1,176
    • Number of people injured: 425
    • Number of people killed: 12
  • "Unsafe Lane Changing:"
    • Number of reported crashes: 1,130
    • Number of people injured: 320
    • Number of people killed: 5
  • "Improper Passing or Use of Lane:"
    • Number of reported crashes: 1,094
    • Number of people injured: 260
    • Number of people killed: 8

The severity of crashes (2014)

  • There were a total of 10,742 large truck crashes in New York in 2014 (as per police reports only):

The time of day crashes occurred (2014)

  • There were a total of 11,848 large truck crashes in New York (as per police and motorist reports).
  • The time of day at which the crashes occurred:

The manner of collision (2014)

  • The manner of collision of the 11,848 large truck crashes in New York (as per police and motorist reports).
Sources
Sources

From Part 03
From Part 08