Expert Thinking About The Future Of Learning
Eight expert papers covering the future of learning include white papers published by FranklinCovey, Microsoft, Microsoft and McKinsey, and the Institute for the Future, and research papers published in the Journal of Information Science, the 49th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS), the journal Computer, and the Teacher Learning Network (TLN) Journal. These papers show that there is a shift from traditional learning to informal learning, deep learning, social-emotional learning, personalized learning, and a work+learn future, that online searching can be viewed as a learning process, that there is a new learning theory that incorporates learning from both the past and the future, and that in the future, most tools for learning at the workplace will likely be delivered via augmented reality.
THE FUTURE OF LEARNING
Published in 2016 by FranklinCovey, this white paper details the possibilities and challenges that the future of learning and development brings. In this white paper, author Elisabeth Richard Bach, a master of information and communication technologies (ICT) and learning, and a client partner and implementation specialist at FranklinCovey Denmark, explains what she calls "Learning 4.0" and "We-Learning." According to Bach, learning is no longer just a product developed for the student or the learner, but it is increasingly becoming a connected and collaborative process involving the learner. Learning is becoming more and more informal, with on-demand learning, embedded learning, on-the-job learning, and social learning increasingly being used. We selected this white paper, as it is exactly about the future of learning and it was published by FranklinCovey, a leading consulting and training company that specializes in human behavior. FranklinCovey describes itself as "the world leader in helping organizations achieve results that require lasting changes in human behavior, often the most difficult challenge any organization faces."
THE FUTURE OF LEARNING: PROVIDING THE ASSETS FOR EXCELLENCE IN THE NEXT CENTURY
Released in 2018 by Microsoft, this white paper discusses in detail the future of learning, the shift from traditional learning to deep learning, the technologies that are being applied in learning, and the trailblazing education system in Finland. In deep learning, emphasis is placed on "real interactions with real-life challenges." Information is processed and experienced on a deeper level such that it does not get stored superficially in the student's mind. We selected this white paper, as it provides helpful insights about how learning is shifting towards deep learning. Also, Microsoft, with the technology it offers, plays an important role in the learning space. Its global mission, after all, is "to empower every student to achieve more."
THE CLASS OF 2030 AND LIFE-READY LEARNING: THE TECHNOLOGY IMPERATIVE
Microsoft, in collaboration with McKinsey & Company's Education Practice, released this white paper in 2018. Findings in this white paper were based on surveys of students and teachers across the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and Singapore. One of the most important findings in this white paper is the increased need for educators to assist students in honing their social-emotional skills. These skills, along with cognitive skills and content knowledge, are becoming increasingly important in both the classroom and the workplace. We included this white paper, as it is a product of the research collaboration between two prestigious companies, Microsoft and McKinsey. It also provides insightful information on both social-emotional learning and personalized learning.
TOWARDS SEARCHING AS A LEARNING PROCESS: A REVIEW OF CURRENT PERSPECTIVES AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS
This paper reviews the relationship between searching and learning and lists the opportunities and challenges that need to be considered for future research on the subject. In this paper, authors Soo Young Rieh of the University of Michigan, Preben Hansen of Stockholm University, Hye-Jung Lee of the Institute for Education and Innovation, and Kevyn Collins-Thompson explain how iterative, integrative, and reflective search sessions can enable creative and critical learning, a type of learning that goes beyond just receptive learning. We decided to include this paper because it was published in the Journal of Information Science in 2016 and it covers a method of learning that we have not seen elsewhere. According to this paper, opportunities and challenges for future research include the development of an "inquiry-based literacy tool" within a search platform and the assessment of learning derived from online search behavior.
AN ENHANCED THEORY OF LEARNING INCLUDING LEARNING FROM THE FUTURE
Written by Alexander Kaiser, this research paper presents an improved theory of learning that incorporates learning from both the past and the future. Past studies had shown that integrating learning from past experiences with learning from an imagined future leads to more radical and innovative ideas and broader content coverage. Kaiser also presents in this paper his practical experiences with the proposed learning theory. We chose this paper because it was published in the 2016 49th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS) and it proposes a new learning theory.
THE FUTURE OF LEARNING AT THE WORKPLACE IS AUGMENTED REALITY
This research paper, which was written by Fridolin Wild, a senior research fellow at the Oxford Brookes University, shows that future tools and support systems for learning will likely be delivered via augmented reality (AR). Published by the IEEE, this paper notes that while several impressive applications and prototypes exist, interoperability has been found to be lacking. As a result, a working group within the IEEE Computer Society is developing a data format that would facilitate the exchange and enrichment of AR content. This paper was selected for inclusion in this list because it was published in the journal Computer in 2016 and it touches on the future of learning.
NEW PEDAGOGIES FOR SOCIAL-EMOTIONAL LEARNING: LESSONS FOR POSITIVE EDUCATION
This research paper was included in this list because it was published in the Teacher Learning Network (TLN) Journal in 2017 and it presents new learning pedagogies. Written by Toni Noble of the Australian Catholic University and Helen McGrath of Deakin University, both adjunct professors, this paper touches on new social-emotional learning pedagogies. According to this paper, there is a growing consensus around the world that learning should not focus solely on academic skills and that student well-being need to be considered as well.
A NATION UPSIDE DOWN: A NEW VISION FOR THE FUTURE OF LEARNING
The Institute for the Future published this white paper in 2018. This white paper was written by Jamai Blivin, CEO and founder of Innovate+Educate, and Dr. Merrilea Mayo, the founder of Mayo Enterprises, a consulting firm that specializes in the future of learning. We selected this paper as it focuses on the United States and provides several helpful details about the future of learning in the country. According to this paper, there is now a movement towards a work+learn future, where the degree-before-job model will slowly be displaced. Lines between employers and educators will blur, as employers now are being compelled to develop evolving work+learn pathways.