Erosion of the care labels/washing tags

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Care Label Legal Requirements in the Future

There is a growing global market for smart clothing and wearable smart devices, with research suggesting the market for smart clothing is in the beginning stages. Interactive smart clothing is likely to become mainstream in the coming years. Care labels may become obsolete if smart clothing and electronic fabrics are utilized more widely by the fashion industry.

The Global Market

  • The global market for smart clothing is in the early stages of its development, with research being carried out into the applications and possible impact of smart fabrics and electronic textiles.
  • The current market, which is predominately in North America and Europe, focuses on sports and fitness but is expected to expand over the coming years, growing to around $4.08 billion by 2023.
  • The wearable technology industry was worth $23bn in 2018 and is expected to grow to $54bn by 2023 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 19%.

Smart Clothing and Care Labels

  • Labels that only provide information about a garment's care may become a thing of the past if smart clothing becomes mainstream. Consumers are likely to see a rise in smart clothing that connects with the wearer's smart phone and provides them not only care instructions but also up-to-date information about the condition of their garment, personal health insights, social interaction capabilities and more.
  • As uses for smart clothing expand, it is reasonable to expect this technology to be utilized by the fashion industry, including providing users with information on how to care for their garments. Care labels that also collect GPS, bio metrics, and environmental data are already being researched by the world's largest supplier of care labels, Avery Dennison.
  • In 2017, Google and Levi collaboratively created jackets through Google's Jacquard project that used a washable battery powered Bluetooth tag to control the wearer's smart phone. Although the technology does not focus on care labels specifically, it shows the mainstream release of smart clothing that has paved the way for further development of smart clothing. Levi is currently developing smart jeans with the same washable tag, which is now half the size of the tag used in the jackets.

RFID and NFC Technology

  • NFC technology is easy and cheap to use and may provide wearers with easily accessible and more detailed care information and advice directly to their smart phone. Users are able to scan a QR code, which will take them directly to up-to-date information online.
  • This technology is limited in its application, unlike other smart clothing technologies that are currently being researched.
  • Care labels are already changing as some manufacturers are creating care labels that communicate directly with a wearer's RFID-enabled washers, dryers, irons, presses, and dry cleaning equipment. This technology makes it easier for the wearer to access care instructions and to care for their garments effectively.

Legal Implications

  • While there does not seem to be a change in the legal requirement for care labels in the US, the format the information is presented to consumers in is more likely to change with the introduction of smart clothing.
  • For smart clothing to provide users with care instructions via technology such as NFC, the clothing would require unique product identification that is legally protected from duplication.
  • Patents and licensing of new technology is a concern for this growing market, with many brands already in dispute over the development of smart fabrics and textiles.
  • Smart clothing poses some considerable legal implications due to the new features and technology used in its design. These include but are not limited to consumer privacy and security, and compliance with new standards that the fashion industry has previously not required to address. An example of this would be a garment that measures the wearers blood pressure or heart rate, as it would be required to comply with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA).

Research Strategy

We used scholar reports and journals, advanced searches, and media and industry reports to understand the growing market and developing smart clothing technology. Although there is little beyond NFC technology that is directly addressing care labels, many of the sources address the growing demand for smart clothing and the expected trajectory of this relatively new market. Researchers and experts seem to agree that the way care labels are currently manufactured is likely to change and adapt, but specific information regarding the use of smart clothing in care labels is not extensive among publicly available sources or is yet to be researched.

Our research initially focused on the US, however, sources demonstrated that the development of smart clothing and smart labeling is a global market with a global research base. Information about the legal future of care labels in the US do not appear to be publicly available. We attempted to find this information by conducting a detailed analysis of industry reports, including reports on conferences regarding the labeling of clothing in the US, but this information was either significantly out-of-date or unavailable.
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Countries Requiring Care Labels on Garments

Information on the countries that demand the use of care labels on garments follows, together with the current laws and regulations related to care labeling internationally. Insights about countries that consider this an optional requirement and the voluntary standardization normative they implement are also included below.


  • China requires care labels for garments. The updated standard that regulates this is GB/T 8685-2008, which was voted by the National Textile Base Standard Technical Sub-committee, and has been effective since March 1st, 2009.
  • According to the Household Goods Quality Labeling Act, a care label should be permanently attached to most household goods sold in Japan. The Japanese care labeling regulation JIS L 0001:2014 includes details on current symbol usage requirements and has been effective since December 1st, 2016.
  • The GMC Resolution No. 62/18 regulation defines the mandatory labeling requirements for all textile products sold in the MERCOSUR member countries: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Venezuela.
  • Other countries where care labeling is mandatory include Algeria, Barbados, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Israel, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Morocco, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Philippines, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, and Vietnam.


  • The compulsory aspect of care labeling varies across the different European Union countries. Most of them use the international care labeling code GINETEX, which is a voluntary service offered to consumers by the apparel and textile industries in order to standardize labeling design. Using these trademarked symbols removes the need to provide written care information on care labels, eliminating language barrier issues.
  • Care labeling is mandatory in Austria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, and Spain.
  • Care labeling is optional in Belgium, France, Germany, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden, United Kingdom, Bulgaria, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, and the Slovak Republic.
  • According to Ginetex, 3 out of 4 Europeans never or rarely buy a garment without a care label. This also applies to 83% of Germans and Britons.
  • Care labeling is not required under EU law, but certain member countries, such as Austria, may require this labeling. However, the EU may find manufacturers liable for defective products under the Product Liability Directive of 1985 if they do not provide this information, so including care labeling with textile products sold in the European Union is highly recommended.
  • European consumer organizations are in favor of mandatory regimes to provide consumers with a standardized experience across the EU. However, industry and standardization bodies generally oppose mandatory regimes due to the anticipated costs involved, and because the current mostly voluntary regime is perceived as effective.


  • As per the Office of Textiles and Apparel (OTEXA), the countries where care labeling is optional include: Armenia, Belgium, Canada, Chile, France, Germany, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Malta, Netherlands, Pakistan, Portugal, Singapore, Sweden, Switzerland, Slovenia, Tanzania, Tunisia, UAE, and UK.
  • Textile products are only required to state their fiber composition under the optional care labeling regimen in Slovenia.
  • Based on the CGSB standard, providing care label information is voluntary in Canada. Any additional written information in garment labels must appear in both English and French.
  • Care labels are not mandatory in the United Kingdom, though their use is strongly encouraged. The UK Fashion & Textile Association (UKFT), recommends the use of GINETEX symbols, which are also implemented throughout Europe as well in many other countries including Japan, India, and China.
  • Care labels are not mandatory in Switzerland; where designating the material, origin, and size of a particular item is also optional. GINETEX Switzerland oversees the implementation of standardized textile care labeling.


  • Manufacturers in deregulated markets where the garment supply industry is not required to provide mandatory care labels can choose from a range of international labeling standards.
  • Markets in which care labeling is optional do not incur in compliance costs. This allows for an increase in importation options as suppliers will not be required to relabel garments to comply with the markets' standard.
  • Non-standardized markets allow for innovations in care labeling, such as the option of including simplified caring instructions without detracting from the comfort or appearance of a garment.


In order to determine which countries require care labels on garments, information was extracted from the portals of the main associations dedicated to regulating this information. After reviewing the guidelines used by the countries that make care labeling optional and researching the possible reasons behind this on industry-specific publications, the specific reasons for not requiring this were found not to be available. General insights as to why some countries do not standardize textile care labeling as a requirement and the case that can be made for less strict regulation of these policies were provided.
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Replacements for Care Labels

Recent technological advancements applied to the textile apparel industry have the potential of transforming care labeling in the future. While they are not expected to replace or eliminate the need for care labels, the incorporation of these technologies to care labels will allow for increased applications and possibilities. Insights surrounding the latest garment digital trigger innovations and their impact in the care label space follow.


  • RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) technology allows for items to be uniquely identified through radio waves, while NFC (Near Field Communication) is one of its specialized subsets.
  • As per retailer AtlasRFID, RFID tracking applications for the textile and apparel labeling industry include laundry management, access to clothing care information analytic data, and inventory tracking. Laundry management and information analytic data applications would require an RFID reader and are expected to be reserved to hospitals, hotels, and laundry facilities, while inventory tracking applications will likely be taken advantage of by apparel retailer companies. Access to clothing care information and analytic data will be available to end-users thanks to NFC type 5 tags, which are readable by NFC-enabled smartphones in proximity to the tag (contactless technology).
  • RFID-enabled labels can include weaved text and integrated woven RFID antennas. They can include 13.56 MHz NFC chips that are compliant with the ISO 14443 standard so that the tags respond both to UHF readers and NF-enabled devices such as tablets and smartphones.
  • NFC tags for garments such as the NTAG212 can be stretchable, sewn into clothes, bent, ironed, and crumpled. They are fully waterproof and resist up to 150°C.
  • The popularity of textile wearables that implement NFC technology labels is on the rise. This technology has the potential to expand textile label applications beyond care information, as it can enrich the user experience by providing access to personalized customer service, branding marketing opportunities, and additional item information.
  • Privacy concerns arise from the application of smart technologies to garments.
  • According to the Federal Trade Commission, privacy best practices surrounding internet-connected wearables include data security, collecting the minimum amount of data needed, notifying the consumer, and allowing the user to consent to the extraction of personal data.
  • These technologies are set to increase the price of care tags. For this reason, high-end fashion brands are most likely to headline the application of this technology.
  • Anti-counterfeiting of clothes is an additional potential benefit of the use of NFC technology in care tags.


  • The introduction of QR codes in care labels allows for additional information about a garment to be easily obtained by scanning them with a smartphone. Thermal transfer printing is used to print labels with QR codes that are durable and can be easily scanned.
  • GINETEX developed a smartphone application to educate users on the meaning of textile care symbols. Users can obtain specific information about their textile products, such as care information, origin, and raw material composition, by scanning the code included within their garment's care label tag.


Upon detailed review of industry-specific portals, technology-related news sites, and the websites of care tag regulatory bodies both within the United States and globally, no evidence of future technological innovations fully replacing the need for care tags in garments was found. Our findings reveal that NFC tags, which function through a subset application of RFID technology, and QR codes are the most notable technological advancements being applied to care labels in the clothing industry. They are starting to be integrated in care tags and they enhance the information available to the user, but they do not immediately eliminate the need for these tags. Both QR codes and NFS devices are included in the clothes tags themselves, and smartphones or other devices (such as a RFID reader) are necesary for the information to be communicated to the receiving user or device. This is a possible reason for these tags not replacing the need for a separate care label with ISO-approved symbols.

Another possible reason for these technologies not fully replacing the need for care labels in clothes is the fact that labeling regulations are not yet in place to address new aspects of their implementation such as user data privacy issues.

It is important to clarify that the scope for this research is global since these advancements are impacting the apparel industry as a whole and no evidence was found of possible geographic restrictions to their development and application.

From Part 01
From Part 02
  • "It was found that the development of a universal system for care labeling could enhance the trade of textile articles and assist consumers in caring for textile articles. Universal care label systems could be characterized by two main features of inclusiveness and comprehensiveness. The range of instructions and symbols presented were found different among standards."
  • "The study findings show the importance of enhancing text based standards or the development of an understandable format across as many cultures as possible. The unification of symbols and meanings may be needed to provide global consumers consistent guidance."
  • "ITA has referred to Intertek brochure entitled “Care label recommendations” to attain more information related to care labeling symbols (intertek). This brochure introduced the symbols and words used by some common countries namely Australia, Canada, China, European Union, Japan and USA. These countries apply compulsory standards for care guidelines into textile projects in apparel and home furnishing. "
  • "As Tanzania has been consid-ered as a potential important sourcing country for internationalbuyers, comparison and review of its standard may offer a guide-line in care label to elevate its growing commerce (Tanzania:opportunities for the textile and clothing industry, 2016). The SouthKorean national standard will be discussed in order to be comparedwith previously mentioned standard. "
  • "Care labeling was found mandatory in Australia, China, Japan and South Korea. On the other hand, it is optional in Canada and Tanzania (International trade administration). However, the optionality of care labeling is different across European Union countries."
  • "The International Association for Textile CareLabelling (GINETEX) is the world body which governs care labels since 1975. Member nations of GINETEX are Belgium, France, Germany, England, Netherlands, Israel, Austria, Switzerland, and Spain."
  • "GINETEX counts a large number of national organisations within its members. These organisations represent the textile and retailing industries and other textile care stake players. They include: Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Japan, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia and United Kingdom."
  • "To help those who have to make such a decision (principally the consumer but also launderers and dry cleaners), this code of graphic symbols was established, based on the GINETEX care labelling system, for use in the permanent marking of textile articles with information on their care in use as an International Standard in 1991. In certain countries GINETEX has the intellectual property right of the 5 main symbols specified in this International Standard."
  • " A standard is reviewed every 5 years. ISO 3758:2012 will be replaced by ISO/CD 3758, which is now under development."
  • "The inclusion of washing instructions is not mandatory in the UK; however, it is strongly encouraged. We would always recommend the use of GINETEX symbols – the system used throughout Europe as well in many other countries including Japan, China and India. Use of GINETEX symbols removes the needs to use written care information on a label. "
  • "Although many countries use the GINETEX system there are some notable exceptions including the USA, South Korea and Australia."
  • "The GINETEX symbols are also at the origin of the EN ISO 3758 international standard."
  • "There is no mandatory care labelling regime at the EU level. At Member State level, the situation varies. In most of the older Member States (EU-15 except Austria and Finland) and in Slovenia, Lithuania, Malta, and Cyprus, care labelling is voluntary, whereas many of the new Member States have mandatory care labelling requirements (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Poland, Romania)2. Some Member States have however recently repealed those requirements from their legislation, while some others are in the process of doing so. "
  • "Generally, the consumer organisations do not follow the area of textile labelling very closely, with the exception of chemical labelling, because improper textile labelling does, in most cases, not present a risk to consumers’ health. However, consumer organisations generally favour harmonised, mandatory systems in order to ensure that consumers meet the same information across the EU. Industry organisations are generally in favour of voluntary systems, primarily due to the costs associated with mandatory system(s). "
  • "In most of the older Member States (EU-15 except Austria and Finland) and in Slovenia, Lithuania, Malta, and Cyprus, care labelling is voluntary, whereas many of the new Member States have mandatory care labelling requirements (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Poland, Romania)"
  • "Many countries have mandatory standards for care label instructions that apply to either apparel or soft home furnishing products. Some common countries are:• Australia: Textiles - Care Labeling• Canada: Care Labeling of Textiles (voluntary system and based on the industry best practice)• China: Chinese Textile - Care Labeling Code Using Symbols• European Union: Textiles - Care Labeling Code Using Symbols• Japan: Care Labeling of Textile Goods• USA: Care Labeling of Textile Wearing Apparel and Certain Piece Goods as amended - 16 CFR 423"
  • "The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) enforces the Care Labeling Rule which requires manufacturers and importers to attach care instructions to garments. The FTC has information about other Rules relating to labeling textile products for fiber content, country of origin and manufacturer identity."
  • "Care labels can be crucial when consumers shop for clothing. Some look for the convenience of dry cleaning, while others prefer the economy of washable garments. This guide helps comply with the FTC’s Care Labeling Rule."
  • "Care labels are not mandatory in Switzerland; designating the material, origin and size of a particular item is also optional. "
  • "More than8 out of 10 Europeans consider that the textilecare label is useful. This proportion reaches 86 % in the Czech Republic, 85 % in Italy and 76 % in France."
  • "The vast majority of Europeans ( 70% ) follow the label’scare instructions. And an even higher proportion do so in Sweden (78%)"
  • "3 / 4 of Europeans never or rarely buy a garment withouta care label, and the same goes for 83 % of Britons and Germans."
  • "The new GMC Resolution No. 62 / 18 defines the man-datory labelling requirements for textile products. It aimsat harmonizing all existing regulations within M E R C O-SUR countries. All M E R C O S U R member countries ( Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Venezuela) were under the obligation to incorporate this resolu-tion into their legal system by June 15, 2019."
  • "All products which are defined as textile products according to the resolution and which are intended for sale – whether of national or foreign origin – will have to feature the following information on their permanent label: Care instructions"
  • "Most European countries, including Germanyand Austria,use the international care labelling code GINETEX.The European trademark GINETEX care labelling system is a voluntary service to the consumers offered by the textile and apparel industry."
  • "The table summarizes the labeling requirements in various countries. "
  • "There is no harmonized EU legislation on care labeling, although some EU member countries may require care labels on products sold in their markets. Nevertheless, care labeling is recommended as the manufacturer can be held liable under the EU Product Liability Directive if a problem occurs. "
  • "Care symbols generally used in the EU comply with ISO 3758 -Textiles -- Care labelling code using symbols standard, which is based on the care symbols developed by GINETEX. These symbols are registered as international trademarks by GINETEX and there may be a fee to use them in certain markets. "
  • "In accordance with the regulation on textile product labelling, care labelling is OPTIONAL in Slovenia. Since textile products in Slovenia are only required to state the fibre composition of the product, care labelling provides additional information and helps consumers care for their product."
  • "When solving a specific washing issue or when faced with symbols that they don't understand, 53% of respondents are curious about their meaning and automatically look them upon the Internet: 39% use a computer and 21% use their smartphone"
  • "However, the presence of the label is a real purchasing criterion since 80% of Europeans state that they would never or rarely buy a piece of clothing without a label."
  • "Care labeling is not required under EU law, but certain member countries, such as Austria, may require this labeling. However, the EU may find manufacturers liable for defective products under the Product Liability Directive of 1985 if they do not provide this information, so including care labeling with textile products sold in the European Union is highly recommended."
  • "Taking into account the views expressed by the range of industry participants, the low cost of administering the regulations, high rates of compliance, low complaint levels and the benefits derived by consumers, the continued care labelling of clothing and textiles is both desirable and justified."
  • "The adoption of a non-prescriptive, less complex care labelling requirement might facilitate compliance with the regulation but could also make enforcement of non compliance more difficult due to the ambiguities of the less prescriptive regulation. Providing industry with guidance on what labelling is considered acceptable may be more time consuming than currently, resulting in additional administration costs."
  • "Deregulation would mean the garment supply industry would not be required to provide labels at all, or if it chose to do so, would have a range of international labelling standards to choose from. Compliance costs would be eliminated. Deregulation could provide opportunities for more innovative behaviour in labelling, e.g. providing the information in such a way that does not detract from the appearance or comfort of a garment."
From Part 03
  • "Imagine you’ve just purchased a new jacket from your favorite brand. You put it on for the first time, and scan a tag embedded in the sleeve with your phone. A menu of options pops up. You can find information about the jacket’s design, how the brand selected only sustainable materials, and details on the exact factory where the product was made. You plug in your earphones and listen to a playlist the brand put together."
  • "Later in the week, you head to a party that the label is throwing to celebrate its latest collection, and the bouncer scans your RFID, (like the radio-frequency identification tags in key fobs or prepaid toll devices), which functions as your ticket. Somebody spills a drink on your new jacket – of course – so the next day, you throw it in the wash. It automatically communicates with your washing machine to select the right laundry setting. (Mark Bain,"
  • "These “chips” are usually physically flexible, and they are very small and easily hidden without making much of any alteration to the typical processes of clothing manufacture. As this photograph shows, the technology need not look any more exotic than the ubiquitous clothing label. In several of the tags shown in the photo below, there are embedded NFC devices. "
  • "The only stretchable NFC Tag, that can be sewn, ironed, bent and crumpled. Completely waterproof, resistant up to 150°C. Universal compatibility."
  • "This shows that not only are more people buying wearables, but more wearables implementing NFC are being made – wearables with NFC (especially watches and textiles) will soon become a staple item for consumers. NFC technology is already making an impact in the wearable industry as seen in some of the presentations at the conference. "
  • "Hierarchically, NFC is a subset of RFID. Like other wireless standards such as Bluetooth and WiFi, RFID uses radio waves to transmit information. RFID stands for Radio Frequency Identification and acts as an umbrella term for all types of contactless communication. "
  • "Technically, RFID operates at 3 distinct frequency range (see infographic). These frequency ranges allow generic RFID devices to be tailored to different use-cases, with each frequency having its own advantages. NFC, as a subset of RFID, operates within the High Frequency (HF) range of the RFID spectrum."
  • "But, what other types of information should be included on the labels of apparel made with smart textiles? And what kind of information should be included in the packaging that accompanies the garment —proper use guidelines, information on data collection and data sharing?If the garment tracks and transmits personally identifiable information, such as name, social security number or email address, about the consumer —what privacy safeguards are required?"
  • "In 2015, the FTC released its report captioned “The Internet of Things: Privacy and Security in a Connected World,” which addresses privacy concerns surrounding physical objects that are connected to the internet, including wearable technology. The report advocates certain best practices, including: security by design (building data security into a device at the outset); data minimization (collect the minimum amount of data needed), and applying the notion of notice to the consumer, followed by an opportunity for the consumer to consent, more effectively for devices that don’t have a screen by utilizing such mechanisms as a video tutorial, QR code, or consumer profile management portal."
  • "If a garment contains components which collect and share personal health information about the consumer with his or her health care provider, then the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act might apply. HIPAA establishes national standards, including administrative, technical and physical safeguards, to protect the privacy of individual medical records and other personalhealth care information and applies to health plans, health care clearinghouses, and those health care providers that conduct certain health care transactions electronically."
  • "1. Authentication & anti-counterfeiting. With NFC and mobile authentication services, consumers can be certain they’re buying genuine jewelry, watches, handbags, and other valuable products."
  • "2. Context-sensitive digital content. NFC can provide digital content and services related to wearables, based on real-time shopping needs, to motivate on-the-spot sales, or even information more directly related to the wearable. Recommendations for other items that complement the outfit or product can also create cross-selling opportunities."
  • "3. After-sales service. NFC can enhance the user experience eve after the purchase by tapping to a tag on a wearable. Access to customer care, exclusive brand applications, and tools are convenient to the customer, and even the store by providing personalized rewards that help foster brand loyalty and repurchases."
  • "4. Customer intelligence. By tapping a wearable like smart watch or bracelet to a piece of machinery at the gym, customers can become more informed about their workout seamlessly and more accurately."
  • "The only stretchable NFC Tag, that can be sewn, ironed, bent and crumpled. Completely waterproof, resistant up to 150°C. Universal compatibility."
  • "‘The apparel and garment sectors are two of the most forward‑looking when it comes to labeling,’ says Moir. ‘I expect to see the market increasingly adopt cloud and rapidly move to innovative new approaches such as RFID. In line with this, I anticipate that in the future all reticketing and retagging will be done on a smaller scale, closer to the customer: in store or in the distribution center processing online purchases. ‘That does not mean that traditional printing bureaus will die – some label printing jobs are on such a large scale that they will continue to be needed – but even these bureaus will over time need to adopt cloud labeling solutions. "
  • "Armor AXR TX thermal transfer textile ribbon is already able to print QR codes for its clients and the company currently investigates new options and technologies. It uses QR codes on its own products. ‘Even with the increased use of smart labels, printing identification and traceability data will remain a key challenge: it will always be necessary to provide readable (or scannable) data to consumers and to all members of the supply chain. For variable data, thermal transfer printing is one of the most efficient, simple and competitive technologies,’ says Hommel."
  • "This application offers new possibilities and opportunities to GINETEX members and their partners: not only do consumers get general information on textiles, but by scanning the QR code they obtain very specific information about the purchased textile product (care information, raw material composition, and origin)."
  • "1. Reduce Manual Laundry Sorting. With an RFID laundry management system, RFID tags are attached to each piece of laundry, and when the RFID tags move through the assembly line, an RFID reader sends an interrogating signal and reads the tags. When each tag is read, the software determines what type of textile is being read, and directs it to the proper area or machine."
  • "Companies currently using RFID to help eliminate manual sorting processes are able to decrease personnel on the sorting line considerably. Instead of employing people to read the barcode or identify the linens, the only 1-2 people are required to move the item to the next process in line."
  • "2. Provide Accurate Wash Count Records. The laundry wash cycle per garment is an important metric, as wash cycle analytics help predict the end-of-life date for the garment. Most linens or uniforms can only withstand a certain number of high powered wash cycles before they start to wear and fray. "
  • "3. Provide Visibility Into Inventory Quickly And Easily. Companies without visibility into their inventory cannot accurately plan for events, conduct efficient operations, or prevent lost and stolen items. If textiles are stolen, and the company does not conduct daily inventory counts, they many face potential delays in day-to-day operations due to inaccurate inventory."
  • "However, the idea of smartphones being able to read the huge number of RFID tags out there stimulated the NFC Forum to define their own NFC standards for this purpose, both for the protocol (NFC-V) and for the tags (Tag Type 5)."
  • "In order for RFID readers and NFC-enabled smartphones to communicate with the same tag, the NFC Forum defined a new class of NFC tags. So-called NFC Type 5 tags can be modified by a smartphone as long as it is in close proximity to the tag. "
  • "Mar 13, 2019— Textrace is now offering licensing for companies that wish to build RFID-enabled woven labels, while its partner and sister company, Jakob Müller AG, is making two new machines developed for creating the labels. The machines can be used to weave text into those labels, along with an integrated woven RFID antenna, and can also create non-RFID labels. "
  • "The labels operate with ICs provided by either Impinj or NXP Semiconductors, says Marc Höntsch, Textrace's commercial director. They can include 13.56 MHz NFC chips compliant with the ISO 14443 standard, he adds, so that the tags could respond not only to UHF readers, but also to NFC-enabled smartphones or tablets."
  • "NTAG 424 DNA sets a new standard in secure NFC and IoT applications. The new chip generation offers state-of-the-art features for security and privacy protection, on attack-resistant certified silicon."
  • "For brand owners in the retail sector, NFC is an ideal investment because it combines physical products with a secure digital application, and thereby creates an enhanced, better protected brand experience."
  • "And now, NFC just got another big boost. Apple recently announced that iOS 11 will support NFC tag reading on phones. That’s a game-changer for NFC, since all iPhone 7s and newer models will be able to read NFC tags just like Android devices. It means that most of the two billion people worldwide who own smartphones will also have an NFC reader to interact with NFC tags. As a result, NFC will enable many more consumer and brand-owner benefits."
  • "Some analysts are forecasting that, by 2021, 20% of all apparel in the developed world will be connected to the cloud. Vandagraf’s estimates are more conservative, but still quite bullish: they estimate that, by 2021, there will be 1.1 billion IoT-connected apparel items that can interact with mobile readers."
  • "Ordinary clothing washable labels only contain clothing washing and maintenance information, while NFC washable labels are a contact medium for clothing and consumers, clothing and enterprises, as well as consumers and enterprises. "