Techniques of Empowerment
Four techniques for making people feel empowered are imparting knowledge, providing support, helping employees see their mission, and giving authority.
- A study published in April 2017 discussed whether empowering elderly patients with COPD could result the patients being better able to live with and manage the disease. While the results of the study are not relevant to the request, the techniques used to empower the patients are.
- Giving information was one of the techniques used to empower study participants. The doctors and nurses used various techniques to ensure that the patients were learning, including educational aids, instructional pamphlets, and involving family members.
- The participants stated that education was a key factor for empowerment. This result was supported by previous research.
- In addition to the education provided by the medical staff, the participants also mentioned educating themselves using the internet, peers, mass media programs, and literature.
- This technique was further confirmed in a May 2017 that examined what breastfeeding mothers said they needed in order to feel empowered while breastfeeding. Knowledge of breastfeeding was one item women said was needed.
- The breastfeeding study cited above, also found that another technique for empowering women while breastfeeding was to provide support. The perception of receiving support was actually more important than the support given.
- The perception of support needed to come from three areas: health professionals, family and society.
- In the previously cited COPD study, support from family and medical professionals was also found to help people feel empowered.
Helping Employees See Their Purpose
- Multiple articles stated that ensuring employees know their purpose at work is a key to helping employees feel empowered.
- Companies need to not only communicate the corporate mission to employees, but also ensure that employees know how their particular job contributes to achieving the company vision.
- Employees need to be trained properly, given a complete list of what they are responsible for, and be given specific examples of how the work they do contributes to the company's bottom line or goals.
- When people feel they have the authority to make decisions and are not being micromanaged, it leads to feelings of empowerment.
- Authority can be given by assigning more challenging tasks, letting employees complete projects using their own strategies, and providing training to ensure they have the skills to be successful.
- By giving employees authority to complete jobs the way they see fit, innovation and creativity can flourish.
- A 2018 study on empowering women in Tanzania found that giving women decision-making authority contributed to increased feelings of empowerment.
To find studies that focused on techniques for helping people feel empowered, we utilized sources that were slightly older than 24 months. One study published in April 2017 was 30 months old, and another from May 2017 was 31 months old. Since the information from the studies was confirmed in more recent articles we found, we included them as still being relevant.