The key barriers to electric vehicle adoption in the United States include charging infrastructure, battery capacity/range anxiety, perceived cost, mindset, lack of variety, and lack of trusted sources of information on electric vehicles.
CHARGING INFRASTRUCTURE, BATTERY CAPACITY/RANGE ANXIETY
- There is a lack of comprehension and knowledge concerning available charging infrastructure, including how one can charge, when, and where (the store, office, home).
- As listed in a survey from Capgemini, about 83% of American respondents reported the charging station availability and anticipated battery life as additional leading concerns.
- Around 32% of Americans expressed uncertainty on whether to utilize rapid, fast, or slow charging for an electric vehicle.
- Also, more than two-thirds (84%) of Americans stated that “battery capacity/range” is a concern during the buying stage. This is often regarded as "range anxiety."
- Several people are unsure about the most suitable battery charging solution.
- Though individuals traveling in gas cars can enjoy lengthy journeys knowing that they will be able to swiftly refuel, electric car drivers have to study charging station locations and allot time to charge up.
- People list a lack of sufficient access to adequate charging stations as the third most challenging hurdle to buying an electric vehicle, while price and driving range precede it.
Comments on Twitter
- U-boat Captain
- @Dshep48Shepherd: "What if there is a line up at the charging station, can you afford to wait hours for a charge? Oh and given what you charge for upgrading to sufficient amps to have a charging station, you certainly are gouging every dollar and not promoting electric vehicles."
- Cllr. Kevin Stephens: @RedGlaws - "What we need is a very good public transport system to get people out of cars. A move to electric vehicles and adequate charging points infrastructure. Agree we need to tackle air pollution and educate people to not leave engines running when cars stationary."
LACK OF TRUSTED SOURCES FOR INFORMATION ON EV
- When most individuals are purchasing a brand-new vehicle, they typically do not reflect on electric cars, which may be a significant hurdle to the rate of adoption.
- People have driven vehicles in the same fashion for nearly a century. Hence, electric cars challenge society's existing standards and methods about how to utilize vehicles.
- Also, most individuals have yet to travel in an electric automobile, which adds to the concept that purchasing electric is not their concern.
- David Keith, an MIT Sloan professor, believes that as more individuals begin to notice more electric vehicles surrounding them, a social contagion will take place, boosting the volume of electric cars.
LACK OF VARIETY
- Though almost every automobile corporation is developing or currently has products in the electric vehicle sector, there remains a shortage of variety concerning the volume of available car models.
- The majority of electric vehicles are compact, midsize, or small. Therefore, unless consumers seeking SUVs or pickup trucks are willing to pay $80,000 for vehicles such as the Tesla Model X, they are basically out of luck.
- American consumers frequently purchase large vehicles. Since the year 2010, sales for SUVs and crossovers have more than doubled, while the “Big Three” automakers in the United States have become more tenacious regarding their offerings for high-margin pickup trucks. In the United States, there has been limited enthusiasm in electrifying massive, heavy-duty cars.
- Utility Austin Energy's Karl Popham, who serves as the manager of EVs and emerging technologies, stated, "In Texas, you need a truck. If you don’t have an electric truck, we’re gonna continue to not see the pace needed for real growth."
Our research began by checking for relevant information on media releases. Some media releases we observed were from The New York Times, Forbes, Gear Patrol, CNBC, Energy News Network, and NGTNews. We want to find mentions of the barriers in the United States. Using this strategy, we located information on some barriers. However, it was not apparent whether the barriers identified were significant.
Next, we expanded our search to include conference papers, government sites, and data from state departments. The intention was to obtain mentions of the barriers and challenges that municipalities have documented from consumers. We examined sites such as New York State Research and Development Authority, as well as education sites such as MIT, which contained conference papers. We analyzed various electric vehicle reports and studies from the site and identified details such as price and consumer mindset, among others, as barriers.
Next, we studied surveys related to barriers to electric vehicle adoption in the United States. Some reports we came across were published by credible sources such as McKinsey, Ipsos, CityLab, and Capgemini. We concentrated on results from the last two years that only concern the United States. With this strategy, we found some mentions of barriers.
To select the five primary barriers to electric vehicle adoption in the United States, we focused on common themes. We bookmarked the most popular ones for listing. We also considered the frequency in which they were mentioned. However, we were unable to determine the five principal barriers to electric vehicle adoption in New York State or the East Coast of the United States. The available information addressed the barriers in electric vehicle adoption in the United States in general.
Next, to find information on the primary barriers of electric vehicle adoption in New York State and East Coast, we explored media releases. Some sources we used included The New York Times, Pacific Standard, Gear Patrol, CNBC, Energy News Network, and NGTNews. Our goal was to observe a discussion of the barriers or challenges specific to these regions in relation to electric vehicle adoption. However, the information found was on buying guides, adoption targets of New York City, and the roll out pace. No information on the barriers to electric vehicle adoption in New York State and the East Coast of the U.S. was available.
Similar to before, we then expanded our search to include conference papers, government sites, and departments of New York City and the East Coast of the United States. We wanted to locate remarks on the barriers and the challenges that the areas have documented from consumers. Some sites we visited included New York State Research and Development Authority. We used the different electric vehicles reports and studies from the site, but the information contained only concerned the role of state public utility commissions in supporting EV utilization, along with an assessment of the energy, economic, and environmental impacts of EVs on the electric grid in New York State. However, there were no specific reports on the barriers to electric vehicle adoption, specifically in New York State and the East Coast.
Afterward, we attempted to triangulate data from various social media platforms, seeking to view consumer comments on the key barriers to electric vehicle adoption, specifically in New York State and the East Coast. We analyzed social media platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter, where we utilized Tweetdeck to filter specific tweets. Nevertheless, the comments were diverse and could not be noted as significant, as they lacked suitable statistics to support them. Nonetheless, we noted the remarks under the relevant themes.
Finally, we checked surveys related to the barriers to electric vehicle adoption, specifically in New York State, and then to the East Coast of the United States. However, for both the study target areas, we found no meaningful information. The studies we reviewed were mainly aggregated to the U.S. population as a whole.
Since we were only able to find limited information on social media comments, we opted to expand the search to electric vehicle adoption in the United States.