Electric Truck Charging Times

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Electric Trucks: Charging Time

Medium-duty trucks take between 1.8-8 hours to charge using AC charging and between 1-2 hours for DC charging.

CHARGING TYPE

  • Charging time for EV trucks depends on the battery's state (the amount of energy consumed) and the charger's power output. Level 1 chargers typically replenish 4-5 driving miles per hour of charging and usually recharge a fully depleted battery in about eight hours.
  • The faster level 2 chargers provide 15-25 driving miles per hour of charging and usually recharge long-range EV batteries to full capacity within eight hours.
  • Level 3/DC fast chargers deliver rapid charging of 50-170 miles per 30 minutes of charging.

TRUCK SIZE

  • Medium-duty EV trucks can take anywhere between 1.8 hours and 8 hours to charge using AC charging. With faster DC charging, medium-duty trucks may take between 1-2 hours to charge.
  • On the other hand, heavy-duty EV trucks can take between 10 hours and 12 hours to charge using AC charging. However, using DC charging, they typically take between 1-2 hours to charge.

TRUCK TYPE

TESLA CLASS 8
  • With battery capacities of 500 kWh and 900-1,100 kWh for the 300 and 500-600-mile versions of the Tesla Class 8 EV trucks, the typical charging time using Tesla's mega chargers is expected to be between 30 minutes to 1.1 hours.
  • The mega chargers are capable of charging at 1 kW per hour. As such, the 500 kWh battery capacity version would reach full charge after 30 minutes. Similarly, the 1,100 kWh version would charge for 1.1 hours.
BYD CLASS 8
  • The BYD Class 8 Day Cab, has a charging time of 14 hours for a 240V AC charging system and around two hours for a high-speed DC charging system.


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Covered Distance: Medium and Heavy-duty EV Trucks

Fully charged medium and heavy-duty trucks cover distances between the range of 120-370 km and 100-300 km, respectively.

DISTANCE COVERED

  • Fully charged medium-duty electric vehicle (EV) trucks typically cover distances between 120-370 km.
  • Medium duty EV trucks such as the Mitsubishi eCanter, BYD T7, and Freightliner eM2 106 cover distances of 120 km, 200 km, and 370 km, respectively.
  • On the other hand, heavy-duty rigid EV trucks cover distances between the range of 100-300 km.
  • Heavy-duty rigid EV trucks such as the Volvo FL Electric, Renault D Z.E., most EMS18, and Renault D WIDE Z.E. cover distances of 100-300 km, 300 km, 100-250 km, and 200 km, respectively.

TESLA CLASS 8 VERSUS BYD CLASS 8

  • The Tesla Semi and BYD T9 are both semitrailer class 8 EV trucks.
  • When fully charged, the Tesla class 8 EV truck covers distances between 480-800 km compared to the BYD class 8 EV truck, which only covers a distance of 200 km.

RESEARCH STRATEGY

To provide the distance covered by medium and heavy-duty trucks after full charge, we leveraged the data provided for at least three EV vehicle manufacturer categories to establish a range for the distances they cover. We also compared one Tesla EV class 8 truck model against a BYD class 8 model to provide insights into the miles covered by each one after being fully charged.

Sources
Sources