Education Spend and Numbers of Students 1
The number of students (primary and secondary) in the US and the annual budget of the US Department of Education between 2010 and 2019 have been provided in row 3 of the attached spreadsheet. These values have maintained an average upward trend, with the education budget and the number of elementary and secondary students both reaching $65.756 billion and 56.753 million respectively, in 2019.
Summary of the Findings
- The number of elementary and secondary students in the US increased from 56.189 million in 2015 to 56.753 million in 2019.
- The annual budget of the US Department of Education declined from $68.587 billion in 2015 to $65.756 billion in 2019.
- The number of elementary and secondary students in the US increased from 54.867 billion in 2010 to 55.888 million in 2014.
- The annual budget of the US Department of Education significantly rose from $46.686 billion in 2010 to $71.209 billion.
We've leveraged statistical data compiled by various government agencies of the US Department of Education to provide the annual education budget and the number of students, both from 2010 through 2019. In providing the annual education budget, we found that the budgets (budget authority) are usually categorized into mandatory (funds) budgets and discretionary appropriations. The mandatory budgets fund mandatory programs — such as the Vocational Rehabilitation State Grant and the TEACH Grant, (similar to the funding of Medicare and Medicaid) — as direct spending, which are already stipulated by law. The discretionary appropriations are the funds that contain the actual budgetary resources, are usually appropriated by the US congress, and are used to fund other department-related expenditures such as paying salaries. The majority of government press releases and media reports do publish the discretionary figures as the main budget of any department. Therefore, for this request, we've provided the discretionary appropriations of the US Department of Education for all the requested years.