Education Spend and Numbers of Students (17-20)

Part
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Part
01

Education Spend and Numbers of Students 17

In 2019, the Netherland government budgeted to spend €38.5 billion on education, culture, and science. As available, information on the education spend and student enrollment in the primary and secondary levels in Netherland have been entered into row 19 of the attached spreadsheet.

Annual Education Enrollment

  • According to data from UNESCO, the total education enrollment for both primary and secondary school levels in Netherland was 2,832,272 in 2017 (calculations below).
  • In 2010, the total enrollment in the country was 2,768,998 (calculations below).

Education Spend

  • According to data from the Netherland ministry of finance, the 2019 expenditure budget for the ministry of education, culture, and science was €38.5 billion.
  • In 2018, the budget was €35.4 billion.

Research Strategy

To provide data on the education spend and student enrollment in the primary and secondary levels in Netherland from 2010 to 2019, our first approach was to scour through the website of the ministry of finance and the ministry of education in the Netherland. While we found information on the 2018 and 2019 budget of the government published by the ministry of finance, data for other years, as well as information on student enrollment were not available. We also noticed that the ministry of education in the country is combined with the ministries of culture and science in the country. Therefore, the annual budget for this ministry is not specific to only education. We extended our search to include other independent organizations and third-party databases which identified data on the annual expenditure on education from 2010 to 2017 (2018 was estimated) in the country. In the course of our search, we found news articles that hinted that the annual education budget in Netherland is about €30 billion. Due to the unavailability of 2010 to 2017 data from government sources, we have provided the data from Statista as an alternative. Furthermore, we found data on the annual student enrollment for both primary and secondary school levels in Netherland. However, 2014, 2015, 2018, and 2019 data were not available after an exhaustive search through credible data banks such as The World Bank and UNESCO. Note that we converted the education budget on the spreadsheet from Euros to USD using the current rate at the time of this research.

Calculations

Annual enrollment: Primary + Secondary = Total enrollment

Part
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Part
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Education Spend and Numbers of Students 18

In 2019, the government of Saudi Arabia allocated $51,418,667,000 to education. In 2017, there were 6,205,998 students in primary and secondary institutions in Saudi Arabia. We have populated the attached spreadsheet with the requested information on Saudi Arabia.

Summary

Annual Education Budget from 2010 to 2019


Part
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Part
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Education Spend and Numbers of Students 19

As presented in the attached spreadsheet, this document presents data from the Government's Annual Education Budget and Number of Students in Turkey, between the years 2010 and 2019.

2019

  •  In 2019, the government's annual education budget in Turkey was $17,385,322,714.20 and the total number of students at primary and secondary levels was not available.

2018

  • In 2018, the government's annual education budget in Turkey was $14,130,445,947.30, with 14,964,350 students at the primary and secondary school.

2017

  • In 2017, the government's annual education budget in Turkey was $12,988,147,471.30, with 14,797,337 students at primary and secondary levels.

2016

  • In 2016, the government's annual education budget in Turkey was $11,658,881,665.40, with a total of 14,623,008 students at primary and secondary school.

2015

  • In 2015, the government's annual education budget in Turkey was $840,408,389.60, and had 14,505,642 students at primary and secondary school.

2014

  • In 2019, the government's annual education budget in Turkey was $11,989,308,140.00, with 14,617,751 students at primary and secondary school.

2013

  • In 2019, the government's annual education budget in Turkey was $7,255,342,568.15, with a total 10,995,094 students at primary and secondary school.

2012

  • In 2019, the government's annual education budget in Turkey was $5,982,433,261.18, with 10,589,533 students, at primary and secondary school.

2011

  • In 2019, the government's annual education budget in Turkey was $5,193,204,200.00, with a total of students of 15,735,587, at primary and secondary school.

2010

  • In 2019, the government's annual education budget in Turkey was $4,313,292,920.41, with 15,729,710 students at primary and secondary school.

Research Strategy

To address the request, our research team divided the research into two parts. First, the figures of the Government's Annual Education Budget in Turkey, between the years 2010 and 2019. To determine the data, the team searched for Turkish government websites, magazine reports and official reports from the country. The sites have been translated into English.

The original annual budget was presented in Turkish Lira. Our team used the day's quotation, where 1 Turkish Lira is equivalent to $0.15. All the government's annual education budget values found at the source were multiplied by 0.15, obtaining the values found in the spreadsheet.

The second part of the application, the research team searched for data that presented the number of students in Turkey, at the primary and secondary level. All information was collected from official reports, presented on the government website of the Turkish Ministry of National Education.

To obtain the total number of students, simple calculations were required. The data presented in government reports divide the number of students in primary school (public + private), lower secondary school (public + private) and upper secondary school (public + private). To define the total number, it was necessary to add these values, as shown in the example below.

The number of students in Turkey in 2018 is presented as follows:
5,267,378 students at primary school (public + private), 5,437,321 students at lower secondary school (public + private) and 4,259,657 students at upper secondary school (public + private).To determine the total value of students from primary and secondary schools, the team added the values, obtaining 5,267,378 + 5,437,321 + 4,259,657 = 14,964,350.
The same procedure was carried out on the values of "Student Numbers" for all years in the table.

In 2019, the number of primary and secondary school students is not available. This is due to the fact that the Ministry of National Education of Turkey presents the official report of the educational sector in the country every 2 years. The last report presented is the "2018-2019", and refers to the academic years of 2017 and 2018.
Part
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Part
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Education Spend and Numbers of Students 20

Please find attached spreadsheet complete with annual government education spend and pupil numbers for the country of Switzerland between 2010-2019.

SWITZERLAND EDUCATION STATISTICS

  • 2010 Pupil Numbers: 1,075,995 2010 Expenditure: $28,721,600,000
  • 2011 Pupil Numbers: 1,085,818 2011 Expenditure: $34,772,400,000
  • 2012 Pupil Numbers: 1,086,872 2012 Expenditure: $33,617,500,000
  • 2013 Pupil Numbers: 1,082,388 2013 Expenditure: $34,715,200,000
  • 2014 Pupil Numbers: 1,081,970 2014 Expenditure: $35,837,500,000
  • 2015 Pupil Numbers: 1,255,322 2015 Expenditure: $34,697,700,000
  • 2016 Pupil Numbers: 1,262,185 2016 Expenditure: $37,796,593,496
  • 2017 Pupil Numbers: 1,270,621 2017 Expenditure: $38,678,438,767
  • 2018 Pupil Numbers: 1,309,994 2018 Expenditure: $39,077,529,721
  • 2019 Pupil Numbers: 1,317,801 2019 Expenditure: N/A

RESEARCH STRATEGY

Information for all the categories and time periods was available except for the education budget/expenditure of the Swiss government in 2019. A review of academic, international non-governmental organization and economic research databases was explored to obtain the requested data but in many instances does not exist for this time period yet. The official publications website of the Swiss government was interrogated to obtain raw statistical data via accessing the french language section of the website and aid of a translation engine. However, the data obtained related only to costs of administrating the education department rather than true spend on the education system. An attempt to produce a triangulated education spend was made by comparing previous education spend as a proportion of GDP and aligning that with 2019 GDP, however, the allocation of budget in terms of GDP was inconsistent and could not be relied upon. Further research was carried out to find financial research reports containing forecasted education spend for the 2019 period however this search proved fruitless as such information does not appear to be in the public domain.
Between 2014-2015 the methodology for how Swiss authorities calculated pupil numbers and their categorization changed, this may explain the sudden growth in the overall figures presented and can be examined in the excel files quoted in the sources section.
Sources
Sources