Cities with No Septic Permits (Part 1)
Columbus City, Ohio does not require a permit for the installation of septic systems. Polk County, Texas and Butler Country, Missouri offer some exemptions for septic permits depending on the size of the residential lot.
Areas with No Septic System Permits
Columbus City, Ohio
- A comprehensive review of the website of Columbus City, the permits required for single-family residential construction, functions of the Environmental Division, and the Columbus City Code indicates that no permits for septic or on-site wastewater treatment system are required for new single-family residential construction in the city.
- The city is actively promoting its "Septic Tank Elimination Program (STEP)" due to the environmental threats of septic systems.
Areas with Expedited Permits
Polk County, North Carolina
- The Environmental Health Unit of the county's Division of Public Health is responsible for septic permits in Polk County. The septic permit or "Authorization to Construct" can be obtained by submitting an application along with a plat of the property and permit fees at the "Building/Zoning/Environmental Health Inspectors Office in person, by mail, or by fax."
- After the application is submitted, an Environmental Health Specialist will be assigned for site evaluation. A checklist will also be provided to the applicant to prepare for and expedite the evaluation process. After preparing the site as per the checklist, the applicant can schedule an appointment with the environmental health specialist.
- Alternatively, the county also offers "Engineered Option Permit" allowing applicants to consult with a privately-employed engineer to complete the septic system installation process. According to Thompson Environmental Consulting, this process is relatively fast and cost-effective.
- Homeowners and other applicants in all counties of South Carolina must obtain a permit for the installation of an on-site wastewater system from the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC).
- South Carolina DHEC offers three expedited permitting options for the installation of an on-site wastewater system.
- Applicants can hire the services of a Professional Soil Classifier as well as a Licensed Professional Engineer to evaluate their site and design a septic system as per the regulations. A list of these professionals and their contact information can be found here. With this option, the permitting process takes 1-5 business days.
- As an alternative, applicants can hire a Professional Soil Classifier for soil evaluation and submit the permit application along with the certified soil report and "DHEC form 3269 — Soil Report Verification" from the Professional Soil Classifier. With this option, the permitting process can be completed in 5-10 business days.
- A third option is to schedule an appointment with an OSWW inspector for the test pit evaluation. For this option, "applicants should supply the backhoe pits during the initial visit in areas where pits are requested frequently."
Areas with Permit Exemptions
Polk County, Texas
- Polk County, Texas offers an exemption for the installation of an on-site sewage facility (OSSF) for the first house on a "single deeded tract of land 10 acres or larger. However, applicants are still required to install a septic system that meets or exceeds minimum state standards and file a 10 Acre Exemption Form". A permit is mandatory for each additional house placed on that tract of land.
- For details, the Polk County Permit Department can be reached at (936) 327-6820 X 1 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Butler Country, Missouri
- Butler County, Missouri offers a relatively simple, cheap, and fast septic system permitting process. A permit is required before the construction or major repair of the sewage system of a single-family housing unit located on a lot less than 3 acres in size.
- Following Missouri's state laws and regulations, single-family houses that are located on 3 acres or larger lots are exempt from obtaining a permit for septic system in Butler County.
- Owners of less than 3-acre single-family housing lots can obtain the "Missouri Department of Health On-Site Sewage Disposal System Construction Permit" from the Butler County Health Department. This department also offers technical assistance for the permit process, upon request.
- The permit fee is $90. The permit application process usually takes a week.
- To obtain the permit, applicants submit the permit fee along with the completed permit application package and the soil morphology report to the Butler County Health Department. Soil morphology evaluations can only be performed by soil scientists registered with the Missouri Department of Health & Senior Services.
- All except a few difficult applications are processed at the Butler County Health Department. As soon as the permit fee is received, the Missouri Department of Health issues permit numbers to the County.
- The county's environmental public health specialists review the permit application packet and visit the site. If the application and site meet the Missouri Department of Health & Senior Services' standards, the Butler County Health Department issues the construction permit which remains valid for one year.
- The Butler County Health Department also performs a final site inspection after the septic system is installed.
- To get the permit, applicants can reach out to the Butler County Health Department at: