Diversity Questions

Part
01
of two
Part
01

Diversity Questions: Part 1

After conducting an in-depth search on diversity questions appropriate for China, India, Korea, and Japan, we established that Japan's diversity question arises from family and gender relations. An appropriate question for India would ask if the respondent has a place he last resided. A diversity question to ask about Korea would be how a person feels about unification.

CHINA

The diversity question for China arises from various factors that include gender, ethnicity, culture, sexual orientation, generations, and disability. Corporate China rarely discusses the topic of sexual orientation and gender identity. Most of the companies in China welcome people with disability to work for them, just like people with no disability. When it comes to the generation factor, older workers are required to support themselves. In most cases, you find that two elderly parents are supported by a single working child. The traditional Chinese businesses are growing and attracting employees from all cultures and provides the employees with great leadership opportunities.

An example of a question concerning diversity asked in an interview in China was how comfortable the employees were bringing themselves to work and speak up concerning D&I cultural issues without being punished. The respondent stated that he believed that challenging the cultural norms at the workplace would affect their employment negatively. He went further to say that the workplace promotes diversity of thought and debates. Another appropriate question would be to ask about one's ethnicity. The respondent can answer where they're Han, Buyi, Miao, Tujia, Man or any other.

INDIA

India's diversity question can arise from a place of birth, age, gender, nationality, classification, race, last residential place, work opportunities, or religion. An appropriate question would ask if the respondent has a place he last resided. The respondent can then answer if the place is within or outside of India. Another appropriate question from a survey would be asking if respondents are able to travel to their places of work. The respondents would then answer by telling if it is a one-way trip or basically gives the mode of transport.

JAPAN

Japan's diversity question arises from family and gender relations, premarital sex, having kids, marriage, political efficacy, and education levels. A suitable question from the survey would be like, what are your views on marriage? The respondent would answer something like 'marriage is not necessary', 'marriage is a matter of course', or 'I don't know'. Another question would ask a person's views on having children. The respondent can answer something like 'children is a matter of course', 'kids are not necessary', or 'I don't know'. Another appropriate question would ask a person's views on premarital sex. A respondent would answer something like 'unacceptable', 'OK if in love', 'allowed' or 'no response'.

KOREA

In Korea, the diversity question is in line with the various aspects of North Korea including the dissociative and associative behavior of the people. There is also the question of inclusivity and security. An example of an appropriate question would be, how does one think of North Korea? The respondent would answer with either one of us, brother, neighbor, enemy, or others. Another appropriate question from the survey would be, how a person feels about unification. The respondent would respond with either 'unification should come quickly', 'there's no need for unification', or 'there's no hurry for having unification'.
Part
02
of two
Part
02

Diversity Questions: Part 2

Diversity question are related to religion and gender in the Middle East (UAE), religion in Africa (Algeria), sexuality, ethnicity, and gender in Europe (UK), and religion and ethnicity in Latin America (Argentina).

MIDDLE EAST — uae

According to Naseba, the Women-in-Leadership Economic Forum, the appropriate diversity questions for Middle Eastern countries such as the UAE pertain to religion and gender. Following are some diversity questions from a survey conducted by Naseba in the UAE regarding the diversity in the workplace:

  • QUESTION: "How well does the following statement describe your organization: Workforce diversity (e.g., gender, race/ethnicity, age, religion, nationality) is a top priority for my organization."
  • ANSWER: "Extremely well, Very well, Somewhat well, Not too well, Not well at all, or Don’t know or can’t say"
  • QUESTION: "Women are well represented within management at my organization."
  • ANSWER: "Strongly agree, Agree, Neither agree/disagree, Disagree, Strongly disagree, Don’t know or can’t say"

A survey conducted by Middle Eastern Studies included diversity questions related to religion.

  • QUESTION: "If I asked you about your religion, what do you prefer your answer to be?"
  • ANSWER: "Muslim-Shia, Muslim-Sunni, Christian, Hindu, Muslim (not otherwise specified), Sikh, Ismaili, None, Other (Specify)"
  • QUESTION: "Thinking about what should change to make your country a better place to live, it will be a better society if religion and politics are separated."
  • ANSWER: " Agree strongly, Agree, Disagree, or Disagree strongly"

A survey conducted by the Pew Research Center included diversity questions related to religion.

  • QUESTION: "What is your present religion?"
  • ANSWER: "Jewish, Muslim, Christian, Druze, Another religion (specify), No religion (atheist, agnostic or no religion in particular), Messianic Jew/Jews for Jesus/Completed Jew, Don’t Know, Refused"

AFRICA — Algeria

The Sub-Saharan Africa Survey (SSAS) conducted by the Pew Research Center in sub-Saharan countries including Algeria presented diversity questions related to religion.

  • QUESTION: "What is your present religion, if any?"
  • ANSWER: "Christian, Muslim, Ancestral (tribal, animist, or other traditional African religion), Hindu, Buddhist, Bahai, Jewish, Atheist, Agnostic, Something else (specify), Nothing in particular, Don’t know, Refused"

A survey conducted by Tabah Future Initiatives in Algeria also presented diversity questions related to religion.

  • QUESTION: "How important is it to you that those you meet know that you are a Muslim?"
  • ANSWER: "Important, Not important"
  • QUESTION: " Do you have friends or acquaintances who are not Muslim?"
  • ANSWER: "Yes, No"
  • QUESTION: "If and when you have questions about your faith, how important is it that you get your questions answered?"
  • ANSWER: "Very important, Somewhat important, Somewhat unimportant, Not at all important"
  • QUESTION: "Do you think that skepticism about religion has increased among your generation?"
  • ANSWER: "Yes, No"

EUROPE — UK

A survey conducted by the UK government included diversity questions related to sexuality, ethnicity, and gender.

  • QUESTION: "Do you feel that you are:"
  • ANSWER: "A woman or girl, A man or boy, A trans woman or trans girl, A trans man or trans boy, Non-binary, Genderqueer, Agender, Gender fluid, I do not know, I do not want to say, Something else (specify)"
  • QUESTION: "Do you feel you are:"
  • ANSWER: "Bisexual, Gay or lesbian, Straight, I do not know, I do not want to say, Something else"
  • QUESTION: "What is your ethnic group?"
  • ANSWER: "White, Asian or Asian British, Black, African, Caribbean or Black British, More than one ethnic group, Something else, I do not want to say"
  • QUESTION: "How do you feel about being an LGBT person in the UK?"
  • ANSWER: "Very happy, Happy, OK, Sad, Very sad, I do not want to say"

LATIN AMERICA — Argentina

A survey conducted by the Inter-American Development Bank included diversity questions related to religion and ethnicity.

  • QUESTION: "To which ethnic group do you belong to?"
  • ANSWER: "Black/African, Creole, Maya Ketchi, Maya Mopan, Maya Yucatec, Garifuna, Caucasian or White, Chinese, East Indian, Mennonite, Mestizo, Spanish, Other (specify), Don't Know/Not Stated"
  • QUESTION: "What is your present religion, if any?"
  • ANSWER: "Roman Catholic, Protestant/Evangelical, Jehovah’s Witness, Mormon, Jewish, Something else (specify), Atheist, Agnostic, No religion in particular, Muslim, Just a Christian, Don’t know, Refused"
  • QUESTION: "If protestant, do you belong to:"
  • ANSWER: "Historical Protestant Church, Pentecostal Church, Another Protestant Church, Don’t know, Refused"
Sources
Sources

From Part 01
Quotes
  • "China’s cultural diversity is manifested through the wide spectrum of its people’s ethnicity, economic and educational background. With great disparity in economic development between urban and rural China and the enforcement of a ‘hukou’ system that denies non-residents of certain rights and opportunities, China faces some unique cultural issues"
Quotes
  • "A big part of D&I is ensuring employees feel comfortable bringing their authentic self to work and that they can speak up about D&I cultural issues without consequence."
Quotes
  • " Japanese views on sex are undergoing significant change. We have found that the share of people who find the notion that couples should wait to have sex until they are married (“unacceptable”) has decreased since its peak of nearly 60 percent in 1973. "
Quotes
  • "The questionnaire for the survey consisted of groups of questions designed to measure the two theoretical constructs examined in the present analysis (1) associative/dissociative behavior and (2) identity inclusivity (exclusivity) and identity security (insecurity) as well as ideological orientation. Also included were questions on demographic and other background information, including foreign travel experience and foreign language skill."
Quotes
  • "“How do you feel about unification,” respondents were given four possible answers: “Unification should come quickly;” The speed at which unification is pursued should be conditional;” “There is no need to pursue unification quickly;” and “There is no need for unification.”"