Distributed Energy Resource (DER) Device Adoption Rates
We searched through various credible sources trying to find information pertaining to the Distributed Energy Resource (DER) device adoption rates in Canada by type and by province. However, we could not find any relevant information on the topic. Below are our useful findings and detailed methodology on the topic.
- Electric Vehicles (EV) and EV chargers are considered as examples of Distributed Energy Resource (DER) devices.
EV ADOPTION RATE IN CANADA:
- By the end of September 2018, a total of 34,357 electric vehicles had been sold in Canada on a YTD basis, while for the full year 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, and 2017, the number of electric vehicles sold was 3,254, 5,356, 7,072, 11,023, and 19,236, respectively.
- Province-wise, out of these 34,357 EVS sold by Sep 2018 YTD, 15,307 were sold in Ontario alone. It represented [(15,307/34,357)*100] = 44.55% of the total EVs sold.
- Ranking at number two was Quebec, 11,767 EVs were sold there, which represented [(11,767/34,357)*100] = 34.25% of the total EVs sold.
- Ranking at number three was British Columbia, 6,305 EVs were sold there. It represented [(6305/34,357)*100] = 18.35% of the total EVs sold.
- The reason behind the high sales of EV in Ontario, as seen above, was because of the $14,000 CAD incentives provided in the province to purchase EVs.
EV CHARGING STATION:
- In Canada, there are a total number 5,841 charging stations available, out of which 5,168 are fast-charge capable.
- In order of penetration-density at a national level, there is at least one charging station on the road for every 100km in Canada.
- Solar PV units are examples of DER devices.
ADDITIONAL FINDINGS ON SOLAR PANEL ADOPTION:
- In terms of province-wise adoption rates of solar panels, the territory of Yukon now has more solar panel units in operation per capita than any other jurisdiction in Western Canada.
- As per the latest data available for 2017, in the two years between 2015 and 2017, 110 units were installed in Yukon.
- Two wind turbines in the Whitehorse area were also found to be producing enough energy to power about 150 homes.
- From a survey done among PV solar panel users in the British Columbia region, it was seen that the most common location of PV panels was on the roof (51%) followed by the fixed freestanding panels (30%), and on the wall (14%).
To find the information pertaining to the topic, we started our search by looking into the most relevant and credible primary sources of information concerning the deployment and consumption of energy in Canada, be it conventional sources or less-frequented sources such as Distributed Energy Resource (DER). The sources we went through include websites such as Independent Electricity System Operator, National Energy Board, Government of Canada, Canadian Nuclear Association, and provincial associations such as the Alberta Utilities Commission, among others. Although these sources had information on the production of energy from which DER devices are derived from such as Solar Energy, Biomass, Turbines, among others, they don't provide information on the use of devices such as EV or Panels at a per capita or per household or per territory/usage levels.
Next, we looked into sources which provide news on the usage data, such as the CBC or Candian Broadcasting Corporation, Toronto Star and Toronto Sun, Ottawa Citizen, and many more. Also, we looked into sources which provided numerical data on diverse aspects such as Statista. However, these sources only focus on the generation of power and capacity rather than providing data on the adoption rate. Since the research criteria specifically mention EV and Solar panels, we looked into the adoption rate of these two along with other DER devices such as natural gas turbines, micro turbines, wind turbines, biomass generators, fuel cells, tri-generation units, battery storage, among others. We could only find information, to some extent, on the adoption rate of EVs in sources such as Insideevs. However, no information was available relating to the other DER devices or end-user avenues.
Finally, we went through study reports or survey articles on the DER scenario with Canada as a constituent in sources such as those prepared by international agencies such as World Bank, UN, IMF, among others. However, none of them has data on the adoption rate.
Since the above strategies could not provide the required information, we deployed the following alternate strategies:
Alternate Data Points :
To triangulate the adoption rate of solar panels, we decided to find out unitary data on power produced by each panel, Solar power used by households province-wise, and the number of households with social panels in those provinces. We looked for data in sources such as Independent Electricity System Operator, National Energy Board, Statista, Trading Economics, among others. However, the data related to per capita consumption or per household consumption of solar power was not available. Data was available based on generation capacity. However, it was not proven that all solar power generated by a province was used by that province only. In view of these limitations, the data could not be triangulated.
To get total solar panel data province wise or similar data for other DER devices as mentioned in source 1 I looked into sources such as North American Energy Standards Board, North American Electric Reliability Corporation and North American Cooperation on Energy Information. However, province-wise granular data or even country wise granularity for Device adoption were not available.
To find out reports which might have the information, but must be paid for, we looked into market research reports on the DER Market of Canada in sources such as Markets and Markets, Marketwatch, Mordor Intelligence, Globe News Wire, PRNewswire, Businesswire, among others. Although, reports specific to the Canadian market are not available. A report titled 'Distributed Energy Resource Management Market 2019' seems fit for further exploration. The report contains information such as Solar PV, Energy Storage, Wind Energy, among others in North America and segments.
Broadening the criteria:
In the absence of required data for Canada, we broadened the scope for entire North America, however, the required adoption rate data could not be for this region as well.