Distributed Energy Resource (DER) Device Adoption Rates - Canada

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Distributed Energy Resource (DER) Device Adoption Rates

We searched through various credible sources trying to find information pertaining to the Distributed Energy Resource (DER) device adoption rates in Canada by type and by province. However, we could not find any relevant information on the topic. Below are our useful findings and detailed methodology on the topic.

USEFUL FINDINGS:

EV ADOPTION RATE IN CANADA:

  • By the end of September 2018, a total of 34,357 electric vehicles had been sold in Canada on a YTD basis, while for the full year 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, and 2017, the number of electric vehicles sold was 3,254, 5,356, 7,072, 11,023, and 19,236, respectively.
  • Province-wise, out of these 34,357 EVS sold by Sep 2018 YTD, 15,307 were sold in Ontario alone. It represented [(15,307/34,357)*100] = 44.55% of the total EVs sold.
  • Ranking at number two was Quebec, 11,767 EVs were sold there, which represented [(11,767/34,357)*100] = 34.25% of the total EVs sold.
  • Ranking at number three was British Columbia, 6,305 EVs were sold there. It represented [(6305/34,357)*100] = 18.35% of the total EVs sold.
  • The reason behind the high sales of EV in Ontario, as seen above, was because of the $14,000 CAD incentives provided in the province to purchase EVs.

EV CHARGING STATION:

SOLAR PANELS:

ADDITIONAL FINDINGS ON SOLAR PANEL ADOPTION:


RESEARCH STRATEGY:

To find the information pertaining to the topic, we started our search by looking into the most relevant and credible primary sources of information concerning the deployment and consumption of energy in Canada, be it conventional sources or less-frequented sources such as Distributed Energy Resource (DER). The sources we went through include websites such as Independent Electricity System Operator, National Energy Board, Government of Canada, Canadian Nuclear Association, and provincial associations such as the Alberta Utilities Commission, among others. Although these sources had information on the production of energy from which DER devices are derived from such as Solar Energy, Biomass, Turbines, among others, they don't provide information on the use of devices such as EV or Panels at a per capita or per household or per territory/usage levels.

Next, we looked into sources which provide news on the usage data, such as the CBC or Candian Broadcasting Corporation, Toronto Star and Toronto Sun, Ottawa Citizen, and many more. Also, we looked into sources which provided numerical data on diverse aspects such as Statista. However, these sources only focus on the generation of power and capacity rather than providing data on the adoption rate. Since the research criteria specifically mention EV and Solar panels, we looked into the adoption rate of these two along with other DER devices such as natural gas turbines, micro turbines, wind turbines, biomass generators, fuel cells, tri-generation units, battery storage, among others. We could only find information, to some extent, on the adoption rate of EVs in sources such as Insideevs. However, no information was available relating to the other DER devices or end-user avenues.

Finally, we went through study reports or survey articles on the DER scenario with Canada as a constituent in sources such as those prepared by international agencies such as World Bank, UN, IMF, among others. However, none of them has data on the adoption rate.

Since the above strategies could not provide the required information, we deployed the following alternate strategies:

Alternate Data Points :

To triangulate the adoption rate of solar panels, we decided to find out unitary data on power produced by each panel, Solar power used by households province-wise, and the number of households with social panels in those provinces. We looked for data in sources such as Independent Electricity System Operator, National Energy Board, Statista, Trading Economics, among others. However, the data related to per capita consumption or per household consumption of solar power was not available. Data was available based on generation capacity. However, it was not proven that all solar power generated by a province was used by that province only. In view of these limitations, the data could not be triangulated.

Credible Databases:

To get total solar panel data province wise or similar data for other DER devices as mentioned in source 1 I looked into sources such as North American Energy Standards Board, North American Electric Reliability Corporation and North American Cooperation on Energy Information. However, province-wise granular data or even country wise granularity for Device adoption were not available.

Paywalled Reports:

To find out reports which might have the information, but must be paid for, we looked into market research reports on the DER Market of Canada in sources such as Markets and Markets, Marketwatch, Mordor Intelligence, Globe News Wire, PRNewswire, Businesswire, among others. Although, reports specific to the Canadian market are not available. A report titled 'Distributed Energy Resource Management Market 2019' seems fit for further exploration. The report contains information such as Solar PV, Energy Storage, Wind Energy, among others in North America and segments.

Broadening the criteria:

In the absence of required data for Canada, we broadened the scope for entire North America, however, the required adoption rate data could not be for this region as well.

Sources
Sources

Quotes
  • "Common examples of DERs include rooftop solar PV units, natural gas turbines, microturbines, wind turbines, biomass generators, fuel cells, tri-generation units, battery storage, electric vehicles (EV) and EV chargers, and demand response applications. These separate elements work together to form distributed generation."
Quotes
  • "Nearly 35,000 plug-in electric vehicles have been sold in Canada by the end of September, an increase of 158% compared to this time last year."
  • "For Q3-2018, sales peaked at over 13,000 EVs, a 166% increase over Q3-2017. At current rates, Canada will see more electric vehicles (EVs) sold across the country in 2018 than the previous three years, combined."
  • "The electric portion of new passenger car sales has risen to 8.3% for all of Canada. The Tesla Model 3 has retained top-spot as the most-sold EV in Q3-2018"
Quotes
  • "Most sales of electric vehicles in Canada are happening in cities, where typical daily commutes are well within the range of all available models."
  • "In rural areas, it can be more challenging to convince skeptical drivers to go electric."
  • "But those sales — even with rapid growth — remain minuscule. In the United States, 50,000 EVs are sold each month, but that represents 2.1 per cent of all new vehicle sales. Canadian bought 35,000 EVs in the year to September 2018 and the market share is similarly small, though in jurisdictions with rebates the sales are considerably stronger."
Quotes
  • "August (2018) was one of the most successful months of plug-in electric car sales in Canada. According to latest registrations data with some dose of estimations, Green Car Reports says that 4,460 plug-in cars were sold last month, which is 245% more than a year ago at nearly 2.5% market share."
  • "Because the time to utilize $14,000 CAD incentives to purchase EVs in Ontario coming to an end (for cars ordered on or before July 11 the delivery need to be done by September 10) it could be one of the last such stellar months in the near term."
Quotes
  • "In Canada, 5,168 of the country’s 5,841 charging stations are fast-charge capable. "
  • "Canada Ranks ninth in terms of battery-run vehicles, with 22,330 battery-only EVs. "
  • "While 5,841 seems like a lot of stations, it’s one station for every four to five EVs. The number also means that there is fewer than one charging station for every 100km of road in Canada."
Quotes
  • "Canadian Adoption Solar power is a small but rapidly growing source of electricity for Canadians. In 2015, Canada had over 2 100 MW of installed solar capacity generating 3 TW.h annually. Although this represents only about 0.5% of national electricity generation, solar projects have been developing rapidly, with close to 2 000 MW of capacity added since 2013. Over 98% of Canada’s solar power generation capacity is located in Ontario."
Quotes
  • "This statistic displays the capacity of photovoltaic power in Canada as of December 31, 2017, by province. During this year, solar power capacity reached 42.27 megawatts in Alberta. As all the provincial and territorial governments now support net-metering or net-billing and as system costs have decreased, generation of solar energy is gradually approaching grid parity in Canada."
Quotes
  • "This statistic displays the capacity of photovoltaic power in Canada as of December 31, 2017, by province. During this year, solar power capacity reached 42.27 megawatts in Alberta. As all the provincial and territorial governments now support net-metering or net-billing and as system costs have decreased, generation of solar energy is gradually approaching grid parity in Canada."
Quotes
  • "Yukon now has more solar panel units in operation per capita than any other jurisdiction in Western Canada, according to Shane Andre, the director of the territorial government's energy branch."
  • "In the two years since the government allowed residential and business solar panel users to sell surplus power to Yukon Energy, Andre said almost 110 units have been installed. He said those units are generating close to the same amount of electricity as both wind turbines in Whitehorse were, when they were operating. The turbines were producing enough to power about 150 homes."
Quotes
  • "Average number of PV panels was five, with median 295 total Watts • Most common location of PV panels was on the roof (51%) followed by fixed free standing panels (30%) and on the wall (14%) • 40% had modified their PV systems since original installation. Most common changes were adding panels (18% of dwellings with PV) and adding batteries (9%). • In designing system, over 60% stated that they estimated energy consumption. • Median cost of PV system was $6,000. • 41% of respondents with PV systems would like a larger system or more panels. 42% stated it worked well."
Quotes
  • "Yukon is a territory found in the nation of Canada. Home to 35,400 people, it is the 12th largest division in Canada in terms of population. Yukon gained its current status as a territory in the year 1898. The government of Yukon is lead by Darrell Pasloski and is based in the territory capital of Whitehorse (Population: 23,272)."