Disability rates

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Disability rates

It is estimated that 10% of the world's population is affected by mental or neurological disorders and 20% of children and adolescents suffer from some type of mental disorder. The global prevalence of disabilities is 15% overall, with higher rates prevalent within developing countries. The mental and physical disability prevalence for 18 countries has been summarized in this spreadsheet.

METHODOLOGY

In instances where pre-compiled information was not available, the mental and physical disability prevalence has been calculated using the latest available disability and population statistics for each country. Since the total prevalence of disabilities as a percentage of each country's population was most often readily available, these figures were used to calculate the mental and physical disability rates using the number of disabled people identified in the previous research.

Since mental-health related statistics are under-reported in many countries due to social stigma, common mental disorders such as depression or anxiety, have been excluded wherever possible (as per data availability) to present a more comparable range of statistics across the 18 countries.

The Americas

  • Canada: the total disability prevalence was 13.7%, out of which an estimated 7% is suffering from mental illness. Hence, the physical/other disorder prevalence can be calculated to be 6.7% (13.7%-7%)
  • USA: 18.7% of people have some sort of disability, and 6.3% of them have a mental disability. Therefore, those with physical/other impairment will be 12.4% (18.7%-6.3%).
  • Mexico: 7.5% of the population, which is 9.17 million is disabled. Since 1.44 million people have a cognitive disability, we can calculate its prevalence among the total population as 1.2% (7.5/9.17*1.44). The remaining 6.3% can be taken as those that have physical/other disabilities (7.5%-1.2%).
  • Brazil: out of a population of 169.9 million, 2.8 million have a mental disability which is 1.6% (2.8/169.9*100). Since 23.9% have some sort of disability, those that have physical/other impairment will be 22.3%.

Europe

  • UK: out of the total population of 63.6 million in 2012, 5.3 million had a disability associated with mental health (manual dexterity/memory/learning). This is 8.3% of the total population (5.3/63.6*100). Since 20.7% have some sort of disability, the remaining 12.4% can be considered as those with physical/other disabilities.
  • France: the prevalence of mental disorders (12 months) in France is 18.2%, out of which 25%, that is 4.6% (18.2*25%) is considered serious. Since total disability prevalence is 11.1%, the remaining 6.5% (11.1-4.6) are those with physical/other disabilities.
  • Spain: the prevalence of mental disorders (12 months) in Spain is 9.6% out of which 25%, that is 2.4% (9.6*25%) is considered serious. Since total disability prevalence is 11.3%, the remaining 8.9% (11.3-2.4) are those with physical/other disabilities.
  • Germany: the prevalence of mental disorders (12 months) in Germany is 10.9% out of which 25%, that is 2.7% (10.9*25%) is considered serious. Since total disability prevalence is 16.9%, the remaining 14.2% (16.9-2.7) are those with physical/other disabilities.
  • Italy: the prevalence of mental disorders (12 months) in Italy is 8.7% out of which 25%, that is 2.2% (8.7*25%) is considered serious. Since total disability prevalence is 6.1%, the remaining 3.9% (6.1-2.2) are those with physical/other disabilities.
  • Russia: 13 million (9%) of the population is living with disabilities while 6 million of them have a mental illness. This equates to 4.2% (9/13*6) of the population being mentally disabled. Therefore, 4.8% (9-4.2) are people with physical/other disabilities.

Asia & Australia

  • China: 82.96 million are disabled in China which is 6.34% of the population. 11.68 million are intellectually or mentally disabled (5.54+6.14) accounting for 0.89% (6.34/82.96*11.68) of the population. The remaining 5.45% (6.34-0.89) are those with physical/other disabilities.
  • Japan: out of a population of 127 million, 2.5 million are mentally ill and 500,000 are considered mentally disabled, which is a prevalence of 2.4% (3/127*100). 3.5 million, which is 2.8% (3.5/127*100) of the population are physically disabled.
  • South Korea: In 2014 South Korea had 2.49 million with a mental or physical disability. Out of those people, 50% have a physical condition which amounts to 1.25 million (2.49*50%). In the same year, the country had a population of 50.7 million. This indicates that the prevalence of physical disabilities (and mental, with 50%) in South Korea is 2.5% (1.25/50.7*100).
  • Hong Kong: The total prevalence of mentally disabled individuals can be calculated as 2.1% of the population (1.28+0.74+0.04). Since 5.98% have some sort of disability, those that have physical/other disabilities can be calculated as 3.9% (5.98-2.1).
  • India: out of the total disabled population of 26.8 million in 2011, 9% had a mental disability (6%+3%) amounting to 2.4 million. This indicates that 24.4 million have physical/other disabilities (26.8-2.4). In 2011, India's population was 1.25 billion. Hence, the prevalence of mental disability can be calculated as 1.9% (2.4/125*100) which means that the remaining 19.5% (24.4/125*100) have physical/other disabilities.
  • Singapore: It is estimated that 3% of the people in Singapore are living with disabilities. Out of the total disabled population, half of them are considered to be disabled physically which indicates a prevalence of 1.5% (3*50%). The remaining 1.5% (3-1.5) have mental disabilities.
  • Australia: The disability prevalence in Australia is 18.3%. Out of this, 3% have a serious mental health disorder. Hence, the remaining 15.3% (18.3-3) can be considered as those with physical/other disabilities.


Sources
Sources

Quotes
  • "in 2003, 7% of the Canadian adult population was diagnosed with a mental illness, representing nearly 1.9 million people, and 6%, or 1.6 million people, was suffering from a non-diagnosed mental illness."
Quotes
  • "According to the new figures released by the Census Bureau on July 25, 2012, 56.7 million Americans (18.7% of the U.S. population) have some type of disability. 15.2 million (6.3%) have a cognitive, mental, or emotional impairment."
Quotes
  • "Designed to be a breakthrough toward guaranteeing rights for as many as 45 million people living in the country (23.9% of the Brazilian population)"
Quotes
  • "The estimated 12-month prevalence of any serious mental disorder was 3.3%, implying that about 25% o those respondents with a mental disorder could be classified as serious. "
Quotes
  • "According to official statistics, at least 13 million people with disabilities live in Russia, or approximately 9 percent of the population."
Quotes
  • "In its annual report, the Moscow-based Serbsky Institute for Social and Forensic Psychiatry says nearly 6 million Russians are currently registered as being affected by some type of mental illness."
Quotes
  • "The total population of people with disabilities reached 82.96 million, or 6.34% of the total Chinese population, which had a 1.44% increase comparing with 1987"
  • "By different disabilities, visual disabled persons accounted for 12.33 million, or 14.86%; hearing disabled 20.04 million, or 24.16%; speaking disabled 1.27 million or 1 .53 %; physically disabled 24.12 million, or 29.07%; intellectual disabled 5.54 million, or 6.68%; mental disabled 6.14 million, or 7.4%; multiple disabled 13.52 million, or 16.30 %"
Quotes
  • "Government statistics show that, out of a population of around 127 million, some 3.5 million are physically disabled, 2.5 million are mentally ill and 500,000 are mentally disabled. That's a total of around 6.5 million individuals."
Quotes
  • "South Korea ended 2014 with a population of 50,747,000 people"
Quotes
  • "As of 2014, South Korea had a total of 2.49 million people had mental and physical disabilities"
Quotes
  • "People with physical disability represent approximately 50% of the entire population with disability."
Quotes
  • "In Singapore, statistics regarding the population of persons with disabilities are not publicly available. According to NCSS, it is estimated that more than 110,000 Singaporeans have some form of disability.""
  • "It is estimated that the prevalence rate of persons with disability is about 3% of Singapore’s resident population."
Quotes
  • "Depending on definitions, an estimated 3% of Australian adults have severe disorders, judged according to the type of illness (diagnosis), intensity of symptoms, duration of illness (chronicity),and the degree of disability caused. This group represents approximately half a million Australians."
Quotes
  • "4.3 million Australians are estimated to have disability or 18.3% of the population. "
Quotes
  • "It is estimated that at least 10 percent of the world’s population is affected, and that 20 percent of children and adolescents suffer from some type of mental disorder."
Quotes
  • "One billion people, or 15% of the world’s population, experience some form of disability, and disability prevalence is higher for developing countries. One-fifth of the estimated global total, or between 110 million and 190 million people, experience significant disabilities."
Quotes
  • "Persons with sensory (blind and deaf) and physical disabilities would constitute half of the disability group. The remainder comprises those with Intellectual Disabilities and Autistic Spectrum Disorder."