Misinformation / DML Prevalence: Sweden
Even though Sweden is a fairly small European country, it has its share of misinformation and disinformation. Sweden has been fairly active in combating the spread of high profile misinformation and disinformation. The research findings have been included in the attached spreadsheet.
Prevalence/Awareness of Misinformation/Disinformation
- The Swedish government in association with news organization have funded a digital platform to provide the public with tools for identifying false news.
- Laws are in place to help uphold standards in the news industry. In addition, those in the news industry are voluntarily adhering to a set of ethical codes. For example, the Press Ombudsman and the Press Council are responsible for investigating any potential violation of the voluntary set of ethical codes. Members who are found to be guilty of not adhering to the set of ethical codes may be monetarily penalized.
- New teaching materials are being provided to educate students on methods for critically evaluating online news and images and identifying fake news.
Demand for Digital Media Literacy
- Internet trolls, online sites that are providing misinformation and/or disinformation through the usage of sensational stories, are popular with about ten percent of the Swedish population.
- Swedish media are combating fake news by implementing ethical procedures and/or spending money to make the public become aware of the possibility of misinformation.
Who Needs Digital Media Literacy
- The book "Alternative Facts — About Knowledge and Its Enemies" is being gifted to high school classrooms in an effort to educate students on identifying fake news.
- According to the author, "human knowledge to a large extent depends on trusting sources."
- Fake news about Sweden officially adopting cryptocurrencies have been circulating. However, as of 2018, no country has officially adopted cryptocurrencies as their official currencies.