Digital Media Literacy: Greece

Part
01
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Part
01

Misinformation / DML Prevalence: Greece

Seven examples of high profile misinformation events in Greece have been provided in the attached spreadsheet. Misinformation and the need for more digital media literacy was a main topic in the 2019 elections. Misinformation has led to Greece seeing a 20-year high in the number of measles cases.

Misinformation/Disinformation Events in Greece

  • In May 2019, the Greek government threatened to bring a Facebook fact checking issue to the EU Council.
  • In March 2019, a conference was held to discuss the Prespa Agreement and a decade long issue between Greece and Macedonia.
  • In 2019, ahead of the election MEP's focused on the critical issue of the spread of misinformation and the need to tackle it.
  • In July 2018, a survey conducted found that 26.8% of Greek school children had experienced cyberbulling.
  • Misinformation has led to Greece seeing a high incident rate of measles. 93% of vaccine narratives have been found to originate or be spread by Russian trolls or bots.
Part
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Part
02

DML Government Actions: Greece

The government of Greece is trying to prevent fake news and misinformation by constituting an online media registry, consulting with Google and Facebook to launch a public awareness campaign, and enacting laws against hate speech. The digital media literacy promotion undertaken by Greece is limited to primary and secondary school level interventions such as the Greek School Network and Photodentro/Educational Video project. Twelve most significant actions/decisions of the Greek government in the past five years to address misinformation and promote digital media literacy are listed and detailed below under the tab, “2 - DML Government Actions”, in the spreadsheet attached.

Greece: Notable Actions to Counter Misinformation

  • To counter the fake news campaign against the Prespa agreement between Greece and Macedonia, The government of Greece published the full text of the agreement on its official website soon after the agreement was signed. About 10% of the articles published between April 1, 2018, and March 15, 2019, in the Macedonian and Albanian languages, had contained misinformation.
  • The Greek government has warned Facebook against partnering with a shady Greek NGO, Ellinika Hoaxes, for its fact-checking program in Greece. The Greek deputy digital minister Lefteris Kretsos had stated that he would raise this issue in a meeting of the European Union Ministers.
  • Greece has constituted an online media registry in which websites have to compulsorily register if they are to get government advertisements. This is a measure to prevent the propagation of fake news.
  • The Greek government is consulting Google and Facebook to launch "a full-scaled, public awareness campaign" to tackle false news.
  • In 2015, Greece enacted a legislation against hate speech.

Greece: Notable Actions to Promote Digital Media Literacy

  • The Greek School Network is a network created by Greek government and connects students, educators, educational organizations and the government departments concerned on a digital platform, to enable collaborative learning.
  • The Greek government conducted a national survey on digital and media literacy in schools, which involved students, parents and teachers. The majority of the student and parent respondents of this survey said that they had awareness about digital media literacy but they wanted to learn more.
  • Photodentro/Educational Video is an ongoing Greek Educational Video Repository that presents short learning videos on a digital platform for primary and secondary school learning.
  • The Ministry of Digital Policy and the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs in Greece are responsible for monitoring digital and media literacy in the country.
  • In January 2016, Greece joined hands with Norway to implement 'Project ieWomen', a project to analyze and document the opportunities presented by Internet towards job creation for women, and developing digital media training programs based on that.
  • The Athens Digital Council has partnered with private agencies to work towards digital literacy and develop "civic technology".
  • The Greek State Radio and Television has a digital archive on the history of Greek media. It is a digital platform that helps viewers, listeners and readers to learn more about analog and digital media in Greece.

Research Strategy

A thorough investigation of online sources in public domain to identify 15 notable actions or decisions that the Greek government has taken over the past 5 years to respond to disinformation, with an express focus on digital media literacy produced only 12 valid results. We obtained these results by scouring several European Union reports on digital media literacy with a special focus on Greece, interviews of ministers of Greece who discuss fake news and digital media literacy, the government policy documents that deal with these topics and the reports on government initiatives to promote digital media literacy in schools. In order to find four more such actions/decisions, the research team searched the municipality websites of the major cities of Greece such as Athens, Larissa and Patras. However, these websites did not have any relevant information in them. The Facebook pages of the government of Greece as well as its main cities, including Athens and Larissa, also did not showcase any digital media literacy projects implemented by these administrations. We also tried to locate articles on fake news or misinformation or digital media literacy, on the websites of the major Greek newspapers such as Athens Times and Ekathimerini. Only one such article published by Ekathimerini was found to be relevant to this investigation and it was about the Greek State Radio and Television's existing digital archive on the history of Greek media.
Part
03
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Part
03

DML Players, Part 1: Greece

The key players in the digital media literacy space in Greece are Media Literacy Institute, Hellenic Audiovisual Institute, EKOME SA, ECREA, and Melde Project_European Commission.

Media Literacy Institute

  • Organization type — civil society.
  • Goal — Media Literacy Institute (MLI) is a non-profit organization founded in 2017 under Greek legislation. It aims to promote and disseminate the concepts of media and information literacy in Greece, Europe, and internationally.
MAIN ACTIVITIES:
  • We recognize communication professionals and especially journalists as carriers and moderators of information and the citizens as equal partners in the justification of reliable information. We consider that all play critical and equally important roles for the country’s prosperity and sound operation, for justice, mutual trust, and, ultimately, for people progress.
  • We believe that Media Literacy is a tool for modern societies to grow by empowering citizens to assess the function, content, value, and means of the media and of any “information source” that influences individual and collective decisions. We support media literate citizens to be vigilant of stereotypical narratives that frame their understanding of reality through bias and prejudice, paving the way for meaningful and critical evaluation of information and thus allowing for control of reliability, quality, intention, and purpose of information.
  • Target audience — Public.
  • Reach — International.
  • Active since 2017.

Hellenic Audiovisual Institute

  • Organization type — Academia.
  • Goal — The Hellenic Audiovisual Institute is the national research organization on audiovisual media in Greece. It is the main public service actor in the field of media literacy for children and youth, through the development of media literacy initiatives to protect, directly or indirectly, children and young people from their exposure to the media.
MAIN ACTIVITIES:
  • IOM is engaged in carrying out systematic research projects, mainly concerning the audiovisual media: radio, television, cinema, multimedia, and new technologies. In addition to its research capacities, however, the institute constitutes the national representative and coordinating body of Greece’s positions on European procedures and programs for the support of the audiovisual industry, such as the “Media Plus” program and the pan-European “European Audiovisual Laboratory.”
  • Target Audience — Teens or older students.
  • Reach — National.
  • Active since 1994.

EKOME SA

  • Organization type — Media Regulatory authorities.
  • Goal — The mission of the National Centre of Audiovisual Media and Communication — EKOME S.A. is to promote and foster public and private initiatives, foreign and domestic, in all sectors of the audiovisual industry. Its establishment is one of the most essential and innovative state policies, aiming to protect, support, and promote audiovisual media and communication in Greece, highlighting the domestic audiovisual sector as one of the economy’s key development components.
MAIN ACTIVITIES:
  • EKOME S.A. addresses modern challenges in the audiovisual market, mainly in audiovisual production but also in education, research, and digitization of archives. Within the three substantial areas of its strategic mission, EKOME is creating the proper infrastructure that will help boost entrepreneurship and attract foreign direct investments in the Greek audiovisual sector, is operating as a center for the creation of the national audiovisual and digital archives policy and is developing a framework for promoting the audiovisual education of citizens (Media and Information Literacy) in Greece.

ECREA

MAIN ACTIVITIES:

Melde Project_European Commission

MAIN ACTIVITIES:

Research Strategy

We started our research by looking for information from credible sources like media and information literacy site, and the United Nations Alliance of Civilizations site, among others. These sources provided the organization involved in digital media literacy space in Greece and have provided the information of the organization Media literacy institute, Hellenic Audiovisual Institute, and EKOME SA. Next, we checked if any organization is providing education programs, government law, or conference regarding the digital media literacy space in Greece. We found key players like ECREA and Melde Project_European Commission.


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Part
04

DML Players, Part 2: Greece

Digital media literacy has many active organizations and institutions in Greece. Five key players are Lifelong Learning Platform, Karpos, Athens Technology Center, SOMA, and Journalists about Journalism. The attributes of these key players are discussed in detail in the attached spreadsheet.

Lifelong Learning Platform

  • Organization Type — Civil Society
  • Goals — "The Lifelong Learning Platform promotes a Europe-wide cooperation among civil society organizations in order to voice citizens’ concerns on lifelong learning issues, and to propose concrete solutions, based on the expertise, competencies and experience of its networks, for lifelong learning to become a reality for all. By bringing together actors from all sectors and levels of education and training, the Platform contributes to an increased flexibility between systems."
  • Main Activities — "The LLLPlatform grounds its work on the inputs of its members. It has several working groups running and participates in civil society coalitions. It takes part in EU projects that support its political strategy in order to provide evidence and solutions to key educational challenges. LLLP also runs regular surveys and conducts researchers to develop its capacity to provide evidence-based solutions to policy-makers."
  • Target Audience — General Public
  • Reach — International
  • Active since 2015
  • Lifelong Learning Platform has a working group dedicated to digital and media literacy that meets twice a year. The group is based in Belgium but partners with Demokritios, Regional Directorate of Primary and Secondary Education of Crete and the Technological Education Institute of Crete in Greece.

Karpos

  • Organization Type — Civil Society
  • Goals — "We strongly believe that, in a society where images surround us, these tools can empower both young and adult citizens to participate in social transactions and bring forward their own alternative voices."
  • Main Activities — "Karpos develops local and European projects encouraging expression and the exchange of views and creative ideas through the use of media. We develop a site with freely accessible material for people who are interested in applying media literacy activities. Our activities, accessible in PDF files are described in a friendly, accessible manner with examples. We organize and run media workshops for youth groups in and outside schools in collaboration with teachers, libraries and parents."
  • Target Audience — General Public
  • Reach — International
  • Active since 2008
  • The group has directly trained over 3000 teachers and over 4500 students in digital literacy

Athens Technology Center

  • Goals — "We want to be a trusted and effective partner for companies and public organizations in their path towards Digitalization and Smart Enterprise Transformation. Within this scope, we leverage our innovation culture and our passion for quality, to achieve and maintain excellence, competence and expertise at an international level."
  • Main Activities — "For the last 30 years, we supply and manage the appropriate technology and resources to support the entrepreneurial spirit and profitable growth of medium and large sized companies and Government entities around the globe. We design, provide and enable novel, end to end IT solutions for all business functions, on time and on budget, both on premise and in the cloud, to help independent enterprises grow and compete. Throughout the last 3 decades, we have successfully delivered appropriately customized business IT solutions across at least 16 different industries in the US, the EU and Eastern Europe, the Middle East and North Africa. During the same period, we have also participated in major R&D projects worldwide. We have also been extremely successful in exploring niche markets for our territory, and timely exit them when they became mature enough, to ripe benefits optimally."
  • Target Audience — Professionals
  • Reach — National
  • Active since 2016
  • Digital media literacy activism through the support of conferences such as Digital Literacy Media Week in Athens and develops disinformation tools to help non-profit organizations increase their digital media literacy.

SOMA

  • Goals — "SOMA (Social Observatory for Disinformation and Social Media Analysis) has been launched to provide support to a European community that will jointly fight disinformation!"
  • Main Activities — "Its aim is to support experts in their work against disinformation providing them useful infrastructure and connections to a wide community to collaborate with. The members of the Observatory have the chance to exploit existing verification platforms along with new tools, algorithms and processes that will be gradually integrated and launched during the project’s duration. To initiate the operation of the observatory SOMA is making available a platform for collaborative verification, where all experts will be able to work together for carrying out investigations against disinformation"
  • Target Audience — Professionals
  • Reach — International
  • Active since 2018

Journalists About Journalism

  • Goals — "Our aim is to participate in the political, social and cultural advance of our country, utilizing our tools, within the context of our profession. We consider that information, communication in general and mass media especially are critical drivers to support the basic principles of democratic procedures and we advocate the right of universal access to reliable information."
  • Main Activities — "Participating in the development of investigative journalism in Greece through the promotion of important and/or award-winning research, providing relevant information, resources and means. We believe that this will inspire young journalists and will guide users to become more demanding in seeking information. Mobilizing readers to develop their skills to assess the news on domestic and international media in order to learn to investigate sources, arguments and intentions of the content they read in print and online information tools and to identify cases of potentially fake news. Investigating cases of disinformation, targeted content and propaganda and providing guidelines to readers to identify indications of related content in the media. Promoting media literacy, as the capability and skills of people to access, understand, analyze, evaluate and create on multiple and multimodal information and communication media. Advocating news literacy, by contributing to a framework of civil practice in assessing the role and function of modern mass media, as well as the methods to perceive, understand, evaluate, critically use and create messages. Participating and promoting code and ethical issues arising in the exercise of journalism and communication professions in general. Promoting the views of Greek and foreign journalists and researchers on any aspects related to both journalism and information and communication in general. Updating on the practice of journalism in Universities, international forums, journalistic organizations and conferences."
  • Target Audience — Professionals
  • Reach — National
  • Active since 2014
  • Hosts digital media literacy week annually in Greece

Research Strategy

To determine key players in the digital media literacy space, we performed extensive research using our trusted media sites and European databases. We also researched digital media literacy conferences and events in Greece to identify key partners in these events.



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Part
05

DML Initiatives, Part 1: Greece

Major initiatives in Greece around digital media literacy include EUforia, Animasyros Media Literacy Activities, and the Mythos Project. EUforia was started in 2015 while Animasyros Media Literacy Activities and the Mythos Project have been in operation since 2008 and 2011, respectively. Kindly refer to rows 5-7 in the “4 - DML Initiatives” tab of the attached spreadsheet for more information.

European Union films for Innovative Audience Development (EUforia)

  • EUforia was an initiated by the Greek Ministry of Education and executed by the Thessaloniki Cinema Museum.
  • It was launched in June 2015 and ended in November 2017.
  • The project was aimed at secondary school students in Greece as well as Poland and Hungary.
  • While there is no available website for the project, the EUforia Project Manager said that the goal of the project was to ensure critical thinking of the European film culture as well as to promote creativity and intercultural dialogue.
  • The initiative is different from the others because it is a cross-sector initiative that involved academia organizations, public authorities, and audio-visual providers. The project was also conducted in collaboration with a transnational network and covered diverse issues.
  • Participants noted that the time allowed for the pre-production stage was not enough for students to familiarize themselves with the research of a documentary.
  • The students and teachers who participated in the project said that they were impressed by the experience. Students were given the opportunity to share their customs and to express themselves creatively. EUforia also contributed to the cognitive development of the participating students.

Animasyros Media Literacy Activities

  • This project is an active/ongoing program launched in 2008 by Animasyros. The last event was held in June 2019.
  • It is part of the "International Animation Festival + Agora" and its aim is to promote intercultural dialogue and to foster creativity.
  • The initiative targets both children and adults. The initiative uses in-person (out of school) delivery model, i.e., disseminates its message through community tours.
  • The initiative is different from others because it ensures end-user engagement by combining media literacy activities with "screenings, tributes to international animation festivals, artists and studios, parties, and other parallel events."
  • The project's Facebook page has 16,551 followers. The project has also been running for 12 years now (2008-2019). The festival has also grown to be the biggest in Greece and one of the 20 biggest globally.
  • According to the founder, the only factor affecting the initiative is inadequate finances due to the effects of the financial crisis in Greece. Additionally, the "capital control measures imposed in July 2015 have brought up great unforeseen discrepancies for a truly international festival." If these constraints continue, the initiative might not survive.

The Mythos Project

  • The Mythos Project was started in 2011 and has been active ever since.
  • The project is targeted at children and young people. It is distributed via a combination of in-person (outside school) strategies and online tools.
  • The mode of delivery is what differentiates the project. The initiative begins with participants writing and shooting their scripts in live events in Pyrgos before the shorts are combined into a collective movie, which is then disseminated online.
  • According to the website, the project "wants to bring into the surface the fact that the true dimensions of the ‘’Greek problem’’ are international and timeless."
  • According to a report by the EU, "the Mythos Project is the longest running multinational film workshop on youth audiovisual creation in Europe." Since its inception, 400 young people from 16 countries have participated in the production of 55 shorts films, most of which have been screened in international festivals (special screenings) and have received positive reviews.
  • No potential pitfalls have been established. The program's reach would have been limited if the production had been concentrated in Pyrgos alone. However, distributing the materials online ensure that they have a much broader reach.

RESEARCH STRATEGY

The research team found a compilation of the most significant projects in Greece in a report commissioned by the EU. We then established the initiaves from the past five years (2015 to 2019) and provided the required information in the attached spreadsheet. Notably, one of the initiative was started in 2015 and the other two were started earlier but have been in operation until 2019. There was no information on the pitfalls for the third initiative and, therefore, we made an analysis based on the available information. The first two initiatives did not have dedicated websites and we had to rely on the websites and social media pages for the responsible organizations, as well as sentiments from the founders or top executives.
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Part
06

DML Initiatives, Part 2: Greece

Major initiatives in Greece around digital media literacy include Bookmarks - No Hate Speech Online and The Greek Media Literacy Week. Kindly refer to rows 8-9 in the “4 - DML Initiatives” tab of the attached spreadsheet for more information.

Bookmarks - No Hate Speech Online

  • Simply referred to as Bookmarks, this initiative was completed in 2016 by the "We are all Citizens" NGO.
  • The civil society translated and modified the report to support the Council of Europe’s "No Hate Speech Movement."
  • The resource was aimed at teenagers aged between 13 and 18 years; although, the content could be modified to suit other demographics.
  • The Bookmark manual is available as an online resource and its main aim is to promote civic engagement.
  • The manual is seen as a useful resource for addressing online hate speech and promoting tolerance among online communities.
  • It was approved by the Greek Ministry of Education for use in both primary and secondary schools. Therefore, it has the potential of reaching the widest audience of all five initiatives considering that it is integrated into the school curricula.
  • This is the only initiative in the list that provided resources to be implemented into the curriculum of teenage students in Greece.
  • The initiative did not base its research primarily on Greece but instead provided its insights based on data from several other countries in the EU-28. Therefore, it may not be able to fully address the concerns or challenges that are specific to Greece.

The Greek Media Literacy Week

  • The initiative was started in December 2017 through a collaborating between the Media Literacy Institute (a civil society) and organizations in academia, audio-visual providers, and government entities.
  • The campaign takes place annually since its launch in 2017 and receives radio spots in several radio stations around Greece including Athens 9.84 and Fm 100, as well as television networks including TV 100.
  • The main goal of the event is to promote awareness on media use in the fight against disinformation. It targets the general public.
  • The campaign leverages several distribution channels combining online platforms such as blogs and traditional media such as radio and television. Unlike other featured events, this is the only one that relied heavily on traditional media as a distribution channel. It is also the only one that provides information on media use and how to identify fake news in online content.
  • While this initiative managed to pass its message via traditional media, it failed to achieve significant success in online platforms; a review of the videos posted on YouTube and its social media posts shows that the event has not yet established a noteworthy online following. This might work against the event in the current digital age.

RESEARCH STRATEGY

The research team found a compilation of the most significant projects in Greece in a report commissioned by the EU. We then identified 'Bookmarks - No Hate Speech Online' as an initiative from the past five years (2015 to 2019) with sufficient information to provide the required data. While pages 196 and 197 of the report provide 20 initiatives, we have only provided information on four (three in the first part of the initiatives request and one in the second part) because we could not find sufficient data to build case studies for the rest. There was no information on the pitfalls for both initiatives and, therefore, we made analyses based on the available information. Notably, for the first initiative, we could not determine the month that it was implemented.
Part
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Part
07

The Future of DML, Part 1: Greece

Five opinion pieces / online commentary around the future of digital media literacy in Greece have been compiled in the attached spreadsheet. The research findings were collected from a national report on "Digital Media Literacy for Active Citizenship", expert opinion by Sissy Alonistiotou, and an expert opinion by Sofia Papadimitriou.

OPINION PIECES AND ONLINE COMMENTARY AROUND THE FUTURE OF DIGITAL MEDIA LITERACY IN GREECE

  • "Digital Media Literacy for Active Citizenship — National Report — Greece" is a national survey report by DIMELI4AC, published in April 2019. The report suggests the need to improve DML (Digital Media Literacy) on the school level in Greece.
  • As per the "National Report on Digital Media Literacy for Active Citizenship", at user level, there is a "need to train school leaders, teachers how to critically use digital media, map the administrative and legal responsibilities, find a way to reach school leaders and convince them of the need to establish policies for the safe, legal and ethical use of digital information and technology within the class environment, including guidelines for responsible use and digital citizenship."
  • The "National Report on Digital Media Literacy for Active Citizenship", further suggests that at policy level, "the curriculum should be redesigned and updated so that it reflects the needs of our digital era and thus be oriented towards a rationale of critical thinking other that knowledge abundance; currently both teachers and students are overloaded and extremely pressured to complete what is needed, for the university entrance exams; schools are almost solely related to this hyper target;"
  • In an interview with Sissy Alonistiotou, an experienced journalist, an expert on issues related to media and news literacy, and the head of the Media Literacy Institute, she admitted that in terms of news quality and media literacy, Greece has to face specific issues in present as well as in the future.
  • According to Sissy Alonistiotou, "if in liberal Western democracies the need for the public’s education on critical thinking, on ways of decoding digital media messages in general and media messages in particular, on the correct / critical perception of news and the handling of misinformation poses a creative challenge, then for Greece the training of journalists themselves is a challenge. The discrediting of all those involved in journalism, rightly or wrongly, creates a sense of a dystopian present and, unfortunately, of a dystopian future."



Part
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Part
08

The Future of DML, Part 2: Greece

One insight around the future of digital media literacy in Greece has been provided in the attached spreadsheet.

Future of Digital Media Literacy in Greece

  • According to the Centre, 55% of Greeks believe they are exposed to fake news daily. 74% believe they encounter fake news every day. The high figures suggest there is a lot of distrust in the digital news. An awareness campaign was conducted in March 2019 for school children and parents.

Research Strategy

We began our research looking for research papers, we hoped that this strategy would provide opinions from thought leaders in the area of digital media literacy in Greece. Unfortunately, we were unable to find any additional academic articles on the future of digital media literacy. We changed direction and searched for news articles and interviews, while we were able to find articles on digital media literacy in Greece we were unable to find opinions or commentary that was relevant. Finally, we searched for conferences and key speakers concerning digital media literacy. While we were able to identify conferences, we were unable to connect the key speakers with any opinions of digital media literacy.
Sources
Sources

From Part 01
From Part 02
Quotes
  • "The basic form of media manipulation was the “incomplete reporting”, meaning deliberately not informing the public about the key fact that the official website of the Government shortly after the signing, had published the official text of the agreement”, said Minister Manchevski."
Quotes
  • "The questionnaire focused in a brief, but yet detailed manner on several parameters of digital and media literacy, exploring whether students are familiarized with these subject areas, and if they would be interested in a more profound learning. The majority replied that they are very familiar both with digital and media literacy, however they would be interested in learning more"
Quotes
  • "Photodentro/Educational Video is the Greek Educational Video Repository for primary and secondary education. It has been designed and developed by CTI Diophantus in the framework of "Digital School" in order to host collections of curriculum related short-length videos that can be used in the learning process. It is open to all, students, teachers, parents, as well as anybody else interested. "
Quotes
  • "The Greek government has lashed out against Facebook, after the social media platform decided to partner with a “controversial” fact-checker in the country. Athens says it is now prepared to raise the issue at an EU level, unless it gets satisfactory answers. As part of its third-party fact-checking programme, Facebook announced on 2 May it would expand the programme in Greece to include the non-profit organisation Ellinika Hoaxes. "
Quotes
  • "the Ministry of Digital Policy (mainly through the Secretariat General for Media & Communication), and the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs (from now on Ministry of Education), mainly through the Educational Radiotelevision Department have taken on the role of monitoring digital and media literacy in Greece."
Quotes
  • "We have already proceeded to set up the online media registry.For the first time, transparent and structured accountability is attempted, as suspicious or blurred ownership status websites are excluded from state advertising. So far, more than thousand sites have been registered to the emedia.media.gov.gr. "
  • "We are already in talks with Google and Facebook, and our country will be the second on in EU, after Italy, where a full-scaled, public awareness campaign will be launched to address false news. "
Quotes
  • "It makes a criminal offence the public incitement-either orally or through the press or Internet- to violence, or hatred, or any other act of discrimination against a person or a group of persons which can be identified in reference to race, color, religion, genealogical origins, national or ethnic origin, sexual orientation, gender identity or disability in a way that endangers the public order or contains a threat for the life, the freedom, or the bodily integrity of the above-mentioned persons."
Quotes
  • "In January 2016, a consortium of five partners from Greece and Norway started the project ieWomen to research the benefits of ICT skills for the employability and entrepreneurship of women. It focuses on investigation, analysis and documentation of the possibilities offered by the Internet, social networks and other communication technologies to reduce labour inequalities and promote new opportunities for entrepreneurship and employment for women of all ages."
Quotes
  • "Greek State Radio and Television (ERT) launched its digital archive on the Internet just before Christmas, providing Greek web-surfers with free access to 500 hours of video, 250 hours of films, 1,136 programs, and 5,000 photographs and sound recordings - an audiovisual treasure-house. "