The California population is expected to have up to 44.1 million people with immigration being a major contributing factor. This population will be mainly filled with aging people, who will increase enrollment for insurance cover especially the Med-Cal cover, and immigrants who increase on enrollment for medical covers relies on the government maintaining its immigration policies.
EFFECTS OF CALIFORNIA DEMOGRAPHICS ON HEALTH INSURANCE
- California is expected to gain new residents in tunes of millions in the next two decades. This increase will consequently cause an expanding demand on infrastructure and public service of which health is included.
- California is expected to have a population of up to 44.1 million by 2030.
- The number of aging adults, that is 65 years and above, is expected to grow to 8.6 million by 2030, making 19% of the population.
- The fast-growing number of senior citizens in California will create challenges in meeting their medical needs. Medi-Cal expenditure on adults above 50 years of age is very expensive which will push for an alternative to nursing homes which generate much of the expenses.
- The ever-increasing number of the aging population will cause California residents to lack in terms of quality and affordable health care.
- The growing aging population would reduce uptake of individual insurance covers but rather increase uptake of Medi-Cal.
- The fast-growing, aging, and diverse population of California is putting a stretch on California's health workforce with a shortage of workers to take care of this population.
- California is increasingly becoming diverse. It is estimated that people of color will make the majority of the population of California by 2030. This will lead to the need for diversity applied in the training and hiring process of health providers since more than 7 million Californians have limited English proficiency.
- Immigrants are expected to compose 27% of California population by 2030.
- An estimated 1.5 million undocumented immigrants are expected to lack insurance in 2020.
- There is a possible increase in the number of enrollments, until 2020, among the undocumented immigrants if the government maintains its federal immigration policies. This enrollment is, however, expected to drop due to an expected increase in the minimum wage which will mean all enrolled adults are automatically shifted to full-scope Medi-Cal.
We initially did research on the expected demographic changes in California between 2029 and 2030. There are no articles categorically defining these changes between 2029 and 2030 but instead defines the demographic changes up to 2030 which still fall within the scope. We found aging and immigration as the two factors that would influence these changes. We then researched the effects of these two factors of change on health insurance coverage and insurance uptake.