Commercial Truck Fuel Consumption
The EIA database does not contain relevant data specific to the state of California. In 2019, trucks in the United States consumed 40.57 billion gallons of diesel, 9.48 billion gallons of gasoline, and 3.39 million kWh of electricity.
UNITED STATES TRUCK FUEL CONSUMPTION AND GROWTH
2018 Energy Consumption by Fuel Type
- Diesel : 5440.8164 trillion Btu
- Electric : 0.485918 trillion Btu
- Gasoline : 1139.786683 trillion Btu
- Natural Gas: 43.160507 trillion Btu
- Hydrogen: 0.241363 trillion Btu
- Propane: 1.817389 trillion Btu
2018 Consumption Volume by Fuel Type
- Diesel : 39.60 billion gallons
- Electric: 142.41 million kWh
- Gasoline: 9.47 billion gallons
- Natural Gas: 4.68 million cu.ft.
- Hydrogen : 41.66 billion lbs.
- Propane : 19.90 million gallons
2019 Energy Consumption by Fuel Type
- Diesel : 5574.0936 trillion Btu
- Electric : 0.011563 trillion Btu
- Gasoline : 1140.155349 trillion Btu
- Natural Gas: 56.166908 trillion Btu
- Hydrogen: 0.024469 trillion Btu
- Propane: 2.141563 trillion Btu
2019 Consumption Volume by Fuel Type
- Diesel : 40.57 billion gallons
- Electric: 3.39 million kWh
- Gasoline: 9.48 billion gallons
- Natural Gas: 0.47 million cu.ft.
- Hydrogen : 54.21 billion lbs.
- Propane : 23.45 million gallons
Growth Rate in Truck Fuel Consumption (2019-2050)
- Diesel : -0.11%
- Electric : 21.1%
- Gasoline : 1.09%
- Hydrogen : 18.92%
- Natural Gas : 3.5%
- Propane : 4.1%
Energy to volume conversion multiples:
- Electricity: 1 kilowatt-hour = 3,412 Btu
- Natural gas: 1 cubic foot = 1,036 Btu
- Motor gasoline: 1 gallon = 120,333 Btu
- Diesel fuel: 1 gallon = 137,381 Btu
- Propane: 1 gallon = 91,333 Btu
- Hydrogen: 1 lb. = 51,585 Btu
The national level "Transportation Sector Energy Use by Fuel Type Within a Mode" (Table 36.) data was downloaded and then statistics relevant to commercial trucks were copied into the attached spreadsheet. A pivot was run to total "commercial light trucks" energy consumption and "freight trucks" energy consumption and the figures were then converted to volume or weight units using the aforementioned conversion factors.
The 2019-2050 data was extracted from "Annual Energy Outlook 2020" and the 2018 data was extracted from "Annual Energy Outlook 2019". There are a few possible errors in the data provided by the EIA; for example, electric energy consumption in 2019 is a tiny fraction of the 2018 electric energy consumption (this indicates de-electrification with time, therefore, it is mostly incorrect).
UNITED STATES TRUCK FUEL CONSUMPTION BY SECTOR
- The EIA does not provide the truck fuel consumption breakdown by sector. However, we have triangulated a sectoral breakdown of the top-500-private-CV-fleets in the attached spreadsheet and also summarized the same below
- "Business or Home Services": 15.15%
- Concrete: 1.28%
- Construction: 9.91%
- Food Products: 18.25%
- Manufacturing/Processing: 5.66%
- Petroleum/Gases: 14.71%
- Retail/Wholesale: 12.29%
- Sanitation: 6.68%
- "Utilities & Like Services": 16.06%
- Triangulating the fuel consumption on the basis of the sectoral breakdown of privately-operated-fleet is not possible as the fuel consumption will depend on GVW of the vehicle, age, mileage, and distance run (and we don't have further data).
UNITED STATES ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY SECTOR
- The sectoral energy consumption in the United States by fuel type has been provided in the attached spreadsheet and summarized below.
- Residential: 21.13739 quads
- Commercial: 18.26748 quads
- Industrial: 32.305 quads
- Transportation: 28.09901 quads
- Unspecified sector: 0.319801 quads
- Residential: 20.97058 quads
- Commercial: 18.22462 quads
- Industrial: 32.5325 quads
- Transportation: 28.19783 quads
- Unspecified sector: 0.070376 quads
CALIFORNIA TRUCK FUEL CONSUMPTION AND GROWTH
The EIA provides national-level commercial truck fuel energy consumption data. However, it does not provide similar regional-level data for the state of California; sectoral energy consumption data for the Pacific was available, but nothing specific to commercial vehicles was provided. We also searched the EIA (using filters) for California and West Coast-specific reports published since 2018 and found five such reports/ articles. The reports were largely pertaining to gasoline fuel prices in California.
PACIFIC REGION ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY SECTOR
- The data on energy consumption by sector (not specific to commercial vehicles) for the Pacific region--comprising Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, Washington --has been provided in the attached spreadsheet and the breakdown of the transportation sector (also includes modes other than the road) by energy source has been provided below.
- Propane: 0.001909 quads
- Motor Gasoline: 2.370237 quads
- of which: E85: 0.0088 quads
- Jet Fuel: 0.87951 quads
- Distillate Fuel Oil: 0.771785 quads
- Residual Fuel Oil: 0.272046 quads
- Other Petroleum: 0.025838 quads
- Petroleum and Other Liquids Subtotal: 4.321325 quads
- Pipeline and Distribution Fuel Natural Gas: 0.043071 quads
- Compressed / Liquefied Natural Gas: 0.02133 quads
- Hydrogen: 0.000192 quads
- Electricity: 0.009911 quads
- Propane: 0.00187 quads
- Motor Gasoline: 2.369842 quads
- of which: E85: 0.002713 quads
- Jet Fuel: 0.880045 quads
- Distillate Fuel Oil: 0.808375 quads
- Residual Fuel Oil: 0.21701 quads
- Other Petroleum: 0.025433 quads
- Petroleum and Other Liquids Subtotal: 4.302575 quads
- Pipeline and Distribution Fuel Natural Gas: 0.044201 quads
- Compressed / Liquefied Natural Gas: 0.025382 quads
- Hydrogen: 0.000099 quads
- Electricity: 0.010625 quads
GROWTH OF ELECTRIC VEHICLES IN CALIFORNIA
- Southern California Edison plans to achieve 100% decarbonization by 2045 by supplying 100% carbon-free electricity to retail consumers, electrify vehicles and buildings, and building "low-carbon fuels for technologies that are not viable for electrification".
- To achieve its target, three in four light-duty vehicles, two in three medium-duty vehicles, and one in three heavy-duty vehicles will have to be electric vehicles by 2045.
- The electrification of vehicles will require "nearly 130 terawatt-hours (TWh) of power and will represent over a third of California's grid load.
- "Southern California Edison and the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) will spend up to $343 million and $236 million, respectively", to develop electric vehicle charging infrastructure for MHCVs at roughly 1,500 locations in California.
- "The U.S. electric trucks market" is expected to grow at over 40% rate between 2017 and 2025.
As the EIA has not provided the required statistics for the state of California, we searched the California Energy Commission website and the California Environmental Protection Agency website for any relevant data. Additionally, we looked in reports on electric vehicle adoption plans; however, we did not meet with any success and could only find bits and pieces of qualitative information specific to EVs. Data for the Pacific region and decarbonization-related information have been provided as potentially useful information.