Commercial & Industrial Water Quality Measurement
The water quality measurement industry is one of the most vital industries that a number of other industries depend on due to the importance of water in many industrial applications. An account of the current technological trends and key players in the global water quality measurement market is given below.
Trend 1: Sensors
- Sensors have been in the market for quite a while now, however, a number of different types of sensors are in use in the industry including but not limited to wireless sensor networks, biosensors, optical sensors, pH sensors, turbidity sensors, dissolved oxygen sensors, conductivity sensors, temperature sensors, ORP sensors, chlorine sensors, etc.
- Wireless sensor networks are made up of a number of different types of sensors including pH sensor, turbidity sensor, and water temperature sensor, which are connected using the Internet of Things (IoT). The data transmitted through these sensors can be viewed on a mobile device using a graphic user interface (GUI).
- Biosensors are used to analyze water for harmful bacteria, e.g. E.coli, Legionella, Giardia, and Cryptosporidium. Optical sensors are light-based sensors that do not rely on chemicals and can measure pH, particles and microorganisms, water quality indicators (e.g. refractive index), and contact-free measurement (i.e. remote sensing).
- Sensors have enabled the use of advanced technologies like the Internet of Things (IoT) and machine learning for the real-time monitoring of water quality. These technologies have also made possible remote sensing and monitoring of water quality.
- Sensor-based systems are sometimes also known as smart water systems.
- Machine learning techniques have been used for commercial purposes, e.g. the Ebinur Lake Watershed in China.
- The implementation of water quality monitoring systems based on wireless sensor networks started in the early 2000s and it has been in use ever since.
- The applicability of sensors, specifically biosensors, is still rapidly expanding and research is still being conducted to improve these technologies.
Trend 2: TOC
- Total Organic Carbon (TOC) is a relatively new technology that is trending in the industrial water quality measurement market. TOC represents the number of organic contaminants in a given amount of water.
- The application of TOC can be seen in industries where water use is found, e.g. automotive, steel, chemical, pulp/paper, electronics, power generation, food/beverage, pharmaceuticals, oil/gas, and metals/mining. TOC is also useful in municipal water and wastewater applications.
- TOC has replaced COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand) and BOD (Biological Oxygen Demand) by offering a simpler solution.
- There are different types of methods that are used to determine TOC in the industry using TOC analyzers, including high-temperature combustion, UV persulfate oxidation, and ultraviolet oxidation.
- Companies like "Xylem, SUEZ, Hach Company, Shimadzu Corporation, Mettler-Toledo International, Metrohm, Elementar Analysensysteme, LAR Process Analyzers, Zhejiang Tailin BioEngineering, Comet Analytics, Analytik Jena" and many others are now offering TOC analyzers for industrial use.
- The ability to efficiently oxidize organic compounds, portability, reliability, and compatibility of the equipment are major driving factors that are favoring the use of TOC analyzers, while the high cost associated with the equipment is what is limiting their use.
Determination of Trends
While the water quality measurement industry has seen a number of new technologies during the past few decades, there have not been any newer technologies that were introduced during the past couple of years. That said, the industry has seen the use of existing technologies in newer ways. In order to identify current trends in the market, we have outlined a couple of technologies that are relatively newer, as compared to lab-based testing methods, and they are now being used in a variety of different ways. Although these technologies are not new, the industry worldwide has not seen the implementation of these technologies and is slowly moving to these technologies. As such, the current technological trends in the market are relevant to these relatively-old but emerging technologies. As a result, we have summarized the use of these technologies in the industry in the new era using newer techniques.
- Danaher Corporation offers products in 4 different segments, namely life sciences, diagnostics, dental, and environmental & applied solutions. They offer water quality measurement solutions through their environmental & applied solutions segment.
- The company offers analytical instruments, software as well as related services for detection and monitoring of chemical, microbiological, and physical parameters in "ultra pure, potable, industrial, waste, ground, source and ocean water."
- The company's water quality business offers many products and services under a number of brands: "AGUASIN, AQUAFINE, CHEMTREAT, HACH, LIPESA, MCCROMETER, OTT HYDROMET, PALL WATER, SEABIRD, TROJAN AND VIQUA."
- Hach is a Danaher Corp brand that manufactures and distributes instruments, kits as well as chemical solutions that can be used to test water quality.
Evoqua Water Technologies
- Evoqua Water Technologies is a company that is operating in the water treatment industry and offers services to a wide range of industries including aquatics, chemical processing, municipal drinking water, food & beverage, healthcare, municipal wastewater treatment, hydrocarbon processing, laundry, marine, metals & mining, microelectronics, oil & gas, pharmaceutical, power, pulp & paper, and remediation.
- The company offers a number of products/services in the water industry including aeration & mixing, aerobic treatment, anaerobic treatment, clarification & separation, covers & liners, dewatering, disinfection, electrochemical, filtration, high-purity water, intake screens, media & exchange services, membrane filtration, mobile & temporary water, odor & corrosion control, physical/chemical treatment, service contracts, and Water One services.
- In many of the above-mentioned industries that Evoqua serves, it offers complete water solutions from start to finish. Water quality measurement services are therefore offered as part of a bundled service and not as a standalone service.
- In all of the products/services, Water One is a service that mentions data intelligence exclusively. The company defines data intelligence as "Real-time data analytics for system optimization which include: water quality, water use, system status, and predictive maintenance." The service offers 24/7/365 real-time data monitoring with system alerts.
General Electric Company
- GE offers water quality monitoring for municipal and pharmaceutical applications. They offer accurate TOC (Total Organic Carbon) monitoring instruments in these industries.
- GE Water also serves a number of industries in India including chemical and processing, commercial & institutional, food & beverage, microelectronics, mining, municipal water treatment, pharmaceutical, power, primary metals, refining, and unconventional fuels. In many of these industries, GE provides water quality monitoring instruments along with other water products and services.
- GE Water was acquired by SUEZ in 2017.
- Horiba offers services for process measurement, stack gas analysis, air pollution analysis as well as water quality analysis.
- The products offered by Horiba for water quality analysis focus on water quality monitoring and control in treatment processes.
- These products are used for measuring pH, chemical oxygen demand, total phosphorus, total nitrogen, and other basic water quality parameters.
- The company also offers the H1-series of industrial water quality analyzers that are used in pure water as well as drinking, sewage, industrial and even wastewater. It also offers pH electrodes that can be used in harsh environments.
- Horiba products are being used in many industries and verticals including pharmaceutical, petrochemical, electric power, steel, gas, food, and paper.
- The company has plans to expand its water quality measurement offering by collaborating with its other business segments that relate to water.
- The company offers "scientific instruments for research, industrial, and educational uses."
- OAKTON offers water quality monitoring products including pH/ORP/ISE, conductivity/TDS, dissolved oxygen, multiparameter meters, temperature, humidity, turbidity meters, and accessories.
- They also offer waterproof and pocket instruments to measure various parameters.
- Although Pentair does not offer any standalone products/services that are exclusively used for water quality measurement, the company is working with water in a number of different ways. It offers a variety of solutions to industrial and commercial customers including water management and water improvement.
- The company offers water-related products and services that span over the entire process in a given industry. The company serves many industries in the industrial and commercial segments including breweries, dairy & food, oil & gas, food service, pool & spa, beverages, and fire suppression.
- An example is the technology named Pure Pack. This technology from Pentair is a portable solution "for secondary and tertiary produced water and wastewater treatment [and] offers superior water quality with a smaller footprint and lower cost of ownership as compared to conventional solutions." The technology offers a sensor-based integrated control system, which can be used for the remote monitoring of system performance and alarm notifications apart from other capabilities.
- Shimadzu Corporation's business is spread across multiple industries including offerings such as analytical instruments, testing & measuring instruments, medical systems, industrial machinery & equipment, and aircraft equipment.
- Under the banner of testing & measuring instruments, the company offers analyzers that "can measure nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations contained in effluents discharged into rivers, for example. They can be used to continuously monitor wastewater via the cloud, which helps ensure compliance with total water pollutant load regulations."
- The GCMS (Gas Chromatograph Mass Spectrometer) system from Shimadzu can be used for controlling the quality of drinking water. These systems can be used in fields such as pharmaceuticals, environmental measurement, electronics/semiconductors, foods, and chemicals.
- The company also offers TOC (Total Organic Carbon) analyzers that can "measure the total quantity of organic carbon in water, gases, or solids. They can be used for a broad range of needs, including environmental testing, pharmaceutical quality control, or process control."
- The company has a dedicated research & development segment and it also launches business and R&D strategies for the near future, however, no specific information was found that suggests that the company is working on new technologies/partnerships in the water quality measurement industry.
Thermo Fischer Scientific
- Thermo Fischer Scientific is a global company that operates in and serves the science industry. The company serves customers across many industries including life sciences, analytical industry, patient diagnostics & therapies, and laboratories.
- The company offers innovative technologies, purchasing solutions, and pharmaceutical services through their brands, namely "Thermo Scientific, Applied Biosystems, Invitrogen, Fisher Scientific, Unity Lab Services and Patheon."
- The company offers many products specific to water quality, e.g. "products from Barnstead™ water purification systems, to Orion™ pH and electrochemistry analyzers, meters and accessories to Thermo Scientific™ AquaSensors."
- The company has water and liquid analysis products that can be used in many businesses including "laboratory, R&D, government compliance, environmental, power generation, and more." Its water quality products are distributed into three types of products, i.e. water analysis, water purification, and water quality monitoring.
- Thermo Fischer also offers a number of products tailored for process water solutions including sensors, measurement systems, online analyzers, transmitters, and laboratory instruments.
- Nalgene Outdoor and Corbeaux Clothing recently announced a partnership "to support safe domestic drinking water."
- Uponor offers a versatile set of water monitoring services for potable water that is applicable to homes as well as municipal networks.
- The services meant for municipal networks monitor the flow and direction of flow as well as water quality. If any of the parameters go wrong, the system reports an alarm to the owner.
- The company offers real-time water monitoring solutions for leaks and water quality.
- Xylem is a water technology company that offers products/services and solutions across multiple industries including agriculture & irrigation, aquaculture, commercial buildings, commercial pools & waterparks, commercial shipping & shipbuilding, construction, environmental monitoring & analysis, energy & power, food & beverage, general industry, life science, pharma & bioprocess, mining & quarrying/aggregates, municipal water & wastewater, oil & gas, recreational boats & vehicles, and residential.
- Like many other companies, Xylem also offers a complete range of solutions/products/services to these industries and does not offer water quality measurement solutions exclusively.
- Under the environmental monitoring & analysis umbrella, the company offers "premium laboratory, field, portable, online analytical instrumentation and data collection platforms that deliver reliable and long-lasting solutions."
- The company recently expanded its regional headquarter in Singapore and added a new technology hub for research & development.
- Agilent offers water quality testing and analysis solutions across different areas. These areas include testing for organics, testing for inorganics, non-targeted analysis, and microplastics.
- The company's "water analysis solutions enable precise, high-throughput analysis of trace metals in water at very low concentrations, even in the presence of matrix interference."
- Organics testing is the largest sub-segment that the company operates in and offers a number of different solutions including the measurement of volatile organic compounds (VOC), semivolatiles & pesticides measurement, emerging contaminants measurement, and other solutions. The company also offers inorganic and elemental analysis among other solutions.
- The company employs GC/MS, LC/MS, and other techniques for the measurement of these quantities.
- Teledyne Technologies serves a number of different industries including aerospace & defense, "deepwater oil and gas exploration and production, oceanographic research, air and water quality environmental monitoring, factory automation and medical imaging."
- Under environmental instrumentation, the company offers sensors that measure and monitor the chemical & physical properties of water.
- CETAC is a Teledyne product that "provides a comprehensive range of product based solutions for the analysis of elements in samples ranging from drinking water and high purity acids to radioactive waste."
In order to provide information for each of the key players in the global water quality measurement industry, we have provided a comprehensive overview of their offerings including a general overview and detailed explanation of products, as publicly available through company sources as well as external sources. While we were able to identify the offerings for each company, upcoming technologies and partnerships were largely unavailable because many of these companies are large companies that operate in multiple industries and hence focus on a large number of offerings. As a result, these companies do not focus solely on their water quality monitoring products but also dedicate their resources to their other products/services. In many cases, much of the information was available through their news/press releases including the announcement of new technologies and partnerships but most of them were for offerings other than water quality measurement products, as also stated earlier. Since information about upcoming technologies and partnerships relating to other products were available through company sources, it would make sense to assume that information relating to upcoming water quality measurement technologies/partnerships would also have been available through these sources. Considering that, we searched through the annual reports, news/press releases, partnership pages, social media pages, industry reports as well as news and media articles and outlined any information that we found relevant to upcoming technologies and/or partnerships.