Timelines-Google & Microsoft
Google started in 1996, the brainchild of Stamford students Larry Page and Sergey Grin. Today its has annual sales over $1 billion. Microsoft was founded in 1975 by Bill Gates and Paul Allen. The company has recently announced its agenda to move beyond a search and software company to focus on services and devices. Below is a timeline of key events showing the evolution of both companies. The timelines have also been entered into the attached Google doc.
- 1996: Google was created by Stamford students Larry Page and Sergey Brin. The search engine utilized an algorithm that ranked pages by the number of pages that linked back to it.
- 1998: Google received its first investment from Sun Microsystems co-founder, Andy Bechtolsheim, in the amount of $100,000. Google purchased the domain Google.com and officially incorporated.
- 1999: Google received its second round of funding from Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers and Sequoia Capital at $25 million.
- 2000: The company began selling advertising through GoogleAdwords, allowing advertisers to buy relevant keywords.
- 2001: Eric Schmidt, former CEO of Novell and VP of Sun Microsystems, was named Google CEO. Brin and Page are names as company presidents.
- 2002: Google launched Google News, a content aggregation service that would change the way content was published and distributed on the internet.
- 2004: Google launches the webmail service Gmail. Later in the same year, Google went public with shares at $85, valuing the company at $23 billion.
- 2005: Google released Google Maps, featuring satellite imagery and driving directions, and Google Earth, a 3-D mapping technology. In addition, Google Chat was released as a feature of Gmail.
- 2005: The company purchased Android, a struggling mobile phone company, for $50 million.
- 2006: Google acquired YouTube for $1.65 billion in stock.
- 2007: DoubleClick is acquired by Google for $3.1 billion. This acquisition allows Google to work directly with publishers to display advertisements across the internet.
- 2007: Google began work creating Google Streetview to complement Google Maps.
- 2008: Google released Chrome, a minimalist web browser, to compete with Explorer and Safari. The same month, the Android operating system debuted in the HTC Dream phone, allowing Google to compete with Microsoft and Apple in the mobile phone sector.
- 2010: In partnership with HTC and T-Mobile, Google began selling its first direct to consumer mobile phones called the Nexus One. Google also entered the internet delivery market in Kansas with the introduction of Google Fiber, an ultra-fast internet service.
- 2010: Google introduced a fleet of 7 Priuses, hybrid cars loaded with sensors and AI technology. This would mark Google's interest in self-driving car technology.
- 2011: Schmidt stepped down as CEO and was replaced by Page. Schmidt moved to the position of executive chairman.
- 2012: Google purchased Motorola for $12 billion. This largest acquisition marked Google's move from a search-and-software company into the consumer gadget arena.
- 2013: Chromecast is launched. Though not revolutionary technology, the $35 video streaming device competed with Amazon and Apple due to its low cost.
- 2014: Google sold Motorola for a loss but acquired Net Labs for $3.2 billion. With Net Labs, Google would begin its entry into the smart home device market with smart thermostats, cameras, and smoke detectors. The same year, Google acquired the London-based company DeepMind, a leader in AI technology.
- 2015: Google consolidated all of its companies such as Nest, GoogleX, Fiber, and Ventures under the umbrella of Alphabet. Sundar Pichai became the CEO.
- 2016: Google launched its AI powered assistant speaker to compete with Amazon Echo. Five months later it released Google Pixel, the first completely Google owned mobile phone.
- 2016: As a spin off of Google X, Google formed Waymo, a company focused on self-driving car technology.
- 2017: Google acquired HTC for $1.1 billion after years of partnering with the company on mobile phone design.
- 2018: Alphabet, Google's parent company, announced it had topped $100 billion in annual sales.
- 1975: Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen in Albuquerque, New Mexico. It was originally founded to write the BASIC programming language for MITS computer Altair.
- 1981: IBM introduced its first personal computer using MS-DOS, Microsoft's 16-bit operating system.
- 1985: Microsoft Windows was released.
- 1986: Microsoft went public.
- 1989: Microsoft released Microsoft Office, an early version of a suite of productivity applications.
- 1995: Microsoft Windows 95 was released and sold over one million copies in four days. Microsoft also released the web browser, Internet Explorer. Almost 90% of the world's personal computers were running on Microsoft's operating system and using the company's office products.
- 1998: Windows 98 was released.
- 2000: Steve Ballmer became President and CEO of Microsoft.
- 2001: Microsoft released Office XP, Windows XP, and Xbox.
- 2002: Microsoft released the Tablet PC.
- 2003: Microsoft released Windows Server 2003 and Microsoft Office System.
- 2005: The Xbox 360 was released.
- 2007: Windows Vista and the 2007 Microsoft Office System to are released to customers worldwide.
- 2008: Windows Server 2008, SQL Server 2008 and Visual Studio 2008 were launched.
- 2009: Microsoft launched the Bing search engine and releases Windows 7.
- 2010: Office 2010 was released; Microsoft released the Kinect for the Xbox 360. The company launched Windows Phone 7 and Microsoft Lync. In a move toward cloud computing, Microsoft also released the Windows Azure Platform.
- 2011: Microsoft released Office 365.
- 2012: Ballmer announced that Microsoft would be moving away from software in order to become a “devices and services company,” focusing on phones, tablets and other hardware such as Xbox; Microsoft released its first tablet called the Surface.
- 2014: Ballmer stepped down as CEO and was replaced by Satya Nadella, only the third CEO in 39 years. In addition, Windows Azure was renamed Microsoft Azure, to signify its growth beyond the Windows platform.
- 2016: LinkedIn was acquired by Microsoft for $26.2 billion.
- 2018: Nadella announced that Microsoft would restructure into two main divisions: “Experiences & Devices” and “Cloud + AI.”