California Legislation Policy Drivers
California's climate change and air quality goals for 2030 aims to reduce the emissions from different sectors. One major sector is transportation. Electric vehicles and the electrification of the transportation sector will have a significant impact.
Climate Change and Air Quality Goals: 2030
- To meet these goals, timely and proactive action is required. Policymakers and stakeholders need to align their goals and create a systematic approach to meet these ambitious goals.
- Synchronizing programs with market activities presents an opportunity to reduce the financial burden on customers and the economy.
- Emission by sector is as follows; transportation contributes 39%, transportation-related contributes 6%, electric power contributes 19%, agriculture contributes 8%, industrial contributes 17%, and residential and commercial contributes 11%.
- By 2030, California aims to have seven million electric cars on its roads. In order to meet these goals, California will need to address affordability, consumer awareness, and accessibility of EV charging stations.
- Consumer education that includes incentives for purchases, an established and comprehensive charging infrastructure, and pricing. This initiative would be successful if the entire process is affordable to mid-and low-income households.
- Legislative policies around the price of electricity will need to be addressed as electric vehicles are gradually implemented in the Californian market.
- Aggressive policies that were set include:
- Light-duty Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV)
- Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS)
- Light-duty vehicle efficiency standards
- Public Utility Commission
- These policies were geared toward controlling the transportation sector's impact on the environment.
- These standards may still be met by non-electric alternatives although EVs would be the better option.
- For non-electric options, there are still some steps that can be taken to mitigate these emissions and improve the quality of air in California.
- By prioritizing medium- and heavy-duty cars in the electrification process, this process will have a greater impact than starting with the light-duty cars that have less emissions.
- These types of vehicles are a typical source of additional pollution in the environment, besides emissions. For this reason, starting this process with them will address these other pollutants.
- CARB’s recent policies address ZEV transit buses in order to reduce emissions significantly.
- Non-road vehicles such as lawn and garden equipment and cargo-handling equipment. Although these are not driven on the roads, their impact on the environment is significant. Providing electrical alternatives is of paramount importance.
Our research attempted to identify publications, reports, and studies on the state of the Californian environment and policies that were set in place to address/mitigate the environmental issues. Our research focused on transportation electrification and vehicle electrification aspects.