Black and Latinx School Leadership

Part
01
of one
Part
01

Black and Latinx School Leadership

According to the 2013 NCES condition of education report, about 7% of K-12 administrators are Latinos, 80% White, and 10% African Americans. According to researchers at Vanderbilt University, Black and White principals in the United state tend to employ instructors who are the same race as them.

Changes in the total number of US K-12 Black and Latina school leaders

  • In the year 2008, approximately 11% of K-12 principals were blacks and 6% were Latinos.
  • According to the 2013 NCES condition of education report, about 7% of K-12 administrators are Latinos, 80% White, and 10% African Americans.
  • According to researchers, in 1972, the population of Black principals dropped from 44 to 31. That is a 30 percent decline in Black principals.
  • The rate of new black and Hispanic principals was more than the percentages of skilled black and Hispanic principals in public schools. Black principals constituted 11% "of all new public school principals, compared with 8 percent of all experienced principals in public schools."
  • New Latina public school principals represented about 8% of all new principals in 2011–12, compared with nearly 5% of all qualified Hispanic principals in public schools.
  • Based on the National center for education survey data, about 8.9% of principals were Hispanic, 10.5% black, and 2.9% different races in 2018.
  • The same reports state that approximately 66.5 percent of principals in chartered schools were white, while 12.3% were Hispanic and 16.3%.
  • National center for education survey data also reviewed that "at schools where 75 percent or more of students were eligible for free or reduced-price lunches, almost 60 percent of teachers were white while 16.5 percent were Hispanic and 21 percent were black."
  • According to K12 dive, the rate of color superintendents is gradually increasing, from 8.6% in 2020 to 6% in 2010 and 5% in 2000.

Benefits of having a Black or Latina leader at a K-12 school

Hiring teachers

  • According to researchers at Vanderbilt University, Black and White principals in the United state tend to employ instructors who are the same race as them.
  • K-12 schools with black principals are 5 to 7% more likely to hire Black educators.

Retention rate

  • Researchers also discovered that "retention rates are higher for teachers who share their principal’s racial identity."
  • Researchers found that replacing a school’s principal from a white to a black raised the proportion of "black teachers in a school after five years by 5.3 percentage points in Missouri and 5.2 percentage points in Tennessee."
  • Black educators at institutions where the principal was also African American were 2 to 5% less prone to transfer schools.

Turnover

  • According to researchers, shared backgrounds, communication styles, and values enable leaders and educators of a similar race to work together more effectively.
  • This also enhances a teacher’s responsibility to their school.
  • There are approximately 10% of black principals in the United States

Student performance

  • The availability of an African American principal as a leader and, a role model in a K-12 school has a positive impression on Black students.
  • Researchers also found proof to recommend that having black educators improved performance in math for black students. "And even in the absence of hiring a black teacher, there were positive math gains for black students under a black principal."
  • A 2017 study by the IZA Institute of Labor Economics found that "having just one black teacher in elementary school significantly decreases the risk of dropping out by nearly 40 percent."

Latina Student

  • According to researchers, Latina "students in Texas had higher standardized test scores in schools with Latina administrators, results that appeared to be driven by the higher shares of Latina teachers in those schools."
  • Latina students are more inclined to attend college if they have Latino teachers and principals.

Research strategy

The research team searched through different government databases, News articles, surveys, and more. We aimed to provide changes in the total number of US K-12 Black and Latina school leaders and the benefits of having a Black or Latina leader at a K-12 school. The team found that data was available for 2008,2012 and 2018. Unfortunately, information for other years was unavailable. We have also found data on the benefits of having a black principal. There was no direct information on the trauma students face when they lose their black leaders.

Research proposal:

Only the project owner can select the next research path.
Need related research? Let's launch your next project!
Sources
Sources

Quotes
  • "The 2013 NCES condition of education report shows that from 89,000 school administrators working in U.S. public schools, only 7% are Latinas/os, when compared with 80% White and 10% African Americans school administrators"
Quotes
  • "For the most part, principals are also a racially homogenous group. In the 2011–12 school year, a majority of public school principals were white (80 percent), while 10 percent were black and 7 percent were Hispanic. "
  • "The percentage of new white principals35 (77 percent) in public schools was lower than the percentage of experienced white principals (84 percent) in public schools in the 2011–12 school year. The percentages of new black and Hispanic principals were higher than the percentages of experienced black and Hispanic principals in public schools. For example, black principals comprised 11 percent of all new public school principals, compared with 8 percent of all experienced principals in public schools. New Hispanic public school principals accounted for approximately 8 percent of all new principals in 2011–12, compared with approximately 5 percent of all experienced Hispanic principals in public schools.3"
Quotes
  • "he number of superintendents of color is increasing much more slowly, with 8.6% of respondents identifying as superintendents of color in 2020, compared to 6% in 2010 and 5% in 2000"
Quotes
  • "The most recent American Association of School Administrators (AASA) decennial study of the superintendency, conducted in 2013, reveals the growing presence of female superintendents (24.1% nationwide), w"
  • ""
Quotes
  • " according to 2017-18 survey data collected by the National Center for Education Statistics and released in August. That mirrors the makeup of the American teaching corps, which is about 80 percent white. The remaining principals were about 8.9 percent Hispanic, 10.5 percent black and 2.9 percent other races"
Quotes
  • "They found that having a Black teacher for one year in elementary school raised long-run educational attainment for Black male students, especially for those from low-income households. For the most disadvantaged Black males, Lindsay and the team estimated that exposure to a Black teacher in elementary school reduced high school dropout rates by 39% and raised college-going aspirations."
  • "While exposure to one Black teacher in grades 3-5 had a meaningful effect on students’ long-run outcomes, the marginal effect of exposure to a second Black teacher was relatively small."
  • ""