Betterment Insights and Initiatives

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Initiatives - Betterment: Clothing

In recent years, there have been several attempts at betterment in the design and manufacture of clothing. These initiatives include using recycled materials for added sustainability, enhancing clothing to improve health and athletic performance, and integrating technology into fashionable clothing to give individuals access to wearable tech. There are also a number of pending initiatives, such as energy harvesting clothes and self-cleaning garments, which are likely to be widely available soon.


  • Concerns around the rise of so-called "fast fashion" have led to an increase in companies offering sustainable fashion. While production methods associated with a more sustainable approach often cost more, research has shown that they offer benefits, such as spurring innovation and protecting businesses from reputation risks, which can then result in greater profitability.
  • A number of companies have embraced sustainable fashion. For example, Everlane, Patagonia, and H&M all produce garments from recycled plastics, despite it costing 10 to 15 percent more to manufacture clothes from recycled water bottles than by using synthetic fabrics.
  • Adidas offers an entire range of clothing that is produced from upcycled marine waste. The Parley Ocean Plastic range includes sportswear made from plastic intercepted from remote islands and beaches.


  • Some clothing manufacturers have focused on enhancing clothing to aid health, such as protecting people living with serious conditions, like diabetes.
  • Siren Socks and Foot Monitoring allows people with diabetes to monitor their foot temperature and track possible inflammation, which can lead to ulcers and, ultimately, to the need for amputation.
  • The socks link to an app and lets patients contact their doctor at the early sign of symptoms.


  • Several companies have enhanced clothing to improve the day-to-day wellness activities of everyday wearers.
  • The Nadi X yoga pants from Wareable X have vibrating motors woven into the fabric around the hips, knees and ankles and gently vibrate to guide the wearer on how to move. Sensoria, meanwhile, offers a full range of garments to enhance a plethora of activities, including socks that detect cadence and impact force.
  • Betterment in clothing has also focused on high-performance sport. For example, a research programme at Loughborough University has worked with manufacturers to understand heat transfer, with the aim of improving clothing design for better performance. Under Armour has also produced enhanced clothing for athletes. The Athlete Recovery range absorbs heat from the body and reflects it back on the wearer's skin as infrared light, encouraging muscle recovery.

WEARABLE technology

  • There are several examples of wearable tech being integrated into more fashionable items of clothing.
  • Levi’s Commuter Trucker Jacket was the first garment with Jacquard by Google woven in, allowing the jacket to wirelessly connect to a smartphone. The jacket then responds to gestures, which can be customized and used to perform actions like pausing a song.
  • CuteCircuit is a company that makes clothes and accessories that can display messages and tweets. For example, the sides of their handbags are made of laser-etched acrylic mirror and enable light from white LEDs to shine through to create animations and display tweets.


  • The Global Change Award is an initiative that offers the chance for fashion designers to compete globally by submitting their forward-thinking innovation in fashion.
  • Previous winners of the award have included Sane Membrane, a biodegradable and mineral-based membrane for outdoor wear; Clothes that Grow, outfits that expand with the child while reducing environmental impact; Lab Leather, using microorganisms to create vegan biodegradable fashion, and; Grape Leather, using leftovers from winemaking to create fully vegetal leather.


  • A number of betterment initiatives are not yet fully-formed.
  • Samsung filed a patent for smart clothing with in-built energy harvesting that gains power from the sun and from the wearer's body heat. The technology could have future applications in medicine, such as in blood pressure meters, as a body temperature meter, or as a heart rate meter and more.
  • Researchers around the world are looking into the possibility of self-cleaning clothes. In Australia, they found a way to alter a fabric by dipping it into a special solution that coats it with copper and silver particles and makes stains disappear.

Research Strategy

In order to find initiatives for the betterment of clothing, we searched clothing company websites, industry articles, consultancy reports, press releases, government reports, patents, academic research reports, and global competition websites. From these sources, we were able to identify several initiatives and numerous examples for each. While there are many clothing products currently on the market that incorporate these betterment initiatives, we were also able to identify potential betterment initiatives of the future from academic research papers and patent filings. This means that the initiatives and accompanying examples listed above offer a comprehensive overview of the betterment initiatives in clothing that currently exist, as well as the betterment initiatives that are likely to exist in the future.
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Initiatives - Betterment: Sleep

Sleep deprivation has become a public health crisis. Poor sleep hygiene has a profound impact on society, and public health officials and government entities have launched a variety of initiatives to draw awareness to this problem. Key initiatives designed to combat sleep deprivation include the creation of sleep-friendly work schedules, environment, and culture; adjusted school start times; and drowsy driving prevention programs and technology.

Workplace Schedule Changes

  • Sleep deprivation in the workplace carries a significant financial cost around the world. If individuals who slept less than six hours daily were able to gain one extra hour of sleep, the American economy could gain as much as 226.4 billion dollars. Some industry analysts indicate that sleep deprivation causes the U.S. economy to suffer a loss in productivity valued at more than 400 billion dollars each year. Japan experiences a 138 billion dollar loss annually due to sleep deprivation.
  • The public health sector has developed several campaigns to draw awareness to the problem of sleep deprivation in the workplace. Sleep deprivation was a significant factor in several global disasters, and in an effort to demonstrate the severity of this issue, UCLA Health cites the following examples on its website: the Pennsylvania nuclear power plant accident in 1979, the Chernobyl nuclear power plant disaster in 1986, and the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska in 1989.
  • Medical professionals and public safety employees frequently work nights or extended shifts. In these situations, sleep deprivation can "jeopardize public health and safety." A study of medical interns who worked a minimum of 80 hours weekly had failures in attention at less than half the rate of their colleagues who worked over 80 hours.
  • The National Sleep Foundation recommends maintaining a stable, consistent sleep schedule, even on days off. Rotating shifts clockwise is easier for assimilation, thus working a day shift and then an evening shift is ideal. Many industries have embraced work schedules that support these guidelines.
  • The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) encompasses several protective measures for employees at risk of sleep deprivation. The Act requires employees to be paid during time spent engaged in mandatory sleeping.
  • The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education implemented rules in 2003 that limit working hours for all residents. The guidelines advise that Residents should not work more than 80 hours per week or 24 consecutive hours on duty. Additionally, a resident should be given one day off per week, and on-call hours should be limited to no more than every three nights. Some companies have taken this mandate even further. Summa Health System, an Ohio-based health care delivery company, has reduced the shifts of medical residents from the federally mandated limit of 24 hours to 16 hours.

Workplace Environment Changes

    • Companies have begun to change their company environments to reduce sleep deprivation. Human Resources officers have implemented sleep deprivation policies and procedures similar to those for smoking and sexual harassment.
    • Some companies have created brighter workplaces with more natural sun light. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), adjusting brightness and wavelength maximizes alertness. Increasing brightness to between 750 to 1,000 lux during a night shift can increase alertness and reduce fatigue. Experts from Sleep Foundation advise that bright lights also help manage circadian rhythms.
    • The CDC has also issued guidelines for workplace temperature. Maintaining the temperature at 68 degrees Fahrenheit promotes wakefulness. Increased temperatures cause worker drowsiness.
    • According to the CDC, continuous sound can act as a stimulant for employees, particularly when the music is varied.
    • Some companies have established napping rooms or sleep pods in the workplace. Global companies such as Nike, Proctor & Gamble, and Reboot have included such spaces in their work environments in order to improve productivity. Ice cream industry giant Ben & Jerry’s has a nap room and encourages employees to take advantage of it.
    • Procter & Gamble has lighting systems in its offices that provide the sleep hormone melatonin to help employees decompress at the end of the day.

    Workplace Culture

    • Employers have begun promoting a workplace culture that respects the importance of sleep and the employer’s role in its promotion. Most sleep incentive programs are launched as a part of overall company wellness initiatives.
    • Employees at Aetna, a leading insurance company, can earn up to $300 a year if they get at least seven hours of sleep per night. Participation is voluntary, and employees may use a tracking device such as FitBit or enter the data manually.
    • Other organizations have instituted a cap on communications after a certain hour. At Vynamic, an international health care consulting firm, emails are discouraged between 10 p.m. and 7 a.m. on weekdays.
    • Experts recommend providing employees with a subsidy on software and applications that monitor sleep- behavior patterns.
    • Some industries prominently display sleep guidelines and offer educational opportunities for employees regarding sleep deprivation. The U.S. Department of Transportation widely publishes recommendations which promote breaks and napping to address driver fatigue.
    • Industries are working hard to reverse a workplace culture that rewards employees who arrive at work early and penalizes those who come to work later. Sleep cycles are individualized, and many companies are creating workplace cultures that honor this.
    • More companies are including coverage for sleep specialists and sleep deprivation treatments in their health insurance plans.

Adjusted School Start times

  • A recent survey conducted by the National Sleep Foundation determined that 60% of children under the age of 18 expressed that they were tired during the day, and 15% said they fell asleep while at school. Sleep deprivation is worse for children from lower socioeconomic groups, who experience less efficient sleep than wealthier children. Many experts believe sleep deprivation is a factor in the declined academic performance of low-income students.
  • Sleep deprivation is worse in adolescence, because children who reach puberty experience a circadian shift that results in the body waking and falling asleep later than before.
  • Currently, 90 % of high schools and 80% of middle schools begin classes before 8:30 A.M. As a result, students wake earlier than their bodies need them to and they arrive at school exhausted.
  • A national movement to delay start times in schools was launched by Start School Later, a network of health professionals, sleep scientists, parents, students, and teachers. According to the organization's website, 48 states have now implemented delayed start times for students.
  • Researchers at RAND determined that pushing school start times to 8:30 would add $140 billion to the U.S. economy within 15 years. This result is due to the expected decline in deaths from car crashes and overall higher student lifetime earnings. Rand estimated there would be an $8.6 billion dollar gain within just the first two years, which would cover the initial costs of implementation.

Drowsy Driving Prevention

  • The CDC has indicated that a quarter of adult drivers report having fallen asleep while driving. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimates that drowsy driving was responsible for 72,000 crashes, 44,000 injuries, and 800 deaths in 2013. Some experts believe these numbers are underestimated, and that 6,000 fatal crashes each year may be caused by drowsy drivers.
  • Drowsy driving prevention is the goal of the Healthy Sleep Project, which is funded by the CDC and led by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and the Sleep Research Society. This national campaign encourages every driver to take responsibility for staying Awake at the Wheel."
  • Rumble strips are an important highway initiative, implemented to startle drivers when their cars drift off of the road. Drowsy drivers are awakened by the sound and vibration of these strips, which are placed in the breakdown lanes of roadways. Studies indicate that rumble strips can provide as much as a 70% crash reduction.
  • Several car manufacturers have implemented safety devices which detect driver fatigue. Mercedes-Benz uses the car's engine control unit to monitor the driver's steering and driving habits and then alerts the driver of changes. Lexus and Saab have placed a camera in the dashboard that monitors the driver's face and provides a warning if movements indicate drowsiness. Volvos have a lane-departure system that alerts drivers if they are drifting while also correcting the car's position on the road.
  • Young people, especially male drivers, are responsible for the most drowsy-driving accidents. A campaign led by the AA Charitable Trust in England launched a campaign aimed at preventing driver fatigue. The campaign particularly targeted this age group.

Research Strategy

In order to conduct this research, we reviewed numerous public health, medical, automotive, and organizational psychology publications. We employed a global scope for our research and included data from reputable sources.

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Initiatives - Betterment: Shelter

A search for betterment initiatives for shelter revealed several types of projects. Governments, charitable organizations, and individuals, often working in partnerships, developed initiatives to help communities rebuild after natural disasters, create disaster-resilient housing, improve health outcomes for individuals, and reduce urban blight. These projects took place in the United States as well as globally.
  • UN-Habitat, a mission of the United Nations, is developing initiatives in Mozambique to aid the country's recovery after the passage of Cyclone Idai and Cyclone Kenneth. UN-Habitat is working with the Mozambique government's Post Cyclone Reconstruction Cabinet and Eduardo Mondlane University to assist with resilient housing recovery, resilient public infrastructure, and integrated urban recovery.
  • Habitat for Humanity International partnered with The Arab Gulf Program for Development in August 2019 to develop housing that is affordable, sustainable, and disaster-resilient for women in eastern Nepal. The initiative focuses on using locally-available materials, local architectural styles, and keeping costs low, among other goals. The two organizations successfully partnered on other projects between 2016 and 2018.
  • Majesty and Elize Gayle, a Millennial couple with a real estate company, have launched a $100 million campaign to purchase run-down housing in African-American communities. They hope to redevelop the buildings to transform them into affordable housing. They report having already secured $2 million and have also launched a GoFundMe page that has attracted smaller donors.
  • The Green and Healthy Homes Initiative is helping the Affordable Housing Partnership of the Capital Region in New York and the State of Louisiana Department of Health in their initiatives to provide home repairs that address asthma triggers such as pests and mold. The programs target low-income neighborhoods and especially aim to improve health outcomes for children by improving housing conditions.
  • Youth Rebuilding New Orleans (YRNO) is a volunteer program that seeks to reduce urban blight by renovating damaged and foreclosed homes. The program then sells the homes below market value to local teachers, helping to build community. YRNO partners with United Way, the LeBron James Family Foundation, and the Starbucks Foundation, among others.
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Initiatives - Betterment: Food

Among the five initiatives are 'food for good challenge,' 'feeding the frontline,' and 'Lagos food bank initiative.' These initiatives provide the process of improving food nutrition and food availability, among other things.

Food for Good Challenge

  • FAMAE organizes the "Food for Good Challenge to develop an innovative and concrete solution." The competition is open to everyone.
  • The initiative surrounds the idea of betterment as both an individual, and a member of society, for food. For people to participate, they must meet the four selection criteria, which are innovation, impact, feasibility, and quality.
  • These criteria must be able to showcase the delivery of "fair, sustainable, and healthy food, for everybody, everywhere." The innovative solution must be evident in the following segments: production, transportation & logistics, and consumption.
  • This initiative provides betterment for both an individual, and a member of society, for food because it will give them a healthy and affordable living as a result of the production of sustainable and nutritious food.

Feeding the Frontline

  • Penguin Pizza birthed this initiative in the wake of the Covid-19 global pandemic.
  • The initiative surrounds the idea of betterment as both an individual, and a member of society, for food. It encourages grassroots efforts to "connect people and restaurants in support of communities."
  • With this initiative, nutritious food finds its way to local hospitals, first responders, and vulnerable populations within neighborhoods.
  • Individuals, as members of society, also have the privilege to feed someone else by getting gift cards.
  • This initiative provides betterment for both an individual, and a member of society, for food because it will give them access to healthy food, notwithstanding the pandemic crisis creating social distance.

The Greater Boston Food Bank

  • This initiative works with volunteers who play "a critical role in helping to end hunger in Eastern Massachusetts."
  • The initiative surrounds the idea of betterment as both an individual, and a member of society, for food. As an individual, this initiative gives one the idea of betterment to help end hunger in society.
  • It allows the individual to help feed families in needs through the distribution of "over three million pounds of food" every year.
  • This initiative provides betterment for both an individual, and a member of society, for food because it will help them to reduce or eradicate hunger in society.

Lagos Food Bank Initiative

  • It is a non-profit, private-driven initiative aimed at combating hunger and malnutrition, particularly in pregnant women, infants, children, and youths living in challenging communities.
  • The initiative surrounds the idea of betterment as both an individual, and a member of society, for food. It involves over 7000 registered volunteers helping to carry out this mission across the Lagos communities and environs.
  • This private-driven initiative relies on volunteers, among other things, as a capacity vehicle to achieve its goals.
  • The initiative provides betterment for both an individual, and a member of society, for food because it will help them to downplay malnutrition and hunger in society.

Miles Into Meals Initiative

  • 'Move For Hunger' is the brain behind this initiative. The 'Team Move For Hunger' is "a national network of runners and walkers who dedicate their performance in endurance events — from 5Ks to ultramarathons — to the 40 million Americans who are struggling to find their next meal."
  • The initiative surrounds the idea of betterment as both an individual, and a member of society, for food. These individual runners and walkers help race funds via the races to provide the organization with the resources to arrange food drives and conduct food rescues for societies within the US.
  • Anyone can be a member of the team, and everyone gets to be a committed member.
  • This initiative provides betterment for both an individual, and a member of society, for food because it will help them to prevent food scarcity, hunger, and waste.

Research Strategy

Identifying five initiatives surrounding the idea of betterment as both an individual, and a member of society, for food, proved herculean. After going through different platforms from a global point of view, we identified five initiatives that surround the idea of betterment as both an individual, and a member of society, for food. Each initiative needs individuals as capacity vehicles to achieve their goals. In doing so, the actions of these individuals provide the process of improving food nutrition and food availability. These actions also prevent food scarcity, hunger, and waste.

More so, we provided how each initiative fully illustrates how they provide betterment for both an individual, and a member of society, for food.
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Initiatives - Betterment: Water

We have provided five water betterment initiatives of individuals and members of society below.

Water Betterment initiatives

Nossa Senhora Aparecida School Rainwater Project

  • Nossa Senhora Aparecida Elementary School is located in Sapiquá, a small community in Mato Grosso, Brazil. It has 285 students who tend the crops grown there.
  • The community lacked fresh water for a long time, the land was always dry with drought and even when wells are drilled, no water turns up.
  • However, in 2009, Marcia Novakc da Silva, a principal and teacher partnered with other individuals in the community to effect a change. They began to gather rainwater, they ran pipes along the roof of the school and were able to store water in a 100,000-liter cistern.
  • The initiative was supported by WWF via the Pantanal Pact in Defense of the Headwaters of the Pantanal which is responsible for implementing some water supply projects in the region.
  • The school has always had fresh water since then. The stored rainwater enables the school to be kept clean and the garden to be cared for, although drinking water is still piped from another community. The garden provides vegetables and healthy meals that would not have been available.

Mafi Kumase Self-help Water Project

  • Mafi Kumase is a community in the Central Tongu District of the Volta Region, Ghana. The community's only source of water for drinking in the late 1980s was ravaged by guinea worm, which led to many deaths.
  • Kolly Dorcoo, an indegene of the community, who for to studied engineering in Zurich, Switzerland, returned with Martin Wegelin, a Swiss colleague after some years.
  • Together with individuals in the community they were able to install a "natural sand -based water filters system" to enhance the quality of the water.
  • The self-initiated water project of the community presently supplies potable water to 15,000 people in 22 communities, resulting in the elimination of guinea worm and other water-borne diseases that plagued the region in the past.
  • Michael Yaw Gyato, Ghana's Deputy Minister of Sanitation and Water Resources and Worlanyo Kwadjo Siabi, Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Community Water and Sanitation Agency (CWSA) both commended the water initiative.

NRCS Water Quality Initiative

  • NRCS is partnering with agricultural producers to execute projects aimed at preventing sediment and nutrients from washing into East Branch South Fork Sugar Creek, one of the most degraded watersheds in Ohio.
  • The goal of NRCS is to improve the quality of water by reducing loadings by 30% and removing the segment from Ohio's 303(d) Impaired Waters List.
  • Eight farms constitute 75% of the watershed's agricultural land. NRCS and the Tuscarawas Soil and Water Conservation District are working with other partners and the eight farms to implement several conservation activities including the construction of waste storage facilities, installation of roofs over manure storage areas and animal lots, and cultivating cover crops.
  • Dan Andreas is one of the watershed farmers who used the conservation practices to improve the quality of water.

WASH in Ramón Rosa School, Coa Abajo

  • Ramón Rosa School is a poor school located in the village of Coa Abajo, a community that is 40 minutes away from the capital city of Honduras. The school has no water system and also lacked other facilities.
  • The Rotary Club Villa Real de Tegucigalpa is currently sponsoring an initiative to provide portable water for the school.
  • The project is part of Rotary International’s The WASH in Schools Target Challenge" pilot program which was created to "develop sustainable water, sanitation, hygiene, and education projects using the expertise and resources available through two of Rotary’s areas of focus: basic education and literacy and water and sanitation".
  • The parents of the school children are expected to contribute to the project through their labor work under the supervision of an engineer.

Women in Rural Kyrgyzstan Initiative

  • Shakhodat Teshebayeva is a woman from Khalmion, a village in southern Kyrgyzstan. She is 50-year old farmer and is her family's sole breadwinner.
  • However, the work she engages in everyday had become much harder as a result of a growing water crisis.
  • In 2017, Teshebayeva took the initiative to mobilize a self-help group for women to advocate for equal water access in her community.
  • She started by attending the Water Users Association meetings of the village, which were typically dominated by men who took decisions about access to water without women.
  • Teshebayeva became a pioneer for other women in her community as she was able to negotiate water supply for female farmers, especially for single mothers.

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Initiatives - Betterment: Air

Individuals can participate in a number of ways to better the air quality of the world. Initiatives can be on a personal level by making informed choices in several areas that contribute to air pollution, as well as by participating in larger organized initiatives as a member of society. The usage of fossil fuels is a large contributor to air pollution, and individuals can make a number of choices to reduce their usage of fossil fuels, as well as finding alternatives that do not involve any fossil fuels. Individuals can choose to purchase energy-efficient hybrid or electric vehicles, which lessen the emission of harmful gases into the atmosphere. Transportation choices can be made to lessen air pollution by walking, biking, using shared or public transportation, and making informed choices when driving to lessen the impact of air pollution. Individuals can plant trees or contribute to organizations that plant trees, which help to clean the air and counteract effects of air pollution. Choosing to recycle or participate in recycling programs when available can help minimize the use of fossil fuels to generate new materials, and keep recyclable materials out of landfills, both of with can help lessen air pollution. Finally, individuals can participate in organized events or petitions in order to facilitate larger-scale changes.

Decrease the Use of Fossil Fuels

  • Programs such as Energy Star to lower greenhouse gas emissions, is provided by the Department of Energy and the Environmental Protection Agency. Energy Star helps individuals make choices about energy efficient products, save on energy bills, and help protect the air.
  • The burning of fossil fuels contributes to air pollution. Any action to lessen the use of fossil fuels by seeking alternatives can help lessen air pollution, since the combustion of fossil fuels "contributes about two-thirds of outdoor air pollution." Alternatives can include transportation alternatives, and home energy alternatives through installing solar panels, or using greener appliances.
  • Individuals can make their homes more energy efficient to decrease energy use.
  • Individuals can use hand-powered garden tools, rather than diesel or gasoline powered garden equipment to decrease fossil fuel use.

Choose Hybrid and Electric Vehicles

Responsible Transportation Choices

Plant Trees

  • A USDA Forest Service study revealed several air benefits to planting trees, especially in urban areas. Individuals should plant or support the planting of trees for the following reasons outlined in the study: tree canopies can reduce overall temperatures, trees remove air pollutants, increased tree cover can reduce ozone levels, and shade provided by trees can help lower building temperatures and save energy costs.
  • Planting trees helps repair the ozone. Trees absorb CO2, carbon monoxide, and CFC, and in return release oxygen, which helps thicken the ozone.


  • Recycling reduces the need to use fossil fuels to generate new materials. Energy saved from using recycled aluminum is 90%, and 60% of the cost is saved to produce new plastic.
  • The Pennsylvania DEP has said that recycling reduces greenhouse gases.
  • Recycling keeps materials out of landfills, avoiding "millions of metric tons of greenhouse emissions annually, creating healthier air."
  • Reuse and recycle items whenever possible, and make informed environmentally friendly purchase decisions to lessen the impact of goods production and waste management.
  • Take action to recycle and be informed about what is recyclable curbside, and what can be returned to stores to be recycled.

Take Political Action

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Initiatives - Betterment: Reproduction

Reproduction betterment initiatives are specific to the needs of individual countries, regions, or cultures. Though these initiatives differ widely in their approaches, they generally focus on lowering maternal and infant mortality, improving reproductive health among the socially and economically disadvantaged, and increasing birth rates.


  • Malaria contributes to approximately 10,000 maternal deaths and 100,000 newborns deaths every year. Additionally, 11% of newborn deaths and 20% of still births worldwide occur in sub-Saharan Africa.
  • The World Malaria Report found that, as of 2015, maternal-care is lacking in the region despite widespread efforts. Only 52% of women in the region received intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy, and only 11% received treatment at least three times.
  • The Malaria in Pregnancy Working Group (MiPWG) is an organization dedicated to reducing Malaria related maternal and newborn deaths in sub-Saharan Africa. It is a part of a larger initiative called Roll Back Malaria (RBM) and is a direct subsidiary of the Partnership to End Malaria.
  • MiPWG largely receives its funding from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. In 2018, the Global Fund gave a grant of $244 million to the RBM Partnership to End Malaria.
  • The goals and functions of the MiPWG consist of the following: the development of advocacy materials, forming partnerships between different reproductive health groups, developing strategic frameworks, identifying policy barriers, supporting established Malaria initiatives, working towards universal care access through amending knowledge gaps and pragmatic barriers, and sharing information with other malaria and reproductive health initiatives.


  • Despite relatively recent progress in women's health, there is still an unwillingness for public discussion surrounding issues of menstrual hygiene in the eastern European region. With relatively low fertility rates and high newborn and maternal death rates in Eastern Europe, and with menstrual hygiene directly linked to fertility and pregnancy complications, improving menstrual hygiene has become an important initiative in reproductive health.
  • The World Health Organization and European Member States organized an initiative to better understand and rectify the issues surrounding menstrual health in 2018. Health and Education sectors identified three areas of interest: increasing the amount of information available about mensuration, updating and improving sanitation infrastructure to satisfactory levels, and working to ensure that menstrual hygiene supplies are widely available to women of reproductive age.
  • One focus of this initiative comes from recognizing and understanding how menstrual poverty can affect education in low income areas. A study conducted in the Yugoslavia Republic of Macedonia found that a lack of menstrual supplies can cause as many as 90% of women from attending school during their period.
  • Following surveys from the initiative, the Scottish government took steps to ensure that menstrual hygiene products were available for women of reproductive age attending all "schools, colleges, and universities". The initiative also facilitated the development of a digital platform dedicated to providing the public with accurate information relating to reproductive health.


  • The 2016 WHO Regional Committee for Europe saw WHO Member States endorse an action plan based on the framework of Portugal's initiative to improve sexual and reproductive health, which saw widespread success since its implementation in the 1980s. Specifically, the initiative is at least partially credited with lowering Portugal's maternal mortality rate from 40 deaths per 100,000 births in the late 1970s to 6.9 deaths per 100,000 births in 2017.
  • Several of Portugal's reforms were highlighted and endorsed across Europe. The most important of which consist of (1) ensuring the availability of accurate and comprehensive preconception and post-conception information, services, and care, (2) the "reorganization" of reproductive and sexual health establishments "to ensure availability, accessibility, acceptability and quality of services", (3) improving the availability of safe abortion and contraceptive services, (4) offering personalized sexual health services and education to adolescents, and (5) improving and ensuring women's sexual and reproductive rights.
  • This action plan included an assessment of its progress every two years by the WHO Regional Committee for Europe as well as the identification of the action plan's barriers.
  • The plan also addressed some key challenges it hoped to improve, including: the disparity in infant mortality rates between countries, current failures in meeting the family planning needs of their most vulnerable populations, the lack of focus given to increasing access to safe abortion and sexual disease services, and the existing resistance to improving sexual education.


  • An initiative of the CDC's Division of Reproductive Health, the Perinatal Quality Collaborative (PQC) is a network of state or multi-state health professionals who work "to improve the quality of care for mothers and babies".
  • While the PQC has a wide-range of long and short-term goals, a large portion of their efforts go towards reducing early-births that aren't medically necessary, reducing the occurrence of medical-related blood infections in newborns, and reducing severe pregnancy complications.
  • There are 13 states that have a considerable PQC presence. In these states, the PQC allots a good amount of focus towards reducing the amount of cesarean sections in healthy women, reducing racial and geographic disparities in healthcare-quality, and identifying and treating newborns that have been exposed to opiates in the womb.
  • The PQC also collects data on various statistics relating to reproductive health.


  • After the fall of the Soviet Union, the amount of deaths in Russia surpassed the number of births. Almost three decades later, this trend still hasn't reversed, with the population dropping from 149 million in 1991 to 140 million today. As of 2018, the country's population growth rate is -0.11%. This is due to a number of factors, including early deaths from alcoholism, low economic security and outlook, and an insufficient healthcare system.
  • In 2008, an initiative was launched to increase the country's birthrate. Families determined to be living in poverty are eligible to receive 10,000 to 11,000 rubles ($175 to $190) every month from a child's birth until they reach 18 months of age. Since many families beneath this poverty line survive on anywhere from 9,000 to 18,000 rubles a month depending on regional standards, this subsidy effectively doubles a family's income for the first 18 months.
  • Low-income families with more than one child can also receive subsidies on their mortgage payments. This benefit lasts for 3 years for families with two children and five years for families with three or more children.
  • With the average age of Russia's population having increased from 33 to 39 years of age in the past three decades, this 2008 initiative has been extended past the original ten years to last until at least 2021. As the generation with the lowest birth rate comes to account for more and more of the working population, it's estimated that the birthrate will fall between 5% or 10% in the next five years.
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Insights and/or Trends - Betterment: Reproduction

Some of the insights surrounding the idea of betterment in both an individual and society on reproduction include eating a plant-based diet, practicing yoga, opting for genetic testing, consumption of male prenatal vitamins, and the ART Bill regulation.


  • A recent Harvard study discovered that a plant-based diet can improve the reproductive health of both men and women.
  • Dairy, alcohol, caffeine, and other unhealthy foods and eatables that consist of saturated fats and sugar causes obesity which in turn leads to infertility.
  • High intake of whole foods such as fruits and vegetables can have a positive impact on the reproductive health of both men and women.
  • Essential amino acids, vitamin B12, vitamin D, vitamin D3, and iron are necessary for healthy reproduction. These nutrients can be acquired through a plant-based diet.


  • A recent study revealed that practicing yoga can cause epigenetic changes to improve sperm quality in men.
  • As a result, Yoga-based lifestyle interventions are being increasingly offered as an alternative to modern medicine to improve the reproductive health of men.
  • “Using state-of-the-art DNA sequencing analysis study demonstrated a resetting of the sperm methylome (pattern of chemical changes called DNA methylation) in the yoga practitioners.”
  • DNA methylation is responsible for male fertility, spermatogenesis, and embryo implantation.
  • Breathing techniques, certain yoga postures, and physical movements are commonly suggested in YBLs to improve reproduction.


  • Underlying diseases, health conditions, and disorders are directly related to the reproductive health of women.
  • Genetic testing is crucial for the diagnosis and management of menstrual abnormalities, recurrent pregnancy losses, reduced fertility or infertility, preterm delivery, birth defect, and developmental delays that affect reproduction.
  • Due to the growing awareness about the benefits of genetic testing in reproduction, the market is booming.
  • Genetic testing can identify genetic variations, stop the risk of recurrence, and find the genetic status. This will greatly improve the reproduction process.


  • Prenatal vitamins are typically consumed by women to avoid the risk of birth defects and malformations in babies.
  • Likewise, male prenatal vitamins enhance reproductive health in men and are intended to improve the quality of sperms. Healthy sperms increase the probability of natural pregnancy.
  • Vitamin E, vitamin C, and zinc are some of the common nutrients found in male prenatal vitamins.
  • Male prenatal vitamins are recommended when the individual’s reproduction system is not healthy. However, for women, prenatal vitamins are imperative.


  • On a societal level, the ART Regulation Bill seeks to protect women’s reproductive rights, make “genetic testing of the embryo mandatory before implantation”, and “streamline the cryo-preservation processes for sperm, oocytes, and embryo” in India.
  • The ART services were primarily regulated to protect the affected women and children from exploitation.
  • The regulation of the bill will ensure highly ethical practices are employed in ART service centers and ease tension among couples who are seeking the service.
  • India has turned into a hub for ART services. “Social stigma of being childless and lengthy adoption processes have increased the demand for ART in India”.
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Insights and/or Trends - Betterment: Clothing

The clothing industry's connection to the betterment of a society and an individual is shown through trends and insights such as, a demand for transparency in companies' material sourcing and workers' wages, inclusively of products produced, sustainability at all levels, and second-hand clothing at the consumer level. Descriptions and examples of these trends and insights are presented below.

Transparency in the Source of Materials

  • Consumers have become increasingly concerned about the sources of the materials their clothing is made from. Companies reporting where their raw materials come from has increased from 17% to 48% between 2013 and 2019 in one study. Companies tracing the source of their fabrics have increased from 49% to 81% in that same time frame. The percent of companies publishing direct supplier lists has increased from 18% to 37%.
  • One company that has built its brand off of transparency is Everlane, which lets consumers know how their products are produced in every step of the process.

Transparency in Surrounding Workers' Wages and Inequalities

  • A recent call for transparency involving workers' wages has shed light on the fact that 95% of companies globally are not paying their final stage factory employees a living wage. Without a living wage, workers are unable to lift themselves and their families out of poverty. Paying employees living wages can drive economic growth in communities, nations, and globally. 48% of clothing companies as of 2019 have begun to develop a living wage methodology. In addition, 24% of companies have disclosed their specific commitment to pay a living wage.


  • Acceptance of a variety of body sizes is important to consumers and companies. The plus-size clothing market is estimated to be $30.7 billion. In one interview, "Lisa Greenwald, chief merchandising officer at J. Crew, said, 'We really wanted to change the perception of trying to tell people what the ideal body type is and how we think you should look... We want people to look the way they want to look, but we want them to have access to our clothes.'"
  • Designing for the disabled has become a trend and is seen in companies like Target, Tommy Hilfiger, and Nike. The global market for adaptive clothing is estimated at $290 billion.
  • Model ethnicity has shifted for companies to better represent their consumers. Between the spring and summer of 2016 and 2019 the percentage of non-white models increased from 22.4% to 36.1% in New York, Paris, Milan, and London fashion shows.


Second-Hand Clothing

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Insights and/or Trends - Betterment: Sleep

On the individual level sleeping less than 7 hours a night and spending less than the recommended percentage amount in any of the sleep stages contributes to tiredness. Sleep tracker apps and activity monitors emerged to tackle this problem. On the societal level, long commutes, more working hours, and hospital culture are contributing to sleep deprivation. Flexible work schedules, businesses centered around sleep and relaxation, and change in the administration of care at hospitals allows more people to better their sleep.


  • Getting less than 7 hours of sleep contributes to poor sleep quality. The US falls in the middle of sleep deprivation distribution with 40% of Americans sleeping 6 hours or fewer. Japan ranks lowest with 5:59 average hours of sleep while residents of Ireland, Great Britain, Finland, and New Zealand get between 7 and 7:30 hours of sleep.
  • Monitoring the percentage of time spent in each sleep phase, light, deep, and REM (Rapid Eye Movement), offers insights into sleep quality. REM and deep sleep stages are cyclical with light sleep serving as transition periods. Light sleep makes up 50-60% of healthy sleep setting up the state for physical and mental restoration. When the person is not getting enough sleep hours, their transitions into deep and REM sleep stages are rough, causing sleep disturbances. Deep sleep makes up 10-25% of sleep allowing the body to restore its muscles and tissues. Injuries and physical illnesses can prevent the person from spending adequate time in the deep sleep stage, leaving them physically tired upon waking. REM is the remaining 20-25% allowing the mind to restore its memory capacity. Stress can reduce the percentage of time a person spends in this stage, leaving them foggy and fatigued.
  • Commute length has a negative impact on sleep. Large city residents worldwide report the shortest sleep times. Tokyo residents get just 5 hours and 44 minutes of sleep on average. New York residents average 6 hours and 47 minutes.
  • Working longer hours takes away from sleep hours as well. Workers who start work before 6 am reported getting only 6 hours of sleep. Those who started work between 9 and 10 am reported the best sleep times: 7:29 hours. Workers with multiple jobs suffered the most, with 61% of them reporting sleeping less than 6 hours a night.
  • Certain industries deprive people of sleep due to their structure. Hospital patients are interrupted multiple times a night to check their vital signs, IVs, and to take medications. These sleep disturbances slow recovery and increase costs of care.


  • Sleep tracker apps like Sleep Score, Sleep Cycle, and Sleep Time measure time asleep by using the phone's accelerometer to pick up movement. The less someone moved in their sleep and the more hours they slept, the higher their sleep score.
  • All top activity monitors measure the three stages of sleep (light, deep, and REM) to show the user the percentage of time spent in each.
  • In large metropolitan areas, businesses have sprung up entirely devoted to helping workers catch a few hours of sleep. In Tokyo sleep cafes and sleep-inducing massage parlors are common. Nap York opened in New York City offering nap pods and private nap rooms. The place is currently at capacity and there is a wait list.
  • A Worldwide movement towards remote work and flexible work schedules allows workers to get the much-needed sleep. Self-employed workers are 17% less likely to be short sleepers.
  • Several hospitals in the US are starting to address sleep deprivation on the patient level. By requiring 8-hour blocks of uninterrupted time for non-critically ill patients, hospitals are reducing sleep disturbances by 38%, leading to improved immune system function, better blood pressure indicators, and happier moods in patients.
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Insights and/or Trends - Betterment: Shelter

The key trends surrounding the idea of betterment on shelter includes Smart homes, Net-Zero homes, Green housing, Retrofitting, and Biophilic design.

Smart homes.

  • Home automation, also known as smart homes or the Internet of Things, is the method of connecting home devices to allow them to send and receive information.
  • This technology empowers the resident to control the thermostat from their phone, automate lighting according to their schedule, and monitor home safety while they’re away. Thus, the adoption of this automation system has human life more efficient and convenient.
  • Home automation company Insteon introduced the technology which combined electric wiring with wireless signals back in 2005. Another company called Nest Labs released its first smart product called the Nest Learning Thermostat in 2011 and is also credit for developing smart smoke/carbon monoxide detectors and security cameras.
  • In recent years many companies like Amazon, Apple, and Google have introduced their smart home products and domotics platform to the market, which includes the likes of Amazon Echo, Apple HomeKit, and Google Home.
  • Smart TVs that connect to the internet to access content through applications, smart locks, and garage door openers to control access to visitors, smart security cameras to monitor homes when away, and automated pet feeders are some famous examples of smart home technologies.
  • The significant benefit of the home automation system is that it gives peace of mind to homeowners while also ensuring consumers use energy, water, and other resources efficiently, which helps save both natural resources and money for the consumer.

Net-Zero Homes.

  • A Net-Zero home produces its energy locally and aims at providing at least as much energy as it consumes as it seeks to optimize energy efficiency through airtight construction of roofs, walls, windows, and foundations.
  • Net-Zero homes are expected to produce renewable energy that is equivalent to the energy they consume and therefore achieving the net-zero status. These homes are known to combine energy efficiency, solar panels, and technology to bring sustainable housing to the masses.
  • Net-Zero homes show features like well-sealed and well-insulated attics, walls, and basements or slabs. They can also have triple-pane windows specially designed for places with cold winters, energy-efficient appliances, highly efficient LED lighting, and smart thermostats to help avoid energy waste.
  • Net-Zero homes greatly aid in reducing the carbon footprint while also making the buildings self-sufficient from an energy standpoint.

Green housing.

  • The concept of green housing emphasizes on implementing cost-effective, energy-efficient features while using eco-friendly and recyclable products to develop environmentally responsible and resource-efficient buildings.
  • Green housing recommends using building materials that are not only non-toxic but also energy efficient while also implementing systems that help in rainwater harvesting and wastewater treatment.
  • Green housing aims at adopting an eco-friendly lifestyle which is possible by using products that produce minimal waste and can be easily recycled. Hence, practices like using bricks made from fly-ash rather than clay, AAC/CLC blocks, concrete made from high volume fly-ash and recycled waste wood chips can go a long way in increasing the eco-friendliness of a home. Similarly, practices like investing in furniture and accessories crafted from recycled materials rather than those made from PVC and metal, and using water-based paint should also be given preference over using oil-based paints which prove damaging to the environment.
  • Research has shown that adopting greenhouse technology results in a decrease in respiratory problems amongst the dwellers. This sustainability also leads to profitability as green buildings save 30%-40% of the power consumption and additional cost to incorporate green building feature has a payback of just 2-5 years with a substantial reduction in operational costs.


  • Retrofitting refers to modifying an existing structure or edifice to mitigate the potential risk from hazards like flooding, winds, and earthquake.
  • Buildings are known to consume excessive amounts of energy as much as 40% of the nation's total U.S. energy consumption mostly through heating and cooling (32%). Thus, it is essential to initiate energy conservation retrofits to reduce energy consumption and the cost of heating, cooling, and lighting buildings.
  • The objective behind retrofitting existing buildings is not only energy conservation but also to develop a high performing structure by adopting the whole-building design process to the project during the planning phase that shall ensure all key design objectives are met.
  • As per a 2012 study by CNT Energy and the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, building owners and residents could save $3.4 billion per year by making energy-efficiency upgrades in existing multifamily housing in the U.S.

Biophilic Design.

  • Biophilia focuses on human’s innate attraction to nature and natural processes and biophilic design, therefore, seeks to connect humans with nature.
  • Great biophilic design is expected to entice all human senses as its not only about providing access to green space but also allowing people to experience nature through touch, smell, sound, and even taste, as well as sight. This is achieved through a visual, auditory and material connection to nature by using natural materials like wood, stone, water and most importantly, plants.
  • Biophilic homes are typically designed with openings that enable dwellers to have pleasing vistas of things like their garden, a waterfall or fountains that provide important auditory stimuli. This natural touch is also known to improve physical and mental well-being while removing toxic pollutants from the air and improving the air quality by more than 25%.
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Insights and/or Trends - Betterment: Food

Below are several trends surrounding the idea of betterment in both an individual level and in a broader society with regard to food.

Future farming technology

  • Society is recognizing a growing need and responsibility for sustainability in feeding the planet's expanding populations. The impacts of climate change call for significant changes to food production in order to sustain a global population of 9.8 billion people by 2050. Future farming technology plays a significant role in creating sustainability in worldwide food production from developing agricultural crop assessments, to using tech insights to predict crop production and yields, biotech, and indoor farming.

A shift to healthier, more sustainable diets

  • According to a report from Dataessential, plant-based foods are expected to hit 5 billion in sales this year, with 59% of consumers eating meatless meals once a week.
  • With the conventional meat supply expected to drop by more than 33% in the next 20 years (by 2040), research and development efforts to create animal protein alternatives are being backed by millions in venture capital.

Personalized nutrition and meeting the demands of health-conscious consumers

  • The popularity of "food tribes" (keto, paleo and the like) continues to explode. The market for personalized nutrition is estimated to reach upwards of $11.5 billion by 2025, with science and technology coming together to inform consumers on specific food choices based on individual health. Companies that deliver customized and personalized diets and other nutrition advice are popping up around the globe basing diets on an individual's genetic profile, biomarkers and other highly individualized criteria.


  • Globally, 1.3 billion tons of food are thrown out each year, with an estimated 50 percent of the world's total food weight wasted before it can be consumed.
  • Parts of the world are moving the issue to legislature to resolve, calling on restaurants and large supermarkets to donate food that is nearing its expiration to social programs for distribution to the poor.

Functional foods

  • 65% of consumers seek functional benefits from their food and drink, that is, foods that promote optimal health and help reduce the risk of disease. Probiotics, omega-3s, green tea, honey and coffee register as the top five ingredients perceived to deliver such benefits.
  • The global functional ingredients market is expected to reach nearly $100 million by 2025, up from $64.9 million in 2018.
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Insights and/or Trends - Betterment: Water

Insights and/or Trends -Betterment: Water

The trends and insights toward the betterment of water for the people and society are presented below:

Key Findings

  • A technology company, Ericsson, has an award-winning Broadband Smart Vessel that can identify the cause of water pollution using HD cameras.
  • It aims to help people and society have clean seas and rivers as it also takes measures necessary to address the pollutants once identified.
  • Dow Filmtec Seamaxx reverse osmosis elements of Dow Chemical Company is another trend that can help reduce the amount of energy from saltwater to create freshwater. According to Felipe Pinto, DW&PS Marketing Manager for reverse osmosis, it is a growing trend in the Caribbean to turn seawater into usable, clean water.
In Business
  • Waterless dyeing in fashion industries has multiple advantages. It helps save 200 tonnes of water per 1 tonne of fabric. It can also eliminate 17-20% of all water pollution.
At Home
  • By using front-loader washing machines, people can save around 13 gallons of water compared to top loaders and old washing machines, which use up to 28 or more gallons.
  • Government and non-government organizations also play a significant role in an upward trend concerning water crisis solutions globally. In Sri Lanka, a center called The International Water Management Institute provides research work to help the world create a plan for water conservation.
  • In Sweden, the Stockholm International Water Institute gives advisory services with regard to water resources.
  • World Water Council is there to promote awareness on different adverse water issues.
  • In California, the Erase The Waste Campaign focuses on promoting high water quality through public education including media and community outreach.
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Insights and/or Trends - Betterment: Air

Insights into Air Betterment Trends for Individuals and Society

There are many ways that we can contribute to air betterment both as individuals and as a society. Here are five key trends and insights into the idea of air betterment as it applies to our lives.

Insights into the Absence of Air Betterment Practices

  • A recent study conducted by Green Peace in February 2020 determined that 4.5 million premature deaths worldwide were directly correlated to the burning of fossil fuels. This study points to the ways that air pollution leads to increased numbers of hospital visits and work-related absences, as well as the importance of air betterment for both individuals and society.
  • Not only does air quality impact the health and lives of humans and animals, but it also affects the yields and harvests of crops worldwide. Studies point to a direct correlation between global ground-level ozone and the decline of average global crop yields from year to year.
  • A study released in 2017 revealed that ambient levels of air pollution and particulate matter have a direct impact on the incidence rates of dementia in a cohort based out of Ontario, Canada. Awareness surrounding the benefits of air betterment will lead to more individuals and governments addressing air pollution issues.

Trends in Governmental Air Betterment Policies

  • Governments and mayors of over 30 cities, such as Los Angeles, London, and Jakarta, have signed on agreements to deliver cleaner air to their citizens. Awareness surrounding air quality impact will lead to an increase in the betterment tactics taken up by governments in 2020

Individuals Impacting Societal Air Betterment Trends

  • Activists from Thailand, Romania, Bulgaria, Senegal, Russia, South Africa, India, Turkey, Cameroon, and Kenya have stood up to protest some of the worst contributors to air pollution. Their efforts bring to light the interest and passion individuals have for global air betterment.
  • Citizens of Jakarta have taken up the mantle of air quality betterment suing their government in July 2019 for lack of action surrounding air quality control. In response, 26,000 other individuals signed on to urge the Jakartan Ministry of Environment and Forestry to address air pollution issues.

Trends Behind Individual Air Betterment Practices

  • Individuals in areas such as Maricopa, Arizona are being encouraged to say no to fire pit, fireplace, and chimney usage on "No Burn Days" when the weather is driest and most amenable to wildfire. By reducing the possibility of individual contribution to wildfires, governments in hand with citizens are working on air betterment techniques to reduce overall air pollution.

Societal Support for Air Betterment

Research Strategy

To highlight key insights and trends surrounding the idea of individual and societal air betterment, we searched for articles and publications on the topic. In going through a variety of reliable sources, we were able to present five key insights and trends that highlight the theme of air betterment for both individuals and society.


From Part 01
  • "Some apparel companies have formed coalitions to tackle environmental and social challenges together, which helps to accelerate change and to mitigate the risks of working on these challenges alone."
  • "H&M and Levi’s have each partnered with I:CO to collect clothing and footwear for reuse and recycling. "
  • "Production methods that are more sustainable may cost slightly more, but they can also spur innovation and protect businesses from supply-chain shocks and reputation risks, resulting in greater resilience and profitability."
  • "‘Fast fashion’ is a term used to describe a new accelerated fashion business model that has evolved since the 1980s. It involves increased numbers of new fashion collections every year, quick turnarounds and often lower prices. Reacting rapidly to offer new products to meet consumer demand is crucial to this business model."
  • "Clothing companies like Everlane, Patagonia, and H&M are making garments out of recycled plastics."
  • "It's also a learning experience, both for Everlane and for its consumers. Right now, Smith says it costs 10 to 15 percent more to make clothes with recycled water bottles than to use synthetic fabrics. The company is banking on the fact that people will pay more to buy sustainably"
  • "Parley Ocean Plastic® is created from upcycled marine plastic waste that is intercepted from remote islands, beaches and coastal communities. We use it as a replacement for virgin plastic in the making of all adidas x Parley high-performance sportswear. After collecting plastic waste from coastlines, it's baled and sent to Parley supply chain partners. There it's shredded and reworked to become high-performance polyester yarn: Parley Ocean Plastic™, which is then used to create adidas x Parley sportswear, that's as good for the planet as it is for your workout."
  • "Siren’s Socks and Foot Monitoring System continuously track foot temperature, sending information to your doctor to help them track issues related to inflammation."
  • ""The vibrations on the body cue you where to focus and the app lets you know how you went at the end of each pose.""
  • "Sensoria offers a full range of smart garments for multiple activities. Our smart upper garments can monitor your heart rate while our smart socks can detect cadence, foot landing and impact forces."
  • "A research programme carried out by the Centre, in partnership with a number of sports equipment manufacturers, looked into the area of body mapping to better understanding the issue of heat transfer from different body regions to the environment."
  • "When you rest and rebuild, you raise your game. That’s why we’ve designed the ultimate post-game, post-train system to help you restore muscle faster and come back better than ever."
  • "Connected. Not distracted. That was our mission in designing the next iteration of our Trucker Jacket with Jacquard by Google — an advanced technology enabling you to seamlessly and wirelessly connect your clothes to your smartphone."
  • "Jacquard takes ordinary, familiar objects and enhances them with new digital abilities and experiences, while remaining true to their original purpose — like being your favorite jacket, backpack or a pair of shoes that you love to wear."
  • "Digital connectivity is provided through the Jacquard snap tag attached to the jacket’s cuff. When the jacket detects your gesture, the tag sends a signal wirelessly to your phone. The jacket integrates with the Jacquard app for your mobile phone, which allows you to customize your experience – whether playing or pausing a song or getting the ETA on your destination."
  • "The fashion collections presented on-schedule at New York Fashion week introduced luxury ready-to-wear fashions and accessories that can be controlled via a smartphone app to allow the wearer to change the colour and functionality of their garments at the touch of a button."
  • "The smart clothing can support medical applications like blood pressure meters, a body temperature meter, a heart rate meter and more. Smart Clothing could support controls for music or video and provide controls for use with a VR headset or glasses. It could provide controls on the smart clothing that could control an in-vehicle infotainment system."
  • "The wearable electronic device according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention may activate a sensor using electrical energy generated by an energy harvester to determine a user's activity with low power consumption. In addition, since the wearable electronic device according to an embodiment of the present invention can determine a user's activity using electrical energy generated by an energy harvester, a lighter battery having a smaller capacity may be applied."
  • "Meet our heroes - the winners of the Global Change Award - and find out how their innovations are reinventing fashion."
  • "Researchers in Australia say they have found a way to alter fabric so that stains disappear after a few minutes of sun exposure. They dip the fabric into a special solution that coats it with microscopic copper and silver particles. When hit with light, these particles jump to life and act a bit like bleach."
From Part 02
  • "“Morning types are celebrated and deemed more worthy because they are in the office earlier,” says Walker. “Evening types are usually penalised because they come in late, but they could work late. Companies are starting to understand that it’s nobody’s fault – it’s genetic.” "
From Part 04
  • "Food for Good Challenge to develop innovative and concrete solution"
  • "connect people and restaurants in support of our communities."
  • "a critical role in helping to end hunger in Eastern Massachusetts."
  • "over three million pounds of food"
  • "a national network of runners and walkers who dedicate their performance in endurance events – from 5Ks to ultramarathons – to the 40 million Americans who are struggling to find their next meal."
  • "fair, sustainable, and healthy food, for everybody, everywhere."