Baojun E100 Manufacturer

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Baojun E100 Manufacturer

Introduction

In order to locate 2-3 competitors in the Chinese market for the Baojun E100, research was first conducted to understand what this vehicle is its tech specs/features. From there, two additional vehicles that are manufactured in China and are all-electric were identified. However, as will be explained in the research strategy below, only one of the vehicles is compact (1-2 seater) and only one of the vehicles has airbags. This was a result of the small market for the EV vehicles in China. Both comparable options, though, do meet every other requirement when compared to the Baojun E100, and thus were included in this research.

In working to locate 4-6 Chinese dealers that currently sell the Baojun E100 and could potentially ship one to the United States, particularly California, it was determined that no such dealers exist at the moment. Insights into how this conclusion was reached will also be depicted below in the research strategy. To compensate, the California DMV regulations for registering an out-of-country vehicle were detailed below.


Baojun E100

  • The Baojun E100 was a vehicle produced from 2017-2018 by a joint venture between General Motors (GM), SAIC, and Wuling; in short, it was manufactured by SAIC-GM-Wuling (SGMW). The vehicle's design was largely modeled after Daimler's Smart Car.
  • This vehicle only has 2 cabin seats, 2 passenger doors and a hatchback-style rear door for trunk access. It is also 1,670 mm tall with a wheelbase of 1,600 mm.
  • In terms of size, the E100 contains a Lithium-Ion battery that requires 7.5 hours to fully charge. It reaches maximum speeds of 100 kmh and has an estimated driving range of 200 km.
  • For safety features, the Baojun E100 features parking sensors/camera, ISOFIX child locks, and a pedestrian alert system. There are no airbags in this model.
  • The Baojun E100 costs approximately $9,232. However, there are Chinese rebates that are capable of lowering the price to around $5,300.
  • This model also utilizes an independent front-wheel single-arm rear-wheel suspension system with anti-lock brakes and an electric parking brake.

ZhiDou D2

  • The ZhiDou D2 produced manufactured by ZhiDou was available in 2018. This model is more comparable to the Baojun E100 in the fact that it is a fully-electric 2-seater vehicle with 2 passenger doors and a hatchback rear door.
  • This model car is 2808 mm (L) by 1499 mm (W) by 1555 mm (H) and weighs approximately 704 kg. Just like the Baojun E100, this car contains a Lithium-Ion battery that can charge in 7-8 hours.
  • The D2 has a maximum speed of 85 kmh with an estimated range of 257 km. It can also accelerate from 0-50 km in approximately 7 seconds.
  • The front wheels on the D2 utilizes an independent model, while the rear wheels use a dependent wheel suspension system.
  • Notable equipment that comes standard with the ZhiDou D2 include power windows, remote control, adaptive power steering, and a USB interface. The car also contains a parking camera, 4.5" LED screen, keyless start system, parking sensors, and voice control.
  • The D2 manufacturer website and contact info can be accessed here. From their site, it appears as though a consumer must first schedule a test drive in order to purchase.

BAIC EC180

  • The BAIC EC180 was manufactured in 2017 as a pure electric vehicle with a lithium-ion battery. It is a more expensive EV, and costs about $7,870. However, it contains more safety and capability features than the Baojun E100.
  • The EC180 is 144.4 in (L) by 64.1 in (W) by 58.8 in (H). It contains 4 passenger doors and 5 seats, in addition to a hatchback style rear door for trunk access and operates on a FWD drive train.
  • This car can reach maximum speeds of 63 kmh and maintains an average driving range of 206 km. Its battery charges fully in approximately 7 hours with a level 2 EV charger.
  • Special equipment that comes standard with this vehicle includes anti-brake locks, dual airbags, and uphill assist. It also has a rear windshield defroster, USB interface, rear parking radar, and child door locks.

Registering a Vehicle from Another Country in California

  • According the California DMV, there are 10 key requirements in addition to necessary fees in order to register an out-of-country vehicle in the state. These are as follows:
    • Proof vehicle passed customs (stamped/endorsed CBP form 3299, 3311, 3461, 6059, or 7501)
    • Application for Title/Registration (REG 343)
    • Title/proof of ownership
    • Vehicle Verification form (REG 31)
    • Lien Satisfied/Legal Owner/Title Holder Release form (REG 166), if necessary
    • Statement of Facts (REG 256)
    • Declaration of Gross/Combined Vehicle Weight, if necessary (REG 4008)
    • Smog certificate, if necessary
    • Weight certificate, if necessary
  • Additionally, the following are common forms of evidence that are requested by the California DMV in these situations:
  • If for some reason, an imported vehicle is incapable of meeting California/U.S. emissions standards, the vehicle can be modified and tested with the CARBs direct import program to meet this requirement.
  • In the case that the car does not have a U.S. safety and emissions label, it will be branded with "NON-USA" on records and forms.


Research Strategy

While searching for fully-electric vehicles that are manufactured and sold in China that are similar to the Baojun E100, it was determined that no such vehicles with all of the same features, specifically airbags, 1-2 seats max, and crash testing approved are available in the market to date. This was determined as a result of searching manufacture websites, electric vehicle market reports, and press releases for electric vehicles in the Chinese market. When searching for cars that were similar to the Baojun E100 in terms of cabin capacity, only the Zhi Dou D2 was found. All other models located had 4 passenger doors and 5 seats total. Additionally, when searching for all-electric vehicles that had airbags and were manufactured in China, there were no small cars that had this feature; only those with 4 doors did. This was found to be the case as most 2-door fully-electric vehicles in China are not manufactured to go about 40 km/h, and thus are not legally required to have airbags. As a result, a compromise was made when choosing the comparable models listed above.

As for the Baojun E100 dealers, no information appeared to be available on where to purchase this vehicle in China, let alone the U.S. The E100 model was only manufactured from 2017-2018, and so any dealers that may have it right now are likely only selling used models. Additionally, it was found that only a limited number of vehicles were produced, and so it is likely that there is no new inventory available right now. Finally, even when searching broadly online for Baojun E100s for sale right now through any seller, not a single search result was presented. Even when searching to see if perhaps this vehicle was available to buy in the U.S., the only information that was available were articles pondering about whether or not SGMW should make the car available in the U.S. As no search results for sales were located via dealer websites, online shopping sites, or other car sales inventories, it was concluded that there is no way to purchase this vehicle and have it shipped to the U.S. right now.
Sources
Sources

Quotes
  • "The E100 is comprised of a small footprint, with a rather stubby front and rear ends. The design is somewhat reminiscent of Daimler’s Smart Car lineup."
  • "The model features two doors and a hatch at the rear. Small, 12-inch wheels yet rather large headlights and taillights...The model also features low-placed fog lights at the outer edges of the front bumper cover. Notably, the hatch features a unique attachment at the prominent roof-rails."
  • "Designers used color to make the E100 noticeable. For instance, the primary body color can be complemented by two accent colors, a black/dark grey hue on the lower end of the car and another color on the B-pillar, roof rails, and wheel accents."
  • "The E100is powered by a single motor that produces 29 kW (39 horsepower) and 110 Nm (81 pound-feet) of torque, enabling it to travel up to 155 km (96 miles) on a single charge. "
  • "he lithium-ion battery pack can be fully charged in 7.5 hours, with the pack being capable of capturing energy through a regenerative braking system."
  • "The vehicle has a maximum speed of 100 km/h (62 mph)...In June 2018, Baojun launched an upgraded E100 that added an improved driving range of 200 km and various functional upgrades."
  • "With a wheelbase of 1,600 mm (63 inches) and height of 1,670 mm (65.75 inches), the compact E100 seats up to two adults comfortably."
  • "The Baojun E100 features a 7-inch screen and Wi-Fi, enabling users to enjoy infotainment and remain connected while on the road. The electric vehicle is also available with a touchpad, air filter and keyless entry on the premium Zhixiang variant."
  • "The E100 uses an independent front-wheel suspension and single-arm rear suspension. The car features anti-lock brakes with electronic brakeforce distribution, electric power steering, an electronic parking brake. Its turning radius of 3.7 meters enables it to get in and out of tight spaces conveniently."
  • "Baojun E100 features parking sensors, ISOFIX locks for child safety seats and a pedestrian alert system."
  • "The Baojun E100 is available in two variants: Zhixing base model and Zhixiang higher-end model. Pricing ranges from RMB 45,800 to RMB 58,800 after national and local subsidies. That converts to about $7,191 to $9,232 USD. The original price of the Baojun E100 before subsidies is between RMB 93,900 and RMB 109,900, which converts to $14,743 and $17,255"
Quotes
  • "Vehicle Parameters: - Dimensions (LxWxH): 2808mm x 1499mm x 1555mm - Wheelbase: 1765 mm - Weight (incl. battery): 704 kg - Maximum speed: ≥85 km/h (GPS) - Range (at the average speed 5 kph): 257 km - Maximum gradability: ≥20% - Maximum turning radius: 4 m - Acceleration from 0 to 50 kph: ≤7 s"
  • "Electric Parameters: - System voltage: 144 V - Battery type: Li(NiCoMn)O2 120 Ah; Ternary Polymer Lithium Battery - Battery longevity (100% DoD): 2000 charging cycles - Charging time: ≤7-8 h - Batter capacity: 120 Ah/18kWh - Motor type: Permanent Magnet Brushless Direct, Current Motor - Rated/maximum power: 15/30 kW - At rated/max speed: 4200/5000 ot. - Turning moment (Nm): 90 Nm"
  • "Chassis: - Suspension type: Front suspension (McPherson independent suspension), Back suspension (dependent suspension) - Brake system: Disc brakes"
  • "Standard Equipment: - Stabilizer - Power windows - Central locking - Remote control - Adaptive power steering - Height adjustable steering wheel - Automatic air conditioning - Instantaneous and average power indicator - AUX in audio - USB interface - Heating - Dashboard with 4.5" LED screen - Interface in Czech - Parking camera - Leather steering wheel - Individual interior, color combination - START/STOP button - Leather seats (ivory/dark brown) - Leather packet (PVC leather) ivory, dark brown - Cornering lights - LED daytime running lamps - LED back-up lights - Third stop-light - LED fog lamp (back) - Aluminum wheel disks - D2 luxury spiral R13/14 - Model specification - CHROME - Electric outside mirrors - Rear window defrosting - Charging cable for home charging (220V) - Dashboard computer - Parking sensors (back, front) - Keyless start system - Zhi Dou navigation system (D2) - Voice control function - GRPS terminal - Tablet (Android 9", 30 GB HDD, 2GHz CPU) - ZhiDou Audio system (Equalizer, 4x speaker: 2x25W + 2x15W)"
Quotes
  • "BEV Pure electric vehicle Model Year: 2017"
  • "The EC200 has a cruising range of 205km/128mi in its D Mode and 162km/101mi in the S Mode. BAIC upgraded the safety off in the BAIC EC200 by increasing the buffer space and applying a high-strength steel to 54% of the EC200."
  • "The car is also equipped with standard dual airbags, uphill assist, brake antilock and electronic braking to enhance the safety of the small EV."
  • "Price information: CNY (Chinese Yuan): 151,800 "
  • "Battery & Range: - Battery Capacity (kwh): 20.3 - Range NEDC (mi): 98"
  • "Performance Specs: - Top Speed (mph): 63"
  • "Power Specs: - Electric Motor (hp): 41.0"
  • "Charging Specs: - Level 2 (hr): 7.0"
  • "Dimensions: - Length (in): 144.4 - Width (in): 64.1 - Height (in): 58.8 - Wheelbase (in): 58.8"
Quotes
  • "Price in China (USD): $7,870 Doors/seats: 5/4 Body: hatchback Drivetrain type: FWD Gears: 1"
  • "Engine: - Fuel: Electric - Electric motor torque (Nm): 140 - Driving range (km): 206 - Battery type: Lithium - Maximum speed (kmh): 100"
  • "Wheel material: steel Parking brake: manual Front suspension: McPherson Rear suspension: Multi-link independent Front brakes: ventilated disc Rear brakes: drum"
  • "Equipment: - A/C: Manual - Central/remote lock Parking radar: rear - Anti-lock braking system (ABS) - Electronic brakeforce distribution (EBD) - Hill start assist - External audio interface: USB - Headlamp leveling system - Low/high beam halogen lights - Rear windshield defrost"
  • "Safety Equipment: - Driver/passenger front airbag - ISOFIX child seats - child door lock"
Quotes
  • "You always need: - Evidence that the vehicle has cleared customs - An Application for Title or Registration (REG 343) form - Out-of-state title or proof of ownership - A Verification of Vehicle (REG 31) form - A Lien Satisfied/Legal Owner/Title Holder Release (REG 166) form, if applicable - A Vehicle/Vessel Transfer and Reassignment Form (REG 262) - A Statement of Facts (REG 256) form - A Declaration of Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) Combined Gross Vehicle - - - Weight (CGW) (REG 4008) form, if applicable - A smog certificate, if applicable - A weight certificate, if applicable - Fees"
  • "You may also need: - Evidence of compliance with California emissions standards (1968 year-model and newer gasoline-powered vehicles and 1980 year-model and newer diesel-powered vehicles)."
  • "You may also need: - Evidence of compliance with U.S. emission standards (vehicles 20 years old and newer)."
  • "You may also need: - Evidence of compliance with United States (U.S.) safety standards (vehicles 24 years old and newer)."
  • "Vehicles (and engines) imported from other countries must comply with requirements of the following agencies: - U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP). - U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for emissions requirements. - U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) for safety requirements. - U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) for gas-guzzler taxes. - California Air Resources Board (CARB) for emissions requirements. - California Board of Equalization (BOE) for use tax."
  • "If the vehicle was not originally manufactured to meet California emissions standards and DOT FMVSS, the vehicle cannot be registered in California, unless the vehicle is modified and tested under CARB’s direct import program."
  • "In addition, the application must include the following forms for: - Customs: Evidence the vehicle has cleared CBP. Evidence is CBP forms 3299, 3311, 3461, 6059, or 7501 stamped or endorsed by CBP."
  • "In addition, the application must include the following forms for: - U.S. Safety—Evidence of compliance with U.S. FMVSS vehicles 24 years old or newer. "
  • "In addition, the application must include the following forms for: - Evidence of compliance with EPA and California emission standards"
  • "The vehicle title will be branded with "NON-USA" if the vehicle does not have a U.S. federal certification label (safety label) and U.S. emissions label affixed by the manufacturer."