Baojun E100 Manufacturer
In order to locate 2-3 competitors in the Chinese market for the Baojun E100, research was first conducted to understand what this vehicle is its tech specs/features. From there, two additional vehicles that are manufactured in China and are all-electric were identified. However, as will be explained in the research strategy below, only one of the vehicles is compact (1-2 seater) and only one of the vehicles has airbags. This was a result of the small market for the EV vehicles in China. Both comparable options, though, do meet every other requirement when compared to the Baojun E100, and thus were included in this research.
In working to locate 4-6 Chinese dealers that currently sell the Baojun E100 and could potentially ship one to the United States, particularly California, it was determined that no such dealers exist at the moment. Insights into how this conclusion was reached will also be depicted below in the research strategy. To compensate, the California DMV regulations for registering an out-of-country vehicle were detailed below.
- The Baojun E100 was a vehicle produced from 2017-2018 by a joint venture between General Motors (GM), SAIC, and Wuling; in short, it was manufactured by SAIC-GM-Wuling (SGMW). The vehicle's design was largely modeled after Daimler's Smart Car.
- This vehicle only has 2 cabin seats, 2 passenger doors and a hatchback-style rear door for trunk access. It is also 1,670 mm tall with a wheelbase of 1,600 mm.
- In terms of size, the E100 contains a Lithium-Ion battery that requires 7.5 hours to fully charge. It reaches maximum speeds of 100 kmh and has an estimated driving range of 200 km.
- For safety features, the Baojun E100 features parking sensors/camera, ISOFIX child locks, and a pedestrian alert system. There are no airbags in this model.
- The Baojun E100 costs approximately $9,232. However, there are Chinese rebates that are capable of lowering the price to around $5,300.
- This model also utilizes an independent front-wheel single-arm rear-wheel suspension system with anti-lock brakes and an electric parking brake.
- The ZhiDou D2 produced manufactured by ZhiDou was available in 2018. This model is more comparable to the Baojun E100 in the fact that it is a fully-electric 2-seater vehicle with 2 passenger doors and a hatchback rear door.
- This model car is 2808 mm (L) by 1499 mm (W) by 1555 mm (H) and weighs approximately 704 kg. Just like the Baojun E100, this car contains a Lithium-Ion battery that can charge in 7-8 hours.
- The D2 has a maximum speed of 85 kmh with an estimated range of 257 km. It can also accelerate from 0-50 km in approximately 7 seconds.
- The front wheels on the D2 utilizes an independent model, while the rear wheels use a dependent wheel suspension system.
- Notable equipment that comes standard with the ZhiDou D2 include power windows, remote control, adaptive power steering, and a USB interface. The car also contains a parking camera, 4.5" LED screen, keyless start system, parking sensors, and voice control.
- The D2 manufacturer website and contact info can be accessed here. From their site, it appears as though a consumer must first schedule a test drive in order to purchase.
- The BAIC EC180 was manufactured in 2017 as a pure electric vehicle with a lithium-ion battery. It is a more expensive EV, and costs about $7,870. However, it contains more safety and capability features than the Baojun E100.
- The EC180 is 144.4 in (L) by 64.1 in (W) by 58.8 in (H). It contains 4 passenger doors and 5 seats, in addition to a hatchback style rear door for trunk access and operates on a FWD drive train.
- This car can reach maximum speeds of 63 kmh and maintains an average driving range of 206 km. Its battery charges fully in approximately 7 hours with a level 2 EV charger.
- Special equipment that comes standard with this vehicle includes anti-brake locks, dual airbags, and uphill assist. It also has a rear windshield defroster, USB interface, rear parking radar, and child door locks.
Registering a Vehicle from Another Country in California
- According the California DMV, there are 10 key requirements in addition to necessary fees in order to register an out-of-country vehicle in the state. These are as follows:
- Proof vehicle passed customs (stamped/endorsed CBP form 3299, 3311, 3461, 6059, or 7501)
- Application for Title/Registration (REG 343)
- Title/proof of ownership
- Vehicle Verification form (REG 31)
- Lien Satisfied/Legal Owner/Title Holder Release form (REG 166), if necessary
- Statement of Facts (REG 256)
- Declaration of Gross/Combined Vehicle Weight, if necessary (REG 4008)
- Smog certificate, if necessary
- Weight certificate, if necessary
- Additionally, the following are common forms of evidence that are requested by the California DMV in these situations:
- Proof of compliance with California emissions
- Proof of compliance with U.S. emissions
- Proof of compliance with U.S. safety standards
- If for some reason, an imported vehicle is incapable of meeting California/U.S. emissions standards, the vehicle can be modified and tested with the CARBs direct import program to meet this requirement.
- In the case that the car does not have a U.S. safety and emissions label, it will be branded with "NON-USA" on records and forms.
While searching for fully-electric vehicles that are manufactured and sold in China that are similar to the Baojun E100, it was determined that no such vehicles with all of the same features, specifically airbags, 1-2 seats max, and crash testing approved are available in the market to date. This was determined as a result of searching manufacture websites, electric vehicle market reports, and press releases for electric vehicles in the Chinese market. When searching for cars that were similar to the Baojun E100 in terms of cabin capacity, only the Zhi Dou D2 was found. All other models located had 4 passenger doors and 5 seats total. Additionally, when searching for all-electric vehicles that had airbags and were manufactured in China, there were no small cars that had this feature; only those with 4 doors did. This was found to be the case as most 2-door fully-electric vehicles in China are not manufactured to go about 40 km/h, and thus are not legally required to have airbags. As a result, a compromise was made when choosing the comparable models listed above.
As for the Baojun E100 dealers, no information appeared to be available on where to purchase this vehicle in China, let alone the U.S. The E100 model was only manufactured from 2017-2018, and so any dealers that may have it right now are likely only selling used models. Additionally, it was found that only a limited number of vehicles were produced, and so it is likely that there is no new inventory available right now. Finally, even when searching broadly online for Baojun E100s for sale right now through any seller, not a single search result was presented. Even when searching to see if perhaps this vehicle was available to buy in the U.S., the only information that was available were articles pondering about whether or not SGMW should make the car available in the U.S. As no search results for sales were located via dealer websites, online shopping sites, or other car sales inventories, it was concluded that there is no way to purchase this vehicle and have it shipped to the U.S. right now.