Average Hourly Earnings (1980-1990)

Part
01
of two
Part
01

Average Hourly Wages - 1980

In 1980, Alaska had the highest average hourly wage at $11.15 per hour and South Dakota had the lowest average hourly wage at $5.21 per hour. The hourly wage information for each state has been calculated below and populated into the attached spreadsheet in row 6.

Alabama

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Alabama was $266.39, which was $20.11 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Alabama was $246.28.
  • The hourly wage in Alabama, based on a 40-hour work week, was $6.16.

Alaska

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Alaska was $495.05, which was $48.98 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Alaska was $446.07.
  • The hourly wage in Alaska, based on a 40-hour work week, was $11.15.

Arizona

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Arizona was $288.67, which was $24.65 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Arizona was $264.02.
  • The hourly wage in Arizona, based on a 40-hour work week, was $6.60.

Arkansas

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Arkansas was $246.51, which was $21.55 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Arkansas was $224.96.
  • The hourly wage in Arkansas, based on a 40-hour work week, was $5.62.

California

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in California was $317.09, which was $27.07 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in California was $290.02.
  • The hourly wage in California, based on a 40-hour work week, was $7.25.

Colorado

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Colorado was $309.84, which was $30.88 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Colorado was $278.96.
  • The hourly wage in Colorado, based on a 40-hour work week, was $6.97.

Connecticut

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Connecticut was $317.48, which was $26.48 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Connecticut was $291.00.
  • The hourly wage in Connecticut, based on a 40-hour work week, was $7.28.

Delaware

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Delaware was $321.11, which was $21.42 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Delaware was $299.69.
  • The hourly wage in Delaware, based on a 40-hour work week, was $7.49.

Florida

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Florida was $262.27, which was $20.97 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Florida was $241.30.
  • The hourly wage in Florida, based on a 40-hour work week, was $6.03.

Georgia

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Georgia was $273.54, which was $24.05 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Georgia was $249.49.
  • The hourly wage in Georgia, based on a 40-hour work week, was $6.24.

Hawaii

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Hawaii was $260.91, which was $16.78 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Hawaii was $244.13.
  • The hourly wage in Hawaii, based on a 40-hour work week, was $6.10.

Idaho

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Idaho was $270.60, which was $23.32 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Idaho was $247.28.
  • The hourly wage in Idaho, based on a 40-hour work week, was $6.18.

Illinois

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Illinois was $328.75, which was $21.81 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Illinois was $306.94.
  • The hourly wage in Illinois, based on a 40-hour work week, was $7.67.

Indiana

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Indiana was $306.89, which was $24.57 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Indiana was $282.32.
  • The hourly wage in Indiana, based on a 40-hour work week, was $7.06.

Iowa

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Iowa was $274.92, which was $20.10 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Iowa was $254.82.
  • The hourly wage in Iowa, based on a 40-hour work week, was $6.37.

Kansas

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Kansas was $278.35, which was $23.83 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Kansas was $254.52.
  • The hourly wage in Kansas, based on a 40-hour work week, was $6.36.

Kentucky

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Kentucky was $283.06, which was $23.66 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Kentucky was $259.40.
  • The hourly wage in Kentucky, based on a 40-hour work week, was $6.49.

Louisiana

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Louisiana was $316.69, which was $32.94 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Louisiana was $283.75.
  • The hourly wage in Louisiana, based on a 40-hour work week, was $7.09.

Maine

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Maine was $239.71, which was $17.62 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Maine was $222.09.
  • The hourly wage in Maine, based on a 40-hour work week, was $5.55.

Maryland

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Maryland was $284.52, which was $21.79 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Maryland was $262.73.
  • The hourly wage in Maryland, based on a 40-hour work week, was $6.57.

Massachusetts

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Massachusetts was $286.46, which was $24.99 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Massachusetts was $261.47.
  • The hourly wage in Massachusetts, based on a 40-hour work week, was $6.54.

Michigan

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Michigan was $352.80, which was $25.09 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Michigan was $327.71.
  • The hourly wage in Michigan, based on a 40-hour work week, was $8.19.

Minnesota

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Minnesota was $288.92, which was $24.44 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Minnesota was $264.48.
  • The hourly wage in Minnesota, based on a 40-hour work week, was $6.61.

Mississippi

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Mississippi was $242.97, which was $23.72 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Mississippi was $219,25.
  • The hourly wage in Mississippi, based on a 40-hour work week, was $5.48.

Missouri

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Missouri was $288.74, which was $23.04 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Missouri was $265.70.
  • The hourly wage in Missouri, based on a 40-hour work week, was $6.64.

Montana

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Montana was $263.33, which was $22.12 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Montana was $241.21.
  • The hourly wage in Montana, based on a 40-hour work week, was $6.03.

Nebraska

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Nebraska was $254.42, which was $18.41 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Nebraska was $236.01.
  • The hourly wage in Nebraska, based on a 40-hour work week, was $5.90.

Nevada

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Nevada was $293.73, which was $25.96 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Nevada was $267.77.
  • The hourly wage in Nevada, based on a 40-hour work week, was $6.69.

New Hampshire

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in New Hampshire was $255.64, which was $20.24 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in New Hampshire was $235.40.
  • The hourly wage in New Hampshire, based on a 40-hour work week, was $5.89.

New Jersey

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in New Jersey was $318.56, which was $25.27 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in New Jersey was $293.29.
  • The hourly wage in New Jersey, based on a 40-hour work week, was $7.33.

New Mexico

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in New Mexico was $271.58, which was $24.88 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in New Mexico 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in was $246.70.
  • The hourly wage in New Mexico, based on a 40-hour work week, was $6.17.

New York

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in New York was $329.40, which was $27.12 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in New York was $302.28.
  • The hourly wage in New York, based on a 40-hour work week, was $7.56.

North Carolina

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in North Carolina was $249.58, which was $20.41 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in North Carolina was $229.17.
  • The hourly wage in North Carolina, based on a 40-hour work week, was $5.73.

North Dakota

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in North Dakota was $262.94, which was $27.62 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in North Dakota was $235.32.
  • The hourly wage in North Dakota, based on a 40-hour work week, was $5.88.

Ohio

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Ohio was $317.30, which was $25.17 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Ohio was $292.13.
  • The hourly wage in Ohio, based on a 40-hour work week, was $7.30.

Oklahoma

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Oklahoma was $305.56, which was $31.95 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Oklahoma was $273.61.
  • The hourly wage in Oklahoma, based on a 40-hour work week, was $6.84.

Oregon

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Oregon was $292.27, which was $18.38 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Oregon was $273.89.
  • The hourly wage in Oregon, based on a 40-hour work week, was $6.84.

Pennsylvania

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Pennsylvania was $298.48, which was $23.14 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Pennsylvania was $275.34.
  • The hourly wage in Pennsylvania, based on a 40-hour work week, was $6.88.

Rhode Island

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Rhode Island was $250.59, which was $18.11 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Rhode Island was $232.48.
  • The hourly wage in Rhode Island, based on a 40-hour work week, was $5.81.

South Carolina

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in South Carolina was $248.37, which was $20.18 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in South Carolina was $228.19.
  • The hourly wage in South Carolina, based on a 40-hour work week, was $5.70.

South Dakota

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in South Dakota was $226.90, which was $18.63 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in South Dakota was $208.27.
  • The hourly wage in South Dakota, based on a 40-hour work week, was $5.21.

Tennessee

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Tennessee was $263.24, which was $21.55 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Tennessee was $241.69.
  • The hourly wage in Tennessee, based on a 40-hour work week, was $6.04.

Texas

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Texas was $316.83, which was $32.05 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Texas was $284.78.
  • The hourly wage in Texas, based on a 40-hour work week, was $7.12.

Utah

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Utah was $286.91, which was $28.57 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Utah was $258.34.
  • The hourly wage in Utah, based on a 40-hour work week, was $6.46.

Vermont

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Vermont was $246.30, which was $18.49 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Vermont was $227.81.
  • The hourly wage in Vermont, based on a 40-hour work week, was $5.69.

Virginia

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Virginia was $268.07, which was $22.80 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Virginia was $245.27.
  • The hourly wage in Virginia, based on a 40-hour work week, was $6.13.

Washington

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Washington was $323.87, which was $25.80 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Washington was $298.07.
  • The hourly wage in Washington, based on a 40-hour work week, was $7.45.

West Virginia

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in West Virginia was $310.93, which was $22.67 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in West Virginia was $288.26.
  • The hourly wage in West Virginia, based on a 40-hour work week, was $7.21.

Wisconsin

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Wisconsin was $283.81, which was $21.22 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Wisconsin was $262.59.
  • The hourly wage in Wisconsin, based on a 40-hour work week, was $6.56.

Wyoming

  • In 1981, the average weekly wage for employees in Wyoming was $337.78, which was $30.29 higher than in 1980.
  • This means that in 1980, the average weekly wage for employees in Wyoming was $307.49.
  • The hourly wage in Wyoming, based on a 40-hour work week, was $7.69.

Research Strategy

To determine the average hourly wage for private employees in each state in 1980, we used official Department of Labor statistics. However, the report for 1980 was a combined report for 1979-1981 and only had the average weekly wages for 1979 and 1981. Fortunately, the report for 1981 had the amount of increase in the average weekly wage for each state from 1980, so we were able to subtract the increase from 1981's average weekly wages to get the average weekly wages for 1980. Then, to obtain the average hourly wage, we divided the average weekly wage by 40, which is our assumption for the average number of hours worked per week. The full calculation is as follows:

(1981 average weekly wages — increase over 1980 average weekly wages) / 40 = 1980 average hourly wages
Part
02
of two
Part
02

Average Hourly Wages - 1990

In 1990, Connecticut had the highest average hourly wage at $13.88 per hour and South Dakota had the lowest average hourly wage at $7.60 per hour. The hourly wage information for each state has been calculated below and populated into the attached spreadsheet in row 7.

Alabama

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Alabama was $385.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Alabama, based on a 40-hour work week, was $9.63.

Alaska

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Alaska was $548.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Alaska, based on a 40-hour work week, was $13.70.

Arizona

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Arizona was $402.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Arizona, based on a 40-hour work week, was $10.05.

Arkansas

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Arkansas was $344.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Arkansas, based on a 40-hour work week, was $8.60.

California

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in California was $493.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in California, based on a 40-hour work week, was $12.33.

Colorado

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Colorado was $434.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Colorado, based on a 40-hour work week, was $10.85.

Connecticut

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Connecticut was $555.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Connecticut, based on a 40-hour work week, was $13.88.

Delaware

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Delaware was $470.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Delaware, based on a 40-hour work week, was $11.75.

Florida

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Florida was $393.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Florida, based on a 40-hour work week, was $9.83.

Georgia

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Georgia was $424.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Georgia, based on a 40-hour work week, was $10.60.

Hawaii

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Hawaii was $428.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Hawaii, based on a 40-hour work week, was $10.70.

Idaho

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Idaho was $362.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Idaho, based on a 40-hour work week, was $9.05.

Illinois

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Illinois was $487.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Illinois, based on a 40-hour work week, was $12.18.

Indiana

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Indiana was $414.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Indiana, based on a 40-hour work week, was $10.35.

Iowa

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Iowa was $361.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Iowa, based on a 40-hour work week, was $9.03.

Kansas

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Kansas was $387.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Kansas, based on a 40-hour work week, was $9.68.

Kentucky

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Kentucky was $378.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Kentucky, based on a 40-hour work week, was $9.45.

Louisiana

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Louisiana was $402.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Louisiana, based on a 40-hour work week, was $10.05.

Maine

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Maine was $378.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Maine, based on a 40-hour work week, was $9.45.

Maryland

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Maryland was $455.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Maryland, based on a 40-hour work week, was $11.38.

Massachusetts

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Massachusetts was $509.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Massachusetts, based on a 40-hour work week, was $12.73.

Michigan

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Michigan was $485.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Michigan, based on a 40-hour work week, was $12.13.

Minnesota

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Minnesota was $437.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Minnesota, based on a 40-hour work week, was $10.93.

Mississippi

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Mississippi was $335.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Mississippi, based on a 40-hour work week, was $8.38.

Missouri

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Missouri was $414.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Missouri, based on a 40-hour work week, was $10.35.

Montana

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Montana was $329.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Montana, based on a 40-hour work week, was $8.23.

Nebraska

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Nebraska was $347.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Nebraska, based on a 40-hour work week, was $8.68.

Nevada

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Nevada was $417.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Nevada, based on a 40-hour work week, was $10.43.

New Hampshire

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in New Hampshire was $432.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in New Hampshire, based on a 40-hour work week, was $10.80.

New Jersey

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in New Jersey was $542.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in New Jersey, based on a 40-hour work week, was $13.55.

New Mexico

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in New Mexico was $356.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in New Mexico, based on a 40-hour work week, was $8.90.

New York

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in New York was $550.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in New York, based on a 40-hour work week, was $13.75.

North Carolina

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in North Carolina was $382.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in North Carolina, based on a 40-hour work week, was $9.55.

North Dakota

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in North Dakota was $330.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in North Dakota, based on a 40-hour work week, was $8.25.

Ohio

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Ohio was $435.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Ohio, based on a 40-hour work week, was $10.88.

Oklahoma

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Oklahoma was $388.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Oklahoma, based on a 40-hour work week, was $9.70.

Oregon

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Oregon was $400.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Oregon, based on a 40-hour work week, was $10.00.

Pennsylvania

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Pennsylvania was $443.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Pennsylvania, based on a 40-hour work week, was $11.08.

Rhode Island

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Rhode Island was $414.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Rhode Island, based on a 40-hour work week, was $10.35.

South Carolina

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in South Carolina was $369.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in South Carolina, based on a 40-hour work week, was $9.23.

South Dakota

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in South Dakota was $304.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in South Dakota, based on a 40-hour work week, was $7.60.

Tennessee

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Tennessee was $389.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Tennessee, based on a 40-hour work week, was $9.73.

Texas

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Texas was $438.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Texas, based on a 40-hour work week, was $10.95.

Utah

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Utah was $377.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Utah, based on a 40-hour work week, was $9.43.

Vermont

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Vermont was $389.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Vermont, based on a 40-hour work week, was $9.73.

Virginia

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Virginia was $422.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Virginia, based on a 40-hour work week, was $10.55.

Washington

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Washington was $424.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Washington, based on a 40-hour work week, was $10.60.

West Virginia

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in West Virginia was $400.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in West Virginia, based on a 40-hour work week, was $10.00.

Wisconsin

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Wisconsin was $397.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Wisconsin, based on a 40-hour work week, was $9.93.

Wyoming

  • In 1990, the average weekly wage for employees in Wyoming was $376.00.
  • Therefore, the hourly wage in Wyoming, based on a 40-hour work week, was $9.40.

Research Strategy

To determine the average hourly wage for private employees in each state in 1990, we used official Department of Labor statistics. To obtain the average hourly wage, we divided the average weekly wage for 1990 by 40, which is our assumption for the average number of hours worked per week. The calculation is as follows:

1990 average weekly wage / 40 = 1990 average hourly wage
Sources
Sources