AI National Policies: Part 1
An analysis of the development of National Artificial Intelligence (AI) Strategies' of various countries was conducted. The result of this analysis is provided in this brief, as well as, in rows 2-14 of the attached spreadsheet. This exercise compared each nations's developments with those that had been captured in this document. Of the 13 countries analyzed, only three had made changes to their national AI policies. Below are insights on each country's AI efforts.
National AI Strategies Highlights
- Canada successfully established three new artificial intelligence institutes, namely; “Amii in Edmonton, Mila in Montreal, and the Vector Institute in Toronto”. Collectively, these three institutes have trained over 1,200 postdoctoral fellows and graduate students.
- Under the Pan-Canadian AI Strategy, Canada has recruited or retained 80 of the world’s leading AI ethicists and scientists as CIFAR (Canadian Institute For Advanced Research) AI Chairs.
- Through collaboration with partners in France and the U.K., CIFAR has developed research into the societal implications of the use of AI, under CIFAR’s AI & Society Program.
- CIFAR’s Action Plan on Equity, Diversity and Inclusion (EDI) was approved by CIFAR’s board of directors in April 2020. The document highlights measures to be used to promote Equity, Diversity and Inclusion throughout the organization.
- In September 2019, CIFAR setup the AI for Health (AI4H) Task Force to chart out a road map on how AI could be used in Canada’s health care system.
- On March 23, 2020, CIFAR established the “AI and COVID-19 Catalysts Grants”. Through this initiative, CIFAR is supporting 14 AI research projects that address the COVID-19 pandemic.
- Chile is yet to develop its national AI strategy policy document. However, it has continued to conduct various activities aimed at producing the document. Below are some developments:
- On August 20, 2020, there was a workshop on the scope of AI technology uses as part of efforts at developing Chile’s National AI Policy.
- On August 19, 2020, a participatory meeting on the scope of use of AI technology was held in the regions of Los Rios, La Araucania, and Los Lagos as part of initiatives geared at developing Chile’s National AI Policy.
- On July 14, 2020, Chile’s Ministry of Science, Technology, Knowledge and Innovation extended period for the citizen participation process to August 30, 2020. This process is held through digital work groups where individuals and groups offer their views on the development of the country’s National Policy on AI.
- On June 22, 2020, the Ministry of Science held a webinar on “AI and Gender” as part of efforts at developing the National Policy on Artificial Intelligence.
- On May 26, 2020, the Danish Parliament passed an amendment to the Danish Financial Statements Act. Under this amendment, large listed companies must include their policy on data ethics and algorithm within their management report. If such companies do not include these policies, they must explain why they have neglected to do so. This law came into force on July 1, 2020, and will effective for the financial year that begins on January 1, 2021, or later.