Competitors - North American Agricultural Chemicals Industry: The Findings Part Three
CF Industries Holdings has several fertilizer product lines; Converted Organics has several organic fertilizer lines; and Dupont has a variety of animal nutrition and microbial control product lines. All of these products seem to be able to be sold in Canada, the U.S., and Mexico.
CF Industries Holdings
- CF Industries manufactures and sells a number of nitrogen products for both agricultural and industrial uses. Their product lines are as follows.
- Urea Ammonium Nitrate (UAN), which is a liquid nitrogen fertilizer.
- Ammonia, which is a building block for fertilizers.
- Urea, a dry solid nitrogen fertilizer.
- Ammonium nitrate, a nitrogen-based fertilizer product.
- They also produce several products that do not fit in the above product lines, including Diesel Exhaust Fluid, Nitric Acid, Nitrogen Sulphur, NPK Compound Fertilizers, and Urea Liquor.
- There were no jurisdictions in North America that were found to prohibit the sale of the above product lines from CF Industries Holdings. However, Canada and the U.S. have regulations that restrict how some of these products can be used and stored since they can be explosive.
- Converted Organic's website can be found here. They produce organic fertilizers for agricultural uses.
- Converted Organics has several types of organic fertilizer products: 4-2-1 Plus, XK 2-2-4, General Purpose, 2-2-2, 3-2-0, Pacific Choice (Hydrolyzed Fish), LC 1-1-1, SoilStart® 7-1-1, 4-2-2, and 3-2-0.
- There were no jurisdictions in North America that were found to prohibit the sale of the above product lines from Converted Organics.
- Dupont's website can be found here. Dupont produces products for industry in a number of categories including transportation, nutrition, safety, and construction.
- Dupont has a broad set of product lines. The full list includes, adhesives, advanced printing solutions, animal nutrition, biomaterials, clean technologies, construction materials, consumer products, dietary supplements, electronic solutions, fabrics, fibers, and nonwovens, food and beverage ingredients, home garden and car care, industrial enzymes and bioactives, industrial films, medical devices and materials, microbial control solutions, packaging materials and solutions, pharmaceutical ingredients, personal care ingredients, personal protective equipment, resins, solar / photovaltaic solutions, and water solutions.
- The product lines that were deemed relevant to agricultural chemicals include animal nutrition and microbial control products.
- Animal nutrition product lines include feed enzymes, feed probiotic solutions, combined feed solutions, feed betatine solutions, and essential oil feed solutions.
- Microbial control products that Dupont produces and that are used in agriculture include sanitizers and disinfectants. They also include several preservatives, microbicide, and antimicrobial chemicals: the KATHON™ Preservative, ROCIMA™ Microbicide, and BIOBAN™ Preservative lines.
- There were no jurisdictions in North America that were found to prohibit the sale of the above product lines from Dupont.
To answer this research question, it was necessary to determine whether a product line from one of the listed companies was not allowed to be sold in a North American jurisdiction.
When reviewing product lines that may not be sold in jurisdictions, the research team considered only product lines that included chemical products, since the request was about competitors in the "North American agricultural chemical industry". All the product lines of CF Industries Holdings and Converted Organics were included. Dupont had several unrelated product lines, such as electronics, foods, protective equipment, packaging, fabrics, and printing solutions. These product lines were excluded from the analysis, although their animal feed products and microbial control products were included.
We found no restrictions on the sale of the products listed. We first looked for a list of products that were allowed in each jurisdiction. The research team found evidence that fertilizers, disinfectants, animal feed products, and antimicrobial chemicals, in general, are permitted in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico.
We tried to confirm that none of the particular products of these companies were banned in any North American jurisdiction. We used three strategies to do this.
First, we searched the company website, reports, and polices for shipping polices to see whether they exclude any of the North American jurisdictions. Our logic was that these companies would communicate to customers and investors jurisdictions to which they could not ship particular products. We found that CF Industries Holdings does have polices for countries they will not ship to because of international trade sanctions, but no Canadian, American, or Mexican jurisdictions were on the list of sanctioned countries. They also have production and distribution centers in Canada and the U.S., which suggests they sell their products in these locations. Converted Organics does not have a statement about where they sell their products available on their website. Dupont also does not note jurisdictions they do not sell to, but they have offices and sales locations throughout Canada, the U.S. and Mexico, which suggests their products are available in each of the three jurisdictions. We did not find any suggestion that their products are banned from sale in any of the above jurisdictions. Next, we looked for evidence that the particular products were not allowed to be sold by looking through environmental regulatory agencies in each of the three jurisdictions and also in legal documents. The logic was that if a jurisdiction prohibited the sale of a substance, that prohibition would likely be included in a legal document or regulation. We did find some information about the regulation of agricultural chemicals. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency lists regulations around the use of pesticides, but does not ban any of the products listed above. There are also U.S. federal regulations around the use of fertilizers, but none restricting the above companies from selling their products. Canada's laws and regulations do not prohibit selling any of the above products, although it does have regulations around the storage and use of some forms of ammonium nitrate (which is sold by CF Industries Holdings). Mexico's Secretaría de Agricultura, Ganadería, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Alimentación, in conjunction with other departments, regulates pesticide and fertilizer uses. No evidence was found that Mexico bans the products listed above. Finally, we did a review of news articles and media reports of the above products banned in each North American jurisdiction. We thought that if any of these products were banned, it might have been reported by a journalist or in a press release. We found that several North American jurisdictions ban certain kinds of fertilizers for individual consumer use (for example, some states and provinces limit cosmetic pesticides and phosphorous lawn fertilizers). However, no media reports were found banning any of the products listed above.
Because the thorough search for products banned in the three North American jurisdictions produced no results for the above listed products, we conclude that there are, in fact, no bans and that each company is able to sell all of their products in each of Canada, the United States, and Mexico.