Changes in the Homemaker Role
The change in the role of homemaker has been multifaceted in the last couple of decades in the US. 55% of mothers in the US with children younger than 18 work full time, an increase from 34% in 1960. Currently around 7% of fathers who live with their kids are stay-at-home dads. In 1960, only 6 men in total were reported to be living as stay-at-home dads.
Changes in the role of homemaker
- 62% of women were unemployed or chose not to work in 1960, compared to 45% in 2000.
- 55% of mothers in the US with children younger than 18 work full time, an increase from 34% in 1960, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of Census Bureau Current Population Survey data.
- The increase in full-time employment has helped the overall increase in employment among moms. Currently, 72% of moms are employed, either full time or part-time, compared to 50% in 1968.
- According to the New York Times, in the 1950s, "women were expected to stay at home, and those who wanted to work were often stigmatized. Today it’s mostly the other way round, pitting women against one another along the fault lines of conviction, economic class and need, and, often, ethnicity."
- Nowadays, stay at home women are more often than not seen as old-fashioned and usually as an economic burden to society. If their husbands are wealthy, they are frequently seen as being lazy, and if they are immigrants, they are seen as mothers who keep their children from learning the language and cultural ways of the host country.
- Among fathers with kids in the home, 89% are employed full time, a number that hasn't seen a significant change since 1960.
Rate of stay at home mothers in a 2-parent household
- According to Census Bureau data, in 1967, 49% of mothers in a 2-parent household were stay-at-home mothers.
- This percentage steadily decreased through the decades until 1999, when approximately 23% of mothers stayed at home.
- From 2000 onward, the percentage of stay-at-home mothers began to rise again, to 29% in 2012. It is reported that this number has stayed the same until 2019.
- According to Pew Research Social and Demographic Trends, declines in the participation in the labor force and an increase in immigration were the most likely factors in the rise of the stay-at-home rate. This data also indicated that the increase in the proportion of mothers who stayed at home was not likely to continue due to the majority of mothers stating they would like to work part-time or full-time
- Moreover, in 2014, only 14% of children younger than 18 were reported living with a stay-at-home mother and a working father who were part of their first marriage.
- Asian children are "the most likely to be living with a stay-at-home mom and working dad in their first marriage. Almost one-fourth (24%) are, due in large part to the high rates of marital stability among Asians; fully 71% of Asian children are living with parents in their first marriage."
Rate of stay at home fathers in a 2-parent household
- Currently around 7% of fathers who live with their kids are stay-at-home dads. In 1960, only 6 men in total were reported to be living as stay-at-home dads.
- In 2019, around 1.9 million fathers stayed at home with their kids, amounting to 16% of the stay-at-home population.
- Stay-at-home fathers are currently in the same position that working mothers were in the 1960s. While they existed before, people were unable to understand what to make of them.
- This feeling has changed since then, and it is based on a change in norms, values, and ideology which is always a very slow cultural and societal change.